List of October 2019 Hong Kong protests
This is a list of October 2019 Hong Kong protests.
- 1 Events: October
- 1.1 1 October National Day protests
- 1.2 2 October solidarity protests for the injured student
- 1.3 3 October protests against anti-mask law
- 1.4 4 October protests against the emergency law
- 1.5 6 October protest against the emergency law
- 1.6 8 October Ma On Shan incident
- 1.7 9 October solidarity rally for Edward Leung
- 1.8 12 October march
- 1.9 13 October citywide conflicts
- 1.10 14 October protest at Hong Kong Design Institute
- 1.11 14 October rally for the Human Rights and Democracy Act
- 1.12 18 October human chain
- 1.13 20 October Protest
- 2 References
1 October National Day protestsEdit
On the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, Hong Kong protesters marked a "national day of mourning". In defiance of a police ban on the annual march proposed by the Civil Human Rights Front (CHRF), four veteran democrats led a rally from Causeway Bay to Central, mourning the victims of Chinese Communist Party rule and calling for the end of one-party rule in mainland China. Simultaneously, protesters held rallies in Wong Tai Sin, Tuen Mun, Tsuen Wan, Sha Tin and Sham Shui Po, which drew tens of thousands of participants altogether. The protests were initially peaceful, but violent incidents occurred later during the day.
|Footage of the shooting incident (HKFP)|
Officers had fired multiple warning shots in locations such as Yau Ma Tei and Wong Tai Sin. In Tsuen Wan, a police officer fired a live round at Tsang Chi-kin, an 18-year-old male secondary school student, to his chest at point blank range with a revolver. This incident happened as the man was assaulting the police officer who ran in to retrieve a fellow officer chased and beaten to the ground by a crowd of protesters. Before being shot, the student was holding a white pipe and a kickboard; when collecting evidence after the shooting, the police took away his mask, his helmet, his kickboard along with a metal rod found from nearby, but without his white pipe. It was the first live round fired at a person by the Hong Kong police in this protest. The protester was in critical condition and taken to the emergency room of Princess Margaret Hospital. The Hong Kong Police responded to the shooting, calling it "heartbreaking" and adding that "[t]he police officers' lives were seriously threatened. To save his own and his colleagues' lives, [the officer] fired a live shot at the attacker." The Foreign Secretary of the United Kingdom Dominic Raab said in a statement that "the use of live ammunition is disproportionate". The Amnesty International urged "the Hong Kong authorities to urgently review their approach in policing the protests to de-escalate the situation and prevent more lives being put at risk" and reiterated its call for an independent investigation.
Two police officers firing warning shots to the sky then pointing to protesters in Yau Ma Tei.
2 October solidarity protests for the injured studentEdit
Protests continued after Tsang was shot by the police. The students and the alumni of his secondary school Tsuen Wan Public Ho Chuen Yiu Memorial College rallied outside the campus to show their support for Tsang, who was charged with rioting and assaulting officers. About 250 demonstrators gathered at West Kowloon Magistrates' Courts to support him and other protesters who were arrested.
In the afternoon, protesters and office workers gathered in Central, Hong Kong and briefly occupied Connaught Road Central. They shouted slogans to condemn the Hong Kong police, such as "Hong Kong police intentionally commit murder" and "disband the police force now". Protesters also showed up in Tsuen Wan, where they damaged a mahjong house said to have links to triad groups and started a fire near New Territories South Regional Police Headquarters. Protesters also briefly occupied roads and thoroughfares in Wong Tai Sin and Causeway Bay. In Tuen Mun, Tai Wai and Tseung Kwan O, protesters vandalised several MTR stations. Railway operator MTR Corporation has become a target of vandalism after it has been accused of co-operating with the police and closing the stations before major protests.
3 October protests against anti-mask lawEdit
On 3 October, protesters gathered at 11 shopping malls around Hong Kong including New Town Plaza, Yoho Mall and APM to show their opposition to the anti-mask law. The gathering in Cityplaza near Tai Koo station escalated into intense conflicts between protesters and the police, which used tear gas and pepper spray to disperse protesters. At 10:20 pm, MTR announced that it would close the Kwun Tong station, prompting protesters nearby to damage its facilities. MTR then announced that it would be closing Tai Po Market station, Ngau Tau Kok station and Tai Koo station.
4 October protests against the emergency lawEdit
After Carrie Lam invoked the controversial Emergency Regulations Ordinance to impose an anti-mask law to ban wearing face masks in public gatherings. However, many protesters defied the government's new policy and wear face masks to show their discontent. Protesters first showed up in Central, Hong Kong and chanted slogans such as "Hong Kong people, resist". After the government announced the enactment of the law, which would be effective the following midnight, many universities cancelled its afternoon classes and many malls closed early. The protesters became more radical at night and showed up in various districts in Hong Kong. Protesters occupied Harcourt Road, Nathan Road, Lung Cheung Road and other major thoroughfares. They also damaged facilitates in several railway stations and Light Rail stations, causing the MTR to suspend all of its train services that day. Pro-Beijing shops and corporations thought to have ties to Mainland China, such as Bank of China and Maxim's Catering, were vandalised.
The riot police confronted the protesters in Aberdeen and fired the first tear gas canister in the Southern District. In Yuen Long, an off-duty officer, after being suspected of bumping into protesters, was cornered and assaulted by the protesters. After he shot a teenage boy's left thigh with live ammo, he was assaulted by protesters and petrol bombs were hurled at him. The boy was admitted to Tuen Mun Hospital. During the midnight, riot police officers entered the hospital with full gear. Hospital Authority expressed concerns regarding the police's presence in the hospital as its staff and patients feared that they may obstruct the hospital's operations.
On the following day, many MTR stations, banks, and shops remained closed. Lam said that the law was invoked only to quell the violence and she insisted that Hong Kong was not in an emergency state. Reuters described the anti-mask law as "counterproductive or even inflammatory", while Vox believed that the new law may have infuriated the protesters.
Protesters in Harcourt Road.
Protesters setting up roadblocks in Connaught Road, Central.
Graffiti on a wall, translates as "Hongkongers, revolt".
6 October protest against the emergency lawEdit
Protesters marched on the streets of Hong Kong Island and Kowloon on 6 October to protest Carrie Lam's decision to invoke the emergency law. Protesters continued to wear different types of face masks to show defiance against the government's passage of the anti-mask law. The march was largely peaceful until the police confronted the protesters and began shooting tear gas canisters. Hardline protesters began hurling objects and petrol bombs against the police while the police deployed water cannon trucks to disperse the protesters. A RTHK reporter caught fire and suffered burns to his face after being hit accidentally by a Molotov cocktail in Wan Chai. RTHK condemned the use of violence and called all parties to show restraint.
The Kowloon district escalated into further conflicts. A taxi after being attacked by protesters went out of control and rammed into the crowd of protesters thereby severely injuring a woman protester. The taxi driver was later assaulted by other protesters by pulling him out of the taxi. Actress Celine Ma was attacked by protesters after she filmed with her phone protesters vandalising a Bank of China ATM in Mong Kok. In Kowloon Tong, police arrested several students and entered the Hong Kong Baptist University campus without permission. At night, the garrison of People's Liberation Army raised a warning flag against the protester, marking the first military response during the protest.
Graffiti on the wall with Pepe the Frog, a symbol of the protest.
8 October Ma On Shan incidentEdit
On 8 October, protesters gathered inside the shopping mall MOSTown to sing several protest songs such as "Glory to Hong Kong". However, after some protesters vandalised the Ma On Shan station, a group of riot police stormed the plaza, which was a private area, though a group of security guards attempted to guard the door to prevent their entry. During the storming, a reporter from Stand News who was live streaming was attacked by the police, who pepper-sprayed her, removed her glasses and took her charging cable. Disgruntled protesters later briefly protested outside Ma On Shan police station.
Around the same time, protesters continued to confront with the police in various locations including Whampoa Garden, Mong Kok near Prince Edward station, Tai Po, and Tseung Kwan O, where a bicycle was thrown to a police officer who suffered injuries and was hospitalised.
9 October solidarity rally for Edward LeungEdit
Hundreds of supporters of jailed pro-independence activists Edward Leung gathered outside Hong Kong’s Court of Appeal and queued as early as sunrise to get a seat in the public gallery. Leung was jailed due to his involvement in the 2016 Mong Kok civil unrest and he has launched an appeal against his six-year prison sentence. Supporters chanted the slogan "liberate Hong Kong, the revolution of our times", which was Leung's campaign slogan during the 2016 New Territories East by-election.
12 October marchEdit
Over a thousand protesters marched in an unauthorized protest from Tsim Sha Tsui to Sham Shui Po to protest against the government's decision to invoke the emergency law. Protesters wore face masks in defiance of the anti-mask law. The march was largely peaceful with little police presence.
13 October citywide conflictsEdit
Protesters confronted with the police after flashmobs of protesters showed up in various districts in Hong Kong including Mong Kok, Tseung Kwan O, Tsuen Wan, Kowloon Bay, Sha Tin and Tai Po. The flashmob strategy was used to avoid arrest as railway operator MTR Corporation was accused of cooperating with the police to arrest protesters. Protesters continued to vandalize MTR stations, and sprayed graffiti on Chinese companies and pro-Beijing corporations. The police deployed tear gas to disperse the protesters in various districts.
At night, the police accused the protesters of detonating a homemade bomb near Mong Kok police station.
14 October protest at Hong Kong Design InstituteEdit
Chan Yin-lam, an avid swimmer and a protester, was declared dead in late September after her corpse was found floating naked in the sea near Yau Tong. Police claimed that after investigations, her death has "nothing suspicious", though many refused to trust the police. Students from Youth College and Hong Kong Design Institute (HKDI) Tiu King Leng campus gathered to demand the campus management to release the CCTV footage on the evening of September 19, where Chan was last seen before her death. Campus management only released partial footage, causing disgruntled students to vandalize the glass panels of the campus.
The Vocational Training Council has since released additional CCTV clips after 200 students, amid class suspension, rallied inside the campus to support an online appeal for an indefinite class boycott. However, in a new development to clarify the death, the mother of the student believes her daughter committed suicide.
14 October rally for the Human Rights and Democracy ActEdit
A rally, using the slogan "Fight with Hong Kong, justice to our victims," was held at night on 14 October at Chater Garden, calling on the United States to pass the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act of 2019, which would sanction officials for undermining autonomy in Hong Kong. Organiser Ventus Lau received a Letter of No Objection from the police, making this the first protest with police approval since the emergency law was invoked. The rally began at 7pm. Crowds split from the public park and onto adjacent roads, turned on their phone flashlights, and chanted protest slogans, such as "Hongkongers, resist". The crowd sang protest songs including "Glory to Hong Kong". The event saw speeches from several figures including activist Joshua Wong and politician Au Nok-hin. Organisers announced that more than 130,000 people took part in the rally. The government issued a statement saying that it regretted the assembly and criticised any foreign interference into the "internal affairs" of Hong Kong.
18 October human chainEdit
During the night of October 18, protesters organised a human chain protest against the anti-mask law. Some protesters distributed masks to other participants, while some chanted slogans such as "five demands, not one less". Many protesters wore surgical masks to conceal their identity, though some also donned the photographic masks of Carrie Lam, Xi Jinping, Winnie the Pooh and Guy Fawkes.
20 October ProtestEdit
- Chan, Holmes (1 October 2019). "'Day of mourning': Protests erupt around Hong Kong districts as China National Day marred by tear gas, clashes". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- Graham-Harrison, Emma; Yu, Verna (1 October 2019). "Hong Kong protester shot with live round during China National Day rally". The Guardian.
- Bradsher, Keith; Ives, Mike; Yu, Elaine (2 October 2019). "Hong Kong Protests Led a Student to Activism, Then to the Point of a Gun". The New York Times.
- Choy, Gigi; Liu, Yujing (2 October 2019). "Hundreds take to Hong Kong streets to protest against teen shooting". South China Morning Post.
- "警搜證出蠱惑 長鐵通換短棒" [Police dishonest when collecting evidence, replaces short rod with long metal one]. Apple Daily. 3 October 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
- "荃灣中槍男生倒地後 白色長通跌在身旁" [Tsuen Wan shot student falls on floor, drops white pipe beside him]. Now News. 3 October 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
- Yan, Sophia; Wong, Katy; Davies, Gareth (1 October 2019). "Hong Kong protester shot in chest during demonstrations on China's 70th anniversary". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- Lam, Jeffie; Lok-kei, Sum; Leung, Kanis (3 October 2019). "Was police officer justified in opening fire on Hong Kong protester?". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
- Yeung, Jessie; Griffiths, James; George, Steve (1 October 2019). "Hong Kong protesters hit the streets as China marks 70 years of Communist rule". CNN. Archived from the original on 1 October 2019. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
- "Use of live ammunition is disproportionate: UK". RTHK. 1 October 2019. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- "Hong Kong: Shooting of protester must be investigated amid alarming escalation of police use of force". 1 October 2019. Amnesty International. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
- Chung, Kimmy (2 October 2019). "Schoolmates of Hong Kong teen shot by police hold sit-in as college faces pressure to condemn force". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
- "【逃犯條例】250中學生西九法院外集會 聲援提堂人士、中槍少年". Hong Kong 01. 2 October 2019. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
- Chan, Holmes (2 October 2019). "Hundreds march in protest as Hong Kong reels from police shooting of student". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
- Cheng, Kris (3 October 2019). "Hong Kong sees multi-district protests against police shooting of student". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
- Kan-chung, Ng (3 October 2019). "Tear gas and pepper spray in Tai Koo as anti-government protesters hold rallies across Hong Kong in protest to reports of law banning face masks". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
- "【禁蒙面法．示威】港九新界多區仍有人群聚集未散（不斷更新） (23:53)". Ming Pao. 4 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- "All MTR services suspended across Hong Kong as chaos erupts in multiple districts". Hong Kong Free Press. 4 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- "14-year-old shot by plainclothes Hong Kong police officer as protesters attack vehicle". Hong Kong Free Press. 4 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- Leung, Kimmy (5 October 2019). "Hong Kong protests: teenage boy who suffered gunshot wound in leg arrested on suspicion of taking part in riots and attacking police officer". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- "Authorities irked over riot police inside hospital". RTHK. 5 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- Lahiri, Tripti (5 October 2019). "Hong Kong is shutting down as a new anti-mask law deepens anger". Quartz. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- Promfret, James (4 October 2019). "Explainer: Hong Kong's controversial anti-mask ban and emergency regulations". Reuters. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- Kirby, Jen (4 October 2019). "The Hong Kong government tried to ban face masks. Protesters are already defying it". Vox. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- "Hong Kong rocked by further protests as emergency mask ban provokes more unrest". "HKFP Lens" column. Hong Kong Free Press. Hong Kong Free Press. 6 October 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
- "RTHK condemns violence after reporter suffers burn". RTHK. 6 October 2019. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- Yau, Cannix (10 October 2019). "Hong Kong taxi driver beaten by mob after car rams into crowd of protesters in Sham Shui Po gives account of crash". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
- Mahtani, Shibani; McLaughlin, Timothy (6 October 2019). Written at Hong Kong. "Hong Kongers ignore mask ban, march in huge numbers". The Washington Post. Wsahington, D.C. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
- Loh Keng Fatt (7 October 2019). "TVB actress Celine Ma attacked by pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong". The Straits Times. Singapore Press Holdings. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- Chan, Holmes (6 October 2019). "Warning flag spotted at Chinese army barracks in Kowloon Tong as protests escalate across Hong Kong". Hong Kong Free Press. Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
- Cheng, Kris (8 October 2019). "Hong Kong riot police storm Ma On Shan mall to make arrest, as multi-district protests, vandalism continue to fizzle". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
- Lau, Chris (9 October 2019). "Supporters turn out for Hong Kong pro-independence figure Edward Leung's appeal against Mong Kok riot jail sentence". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
- Cheng, Kris (12 October 2019). "'We are not afraid': Over a thousand Hongkongers protest gov't use of emergency law". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
- Hale, Erin (13 October 2019). "Hong Kong protesters use new flashmob strategy to avoid arrest". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
- "As it happened: policeman slashed in the neck amid citywide protests in Hong Kong". South China Morning Post. 13 October 2019. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
- Leicester, John (15 October 2019). "Hong Kong police say homemade bomb targeted officers". Washington Post. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
- Lew, Linda (15 October 2019). "Classes suspended at Hong Kong Design Institute after students vandalise campus demanding surveillance footage of classmate found dead in sea". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
- Tong, Elson (16 October 2019). "Protesters demand CCTV footage from Tiu Keng Leng school following death of 15-year-old student". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
- Choi, Martin (16 October 2019). "15-year-old Hong Kong girl found dead at sea had walked barefoot through campus before leaving school grounds on day she was last seen, new footage shows". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
- Chan, Ho-him (17 October 2019). "Mother of 15-year-old Hong Kong girl found dead in sea says daughter took her own life, and calls for end to harassment of family and speculation over death". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
- "團體明晚中環遮打集會獲警方批不反對通知書". RTHK News (in Chinese). 14 October 2019.
- Creery, Jennifer (15 October 2019). "'Fight with Hong Kong': 130,000 gather to urge US to pass human rights act to monitor city's autonomy, organisers say".
- Creery, Jennifer (19 October 2019). "Hongkongers don Pepe, Guy Fawkes, Winnie and Xi Jinping masks at human chain protest against new law". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
- "Thousands Protest Anti-Mask Law With Human Chain Across Hong Kong". Radio Free Asia. 18 October 2019. Retrieved 20 October 2019.