Vice-President of Egypt

The Vice-President of the Arab Republic of Egypt is a senior official within the Egyptian government.

Vice-President of the
Arab Republic of Egypt
Coat of arms of Egypt (Official).svg
Arms of the Government
Incumbent
Vacant

since 14 August 2013
AppointerPresident of Egypt
Formation7 March 1958
14 July 2013 (Interim)
23 April 2019
First holderSabri al-Asali
Akram al-Hawrani
Abdel Latif Boghdadi
Abdel Hakim Amer
Final holderMahmoud Mekki
Mohamed ElBaradei (Interim)
Abolished26 December 2012
18 January 2014 (Interim)

History of the officeEdit

Before 1971Edit

In 1962, President Gamal Abdel Nasser instituted collective leadership in Egypt, separating the post of Prime Minister from that of President and establishing a presidential council to deal with all issues formerly considered presidential prerogatives. Five of the council's 11 members were Vice-Presidents of Egypt.[1]

Under the 1971 ConstitutionEdit

According to article 139 of the 1971 Constitution, the President "may appoint one or more Vice-Presidents define their jurisdiction and relieve them of their posts. The rules relating to the calling to account of the President of the Republic shall be applicable to the Vice-Presidents." The Constitution gave broad authority to the President to determine the number of Vice-Presidents, as well as their appointment, dismissal and duties of office.

After the 2011 amendments, the president should appointed a vice president 60 days after his inauguration.

Under the 2012 ConstitutionEdit

The 2012 Constitution does not include the position of Vice-President.[2]

With the adoption of the 2012 Constitution on 26 December 2012, the office of Vice-President was abolished. Mahmoud Mekki was the last person to hold the office before the adoption of the 2012 Constitution, having resigned on 22 December 2012.

2013 coup d'étatEdit

After the overthrow of President Mohamed Morsi in the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état, the position of the Vice-President was briefly restored (with extra-constitutional basic) by Acting President Adly Mansour, who appointed Mohamed ElBaradei to the post of Acting Vice-President on 7 July 2013.[3][4] He was sworn in on 14 July.[5] On 14 August 2013, following a violent crackdown by security forces on supporters of deposed President Morsi, in which more than 800 people were killed,[6] ElBaradei resigned as Acting Vice President.[7]

Under the 2014 ConstitutionEdit

Much like the 2012 Constitution, until 2019, the 2014 Constitution also did not include the position of Vice-President.

The office has since been restored following a constitutional referendum.

List of officeholdersEdit

This list contains Vice-Presidents of United Arab Republic (1958–71, included Syria until the 1961 coup d'état) and Arab Republic of Egypt (1971–present).[8]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party President
Took office Left office Time in office
  Sabri al-Asali
صبري العسلي
(1903–1976)
7 March 1958 7 October 1958 214 days National Party Nasser
 1   Akram al-Hawrani
أكرم الحوراني
(1912–1996)
7 March 1958 19 September 1960 2 years, 196 days Ba'ath Party
(Syria Region)
Nasser
  Abdel Latif Boghdadi
عبد اللطيف البغدادي
(1917–1999)
7 March 1958 23 March 1964 6 years, 16 days National Union
(until 1962)
Nasser
  Arab Socialist Union
  Abdel Hakim Amer
محمد عبد الحكيم عامر
(1919–1967)
7 March 1958 30 September 1965 7 years, 207 days National Union
(until 1962)
Nasser
  Arab Socialist Union
 5   Nur al-Din Kahala
نور الدين كحالة
(1908–1965)
20 September 1960 18 October 1961 1 year, 28 days National Union Nasser
 6   Abdel Hamid al-Sarraj
عبد الحميد السراج
(1925–2013)
16 August 1961 18 October 1961 63 days National Union Nasser
  Kamal el-Din Hussein
كمال الدين حسين
(1921–1999)
16 August 1961 23 March 1964 2 years, 220 days National Union
(until 1962)
Nasser
  Arab Socialist Union
 6   Zakaria Mohieddin
زكريا محيى الدين
(1918–2012)
16 August 1961 23 March 1964 2 years, 220 days National Union
(until 1962)
Nasser
  Arab Socialist Union
 6   Hussein el-Shafei
حسين محمود حسن الشافعي
(1918–2005)
16 August 1961 30 September 1965 4 years, 45 days National Union
(until 1962)
Nasser
  Arab Socialist Union
 10   Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات
(1918–1981)
17 February 1964 26 March 1964 38 days Arab Socialist Union Nasser
 10   Hassan Ibrahim
حسن ابراهيم
(1917–1990)
17 February 1964 27 January 1966 1 year, 344 days Arab Socialist Union Nasser
 (6)   Zakaria Mohieddin
زكريا محيى الدين
(1918–2012)
1 October 1965 20 March 1968 2 years, 171 days Arab Socialist Union Nasser
 12   Ali Sabri
على صبرى
(1920–1991)
1 October 1965 20 March 1968 2 years, 171 days Arab Socialist Union Nasser
  (6)   Hussein el-Shafei
حسين محمود حسن الشافعي
(1918–2005)
20 March 1968 19 December 1969 4 years, 302 days Arab Socialist Union Nasser
Sadat
 (10)   Anwar Sadat
أنور السادات
(1918–1981)
19 December 1969 14 October 1970 299 days Arab Socialist Union Nasser
13    Ali Sabri
على صبرى
(1920–1991)
30 October 1970 2 May 1971 184 days Arab Socialist Union Sadat
 14   Mahmoud Fawzi
محمود فوزى
(1900–1981)
16 January 1972 18 September 1974 2 years, 245 days Arab Socialist Union Sadat
Vacant (18 September 197416 April 1975)
 15   Hosni Mubarak
حسنى مبارك
(1928–2020)
16 April 1975 14 October 1981 6 years, 181 days Arab Socialist Union
(until 1978)
Sadat
  National Democratic Party
Vacant (14 October 198129 January 2011)
 16   Omar Suleiman
عمر سليمان
(1936–2012)
29 January 2011 11 February 2011 13 days Independent Mubarak
Vacant (11 February 201112 August 2012)
 17   Mahmoud Mekki
محمود مكي
(born 1954)
12 August 2012 22 December 2012 132 days Independent Morsi
Vacant (22 December 201226 December 2012)
Post abolished (26 December 201214 July 2013)
—    Mohamed ElBaradei
محمد البرادعي
(born 1942)
(Interim)
14 July 2013 14 August 2013 31 days Constitution Party Mansour
(Interim)
Vacant (14 August 201318 January 2014)
Post abolished (18 January 201423 April 2019)
Vacant (23 April 2019–present)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nasser institutes Collective Leadership, Davar, 1962 (in Hebrew)
  2. ^ Shalaby,Ethar (3 December 2012). "VP not to continue according to new constitution". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 3 December 2012.
  3. ^ "Egyptian interim president nominates two for leadership posts". Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Egypt's Salafist party rejects choices for premier, vice-president". Al Arabiya. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  5. ^ Aya Batrawy, "Egypt's defense minister defends ousting president", Associated Press, 14 July 2013.
  6. ^ "Egyptian security forces storm protesters' camps". The Washington Post. 14 August 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
  7. ^ "Egypt's VP Mohamed ElBaradei resigns in protest against crackdown". Los Angeles Times. 14 August 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013.
  8. ^ http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/330352/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-constitutional-changes-A-look-at-the-post-o.aspx

External linksEdit