Liberal Constitutional Party (Egypt)

The Liberal Constitutional Party (Arabic: حزب الاحرار الدستوريين‎, Ḥizb al-aḥrār al-dustūriyyīn) was an Egyptian political party founded in 1922 by a group of politicians that left the Wafd Party.

Liberal Constitutional Party

حزب الاحرار الدستوريين
Historical leaderAdli Yakan Pasha
FoundedOctober 30, 1922 (1922-10-30)
DissolvedJuly 23, 1952 (1952-07-23)
Split fromWafd Party
HeadquartersCairo, Kingdom of Egypt
NewspaperAl-Siyāsa
IdeologyConstitutionalism
Social liberalism
Political positionCentre-left
Colours  Violet

HistoryEdit

The Liberal Constitutional Party was founded in 1922 during a meeting chaired by Adli Yakan Pasha,[1] and some time later the party launched a newspaper, the al-Siyāsa (The Politics). Several Wafd-liberal like Muhammad Mahmoud Pasha, Muhammad Husayn Haykal and Ali Mahir Pasha joined in the party.

The party, despite the Wafd that has been nationalist and conservative views, supported the creation of a liberal constitution (approved on 19 April 1923), the secularization of the State, the approach to the United Kingdom and also the total unification of Egypt and Sudan.

The party was banned, like the others political parties, after the coup d'état of 1952.

LeadersEdit

Electoral historyEdit

House of Representatives electionsEdit

Election Party leader Seats +/– Position
1926
Adli Yakan Pasha
30 / 215
  30   2nd
1936
Muhammad Mahmoud Pasha
17 / 232
  13   2nd
1942
Ali Mahir Pasha
4 / 264
  13   2nd
1945
74 / 264
  70   2nd
1950
26 / 319
  48   3rd

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Shillington, Kevin (2004). Encyclopedia of African History. Routledge. p. 800.