List of prime ministers of Egypt

  (Redirected from List of Prime Ministers of Egypt)

The office of Prime Minister of Egypt was established in 1878, together with the Cabinet of Egypt, after Khedive Isma'il Pasha agreed to turn his powers over to a cabinet modeled after those of Europe. Nubar Pasha was thus the first Prime Minister of Egypt in the modern sense.

Egypt has a long history with a prime minister-type position existing in its governance. Under various Islamic empires, Egypt had Viziers, a political office similar in authority and structure (in terms of being second in command to the head of state) to that of a prime minister. During the Old, Middle, and New Kingdom phases of Ancient Egypt, it was common practice for the Pharaoh to appoint a second in command officer whose position is translated to as Vizier. This pattern of having a prime minister/vizier position in government was only broken for an extended period of time during Roman and Sasanian governance of Egypt, in which Egypt was directly ruled by appointed Governors.

In Arabic, the official term for Prime Minister more directly translates to 'President of the Ministers'. This is not to be confused with President of Egypt, which is a separate post.

The current Prime Minister of Egypt is Moustafa Madbouly, since 7 June 2018.[1]

List of officeholdersEdit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Head(s) of state
(Reign / Term)
Took office Left office Time in office
 Khedivate of Egypt (1878–1914) •  
1   Nubar Pasha
نوبار باشا
(1824–1899)
28 August 1878 23 February 1879 179 days Independent Isma'il Pasha
 
(1863–1879)
  Isma'il Pasha
إسماعيل باشا
(1830–1895)
(Khedive)
23 February 1879 10 March 1879 15 days Independent
2   Muhammad Tawfiq Pasha
محمد توفيق باشا
(1852–1892)
10 March 1879 7 April 1879 28 days Independent
3   Muhammad Sharif Pasha
محمد شريف باشا
(1826–1887)
7 April 1879 18 August 1879 133 days Independent
  Muhammad Tawfiq Pasha
محمد توفيق باشا
(1852–1892)
(Khedive)
18 August 1879 21 September 1879 34 days Independent Tewfik Pasha
 
(1879–1892)
4   Riyad Pasha
رياض باشا
(1836–1911)
21 September 1879 10 September 1881 1 year, 354 days Independent
(3)   Muhammad Sharif Pasha
محمد شريف باشا
(1826–1887)
14 September 1881 4 February 1882 143 days Independent
5   Mahmoud Sami el-Baroudi
محمود سامي البارودي
(1838–1904)
4 February 1882 26 May 1882 111 days Independent
6   Isma'il Raghib Pasha
إسماعيل راغب باشا
(1819–1884)
18 June 1882 21 August 1882 64 days Independent
  Ahmed ʻUrabi
أحمد عرابي
(1841–1911)
In rebellion
July 1882 13 September 1882
(deposed)
74 days Military
(3)   Muhammad Sharif Pasha
محمد شريف باشا
(1826–1887)
21 August 1882 7 January 1884 1 year, 139 days Independent
(1)   Nubar Pasha
نوبار باشا
(1824–1899)
10 January 1884 9 June 1888 4 years, 151 days Independent
(4)   Riyad Pasha
رياض باشا
(1836–1911)
9 June 1888 12 May 1891 2 years, 337 days Independent
7   Mustafa Fahmi Pasha
مصطفى فهمي باشا
(1840–1914)
12 May 1891 15 January 1893 1 year, 248 days Independent
8   Hussein Fahri Pasha
حسين فخري باشا
(1843–1910)
15 January 1893 17 January 1893 2 days Independent Abbas Helmi II
 
(1892–1914)
(4)   Riyad Pasha
رياض باشا
(1836–1911)
17 January 1893 16 April 1894 1 year, 89 days Independent
(1)   Nubar Pasha
نوبار باشا
(1824–1899)
16 April 1894 12 November 1895 1 year, 210 days Independent
(7)   Mustafa Fahmi Pasha
مصطفى فهمي باشا
(1840–1914)
12 November 1895 12 November 1908 13 years Independent
9   Boutros Ghali
بطرس غالي
(1846–1910)
12 November 1908 21 February 1910
(assassinated)
1 year, 101 days Independent
10   Muhammad Said Pasha
محمد سعيد باشا
(1863–1928)
22 February 1910 5 April 1914 4 years, 42 days Independent
11   Hussein Rushdi Pasha
حسين رشدي باشا
(1863–1928)
5 April 1914 19 December 1914 258 days Independent
 Sultanate of Egypt (1914–1922) •  
(11)   Hussein Rushdi Pasha
حسين رشدي باشا
(1863–1928)
19 December 1914 12 April 1919 4 years, 114 days Independent Hussein Kamel
 
(1914–1917)
(10)   Muhammad Said Pasha
محمد سعيد باشا
(1863–1928)
21 May 1919 19 November 1919 182 days Independent Fuad I
 
(1917–1936)
12   Youssef Wahba Pasha
يوسف باشا وهبة
(1852–1934)
19 November 1919 20 May 1920 183 days Independent
13   Muhammad Tawfiq Nasim Pasha
محمد توفيق نسيم باشا
(1874–1938)
20 May 1920 16 March 1921 300 days Independent
14   Adli Yakan Pasha
عدلي يكن باشا
(1864–1933)
16 March 1921 1 March 1922 350 days Liberal Constitutional Party
 Kingdom of Egypt (1922–1953) •  
15   Abdel Khaliq Sarwat Pasha
عبد الخالق ثروت باشا
(1873–1928)
1 March 1922 30 November 1922 274 days Liberal Constitutional Party Fuad I
 
(1917–1936)
(13)   Muhammad Tawfiq Nasim Pasha
محمد توفيق نسيم باشا
(1874–1938)
30 November 1922 15 March 1923 105 days Independent
16   Yahya Ibrahim Pasha
يحى إبراهيم
(1861–1936)
15 March 1923 26 January 1924 317 days Independent
17   Saad Zaghlul Pasha
سعد زغلول
(1857–1927)
26 January 1924 24 November 1924 303 days Wafd Party
18   Ahmad Ziwar Pasha
أحمد زيوار باشا
(1864–1945)
24 November 1924 7 June 1926 1 year, 195 days Federal Party
(14)   Adli Yakan Pasha
عدلي يكن باشا
(1864–1933)
7 June 1926 26 April 1927 323 days Liberal Constitutional Party
(15)   Abdel Khaliq Sarwat Pasha
عبد الخالق ثروت باشا
(1873–1928)
26 April 1927 16 March 1928 325 days Liberal Constitutional Party
19   Mustafa el-Nahhas Pasha
مصطفى النحاس باشا
(1879–1965)
16 March 1928 27 June 1928 103 days Wafd Party
20   Muhammad Mahmoud Pasha
محمد محمود باشا
(1877–1941)
27 June 1928 4 October 1929 1 year, 99 days Liberal Constitutional Party
(14)   Adli Yakan Pasha
عدلي يكن باشا
(1864–1933)
4 October 1929 1 January 1930 89 days Liberal Constitutional Party
(19)   Mustafa el-Nahhas Pasha
مصطفى النحاس باشا
(1879–1965)
1 January 1930 20 June 1930 170 days Wafd Party
21   Isma'il Sidqi Pasha
إسماعيل صدقي
(1875–1950)
20 June 1930 22 September 1933 3 years, 94 days People's Party
22   Abdel Fattah Yahya Pasha
يحيى إبراهيم باشا
(1876–1951)
22 September 1933 15 November 1934 1 year, 54 days Ittihad Party
(13)   Muhammad Tawfiq Nasim Pasha
محمد توفيق نسيم باشا
(1874–1938)
15 November 1934 30 January 1936 1 year, 76 days Ittihad Party
23   Ali Mahir Pasha
علي ماهر باشا
(1882–1960)
30 January 1936 9 May 1936 100 days Ittihad Party
(19)   Mustafa el-Nahhas Pasha
مصطفى النحاس باشا
(1879–1965)
9 May 1936 29 December 1937 1 year, 234 days Wafd Party Farouk I
 
(1936–1952)
(20)   Muhammad Mahmoud Pasha
محمد محمود باشا
(1877–1941)
29 December 1937 18 August 1939 1 year, 232 days Wafd Party
(23)   Ali Mahir Pasha
علي ماهر باشا
(1882–1960)
18 August 1939 28 June 1940 315 days Ittihad Party
24   Hassan Sabry Pasha
حسن صبرى باشا
(1879–1940)
28 June 1940 15 November 1940
(died in office)
140 days Independent
25   Hussein Sirri Pasha
حسين سري باشا
(1894–1960)
15 November 1940 6 February 1942
(dismissed)
1 year, 83 days Independent
(19)   Mustafa el-Nahhas Pasha
مصطفى النحاس باشا
(1879–1965)
6 February 1942 10 October 1944 2 years, 247 days Wafd Party
26   Ahmad Mahir Pasha
أحمد ماهر باشا
(1888–1945)
10 October 1944 24 February 1945
(assassinated)
137 days Saadist Institutional Party
27   Mahmoud El Nokrashy Pasha
محمود فهمي النقراشي باشا
(1888–1948)
26 February 1945 17 February 1946 356 days Saadist Institutional Party
(21)   Isma'il Sidqi Pasha
إسماعيل صدقي
(1875–1950)
17 February 1946 9 December 1946 295 days People's Party
(27)   Mahmoud El Nokrashy Pasha
محمود فهمي النقراشي باشا
(1888–1948)
9 December 1946 28 December 1948
(assassinated)
2 years, 19 days Saadist Institutional Party
28   Ibrahim Abdel Hadi Pasha
إبراهيم عبد الهادى باشا
(1896–1981)
28 December 1948 26 July 1949 210 days Saadist Institutional Party
(25)   Hussein Sirri Pasha
حسين سري باشا
(1894–1960)
26 July 1949 12 January 1950 170 days Independent
(19)   Mustafa el-Nahhas Pasha
مصطفى النحاس باشا
(1879–1965)
12 January 1950 27 January 1952 2 years, 15 days Wafd Party
(23)   Ali Mahir Pasha
علي ماهر باشا
(1882–1960)
27 January 1952 2 March 1952 35 days Ittihad Party
29   Ahmad Najib al-Hilali Pasha
أحمد نجيب الهلالى
(1891–1958)
2 March 1952 2 July 1952 122 days Independent
(25)   Hussein Sirri Pasha
حسين سري باشا
(1894–1960)
2 July 1952 22 July 1952 20 days Independent
(29)   Ahmad Najib al-Hilali Pasha
أحمد نجيب الهلالى
(1891–1958)
22 July 1952 23 July 1952
(deposed)
1 day Independent
(23)   Ali Mahir Pasha
علي ماهر باشا
(1882–1960)
23 July 1952 7 September 1952 46 days Ittihad Party Fuad II
 
(1952–1953)
30   Muhammad Naguib
محمد نجيب
(1901–1984)
7 September 1952 18 June 1953 284 days Military / Liberation Rally
 Republic of Egypt (1953–1958) •  
(30)   Muhammad Naguib
محمد نجيب
(1901–1984)
18 June 1953 25 February 1954 252 days Military / Liberation Rally Muhammad Naguib
 
(1953–1954)
31   Gamal Abdel Nasser
جمال عبد الناصر
(1918–1970)
25 February 1954 8 March 1954 11 days Military / Liberation Rally
(30)   Muhammad Naguib
محمد نجيب
(1901–1984)
8 March 1954 18 April 1954 41 days Military / Liberation Rally
(31)   Gamal Abdel Nasser
جمال عبد الناصر
(1918–1970)
18 April 1954 22 February 1958 3 years, 310 days Military / Liberation Rally
(until 1956)
Gamal Abdel Nasser
 
(1954–1970)
National Union
 United Arab Republic (1958–1971) •  
(31)   Gamal Abdel Nasser
جمال عبد الناصر
(1918–1970)
22 February 1958 29 September 1962 4 years, 219 days National Union Gamal Abdel Nasser
 
(1954–1970)
32   Ali Sabri
على صبرى
(1920–1991)
29 September 1962 3 October 1965 3 years, 4 days National Union
(until 1 December 1962)
Arab Socialist Union
33   Zakaria Mohieddin
زكريا محيى الدين
(1918–2012)
3 October 1965 10 September 1966 342 days Arab Socialist Union
34   Mohamed Sedki Sulayman
محمد صدقي سليمان
(1919–1996)
10 September 1966 19 June 1967 282 days Arab Socialist Union
(31)   Gamal Abdel Nasser
جمال عبد الناصر
(1918–1970)
19 June 1967 28 September 1970
(died in office)
3 years, 101 days Arab Socialist Union
35   Mahmoud Fawzi
محمود فوزى
(1900–1981)
21 October 1970 2 September 1971 316 days Arab Socialist Union Anwar Sadat
 
(1970–1981)
Chairmen of the Executive Council of Southern Region (Egypt) of the
 United Arab Republic
(1958–1961) •  
1   Nureddin Tarraf
نور الدين طراف
(1910–1995)
7 October 1958 20 September 1960 1 year, 349 days National Union Gamal Abdel Nasser
 
(1954–1970)
2   Kamal el-Din Hussein
كمال الدين حسين
(1921–1999)
20 September 1960 16 August 1961 330 days National Union
 Arab Republic of Egypt (1971–present) •  
(35)   Mahmoud Fawzi
محمود فوزى
(1900–1981)
2 September 1971 16 January 1972 136 days Arab Socialist Union Anwar Sadat
 
(1970–1981)
36   Aziz Sedki
عزيز صدقي
(1920–2008)
16 January 1972 26 March 1973 1 year, 69 days Arab Socialist Union
37   Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات
(1918–1981)
26 March 1973 25 September 1974 1 year, 183 days Arab Socialist Union
38   Abdel Aziz Mohamed Hegazy
عبد العزيز محمد حجازي
(1923–2014)
25 September 1974 16 April 1975 203 days Arab Socialist Union
39   Mamdouh Salem
ممدوح سالم
(1918–1988)
16 April 1975 2 October 1978 3 years, 169 days Arab Socialist Union
40   Mustafa Khalil
مصطفى خليل
(1920–2008)
2 October 1978 15 May 1980 1 year, 226 days National Democratic Party
(37)   Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات
(1918–1981)
15 May 1980 6 October 1981
(assassinated)
1 year, 144 days National Democratic Party
41   Hosni Mubarak
حسنى مبارك
(1928–2020)
7 October 1981 2 January 1982 87 days National Democratic Party Hosni Mubarak
 
(1981–2011)
42   Ahmad Fuad Mohieddin
أحمد فؤاد محيي الدين
(1926–1984)
2 January 1982 5 June 1984
(died in office)
2 years, 155 days National Democratic Party
43   Kamal Hassan Ali
كمال حسن علي
(1921–1993)
17 July 1984 4 September 1985 1 year, 49 days National Democratic Party
44   Ali Lutfi Mahmud
على لطفي محمود
(1935–2018)
4 September 1985 9 November 1986 1 year, 66 days National Democratic Party
45   Atef Sedki
عاطف محمد نجيب صدقي
(1930–2005)
10 November 1986 4 January 1996 9 years, 55 days National Democratic Party
46   Kamal Ganzouri
كمال الجنزوري
(1933–2021)
4 January 1996 5 October 1999 3 years, 274 days National Democratic Party
47   Atef Ebeid
عاطف محمد عبيد
(1932–2014)
5 October 1999 14 July 2004 4 years, 283 days National Democratic Party
48   Ahmed Nazif
أحمد نظيف
(born 1952)
14 July 2004 28 January 2011 6 years, 198 days National Democratic Party
49   Ahmed Shafik
أحمد محمد شفيق
(born 1941)
29 January 2011 3 March 2011 33 days Independent
Mohamed Hussein Tantawi
 
(2011–2012)
50   Essam Sharaf
عصام عبد العزيز شرف
(born 1952)
3 March 2011 7 December 2011 279 days Independent
(46)   Kamal Ganzouri
كمال الجنزوري
(1933–2021)
7 December 2011 2 August 2012 239 days Independent
51   Hesham Qandil
هشام قنديل
(born 1962)
2 August 2012 8 July 2013 340 days Independent Mohamed Morsi
 
(2012–2013)
  Hazem El Beblawi
حازم الببلاوي
(born 1936)
Acting Prime Minister
9 July 2013 1 March 2014 265 days Independent Adly Mansour
 
(2013–2014)
52   Ibrahim Mahlab
إبراهيم محلب
(born 1949)
17 June 2014
Acting since 1 March 2014
19 September 2015 1 year, 202 days Independent
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
 
(2014–present)
53   Sherif Ismail
شريف إسماعيل
(born 1955)
19 September 2015 7 June 2018 2 years, 261 days Independent
54   Moustafa Madbouly
مصطفي مدبولي
(born 1966)
14 June 2018
Acting since 7 June 2018
Incumbent 2 years, 338 days Independent

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sisi appoints Moustafa Madbouly as Premier – Egypt Today". www.egypttoday.com.