Ahmad Maher Pasha (1888 – 24 February 1945) (Arabic: أحمد ماهر باشا) was an Egyptian politician from the Saadist Institutional Party who served as Prime Minister of Egypt from October 1944 to February 1945.
After assuming power, he called for new elections and opposed the candidacies of members of the Muslim Brotherhood against whom he had declared a fatwa[clarification needed]. Maher then declared war against the Axis Powers in World War II, primarily to gain a diplomatic advantage at the end of the war, which was seen as imminent. Immediately after his announcement, Maher was assassinated at Parliament by the 28-year-old Mahmoud El Essawy. It is assumed that Essawy was a member of the Muslim Brotherhood.
Maher Pasha married his first cousin Ihsan Hanem Sami, whose family was part of the European aristocracy, which dominated the socio-economic scene[clarification needed],
- "War & Death". Time. 5 March 1945. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved 10 August 2008.
- "Egyptian Premier Slain in Chamber". The New York Times, 25 February 1945.