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Eötvös Loránd University

Eötvös Loránd University (Hungarian: Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, ELTE) is a Hungarian public research university based in Budapest. Founded in 1635, ELTE is one of the largest and most prestigious[3] public higher education institutions in Hungary. The 28,000 students at ELTE are organized into eight faculties, and into research institutes located throughout Budapest and on the scenic banks of the Danube. ELTE is affiliated with 5 Nobel laureates, as well as winners of the Wolf Prize, Fulkerson Prize and Abel Prize, the latest of which was Abel Prize winner Endre Szemerédi in 2012.

Eötvös Loránd University
Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem  (Hungarian)
ELTE logo.png
Latin: Universitas Budapestinensis de Rolando Eötvös nominata
Motto Community of Knowledge
Type Public research university
Established 1635; 383 years ago (1635)
Affiliation
Chancellor Dr. Gyula Scheuer
Rector Barna Mezey, D.Sc
Academic staff
1,800[1]
Undergraduates 16,017[2]
Postgraduates 8,547
1,442
Location Coa Hungary Town Budapest big.svg Budapest, Hungary
47°29′26″N 19°03′31″E / 47.4906°N 19.0585°E / 47.4906; 19.0585Coordinates: 47°29′26″N 19°03′31″E / 47.4906°N 19.0585°E / 47.4906; 19.0585
Campus Urban
Website www.elte.hu/en

The predecessor of Eötvös Loránd University was founded in 1635 by cardinal Péter Pázmány as a catholic university for teaching theology and philosophy. In 1770, the University was transferred to Buda, and with the support of Maria Theresa, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary, became the Royal Hungarian University. It was named Royal University of Pest until 1873, then University of Budapest until 1921, when it was renamed Pázmány Péter University after its founder Péter Pázmány. The Faculty of Science started its autonomous life in 1949 when The Faculty of Theology was separated from the university. The university received its current name in 1950, after one of its most well-known physicists, Baron Loránd Eötvös.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Seal of the University from 1880

The university was founded in 1635 in Nagyszombat, Kingdom of Hungary, (today Trnava, Slovakia) by the archbishop and theologian Péter Pázmány. Leadership was given over to the Jesuits. Initially the university only had two colleges (College of Arts and College of Theology). The College of Law was added in 1667 and the College of Medicine was started in 1769. After the dissolution of the Jesuit order, the university was moved to Buda (today part of Budapest) in 1777 in accordance with the intention of the founder. The university moved to its final location in Pest (now also part of Budapest) in 1784. The language of education was Latin until 1844, when Hungarian was introduced as an official language. Women have been allowed to enroll since 1895.[4]

CampusEdit

 
The Faculty of Law and Political Sciences in Budapest historical downtown, one of the largest educational base of the Hungarian political elite
 
Eclectic University Library of Eötvös Loránd University
 
Lágymányosi Campus of the University, home of the Faculty of Science and the Faculty of Informatics

Lágymányosi campusEdit

The Lágymányosi campus is home to the Faculty of Science, the Faculty of Informatics and the Faculty of Social Sciences. The campus is located in the 11th district of Budapest.

SAVARIA CampusEdit

The Savaria Campus is created for producing best Mechanical Engineers. Only Mechanical Engineering courses are conducted here with modern facilities of labs and work shops. Furthermore, It has great industry collaboration with industry to make sure advanced Mechanical Engineering studies. Dual education system of mechanical engineering are available here. The principal goal of the dual education system is to synchronize the requirements of higher education and the job market. This education system is implemented by reforming a traditional Mechanical Engineering BSc program based on its professional practical background.

Academic profileEdit

ELTE is Hungary's largest scientific establishment with 118 PhD programs at 17 doctoral schools, and also offers 38 bachelor's programs, 96 master's programs, and over 50 degree programs in foreign languages. The course credits awarded are transferable to universities in Europe through the Bologna process.[5]

The eight faculties are:

  • Faculty of Law and Political Sciences (ÁJK)
  • Bárczi Gusztáv Faculty of Special Education (BGGyK)
  • Faculty of Humanities (BTK)
  • Faculty of Informatics (IK)
  • Faculty of Education and Psychology (PPK)
  • Faculty of Social Sciences (TáTK)
  • Faculty of Elementary and Nursery School Teachers' Training (TÓK)
  • Faculty of Science (TTK)

Reputation and rankingsEdit

University rankings
Global
ARWU World[6] 301-400

In the 2013-14 QS World University Rankings, Eötvös Loránd University was ranked 551-600th. In the 2018, according to the Times Higher Education World University Ranking, ELTE ranked between 601-800. Academic Ranking of World Universities ranked the university among the best 301-400. International Colleges and Universities ranked the university as the 158th globally.

Notable alumniEdit

Nobel prize winners:

Other notable alumni:

 
The four-time Olympic champion fencer, Jenő Fuchs

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ elte.hu. "Brief History of ELTE". Archived from the original on 2016-05-07. 
  2. ^ elte.hu. "A brief presentation of Eötvös Loránd University, page 12 Facts and Figuers - Students". Archived from the original on 2016-02-13. 
  3. ^ Kaplan, Robert B.; Baldauf, Richard B. (2005-01-01). Language Planning and Policy in Europe. Multilingual Matters. ISBN 9781853598111. 
  4. ^ elte.hu. "Brief History of ELTE". Archived from the original on 2016-05-07. 
  5. ^ "Academic System". 
  6. ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2017

External linksEdit