Eötvös Loránd University

Eötvös Loránd University (Hungarian: Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, ELTE) is a Hungarian public research university based in Budapest. Founded in 1635, ELTE is one of the largest and most prestigious[4] public higher education institutions in Hungary. The 28,000 students at ELTE are organized into nine faculties, and into research institutes located throughout Budapest and on the scenic banks of the Danube. ELTE is affiliated with 5 Nobel laureates, as well as winners of the Wolf Prize, Fulkerson Prize and Abel Prize, the latest of which was Abel Prize winner László Lovász in 2021.

Eötvös Loránd University
Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem (Hungarian)
Latin: Universitas Budapestinensis de Rolando Eötvös nominata
MottoCommunity of Knowledge
TypePublic research university
Established1635; 388 years ago (1635)
ChancellorDr. Gyula Scheuer
RectorLászló Borhy, D.Sc
Academic staff
Studentscca. 27,000[2]
47°29′26″N 19°03′31″E / 47.4906°N 19.0585°E / 47.4906; 19.0585
Sporting affiliations
Budapesti EAC

The predecessor of Eötvös Loránd University was founded in 1635 by Cardinal Péter Pázmány in Nagyszombat, Kingdom of Hungary (today Trnava, Slovakia) as a Catholic university for teaching theology and philosophy. In 1770, the university was transferred to Buda. It was named Royal University of Pest until 1873, then University of Budapest until 1921, when it was renamed Royal Hungarian Pázmány Péter University after its founder Péter Pázmány. The Faculty of Science started its autonomous life in 1949 when The Faculty of Theology was separated from the university (now Pázmány Péter Catholic University). The university received its current name in 1950, after one of its most well-known physicists, Baron Loránd Eötvös.

History edit

Seal of the university from 1880

The university was founded in 1635 in Nagyszombat, Kingdom of Hungary (today Trnava, Slovakia) by the archbishop and theologian Péter Pázmány. Leadership was given over to the Jesuits. Initially the university only had two faculties (Faculty of Arts and Faculty of Theology). The Faculty of Law was added in 1667 and the Faculty of Medicine was started in 1769. After the dissolution of the Jesuit order, the university was moved to Buda (today part of Budapest) in 1777 in accordance with the intention of the founder. The university moved to its final location in Pest (now also part of Budapest) in 1784. The language of education was Latin until 1844, when Hungarian was introduced as an exclusive official language. Women have been allowed to enroll since 1895.[5]

Although several Hungarian universities opted for the new foundation model, Eötvös Loránd University remained state-owned.[6]

On 3 October 2023, a former student of the Faculty of Science, Ferenc Krausz was awarded Nobel Prize in Physics.[7]

Academic profile edit

ELTE is Hungary's largest scientific establishment with 118 PhD programs at 17 doctoral schools, and also offers 38 bachelor's programs, 96 master's programs, and over 50 degree programs in foreign languages. The course credits awarded are transferable to universities in Europe through the Bologna process.[8]

The nine faculties are (active faculties are in bold):

Faculty Code Founded[9] Defunct[9] Institutions Educators[10] Students Dean
Bárczi Gusztáv Faculty of Special Needs Education FSNE 2000 5 2094 Gabriella Papp
Faculty of Economics FE 2021 - - - - György Andor
Faculty of Humanities FH 1635 18 589 6960 Dávid Bartus
Faculty of Education and Psychology FEP 2003 8 3963 Anikó Zsolnai
Faculty of Informatics FI 2003 4 3128 Tamás Kozsik
Faculty of Law FL 1667 0 4172 Pál Sonnevend
Faculty of Medicine FM 1769 1951 - - - -
Faculty of Primary and Pre-School Education FPPE 2000 0 1831 Éva Márkus
Faculty of Theology FT 1635 1950 - - - -
Faculty of Science FS 1949 5 3815 Imre Kacskovics
Faculty of Social Sciences FSS 2003 6 1762 Gábor Juhász
Faculty of Teachers' Training FTT 1983 2003 - - -

Timeline (1873–present) edit

Reputation and rankings edit

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[11]601-700 (2020)
CWTS World[12]845 (2019)
QS World[13]601-650 (2021)
THE World[14]601–800 (2021)
USNWR Global[15]414 (2021)
Regional – Overall
QS Emerging Europe and Central Asia[16]26 (2022)

In the 2013-14 QS World University Rankings, Eötvös Loránd University was ranked 551-600th. In the 2018, according to the Times Higher Education World University Ranking, ELTE ranked between 601 and 800. Academic Ranking of World Universities ranked the university among the best 301-400 between 2010 and 2014.[11] International Colleges and Universities ranked the university as the 158th globally.

Campuses edit

ELTE has campuses at several places in Budapest:[17]

Since 2017, ELTE has a campus named "Savaria University Centre" (Savaria Egyetemi Központ) in Szombathely (Savaria in Latin).[18]

Faculties edit

Location of faculties (FEP = Faculty of Education & Psychology, FI = Faculty of Informatics, FL = Faculty of Law, FSNE = Faculty of Special Needs Education, FSS = Faculty of Social Science)
Faculty Abbreviation Postcode Address
Bárczi Gusztáv Faculty of Special Needs Education FSNE 1097 3. Ecseri út
Faculty of Economics FE 1088 7. Rákóczi út
Faculty of Education and Psychology FEP 1075 23–27. Kazinczy utca
Faculty of Humanities FH 1088 4. Múzeum krt.
Faculty of Informatics FI 1117 1/C. Pázmány Péter sétány
Faculty of Law FL 1053 1–3. Egyetem tér
Faculty of Primary and Pre-School Education FPPE 1126 40. Kiss János altáb. utca
Faculty of Science FS 1117 1/A. Pázmány Péter sétány
Faculty of Social Science FSS 1117 1/A. Pázmány Péter sétány

Library edit

The University Library and Archives was founded in 1561 and it is located in 6 Ferenciek tere.[19] However, each faculty of the university has their own library located in different parts of Budapest.[20]

The library of Medieval Studies of the Central European University was located in the building of ELTE's Faculty of Humanities.[21]

Notable alumni edit

Nobel Prize laureates:

Other notable alumni:

Sport edit

Stadium of the BEAC in Kőrösy József (Mező) street in 1940

The Eötvös Loránd University has its own sport club, Budapesti Egyetemi Atlétikai Club (English: Budapest University Athletic Club). The biggest achievement of the association football department of the club was qualifying for the 1924-25 Nemzeti Bajnokság I season. However, in the subsequent season (1925-26 Nemzeti Bajnokság I) the club were relegated to the Nemzeti Bajnokság II and has never been able to qualify to the top flight ever since.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ elte.hu. "Brief History of ELTE". Archived from the original on 2016-05-07.
  2. ^ "Study in Hungary - Universities".
  3. ^ elte.hu. "A brief presentation of Eötvös Loránd University, page 12 Facts and Figuers - Students". Archived from the original on 2016-02-13.
  4. ^ Kaplan, Robert B.; Baldauf, Richard B. (2005-01-01). Language Planning and Policy in Europe. Multilingual Matters. ISBN 9781853598111.
  5. ^ "Brief History of ELTE". ELTE. Retrieved 2021-09-04.
  6. ^ "Hungarian parliament approves law creating new foundations". Financial Times. 2021-04-27. Archived from the original on 2022-12-11. Retrieved 2022-07-17.
  7. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 2023". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2023-10-03.
  8. ^ "Academic System".
  9. ^ a b "Az Egyetem története". ELTE. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
  10. ^ "Közérdekű, nyilvános adatok". elte.hu. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  11. ^ a b "Academic Ranking of World Universities - Eotvos Lorand University". ShanghaiRanking. Retrieved 2020-01-11.
  12. ^ "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2019". Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  13. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2020 - Eötvös Loránd University". Top Universities. Retrieved 2020-01-11.
  14. ^ "World University Rankings 2020 - Eötvös Loránd University". Times Higher Education (THE). Retrieved 2020-01-11.
  15. ^ "Best Global Universities 2020 - Eotvos Lorand University". U.S. News Education (USNWR). Retrieved 2019-10-13.
  16. ^ "QS World University Rankings-Emerging Europe & Central Asia". Retrieved 15 January 2023.
  17. ^ "Az ELTE campusai" (in Hungarian). ELTE. Retrieved 2021-09-04.
  18. ^ "Savaria Egyetemi Központ (SEK)" (in Hungarian). ELTE. Retrieved 2021-09-04.
  19. ^ "Homepage". University Library and Archives. Retrieved 2022-08-30.
  20. ^ "University Library Service". University Library and Archives. Retrieved 2022-08-30.
  21. ^ "ELTE's leadership supports CEU". elte.hu. ELTE. 2017-04-03. Retrieved 15 April 2022.
  22. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 2023". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2023-10-03.

External links edit