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University of Szeged

The University of Szeged (Hungarian: Szegedi Tudományegyetem, About this soundlisten ) is a large research university in Hungary. It is located in Hungary's third-largest city, Szeged, in Csongrád County in the Southern Great Plain. The University is one of Hungary's most important universities and is among the most prominent higher education institutions in Central Europe. According to the Academic Ranking of World Universities by Shanghai Jiao Tong University (2003, 2004, 2005), it was ranked 203rd–300th in the complete list (in a tie), 80th–123rd in the scientific ranking of European universities, and first in the Hungarian national ranking. In 2013 it was ranked 401-500 in the world, 124th–168th in the scientific ranking of European universities, and second in the national ranking.[1] In 2014, the QS World University Rankings put the University of Szeged as 501-550 among universities globally. Its highest ranked subject area was Modern Languages with 101–150 globally.[2] The University's operating budget for 2014 was US$220 million.[3]

University of Szeged
Szegedi Tudományegyetem
University of szeged.png
Latin: Universitas Scientiarum Szegediensis
MottoVeritas. Virtus. Libertas
Truth. Bravery. Freedom
and/or
Where knowledge and challenge meet
TypePublic
Established1872 / 1921
BudgetUS$220 million
RectorLászló Rovó
Administrative staff
2,200
Students21,000
Location,
CampusCollege town
Websitehttp://www.u-szeged.hu
The Rector's central building of the University of Szeged

HistoryEdit

 
Cathedral Square (Dóm tér) and the Pantheon
 
Franz Joseph, founder of the University in Pantheon
 
University building and the musical clock at Cathedral Square

The predecessor to the modern university was the University of Kolozsvár (University of today's Cluj-Napoca), founded in 1872 by Emperor Franz Joseph I., which had to move to Hungary after the Treaty of Trianon in 1921, and was restarted in Szeged.[4]

Among its teachers were Albert Szent-Györgyi, one of the founders of the Faculty of Science, who received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1937 for his discoveries in connection with Vitamin C.

TimelineEdit

Year event
1872 Foundation of the University of Kolozsvár
1921 The "Franz Joseph" University moved to Szeged
1951 The Medical School was separated from the University and was established as an independent institution
1962 The University assumed the name of "Attila József" (JATE)
2000 Unification of institutions as the University of Szeged (SZTE)

Name of the university (in Hungarian)Edit

Name place time
1 Kolozsvári Tudományegyetem Kolozsvár (1872–1881)
2 Ferenc József Tudományegyetem Kolozsvár (1881–1919)
3 Ferenc József Tudományegyetem Budapest (1919–1921)
4 Ferenc József Tudományegyetem Szeged (1921–1940)
5 Ferenc József Tudományegyetem Kolozsvár (1940–1945)
6 Szegedi Tudományegyetem Szeged (1945–1962)
7 József Attila Tudományegyetem Szeged (1962–1999)
8 Szegedi Tudományegyetem Szeged (2000– )

Setting and architectureEdit

Cathedral SquareEdit

 
Bird's-eye view of the University and the Votive Church at Cathedral Square, where open-air plays are sometimes performed.

Cathedral (Hungarian: Dóm) Square is one of the largest public spaces in Hungary, with a total area of 12,000 m² (similar to that of Venice's Saint Mark's Square). In 1920, all the buildings in the vicinity were torn down, giving way to the modern square, which was built according to the designs of the architect Béla Rerrich. The square is surrounded in a U-shape by archwayed buildings made of dark brown bricks. The buildings are shared by Szeged University, the College of Catholic Theology, the Seat of the Bishop and a university dormitory. The reliefs decorating the walls were made by Béla Ohmann. After the noon chimes, a musical clock (the work of Ferenc Csuri, a master watchmaker) brings models of famous University figures to life. 86 statues of prominent Szeged University figures line the walls of the archways.

Dugonics SquareEdit

 
A statue commemorating Attila József in Dugonics Square, sculpted by Imre Varga in 1964.

The main building of the University, built between 1872 and 1873 to the designs of Antal Skalnitzky and Ferenc Arleth, was moved to Dugonics Square in 1921. Before the Great Szeged Flood of 1879, the square was home to Szeged's wheat market. A fountain, built in 1979 on the 100th anniversary of the flood by István Tarnai, occupies the centre of the square. Also present is a statue commemorating the famous Hungarian poet Attila József, which was sculpted by Imre Varga in 1964. Festivals and concerts are often held in Dugonics Square, which is a popular hangout for students of the University.

OrganisationEdit

Szeged University has 12 primary faculties:

  • Faculty of Agriculture – MGK
  • Faculty of Health Sciences and Social Studies – ETSZK
  • Faculty of Engineering – MK
  • Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences – BTK
  • Faculty of Economics and Business Administration – GTK
  • Faculty of Law and Political Sciences – ÁJTK
  • Faculty of Medicine – ÁOK
  • Faculty of Music – ZMK
  • Faculty of Pharmacy – GYTK
  • Faculty of Sciences and Informatics – TTIK
  • Juhász Gyula Faculty of Education – JGYPK
  • Faculty of Dentistry] – FOK

ResearchEdit

There are 16 research groups supported by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Among other research areas: pharmaceutical chemistry, biotechnology & environmental technology. The University covers 700 research areas at 19 Doctoral Schools.[5]

The Attila József Study and Information Centre (Hungarian: József Attila Tanulmányi és Információs KözpontJATIK) is located near Szeged's city center and houses the university library, computer center, and lecture halls. The University plans to build another two faculties.

EnrollmentEdit

The University of Szeged has 21,000 university students, studying a total of 134 majors.

The SZTE, located in Szeged Hungary, offers 52 full-time degree programmes at Bachelor's, Master's and Doctoral level.[6]

Notable alumni and professorsEdit

 
Pantheon
 
Albert Szent-Györgyi Nobel Prize laureate biochemist in Pantheon

Nobel laureateEdit

Humanities and Social SciencesEdit

Faculty of ArtsEdit

Faculty of Law and Public AdministrationEdit

Natural SciencesEdit

 
Zoltán Lajos Bay (1900–1992) Hungarian physicist
 
Alfréd Haar, Frigyes Riesz made a major mathematical centre from the university

Faculty of MedicineEdit

Faculty of SciencesEdit

Alumni studentsEdit

Olympic athletesEdit

See alsoEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • János Martonyi, József Ruszoly: A JATE története – A Szegedi Tudományegyetem múltja és jelene. Szeged, 1999.
  • SZTE the Greatest Community in Town 2019 brochure - Directorate for International&Public Relations

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Shanghai University Rankings". ARWU. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  2. ^ "QS University Rankings". QS. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Budgetary Data". SZTE. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
  4. ^ "The history of the University of Szeged". Archived from the original on 3 November 2011. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  5. ^ http://www.u-szeged.hu/english/doctoral-programmes
  6. ^ https://www.u-szeged.hu/study-programmes

External linksEdit