Eötvös Loránd University
Eötvös Loránd University (Hungarian: Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, ELTE) is a Hungarian public research university based in Budapest. Founded in 1635, ELTE is one of the largest and most prestigious public higher education institutions in Hungary. The 28,000 students at ELTE are organized into nine faculties, and into research institutes located throughout Budapest and on the scenic banks of the Danube. ELTE is affiliated with 5 Nobel laureates, as well as winners of the Wolf Prize, Fulkerson Prize and Abel Prize, the latest of which was Abel Prize winner László Lovász in 2021.
Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem (Hungarian)
|Latin: Universitas Budapestinensis de Rolando Eötvös nominata|
|Motto||Community of Knowledge|
|Type||Public research university|
|Chancellor||Dr. Gyula Scheuer|
|Rector||László Borhy, D.Sc|
The predecessor of Eötvös Loránd University was founded in 1635 by Cardinal Péter Pázmány in Nagyszombat, Kingdom of Hungary (today Trnava, Slovakia) as a Catholic university for teaching theology and philosophy. In 1770, the University was transferred to Buda. It was named Royal University of Pest until 1873, then University of Budapest until 1921, when it was renamed Royal Hungarian Pázmány Péter University after its founder Péter Pázmány. The Faculty of Science started its autonomous life in 1949 when The Faculty of Theology was separated from the university. The university received its current name in 1950, after one of its most well-known physicists, Baron Loránd Eötvös.
The university was founded in 1635 in Nagyszombat, Kingdom of Hungary (today Trnava, Slovakia) by the archbishop and theologian Péter Pázmány. Leadership was given over to the Jesuits. Initially the university only had two faculties (Faculty of Arts and Faculty of Theology). The Faculty of Law was added in 1667 and the Faculty of Medicine was started in 1769. After the dissolution of the Jesuit order, the university was moved to Buda (today part of Budapest) in 1777 in accordance with the intention of the founder. The university moved to its final location in Pest (now also part of Budapest) in 1784. The language of education was Latin until 1844, when Hungarian was introduced as an exclusive official language. Women have been allowed to enroll since 1895.
ELTE is Hungary's largest scientific establishment with 118 PhD programs at 17 doctoral schools, and also offers 38 bachelor's programs, 96 master's programs, and over 50 degree programs in foreign languages. The course credits awarded are transferable to universities in Europe through the Bologna process.
The nine faculties are:
- Faculty of Law & Political Sciences (FLPS)
- Bárczi Gusztáv Faculty of Special Needs Education (FSNE)
- Faculty of Humanities (FH)
- Faculty of Informatics (FI)
- Faculty of Economics (FE)
- Faculty of Education & Psychology (FEP)
- Faculty of Social Sciences (FSS)
- Faculty of Primary & Pre-School Education (FPPSE)
- Faculty of Science (FS)
There are three former faculties:
- Faculty of Theology (FT) (became an independent higher education institution in 1950)
- Faculty of Teachers' Training (FTT) (defunct)
- Medical Faculty (MF) (in 1951 became an independent university, today Semmelweis University)
Reputation and rankingsEdit
|Global – Overall|
|ARWU World||601-700 (2020)|
|CWTS World||845 (2019)|
|QS World||601-650 (2021)|
|THE World||601–800 (2021)|
|USNWR Global||414 (2021)|
In the 2013-14 QS World University Rankings, Eötvös Loránd University was ranked 551-600th. In the 2018, according to the Times Higher Education World University Ranking, ELTE ranked between 601-800. Academic Ranking of World Universities ranked the university among the best 301-400 between 2010 and 2014. International Colleges and Universities ranked the university as the 158th globally.
ELTE has campuses at several places in Budapest:
- Egyetem tér in the 5th district (Faculty of Law and Political Sciences)
- "Trefort Garden" (Trefort-kert) in the 8th district (Faculty of Humanities)
- Lágymányos campus in the 11th district (Faculty of Science, Faculty of Social Sciences, Faculty of Informatics)
- Buildings in Kazinczy utca (7th district) and Izabella utca (6th district) (Faculty of Education and Psychology)
- Ecseri út in the 9th district (Bárczi Gusztáv Faculty of Special Needs Education)
- Kiss János altábornagy utca in the 12th district (Faculty of Primary and Pre-School Education)
Nobel prize winners:
- Lénárd Fülöp, Nobel Prize for Physics (1905)
- Albert Szent-Györgyi, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of Vitamin C (1937)
- Hevesy György, Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1943)
- Békésy György, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1961)
- Harsányi János, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (1994)
Other notable alumni:
- Miklós Ajtai, computer scientist; Knuth Prize (2003)
- József Antall, Prime Minister of Hungary, 1990-1993
- László Babai, mathematician and computer scientist; Knuth Prize (2015)
- Wilhelm Bacher, Jewish Hungarian scholar, rabbi, Orientalist and linguist
- Erzsébet Bajári, entomologist, wasp researcher
- Albert-László Barabási, physicist, concept of scale-free networks, C&C Prize (2008)
- Franz Anton Basch, Nazi executed for war crimes
- Therese Benedek, Hungarian-American psychoanalyst
- Károly Bezdek, mathematician
- Christine L. Borgman, information science researcher and educator
- Gyorgy Busztin, ambassador and UN diplomat
- Kata Csizér, applied linguist
- Zoltán Dörnyei, applied linguist
- Ahn Eak-tai, Korean classical composer
- Paul Erdős, mathematician
- Péter Esterházy, novelist
- Jenő Fuchs (1882–1955), four-time Olympic champion fencer
- Endre Fülei-Szántó, linguist
- Laszlo Garai, scholar of psychology
- Peter G. Gyarmati, computer scientist
- István Gyöngy, mathematician
- Pál Schiller Harkai, philosopher and psychologist
- Ágnes Heller, philosopher
- Zsuzsanna Jakab, Director of the World Health Organization's Regional Office for Europe
- Antal Jákli, liquid crystal physicist
- László Kákosy, egyptologist
- László Kalmár, mathematician
- András Kenessei, art historian, writer and journalist
- Karl Kerényi, scholar in classical philology, co-founder of modern studies in Greek mythology
- Fritz Klein (1888–1945), Nazi SS doctor hanged for war crimes
- Judit Kormos, applied linguist
- Andras Kornai, mathematical linguist
- Radó von Kövesligethy, physicist, astronomer and geophysicist, developer of "Kövesligethy´s spectral equation" (1885)
- Ferenc Krausz, physicist, founder of attophysics, director at the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics (2003)
- Miklós Laczkovich, mathematician
- Cornelius Lanczos, mathematician
- László Lovász, mathematician, Knuth Prize (1999), Bolyai prize (2007), Kyoto Prize (2010), Abel Prize (2021)
- Ioan Lupaş, historian, academic, politician, Orthodox theologian and priest
- Iuliu Maniu, 32nd Prime Minister of Romania (1928–1933)
- László Mérő, research psychologist and popular science author
- Ingo Molnár, Linux kernel developer
- Péter Molnár, scholar of communication law and speech
- Krisztina Morvai, MEP (Jobbik party) and lawyer
- Teodor Murăşanu, Romanian writer and teacher
- Ádám Nádasdy, linguist and poet
- Peter Nemes, Hungarian-American Professor of Chemistry & Biochemistry, discoveries: LAESI-MS, metabolite-induced cell fate changes
- Csongor Istvan Nagy, professor of law
- John von Neumann, mathematician, founding figure in computing
- Viktor Orbán, Prime Minister of Hungary, 1998–2002, 2010–
- Raphael Patai, Hungarian-Jewish ethnographer, historian, Orientalist and anthropologist
- Ágoston Pável, Hungarian Slovene writer, poet, ethnologist, linguist and historian
- János Pach, mathematician
- Rózsa Péter, mathematician, founding figure in computing
- Karl Polanyi, Austro-Hungarian multi-disciplined economist, social and political thinker. Originator of substantivism
- Michael Polanyi, polymath
- Peter Pulay, theoretical chemist
- Michael Somogyi, Hungarian-American professor of biochemistry
- József Szájer, MEP (Fidesz)
- Endre Szemerédi, Hungarian-American mathematician, working in the field of combinatorics and theoretical computer science. Winner of the Abel Prize (2012)
- Franz Tangl, physiologist and pathologist
- Éva Tardos, mathematician, member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- Stephen Ullmann, linguist of Romance languages, scholar of semantics
- Ferenc A. Váli, lawyer, author, and political analyst specializing in international law
- Van H. Vu, Vietnamese mathematician, Percey F. Smith Professor of Mathematics at Yale University
- Sándor Wekerle, three-time prime minister of the Kingdom of Hungary
- Franz Wittmann, constructor of the Wittmann oscilloscope.
- elte.hu. "Brief History of ELTE". Archived from the original on 2016-05-07.
- elte.hu. "A brief presentation of Eötvös Loránd University, page 12 Facts and Figuers - Students". Archived from the original on 2016-02-13.
- Kaplan, Robert B.; Baldauf, Richard B. (2005-01-01). Language Planning and Policy in Europe. Multilingual Matters. ISBN 9781853598111.
- "Brief History of ELTE". ELTE. Retrieved 2021-09-04.
- "Academic System".
- "Gazdaságtudományi Kar alakul az ELTE-n" (in Hungarian). ELTE. 2021-05-31. Retrieved 2021-09-04.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities - Eotvos Lorand University". ShanghaiRanking. Retrieved 2020-01-11.
- "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2019". Retrieved 2019-10-13.
- "QS World University Rankings 2020 - Eötvös Loránd University". Top Universities. Retrieved 2020-01-11.
- "World University Rankings 2020 - Eötvös Loránd University". Times Higher Education (THE). Retrieved 2020-01-11.
- "Best Global Universities 2020 - Eotvos Lorand University". U.S. News Education (USNWR). Retrieved 2019-10-13.
- "Az ELTE campusai" (in Hungarian). ELTE. Retrieved 2021-09-04.
- "Savaria Egyetemi Központ (SEK)" (in Hungarian). ELTE. Retrieved 2021-09-04.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eötvös Loránd University.|
- Official website
- Information brochure (2012) (48 pages)
- Szögi, László. "The Illustrated History of the Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest (ELTE, 2010, 2015)" (PDF) (in Hungarian and English). Eötvös Kiadó. Retrieved 2019-10-13. (282 pages)