Whitman College is a private liberal arts college in Walla Walla, Washington. Founded as a seminary by a territorial legislative charter in 1859, the school became a four-year degree-granting institution and abandoned its religious affiliation in 1882 and 1907, respectively. It is accredited by the Northwest Association of Schools and Colleges and competes athletically in the NCAA Division III Northwest Conference. The school offers 48 majors and 33 minors in the liberal arts and sciences, and it has a student-to-faculty ratio of 9:1. Whitman was the first college in the Pacific Northwest to install a Phi Beta Kappa chapter, and the first in the U.S. to require comprehensive exams for graduation.Alumni have received 1 Nobel Prize in physics, 1 Presidential Medal of Freedom, 5 Rhodes Scholarships, 62 Fulbright Fellowships, 35 Watson Fellowships and a Marshall Scholarship.
Per ardua surgo
Motto in English
|Through adversities I rise|
|Type||Private liberal arts college|
|Established||December 20, 1859|
|Ceased in 1907|
|Endowment||$586.3 million (2020)|
|Campus||Rural small town, 117 acres (0.47 km2)|
|Colors||Blue and Gold |
|Athletics||NCAA Division III – NWC|
|Sports||17 varsity teams|
Distinguished alumni include Nobel laureate Walter Brattain (inventor of the transistor), William O. Douglas (U.S. Supreme Court Justice from 1939–75), NASA astronaut Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger, inventor of the time projection chamber David R. Nygren, Ryan Crocker (U.S. ambassador and Medal of Freedom recipient), actor Adam West, and Neil Kornze, director of the Bureau of Land Management.
In 1859, soon after the United States military declared that the land east of the Cascade Mountains was open for settlement by American pioneers, Cushing Eells traveled from the Willamette Valley to Waiilatpu, near present-day Walla Walla, where 12 years earlier, Congregationalist missionaries Dr. Marcus Whitman and Narcissa Whitman, along with 12 others were killed by a group of Cayuse Indians during the Whitman Massacre. While at the site, Eells became determined to establish a "monument" to his former missionary colleagues in the form of a school for pioneer boys and girls. Eells obtained a charter for Whitman Seminary, a pre-collegiate school, from the territorial legislature. From the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, he acquired the Whitman mission site. Eells soon moved to the site with his family and began working to establish Whitman Seminary.
Despite Eells's desire to locate Whitman Seminary at the Whitman mission site, local pressure and resources provided a way for the school to open in the burgeoning town of Walla Walla. In 1866, Walla Walla's wealthiest citizen, Dorsey Baker, donated land near his house to the east of downtown. A two-story wood-frame building was quickly erected and classes began later that year. The school's first principal, local Congregational minister Peasly B. Chamberlin, resigned within a year and Cushing Eells was called upon to serve as principal, which he did until 1869. After Eells's resignation in 1869, the school struggled—and often failed—to attract students, pay teachers, and stay open for each term.
From seminary to collegeEdit
Whitman's trustees decided in 1882 that while their institution could not continue as a prep school, it might survive as the area's only college. Alexander Jay Anderson, the former president of the Territorial University (now the University of Washington), came to turn the institution into a college and become its president. After modeling the institution after New England liberal arts colleges, Anderson opened the school on September 4, 1882 (Marcus Whitman's birthday) with an enrollment of 60 students and three senior faculty (Anderson, his wife and son). In 1883, the school received a collegiate charter and began expanding with aid from the Congregational American College and Education Society.
Financial turmoil and new leadershipEdit
Despite local support for Whitman College and help from the Congregational community, financial troubles set in for the school. After losing favor with some of the school's supporters, Anderson left Whitman in 1891 to be replaced by Reverend James Francis Eaton. The continuing recession of the 1890s increased the institution's financial worries and lost Eaton his backing, leading to his resignation in 1894.
Reverend Stephen Penrose, an area Congregational minister and former trustee, became president of the college and brought the school back to solvency by establishing Whitman's endowment with the aid of D. K. Pearsons, a Chicago philanthropist. By popularizing Marcus Whitman's life and accomplishments (including the suspect claim that the missionary had been pivotal in the annexation by the United States of Oregon Territory), Penrose was able to gain support and resources for the college. Under his leadership, the faculty was strengthened and the first masonry buildings, Billings Hall and the Whitman Memorial Building, were constructed.
End of religious affiliationEdit
In 1907, Penrose began a plan called "Greater Whitman" which sought to transform the college into an advanced technical and science center. To aid fundraising, Penrose abandoned affiliation with the Congregational Church, and became unaffiliated with any denomination. The prep school was closed and fraternities and sororities were introduced to the campus. Ultimately, this program was unable to raise enough capital; in 1912, the plan was abandoned and Whitman College returned to being a small liberal arts institution, albeit with increased focus on co-curricular activities. Penrose iterated the school's purpose "to be a small college, with a limited number of students to whom it will give the finest quality of education". In 1920 Phi Beta Kappa installed a chapter, the first for a Northwest college, and Whitman had its first alum Rhodes Scholar.
World War IIEdit
Whitman's 117 acre campus is located in downtown Walla Walla, Washington. Most of the campus is centered around a quad, which serves as the location for intramural field sports. Around this, Ankeny Field, sits Penrose Library, Olin Hall and Maxey Hall, and two residence halls, Lyman and Jewett. South of Ankeny Field, College Creek meanders through the main campus, filling the artificially created "Lakum Duckum", the heart of campus and the habitat for many of Whitman's beloved ducks.
The oldest building on campus is the administrative center, Whitman Memorial Building, commonly referred to as "Mem". Built in 1899, the hall, like the college, serves as a memorial to Dr. Marcus and Narcissa Prentiss Whitman. The building is the tallest on campus and was placed on the National Historical Register of Historic Places in 1974. The oldest residence halls on campus, Lyman House and Prentiss Hall, were built in 1924 and 1926. Over the next fifty years, the college built or purchased several other buildings to house students, including the former Walla Walla Valley General Hospital, which was transformed into North Hall in 1978. In addition to the seven Residence Halls, many students choose to live in one of eleven "Interest Houses," run for sophomore, juniors, and seniors committed to specific focuses such as community service, fine arts, environmental studies, multicultural awareness, or the French, Spanish, or German languages. These houses, like most of the residential architecture of Walla Walla, are in the Victorian or Craftsman style.
In addition to property in Walla Walla, the college also has about 22,000 acres (89 km2) of other land holdings – mainly in the form of wheat farms in Eastern Washington and Oregon. Of special note: the Johnston Wilderness Campus, which is used for academic and social retreats.
Named for Marcus's wife, Narcissa Prentiss Whitman, Prentiss Hall is the only all-female dorm and houses first-year residents as well as the four sororities on campus. Whitman's affiliated sororities are Kappa Kappa Gamma, Delta Gamma, Alpha Phi, and Kappa Alpha Theta. Kappa Alpha Theta, colloquially referred to as Theta, was formed originally as a women's fraternity, not a sorority. Prentiss Hall's most well-known resident is Narcissa Prentiss Whitman. Narcissa can be seen frequenting the halls and restrooms of the residence, as well as loitering in the drains of the kitchen sinks. A portrait of her hangs in the custodians' lounge in the basement of the building. The basement also houses the Whitman Spirituality room.
Whitman College focuses solely on undergraduate studies in the liberal arts. All students must take a two-semester course their first year, Encounters, which examines cultural interactions throughout history and gives students a grounding in the liberal arts. Students choose from courses in 48 major fields and 34 minor fields and have wide flexibility in designing independent study programs, electing special majors, and participating in internships and study-abroad programs. Whitman's most popular majors are Biology, Psychology and Economics. In addition, Whitman is noted for a strong science program. In early 2021, Whitman president Kathleen Murray proposed substantial cuts to a number of social science, humanities, arts, and other academic programs in anticipation of a $3.5 million budget deficit for the 2021–2022 academic year, prompting criticism from students, faculty, and alumni.
Degrees are awarded after successful completion of senior "comprehensive exams". These exams vary depending on the students' primary focus of study, but commonly include some combination of (i) a senior thesis, (ii) written examination, and (iii) oral examination. The oral examination is either a defense of the student's senior thesis, or is one or multiple exams of material the student is expected to have learned during their major. The written exam is either a GRE subject test or a test composed by the department.
|Liberal arts colleges|
|U.S. News & World Report||47|
For students who are interested in foreign policy, Whitman is one of 16 institutions participating in the two-year-old Thomas R. Pickering Foreign Affairs Fellowship program. The State Department pays for fellows to obtain their master's degree at the university of their choice in return for three years of service as a Foreign Service Officer. Whitman has a number of alumni who serve in diplomatic corps.
Whitman also offers combined programs in conjunction with several institutions throughout the United States:
- 3–2 programs in engineering with the California Institute of Technology, Columbia University, Duke University, University of Washington, and Washington University;
- 3–2 programs in forestry and environmental management with Duke University, leading to a Master of Environmental Management or an MBA degree;
- A 3–2 program in oceanography at University of Washington, leading to a Whitman B.A. and a U. of Washington B.S. in Oceanography.
Whitman offers a "Semester in the West" program, a field study program in environmental studies, focusing on ecological, social, and political issues confronting the American West. During every other fall semester since 2002, 21 students leave Walla Walla to travel throughout the interior West for field meetings with a variety of leading figures in conservation, ecology, environmental writing, and social justice.
Whitman also offers "The U.S.-Mexico Border Program" every other June. The program is based in Arizona and Sonora, Mexico, and exposes students to a wide range of competing perspectives on the politics of immigration, border enforcement, and globalization.
Since 1982, "Whitman in China" provides Whitman alumni the opportunity to teach English at Northwestern Polytechnical University, Shantou University, or Yunnan University. Participants receive an immersion experience in urban Chinese culture, where they can witness the rapid modernization of the country. At the same time, Whitman alumni give Chinese university students the rare chance to study with an English native speaker.
Student Engagement CenterEdit
In 2010, under the leadership of (former) President George Bridges, Whitman centralized and integrated various programs intended to help students connect their in-class learning to off-campus work, volunteer, and internship opportunities in the Walla Walla Valley. The office that emerged, the Student Engagement Center (SEC), houses community service and career services in one place. Students and alumni can get assistance with resumes, cover letters, networking, internships, interviews, grad school applications, and civic engagement in the SEC.
Whitman's admission selectivity is considered "more selective" by U.S. News & World Report. For the Class of 2023 (enrolling Fall 2019), Whitman received 4,823 applications and accepted 2,697 (55.9%), with 425 enrolling. The middle 50% range of SAT scores for enrolling freshmen was 630-710 for evidence-based reading and writing, and 610-740 for math. The middle 50% ACT score range was 25-31 for math, 30-35 for English, and 28-33 for the composite.
Whitman holds membership in the NCAA's Northwest Conference (Division III) and fields nine varsity teams each for men and women. In 2016, the college adopted the new mascot for the school and its athletes of "the Blues," named after the local mountain range. More than 20 percent of students participate in a varsity sport. In addition, 70 percent of the student body participates in intramural and club sport. These sports include rugby union, water polo, lacrosse, dodgeball, and nationally renowned cycling and Ultimate teams.
As a junior in 2012-13, basketball player Ben Eisenhardt led the Northwest Conference (NWC) in scoring (442 points), became the first Missionary to be named to the National Association of Basketball Coaches Division 3 All-American Third-Team as a junior, and was named NWC Player of the Year.
The club-sport-level Whitman Cycling team has won the DII National Championships for 2 years, and 4 times in 6 years, making them the athletic team at Whitman with the most National Championships. The Women's Ultimate team, also a club sports team, finished second to Stanford in Division I play in 2016.
Of the 1,579 undergraduate students enrolled in Whitman College in the fall of 2019, 55.3% were female and 44.7% male. There are over one hundred student activities, many of which focus on student activism and social improvement, such as Whitman Direct Action and Global Medicine. A quarter of the student body participates in some for the college's music program, in one of the 15 music groups and ensembles, including three recognized A cappella groups.
Greek life is notable on campus; there is a high percentage of students, around 33% involved in the Greek system. The four women's sororities are all members of the National Panhellenic Conference and are housed in the Prentiss Hall. The four men's fraternities are housed in fraternity houses north of Isaacs Avenue and are all members of the North American Interfraternity Conference.
|Kappa Alpha Theta - est. 1957|
|Delta Gamma - est. 1916|
|Alpha Phi - est. 1948 and 2012|
|Kappa Kappa Gamma - est. 1918|
|Sigma Chi - est. 1923|
|Beta Theta Pi - est. 1916|
|Phi Delta Theta - est. 1915|
|Tau Kappa Epsilon - est. 1930|
The Delta chapter of Phrateres, a non-exclusive, non-profit social-service club, also had a brief existence at Whitman. It was installed there in 1930, but became inactive before 1950.
KWCW 90.5 FMEdit
"K-dub" as it is known to students, is located inside the Reid Campus Center on Whitman Campus. At a power of 160 watts, the station's range is approximately 15 miles (24 km), broadcasting as well as streaming online
- 1910 – James Alger Fee, judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
- 1920 – William O. Douglas, BA English-Economics, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
- 1935 – Al Ullman, U.S. Congressman for 24 years
- 1941 – Lucile Lomen, first woman to serve as a law clerk for a Supreme Court justice
- 1951 – Jack Burtch, BA Political Science, former Washington State Representative, lawyer and Navy veteran
- 1960 – Pat Thibaudeau, BA Psychology, former Washington State Senator
- 1963 – W. Michael Gillette, BA, Oregon Supreme Court Justice
- 1964 – Walt Minnick, BA, former Idaho Congressman
- 1969 – James L. Robart, Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington
- 1971 – Ryan Crocker, BA English, former U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan, Iraq, Lebanon, Kuwait, Syria, and Pakistan. Recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
- 1971 – Ben Westlund, BA Education/History, former Oregon State Treasurer
- 2000 – Neil Kornze, BA Politics, former Director of the U.S. Bureau of Land Management
- 2006 – Jena Griswold, BA Politics, current Secretary of State of Colorado
Arts and entertainmentEdit
- 1900 (approximately) - Otto Harbach, MA, lyricist and librettist of about 50 musical comedies, including Rose Marie and The Desert Song.
- 1951 – Adam West, BA English, actor, Batman, Family Guy.
- 1967 – Dirk Benedict (Niewoehner), BA Dramatic Art, actor, known for Battlestar Galactica and The A-Team.
- 1967 – Craig Lesley, novelist
- 1971 – Kathryn Shaw, BA Dramatic Art, artistic director of Studio 58 in Vancouver, British Columbia.
- 1977 – Rick Stevenson, BA History, film writer, director and producer.
- 1981 – Marcus Amerman, BA Art, artist
- 1985 – Lance Norris, BA Dramatic Art, Mystic River.
- 1985 – Patrick Page, actor and playwright
- 1990 – John Moe, BA Dramatic Art, author and public radio host.
- 1998 – Shane Johnson, actor, "Saving Private Ryan", Black Cadillac"
- 2002 – Anomie Belle, BA Sociology, professional musician and artivist
- 2002 – Lela Loren, BA Theatre, American television actress
- 2003 – Cullen Hoback, filmmaker, "Terms and Conditions May Apply"
- 2010 – Chastity Belt (band), Indie-rock band formed by Whitman students
Journalism and historyEdit
- 1933 – Gordon Wright, BA, historian.
- 1960 – Douglas Cole, BA Art History, historian specializing in art and Pacific Northwest cultural history.
- 1971 – John Markoff, BA Sociology, New York Times journalist and co-author of Takedown.
- 2010 – Nate Cohn, BA, journalist for the New York Times
- 1919 – Frances Penrose Owen, BA Greek, honored for her extensive public service in Seattle, first woman Regent of Washington State University
- 1924 – Vladimir Rojansky, physicist, author and educator.
- 1944 – Dan Fenno Henderson, founder of the University of Washington Asian law program
- 1965 – Ben Kerkvliet, author and educator in the fields of comparative politics, Southeast Asia and Asian studies.
- 1970 – Stephen A. Hayner, BA English Literature, president of Columbia Theological Seminary, former president of InterVarsity Christian Fellowship.
- 1971 – Paula England, BA Sociology/Psychology, award-winning sociologist, professor at New York University
- 1973 – Torey Hayden, BA, Biology/Chemistry, child psychologist, special education teacher, university lecturer and author.
- 1922 – Ralph Cordiner, BA Economics-Political Science, CEO and chairman, General Electric, Corp.(1958–1963); President (1950–1958)
- 1977 – John W. Stanton, BA Political Science, founder and CEO, Western Wireless, majority owner of the Seattle Mariners
- 1997 – Gail Gove, BA Politics, General Counsel NBC News Group, former General Counsel Reuters, Adjunct Professor of Media Law, Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism
Science and technologyEdit
- 1908 – David Crockett Graham, BA, missionary, archeologist, anthropologist, field collector for Smithsonian.
- 1918 – Edith Quimby, BA mathematics and physics, medical researcher and physicist
- 1921 – Wallace R. Brode, BA, chemist, absorption spectra of dyes.
- 1924 – Walter Brattain, BA Physics, physicist, co-inventor of the transistor, Nobel Prize winner.
- 1924 – Walker Bleakney, BS Physics, physicist, inventor of mass spectrometer, chair of department of physics at Princeton University.
- 1924 – Vladimir Rojansky, BS, physicist, one of the earliest researchers of quantum mechanics
- 1931 – Robert Brattain, BA Physics, physicist
- 1934 – Bernard Berelson, BA English, behavioral scientist known for work on communication and mass media.
- 1960 – David R. Nygren, particle physicist, inventor of the Time projection chamber.
- 1965 – Webb Miller, BA, computational biology pioneer. Time 100, 2009: Scientists and Thinkers
- 1990 – Gerard van Belle, BA Physics-Astronomy, astronomer.
- 1997 – Dorothy Metcalf-Lindenburger, BA Geology, NASA astronaut.
- 1980 – Derrike Cope, NASCAR driver, 1990 Daytona 500 winner.
- 1998 – Tommy Lloyd, head basketball coach, University of Arizona
- 2000 – Ingrid Backstrom, BA Geology, professional skier.
- 2004 – Holly Brooks, BA Sociology, Environmental Studies, Winter Olympian in Nordic skiing.
- 2008 – Mara Abbott, BA Economics, professional cyclist.
- 2014 – Ben Eisenhardt (born 1990), American-Israeli professional basketball player in the Israeli Basketball Premier League
- 2021 – Miranda Williams (born 1998), BA in History: Environmental Studies, 3X NWC Conference Champion, NCAA National Qualifier
- 1955 – Colleen Willoughby, philanthropist
- 1974 – Marlin Eller, BA Mathematics, programmer and software developer, co-author of Barbarians Led by Bill Gates
- 1985 – Steve McConnell, software engineering author, Code Complete
- 1917 – Alan W. Jones (attended), US Army major general
- 2001 – Wanjiru Kamau-Rutenberg, BA Politics, Dr. h.c. Humane Letters, academic and social entrepreneur
- As of June 30, 2020. U.S. and Canadian Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2020 Endowment Market Value and Change in Endowment Market Value from FY19 to FY20 (Report). National Association of College and University Business Officers and TIAA. February 19, 2021. Retrieved February 20, 2021.
- "Whitman College Common Data Set 2019-2020, Part I" (PDF). Whitman College.
- "Enrollment Report" (PDF). Whitman College. Retrieved June 3, 2020.
- "Color Palette". Whitman College. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
- History of Whitman College, Retrieved May 15, 2017.
- Fast Facts About Whitman College, Retrieved September 20, 2015.
- "Departments and Programs". Retrieved April 14, 2017.
- "Fellowship and Scholarship Recipients". Whitman College. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
- "Colleges and Universities with U.S. Rhodes Scholarship Winners | The Rhodes Scholarships". www.rhodeshouse.ox.ac.uk. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
- Edwards, Thomas G. The Triumph of Tradition: The Emergence of Whitman College, 1859–1924 Whitman College 1993 p 424
- "About Whitman College". Retrieved December 7, 2016.
- "Whitman College Catalog". Whitman College. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
- "Whitman College Factbook – Academic Year 2015-16" (PDF). Retrieved September 29, 2016.
- Murray, Kathy (February 2, 2021). "Preliminary Working Group Reports". Whitman College. Retrieved March 6, 2021.
- Murray, Kathy (March 3, 2021). "Final Working Group Reports". Whitman College. Retrieved March 6, 2021.
- Burnham, Burnham (February 25, 2021). "Whitman College considers cuts to prevent future budget crisis". Union-Bulletin.com. Walla Walla Union-Bulletin. Retrieved March 6, 2021.
- Allen, Henry (February 9, 2021). "OP-ED: Whitman proposes deep cuts to humanities, arts and languages". Whitman Wire. Retrieved March 6, 2021.
- "America's Top Colleges 2019". Forbes. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
- "Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education College Rankings 2021". The Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
- "Best Colleges 2021: National Liberal Arts Colleges". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 24, 2020.
- "2020 Liberal Arts Rankings". Washington Monthly. Retrieved August 31, 2020.
- "Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation: Undergraduate Foreign Affairs". Archived from the original on May 13, 2007.
-  Archived April 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Departments and Programs". Retrieved December 7, 2016.
- "Semester in the West". Semester in the West.
- "U.S.-Mexico Border Program".
- "Whitman in China Program".
- "Fast Facts".
- "Faculty-led off-campus courses".
- "National Liberal Arts Colleges Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. 2020.
- "Whitman College Common Data Set 2019-2020, Part C" (PDF). Whitman College.
- "Ben Eisenhardt - 2013-2014 - Men's Basketball". Whitman College Athletics.
- Snyder, Dylan. "Dream continues for Whitman's own Ben Eisenhardt". Whitman Wire.
- "Stanford 1st, Whitman 2nd in 2016 Women's Ultimate Division I Championships". USA Ultimate. Retrieved June 10, 2016.
- "Whitman drops grid". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. March 1, 1977. p. 15.
- "Whitman drops football". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). Associated Press. March 1, 1977. p. 24.
- "Whitman may drop football". Ellensburg Daily Record. (Washington). UPI. March 1, 1977. p. 6.
- "Greek Life". Whitman College. Retrieved September 2, 2020.
- "KWCW-FM 90.5 MHz - Walla Walla, WA". radio-locator.com.
- "KWCW 90.5 Walla Walla". KWCW 90.5 Walla Walla.
- "KWCW". July 26, 2011. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011.
- "KWCW 90.5 FM Walla Walla". January 11, 2006. Archived from the original on January 11, 2006.
- "KWCW". player.abovecast.com.
- "SHOUTcast Server".
- Sanders, Eli. "Dan Henderson, UW program founder, dies." Seattle Times. March 18, 2001. Retrieved on May 5, 2012.
- "Biography: Ralph J. Cordiner". GE Past leaders, GE website
- "Gail Gove". linkedin.com. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
- Brauhn, David. "Trustee emerita Colleen Willoughby '55 urges women students to "step up, step out and engage" in this year's Women in Leadership Symposium". Whitman Magazine. Whitman College. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
- "Alan W. Jones is Promoted". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane, WA. August 28, 1918. p. 2 – via Newspapers.com.
- Morelock, J. D. (1994). Generals of the Ardennes: American Leadership in the Battle of the Bulge. Washington, DC: National Defense University Press. p. 279. ISBN 978-0-16-042069-6 – via Internet Archive.
- "Wanjiru Kamau-Rutenberg '01 counsels Whitman graduates to do good". Whitman College. May 21, 2017. Retrieved February 9, 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Whitman College.|
|Wikisource has several original texts related to: Whitman College|