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The LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC) is a scientific collaboration of international physics institutes and research groups dedicated to the search for gravitational waves.

LIGO Scientific Collaboration
LIGO Scientific Collaboration logo.gif
Formation1997[1]
HeadquartersCalifornia Institute of Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States
Membership
1200 scientists[2]
LSC Spokesperson
Patrick Brady
Executive Director of LIGO
David Reitze
Award(s)Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics (2016)
Gruber Prize in Cosmology (2016)
Enrico Fermi Prize (2016)
Bruno Rossi Prize (2017)
Albert Einstein Medal (2017)
Princess of Asturias Award (2017)
Websitewww.ligo.org

Contents

HistoryEdit

The LSC was established in 1997, under the leadership of Barry Barish.[3] Its mission is to ensure equal scientific opportunity for individual participants and institutions by organizing research, publications, and all other scientific activities, and it includes scientists from both LIGO Laboratory and collaborating institutions. Barish appointed Rainer Weiss as the first spokesperson.

LSC members have access to the US-based Advanced LIGO detectors in Hanford, Washington and in Livingston, Louisiana, as well as the GEO 600 detector in Sarstedt, Germany. Under an agreement with the European Gravitational Observatory (EGO), LSC members also have access to data from the Virgo detector in Pisa, Italy. While the LSC and the Virgo Collaboration are separate organizations, they cooperate closely and are referred to collectively as "LVC".[4]

The current LSC Spokesperson is Patrick Brady of University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.[5] The Executive Director of the LIGO Laboratory is David Reitze from the University of Florida.

On 11 February 2016, the LIGO and Virgo collaborations[a] announced that they succeeded in making the first direct gravitational wave observation on 14 September 2015.[6][7][8][9]

In 2016, Barish received the Enrico Fermi Prize "for his fundamental contributions to the formation of the LIGO and LIGO-Virgo scientific collaborations and for his role in addressing challenging technological and scientific aspects whose solution led to the first detection of gravitational waves".[10]

Collaboration membersEdit

Membership of LIGO Scientific Collaboration as of November 2015 is detailed in the table below.[2]

Institution Country Members Website
Abilene Christian University   United States 2
Albert-Einstein-Institute, Hannover   Germany 79 Observational Relativity and Cosmology, Laser Interferometry and Gravitational Wave Astronomy
Albert-Einstein-Institute, Potsdam-Golm   Germany 21 Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity
American University   United States 4
Andrews University   United States 6 Andrew University LIGO
Australian National University   Australia 16 Centre for Gravitational Physics
California Institute of Technology   United States 93 LIGO Lab, Caltech LIGO Astrophysics
California State University, Fullerton   United States 15 Gravitational Wave Physics and Astronomy Center
Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics   Canada 4 Gravitational waves
Cardiff University   United Kingdom 28 Gravity Exploration Institute
Carleton College   United States 8
Charles Sturt University   Australia 1
Chennai Mathematical Institute   India 1
College of William & Mary   United States 3
Columbia University   United States 8
Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University   United States 8
Eötvös Loránd University   Hungary 9 Eötvös Gravity Research Group
Georgia Institute of Technology   United States 20 Center for Relativistic Astrophysics
Goddard Space Flight Center   United States 5
Hanford Observatory   United States 38 LIGO Hanford
Hanyang University   South Korea 1
Hobart and William Smith Colleges   United States 4
IAP, Nizhny Novgorod   Russia 8
ICTP-SAIFR   Brazil 1
ICTS-TIFR   India 9
IISER-KOL   India 3
IISER-TVM   India 5
Indian Institute of Technology Gandhinagar   India 3
IndIGO   India 59 LIGO India
INPE   Brazil 6
IPR-Bhat   India 10
IUCAA   India 14
Kenyon College   United States 9
King's College London   United Kingdom 1
Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information   South Korea 4
Leibniz Universität Hannover   Germany 8
Livingston Observatory   United States 35 LIGO Livingston
Louisiana State University   United States 16 Experimental & Theoretical General Relativity
Massachusetts Institute of Technology   United States 35 MIT LIGO
Monash University   Australia 9
Montana State University   United States 3 Gravitational Physics at MSU
Montclair State University   United States 3
Moscow State University   Russia 11
National Institute of Mathematical Sciences   South Korea 4
National Tsing Hua University   Taiwan 3
Northwestern University   United States 16 LIGO Scientific Collaboration
Penn State University   United States 7 Penn State LIGO group Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos
Pusan National University   South Korea 3
Rochester Institute of Technology   United States 13 Center for Computational Relativity and Gravitation
RRCAT, Indore   India 9
Rutherford Appleton Laboratory   United Kingdom 2 STFC Advanced LIGO
Seoul National University   South Korea 1
Sonoma State University   United States 5
Southern University   United States 1
Stanford University   United States 18
Swinburne University of Technology   Australia 12 ARC Centre of Excellence for Gravitational Wave Discovery
Syracuse University   United States 31 Syracuse University Gravitational Wave Group
Texas Tech University   United States 8
The Chinese University of Hong Kong   Hong Kong 12
The University of Melbourne   Australia 3
The University of Sheffield   United Kingdom 5
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research   India 5
Trinity University   United States 2
Tsinghua University   China 5
University of Alabama in Huntsville   United States 2
University of Adelaide   Australia 4 Optics and Photonics Group
University of Birmingham   United Kingdom 29 Gravitational Wave Group
University of Brussels   Belgium 4 Precision Mechatronics Laboratory
University of Cambridge   United Kingdom 6 Gravitational waves
University of Chicago   United States 4
University of Florida   United States 26 LIGO at the University of Florida
University of Glasgow   United Kingdom 61 Institute for Gravitational Research
University of Hamburg   Germany 6
University of Maryland   United States 7 Gravitation Experiment Group
University of Michigan   United States 10 Michigan Gravitational Wave Group
University of Minnesota   United States 5 LIGO at Minnesota
University of Mississippi   United States 10 The LIGO Team at The University of Mississippi
University of Oregon   United States 10
University of Sannio   Italy 10
University of Southampton   United Kingdom 2
University of Strathclyde   United Kingdom 3
University of Szeged   Hungary 3
University of Texas Rio Grande Valley   United States 22 Center for Gravitational Wave Astronomy
University of Tokyo   Japan 6 Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, Gravitational Wave Group
University of the Balearic Islands   Spain 9 Relativity and Gravitation Group
University of Washington   United States 2
University of the West of Scotland   United Kingdom 4
University of Western Australia   Australia 21
University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee   United States 27 LIGO Scientific Collaboration Research Group
USC Information Sciences Institute   United States 3
Washington State University   United States 3
West Virginia University   United States 4
Whitman College   United States 3

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The 11 February 2016 announcement team were Kip Thorne, David Reitze, Gabriela González, and Rainer Weiss.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "About the LSC". LIGO Scientific Collaboration. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  2. ^ a b "LSC/Virgo Census". myLIGO. Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  3. ^ Committee on Setting Priorities for NSF-Sponsored Large Research Facility Projects, Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, Policy and Global Affairs, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council. (2004). Setting Priorities for Large Research Facility Projects Supported by the National Science Foundation. National Academies Press. pp. 129–136.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ Gabriela González, Fulvio Ricci, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration (2015-12-06). "Open call for partnership for the EM identification and follow-up of GW candidate events" (PDF). Retrieved 25 May 2016.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  5. ^ "UW-Milwaukee astrophysicist elected spokesperson of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration | Newswise: News for Journalists". www.newswise.com. Retrieved 2019-04-11.
  6. ^ Twilley, Nicola. "Gravitational Waves Exist: The Inside Story of How Scientists Finally Found Them". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved 2016-02-11.
  7. ^ Abbott, B.P.; et al. (2016). "Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger". Phys. Rev. Lett. 116: 061102. arXiv:1602.03837. Bibcode:2016PhRvL.116f1102A. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.061102. PMID 26918975.
  8. ^ Naeye, Robert (11 February 2016). "Gravitational Wave Detection Heralds New Era of Science". Sky and Telescope. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  9. ^ Castelvecchi, Davide; Witze, Alexandra (11 February 2016). "Einstein's gravitational waves found at last". Nature News. doi:10.1038/nature.2016.19361. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  10. ^ "2016 Enrico Fermi Prize". Società Italiana di Fisica.

External linksEdit