|Founder||Mohamed Tawfik Naseem Pasha|
|Split from||Wafd Party|
|Headquarters||Al-Azhar Mosque, Cairo, Kingdom of Egypt|
|International affiliation||Muslim Brotherhood (1928–36)|
- Ittihad is separate and distinct from Union Party.
The party was founded by a group of ulamas with royalist and islamist ideas that legitimized the Sir Lee Stack's assassination in 1924. This group was composed also by young future political leaders like Muhammad Hamid Abu al-Nasr and Aly Maher Pasha. The ideological values were entrencheds in the Egyptian "traditional" culture. The party was gather in the Al-Azhar Mosque. The Ittihad was financially supported by King Fuad I and British agents, that trusted that the Ittihad would have destabilized the activities of the left-wing radicals. Nevertheless, the Ittihad failed in his goal of built a conservative party, due to his religious views. Its platform was composed mainly by teachers, farmers, ulamas and imams.
The party program was:
- Dignified positions of the religious authorities
- Better resources for the Egyptian monarchy
- Monopoly over the distribution of public and private endowments
- Creation of the Awqaf
- Strong social values and solidarity
- Anti-Western policies
The Ittihad was also tutelaged by Hassan al-Banna's Muslim Brotherhood. After this alliance, the Ittihad became mostly active against Copts, and refused the French Revolution, reputed as anarchy, supported a strong authoritarian state. Despite his low electoral results, he party took over the governments of Egypt in 1930s thanks the support of independent politicians present in the House of Representatives.
House of Representatives electionsEdit
|1926||Mohamed Tawfik Naseem Pasha||
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- Goldschmidt, Arthur; Johnson,Amy J. (1 August 2005). Re-Envisioning Egypt 1919–1952. Hardcover.