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List of October 2019 Hong Kong protests

Events: OctoberEdit

1 October National Day protestsEdit

On the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, Hong Kong protesters marked a "national day of mourning".[1] In defiance of a police ban on the annual march proposed by the Civil Human Rights Front (CHRF), four veteran democrats led a rally from Causeway Bay to Central, mourning the victims of Chinese Communist Party rule and calling for the end of one-party rule in mainland China.[1] Simultaneously, protesters held rallies in Wong Tai Sin, Tuen Mun, Tsuen Wan, Sha Tin and Sham Shui Po,[1] which drew tens of thousands of participants altogether.[2] The protests were initially peaceful, but violent incidents occurred later during the day.[2]

External video
  Footage of the shooting incident (HKFP)

Officers had fired multiple warning shots in locations such as Yau Ma Tei and Wong Tai Sin. In Tsuen Wan, a police officer fired a live round at Tsang Chi-kin, an 18-year-old male secondary school student, to his chest at point blank range with a revolver.[3][4] This incident happened as the man was assaulting the police officer who ran in to retrieve a fellow officer chased and beaten to the ground by a crowd of protesters.[3][4] Before being shot, the student was holding a white pipe and a kickboard; when collecting evidence after the shooting, the police took away his mask, his helmet, his kickboard along with a metal rod found from nearby, but without his white pipe.[5][6] It was the first live round fired at a person by the Hong Kong police in this protest.[2][7][8] The protester was in critical condition and taken to the emergency room of Princess Margaret Hospital.[9] The Hong Kong Police responded to the shooting, calling it "heartbreaking" and adding that "[t]he police officers' lives were seriously threatened. To save his own and his colleagues' lives, [the officer] fired a live shot at the attacker."[2] The Foreign Secretary of the United Kingdom Dominic Raab said in a statement that "the use of live ammunition is disproportionate".[10] The Amnesty International urged "the Hong Kong authorities to urgently review their approach in policing the protests to de-escalate the situation and prevent more lives being put at risk" and reiterated its call for an independent investigation.[2][11]

2 October solidarity protests for the injured studentEdit

 
Protesters gathered inside New Town Plaza, a shopping mall in Sha Tin, while folding paper birds.

Protests continued after Tsang was shot by the police. The students and the alumni of his secondary school Tsuen Wan Public Ho Chuen Yiu Memorial College rallied outside the campus to show their support for Tsang, who was charged with rioting and assaulting officers.[12] About 250 demonstrators gathered at West Kowloon Magistrates' Courts to support him and other protesters who were arrested.[13]

In the afternoon, protesters and office workers gathered in Central, Hong Kong and briefly occupied Connaught Road Central. They shouted slogans to condemn the Hong Kong police, such as "Hong Kong police intentionally commit murder" and "disband the police force now".[14] Protesters also showed up in Tsuen Wan, where they damaged a mahjong house said to have links to triad groups and started a fire near New Territories South Regional Police Headquarters. Protesters also briefly occupied roads and thoroughfares in Wong Tai Sin and Causeway Bay. In Tuen Mun, Tai Wai and Tseung Kwan O, protesters vandalised several MTR stations. Railway operator MTR Corporation has become a target of vandalism after it has been accused of co-operating with the police and closing the stations before major protests.[15]

3 October protests against anti-mask lawEdit

On 3 October, protesters gathered at 11 shopping malls around Hong Kong including New Town Plaza, Yoho Mall and APM to show their opposition to the anti-mask law. The gathering in Cityplaza near Tai Koo station escalated into intense conflicts between protesters and the police, which used tear gas and pepper spray to disperse protesters. At 10:20 pm, MTR announced that it would close the Kwun Tong station, prompting protesters nearby to damage its facilities. MTR then announced that it would be closing Tai Po Market station, Ngau Tau Kok station and Tai Koo station.[16]

4 October protests against the emergency lawEdit

After Carrie Lam invoked the controversial Emergency Regulations Ordinance to impose an anti-mask law to ban wearing face masks in public gatherings. However, many protesters defied the government's new policy and wear face masks to show their discontent. Protesters first showed up in Central, Hong Kong and chanted slogans such as "Hong Kong people, resist". After the government announced the enactment of the law, which would be effective the following midnight, many universities cancelled its afternoon classes and many malls closed early. The protesters became more radical at night and showed up in various districts in Hong Kong. Protesters occupied Harcourt Road, Nathan Road, Lung Cheung Road and other major thoroughfares.[17] They also damaged facilitates in several railway stations and Light Rail stations, causing the MTR to suspend all of its train services that day.[18] Pro-Beijing shops and corporations thought to have ties to Mainland China, such as Bank of China and Maxim's Catering, were vandalised.[17]

The riot police confronted the protesters in Aberdeen and fired the first tear gas canister in the Southern District. In Yuen Long, an off-duty officer, after being suspected of bumping into protesters, was cornered and assaulted by the protesters. After he shot a teenage boy's left thigh with live ammo, he was assaulted by protesters and petrol bombs were hurled at him.[19] The boy was admitted to Tuen Mun Hospital.[20] During the midnight, riot police officers entered the hospital with full gear. Hospital Authority expressed concerns regarding the police's presence in the hospital as its staff and patients feared that they may obstruct the hospital's operations.[21]

On the following day, many MTR stations, banks, and shops remained closed.[22] Lam said that the law was invoked only to quell the violence and she insisted that Hong Kong was not in an emergency state. Reuters described the anti-mask law as "counterproductive or even inflammatory", while Vox believed that the new law may have infuriated the protesters.[23][24]

6 October protest against the emergency lawEdit

Protesters marched on the streets of Hong Kong Island and Kowloon on 6 October to protest Carrie Lam's decision to invoke the emergency law.[25] Protesters continued to wear different types of face masks to show defiance against the government's passage of the anti-mask law. The march was largely peaceful until the police confronted the protesters and began shooting tear gas canisters. Hardline protesters began hurling objects and petrol bombs against the police while the police deployed water cannon trucks to disperse the protesters. A RTHK reporter caught fire and suffered burns to his face after being hit accidentally by a Molotov cocktail in Wan Chai. RTHK condemned the use of violence and called all parties to show restraint.[26]

The Kowloon district escalated into further conflicts. A taxi after being attacked by protesters went out of control and rammed into the crowd of protesters thereby severely injuring a woman protester.[27] The taxi driver was later assaulted by other protesters by pulling him out of the taxi.[28] Actress Celine Ma was attacked by protesters after she filmed with her phone protesters vandalising a Bank of China ATM in Mong Kok.[29] In Kowloon Tong, police arrested several students and entered the Hong Kong Baptist University campus without permission. At night, the garrison of People's Liberation Army raised a warning flag against the protester, marking the first military response during the protest.[30]

8 October Ma On Shan incidentEdit

On 8 October, protesters gathered inside the shopping mall MOSTown to sing several protest songs such as "Glory to Hong Kong". However, after some protesters vandalised the Ma On Shan station, a group of riot police stormed the plaza, which was a private area, though a group of security guards attempted to guard the door to prevent their entry. During the storming, a reporter from Stand News who was live streaming was attacked by the police, who pepper-sprayed her, removed her glasses and took her charging cable. Disgruntled protesters later briefly protested outside Ma On Shan police station.[31]

Around the same time, protesters continued to confront with the police in various locations including Whampoa Garden, Mong Kok near Prince Edward station, Tai Po, and Tseung Kwan O, where a bicycle was thrown to a police officer who suffered injuries and was hospitalised.[31]

9 October solidarity rally for Edward LeungEdit

Hundreds of supporters of jailed pro-independence activists Edward Leung gathered outside Hong Kong’s Court of Appeal and queued as early as sunrise to get a seat in the public gallery. Leung was jailed due to his involvement in the 2016 Mong Kok civil unrest and he has launched an appeal against his six-year prison sentence. Supporters chanted the slogan "liberate Hong Kong, the revolution of our times", which was Leung's campaign slogan during the 2016 New Territories East by-election.[32]

12 October marchEdit

Over a thousand protesters marched in an unauthorized protest from Tsim Sha Tsui to Sham Shui Po to protest against the government's decision to invoke the emergency law. Protesters wore face masks in defiance of the anti-mask law. The march was largely peaceful with little police presence.[33]

13 October citywide conflictsEdit

Protesters confronted with the police after flashmobs of protesters showed up in various districts in Hong Kong including Mong Kok, Tseung Kwan O, Tsuen Wan, Kowloon Bay, Sha Tin and Tai Po. The flashmob strategy was used to avoid arrest as railway operator MTR Corporation was accused of cooperating with the police to arrest protesters.[34] Protesters continued to vandalize MTR stations, and sprayed graffiti on Chinese companies and pro-Beijing corporations. The police deployed tear gas to disperse the protesters in various districts.[35]

In Kwun Tong, a protester injured an officer's neck with a box cutter following a conflict happening inside the shopping mall APM.

At night, the police accused the protesters of detonating a homemade bomb near Mong Kok police station.[36]

14 October protest at Hong Kong Design InstituteEdit

Chan Yin-lam, an avid swimmer and a protester, was declared dead in late September after her corpse was found floating naked in the sea near Yau Tong. Police claimed that after investigations, her death has "nothing suspicious", though many refused to trust the police. Students from Youth College and Hong Kong Design Institute (HKDI) Tiu King Leng campus gathered to demand the campus management to release the CCTV footage on the evening of September 19, where Chan was last seen before her death. Campus management only released partial footage, causing disgruntled students to vandalize the glass panels of the campus.[37][38]

The Vocational Training Council has since released additional CCTV clips after 200 students, amid class suspension, rallied inside the campus to support an online appeal for an indefinite class boycott.[39] However, in a new development to clarify the death, the mother of the student believes her daughter committed suicide.[40]

14 October rally for the Human Rights and Democracy ActEdit

 
Protesters gathered in Chater Garden, waving the American flag, and "Free HK" banners.

A rally, using the slogan "Fight with Hong Kong, justice to our victims," was held at night on 14 October at Chater Garden, calling on the United States to pass the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act of 2019, which would sanction officials for undermining autonomy in Hong Kong. Organiser Ventus Lau received a Letter of No Objection from the police, making this the first protest with police approval since the emergency law was invoked.[41] The rally began at 7pm. Crowds split from the public park and onto adjacent roads, turned on their phone flashlights, and chanted protest slogans, such as "Hongkongers, resist". The crowd sang protest songs including "Glory to Hong Kong". The event saw speeches from several figures including activist Joshua Wong and politician Au Nok-hin. Organisers announced that more than 130,000 people took part in the rally. The government issued a statement saying that it regretted the assembly and criticised any foreign interference into the "internal affairs" of Hong Kong.[42]

18 October human chainEdit

During the night of October 18, protesters organised a human chain protest against the anti-mask law. Some protesters distributed masks to other participants, while some chanted slogans such as "five demands, not one less".[43] Many protesters wore surgical masks to conceal their identity, though some also donned the photographic masks of Carrie Lam, Xi Jinping, Winnie the Pooh and Guy Fawkes.[44]

20 October ProtestEdit

ReferencesEdit

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