Jayant Patil

Introduction

Jayant Patil
Jayant Patil (cropped).jpg
Cabinet Minister
Government of Maharashtra
Assumed office
28 November 2019
GovernorBhagat Singh Koshyari
Chief MinisterUddhav Thackeray
MinistryWater Resources and Command Area Development
Preceded byGirish Mahajan
In office
17 October 1999 – 6 December 2008
MinisterFinance
GovernorDr. P.C Alexander, Mohammed Fazal, S.M. Krishna, S.C. Jamir
Chief MinisterVilasrao Deshmukh, Sushilkumar Shinde, Ashok Chavan
Preceded byEknath Khadse
Succeeded byDilip Walse-Patil
In office
8 December 2008 – 9 November 2009
MinisterHome Affairs
GovernorS.C. Jamir
Chief MinisterAshok Chavan
Preceded byR. R. Patil
Succeeded byR. R. Patil
In office
9 November 2009 – 30 October 2014
MinisterRural Development
GovernorS.C. Jamir, Kateekal Sankaranarayanan
Chief MinisterPrithviraj Chavan
Preceded byR. R. Patil
Succeeded byPankaja Munde
State President NCP Maharashtra
Assumed office
April 2018
Preceded bySunil Tatkare
Leader of NCP Legislative Party
Assumed office
November 2019
Preceded byAjit Pawar
Member of Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
Assumed office
2009
Preceded byOffice Established
ConstituencyIslampur
In office
1990–2009
ConstituencyWalwa
Preceded byNayakvadi Nagnath Ramchandra
Succeeded byOffice Abolished
Personal details
Born16 February 1962
Political partyNationalist Congress Party (1999-Present)
Other political
affiliations
Indian National Congress (Before 1999)
Spouse(s)Shailaja Patil
Children2 Sons
ParentsRajarambapu Patil and Kusumtai Patil
Alma materBalmohan Vidyamandir Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute (B.Tech)
OccupationPolitician
Websitehttps://www.jayantpatil.com/

Jayant Rajaram Patil (born 16 February 1962) is an Indian politician from the state of Maharashtra. He has been representing Islampur Constituency in the State Assembly for more than 3 decades now. Currently, he is Cabinet Minister of the Water Resources Department in Uddhav Thackeray's cabinet. He was the Cabinet Minister of Rural Development (from 2009 to 2014), as well as Finance Minister (from 1999 to 2008) and Home Minister (from 2008 to 2009) of Maharashtra.

Early Life

Jayant Patil is the younger son of former Maharashtra Cabinet Minister and celebrated veteran Congress leader, Rajarambapu Patil. He was named ‘Jayant’ meaning victorious, since he was born shortly after his father’s first electoral victory in the 1962 Maharashtra Assembly Elections.[1][2] Jayantrao completed his Bachelors in Civil Engineering from VJTI, Mumbai and subsequently left to pursue his Masters’ Degree from the New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA. Unfortunately, after the sudden death of Rajarambapu Patil in 1984, Jayant Patil had to return from the USA.[2] After returning to his home town he preferred not to contest any parliamentary election andbecame involved in social work through his father’s cooperative organisations. With the determination and persistence of the people, he was unanimously elected the President of the Kasegaon Education Society and the Chairman of the Walwa Sugar Cooperation in the same year.[3]

After working around six years in the overall development of the Sangli area, Patil was given a ticket to contest the State Assembly elections from Walwa constituency at the age of 28.

Entry into Political Life   

He contested his first Assembly election successfully in 1990 on a Congress ticket from the Walva constituency in Sangli District. Since then, he has represented Islampur-Walwa constituency 7 times, i.e. 30 years with an average margin of 62,000.[4]

Between 1995 and 1999, when the first Sena-BJP Government was in power in the State, Jayant Patil was a part of the famous ‘Patil Troika’ which kept the saffron Government on its toes in the Assembly. Among the two other Patils were the former Deputy Chief Minister, R R Patil and former Assembly speaker Dilip Walse-Patil. After their Congress split in 1999, the Patil Troika decided to throw their weight behind Sharad Pawar.[5]

Formation of Nationalist Congress Party

In 1999, after the 12th Lok Sabha was dissolved and elections to the 13th Lok Sabha were called, Sharad Pawar, P. A. Sangma, and Tariq Anwar demanded that the party needed to propose someone native-born as the prime ministerial candidate and not the Italian-born Sonia Gandhi, who had entered party politics and replaced Sitaram Kesri as Congress president. In response, the Congress Working Committee (CWC) expelled the trio for six years from the party.[6]

In response Pawar and Sangma founded the Nationalist Congress Party in June 1999. Despite the falling out, the new party aligned with the Congress party to form a coalition government in Maharashtra after the 1999 State Assembly elections to prevent the Shiv Sena-BJP combine from returning to power.[7] Sharad Pawar, however, did not return to state politics and Vilasrao Deshmukh of Congress was chosen as Chief Minister, with Chagan Bhujbal representing the NCP as Deputy Chief Minister along with Home Affairs and Jayant Patil as the Finance Minister.

In Government

Jayant Patil became the youngest Finance Minister of Maharashtra, presenting his first budget at the age of 39. He went on to present the Maharashtra Budget 10 times consecutively, a record till date, and brought many major changes to the State. At the time, the State’s financial condition was in a precarious condition due to overspending by the previous Government in ambitious projects like the Mumbai-Pune expressway, Krishna Valley Irrigation Project, etc. Additionally, the implementation of the 5th Pay Commission had also put a considerable stain on the State’s financial resources.[8] In 2001, Jayant Patil met with a severe accident near Bangalore and had to undergo multiple operations on his fractured legs and was confined to a wheelchair for several months. He presented the finance budget of 2001 while he was still on the wheelchair.[9]

In his 10-year stint as the finance Minister from 1999-2008, Patil took firm steps to strengthen the State’s finances like delinking dearness allowance paid to the State Government from the Central Government, appointing a committee of secretaries to probe the issues of excess State Government staff and acting and abolishing many posts in the State Government. He also tried to delay the implementation of the 6th Pay Commission as much as possible. Taking advantage of falling interest rates, Jayant Patil also raised fresh loans to retire high cost debts. All these measures reduced the State Government’s expenditure on items like salary, pension and interest from 75 percent of the total expenditure to around 60 percent.[10]

In the aftermath of the November 2008 Mumbai attacks, R. R. Patil resigned as the Home Minister. After NCP accepted the resignation, Patil was elected as Home Minister of Maharashtra in the Ashok Chavan cabinet. For the next one year as the Home Minister of Maharashtra, Patil played a highly crucial role in modernizing the Maharashtra Police, in terms of equipment and training. He established the Force 1, which is an elite counter-terrorism unit of the Mumbai Police with highly upgraded modern weapons. Formed on the lines of the National Security Guards (NSG), its initial training was with the Israeli Special forces and is mainly responsible to guard the Mumbai Metropolitan Area. During this tenure as Home Minister, Patil also passed proposals to install almost 5000 CCTVs in across Mumbai.[11]

In 2009, Jayant Patil was sworn in as the Rural Development Minister in the Ashok Chavan and then the Prithiviraj Chavan cabinet.[12] His tenure as the Rural Development Minister till 2014 saw some pioneering works including the implementation of E-Panchayats, the improvement of e-banking services in rural Maharashtra and development of sustainable eco-villages.[13] The Eco-Villages Scheme was a grand plan in line to combat climate change and to improve the development and preservation of villages in Maharashtra. The programme involved uplifting the environmental standard of villages and plan their infrastructural development to avoid haphazard constructions. Villages qualified for the scheme received a lump sum fund every year to be used in various development capacities. Jayant Patil toured the State for the outreach of the scheme and conducted 120 meetings with villagers across Maharashtra. This scheme significantly improved the tax collection from villages across the State and championed the plantation of over 1 crore trees.[14]

Present Political Career

In the 2014 Assembly Elections, NCP was reduced to just 41 seats, their biggest defeat till date and was in the Opposition benches almost after a decade. Jayant Patil retained his Constituency and soon became NCP’s leading speaker in the Assembly, regularly opening debate and keeping a strong tone on the Government. In 2018 he was unanimously elected as the State President of NCP replacing Sunil Tatkare.[15] Patil had the uphill battle of reorganizing and delivering a better result in the 2019 Assembly Elections. Going into the elections, the NCP and INC alliance was not touted to do well, and the entire burden of campaigning and outreach fell on NCP solely. In August 2019, Jayant Patil launched and spearheaded the Shiv Swarajya Yatra from Shivneri, the birthplace of Chharapati Shivaji, at Junnar, Pune. [16] In the 2019 Assembly Elections, BJP won 105 seats, SHS won 56, NCP won 54 seats and INC won 42 seats. A political crisis ensued in the post-poll period. With no political party able to prove their majority in the legislative assembly, president's rule was imposed in the state following a recommendation by the Governor of Maharashtra Bhagat Singh Koshyari.[17] The President's rule was later revoked and the Bharatiya Janata Party, led by former Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis, formed a government with the help of a small fraction of the Nationalist Congress Party, led by Ajit Pawar.[18] After three days, Fadnavis and Ajit Pawar resigned.[3] A new government was formed by the Maha Vikas Aghadi, a new alliance of Shiv Sena, the Indian National Congress, and the Nationalist Congress Party, under Uddhav Thackeray. Jayant Patil was one of the was among the first 6 to be sworn-in in the MVA Government.[19] He became a Cabinet Minister for the 4th time with portfolio of Water Resources& Command Area Development.

Additionally, he was elected as the leader of the NCP Legislative Party in the Vidhan Sabha in place of Ajit Pawar on 24th November, 2019.[19] He is also the Guardian Minister of Sangli.

In June 2020, in celebration of 21 years of NCP, Jayant Patil under the guidance of Sharad Pawar, launched the Rashtravadi Paksh Abhipray, an internal party digital feedback campaign. It was a flagship campaign where the party digitally reached out to almost 10 lac NCP members to amass their feedback and suggestions.

Philanthropic Work & Development of Sangli

Rajarambapu Patil was a noted educationist and philanthropist in his own right and started the Kasegaon Education Society. From as early as 1955, he implemented numerous social development initiatives such as buildings for schools, drinking water wells, homes for poor, banking services, jobs for youth, etc. which had direct benefits for the masses of the area. Following in his father’s footsteps, Jayant Patil’s involvement with socio-development works in the Sangli area started before his political career.

He is credited for bringing piped drinking and farm water to the Walva Taluka from 15 kilometers away before which the area was limited to traditional means. In 2006, on his birthday, Jayant Poverty Eradication Campaign was started to uplift about 12,000 BPL families from the Walwa region. Till date the campaign has benefited more than 50,000 individuals with a total amount of 48 crores. The organization aides in health services, education, housing, employment, financial assistance, rehabilitation, youth guidance, accessing Government schemes, etc.

Like other NCP leaders in Maharashtra he has various education institutes and cooperative bodies under his patronage, many of which were established by his father. All of these organizations work for the upliftment of the lives of the people around them. Some of them include: 1. Rajarambapu Institute of Technology (RIT); 2. Cooperative Milk Federation popularly known as Krishna Dudh; 3.Sugar Factories; 4.Rajarambapu Textile Park; 5.Rajarambapu Sahakari Bank Limited(Scheduled Bank) 6.Kasegaon Education Society 7. Food Processing Units.

Personal Life

Jayant Patil is married to Shailaja Patil who is involved with social and relief works in the Sangli region. They have two sons, Prateek Patil and Rajvardhan Patil. He lives in Mumbai and Islampur.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Election Commission of India". Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  2. ^ a b "Gadgil, Makarand". Retrieved 4 December 2010.
  3. ^ "Result University-Walva Constituency". Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  4. ^ "News18". Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  5. ^ "Ibid". 28 November 2019.
  6. ^ Kidwai, Rasheed (2011). Sonia: A Biography. New Delhi: Penguin Books.
  7. ^ Suhas Palshikar, Nitin Birmal and Vivek Ghotale. "Coalitions in Maharashtra Political fragmentation or Social Reconfiguration?". CAS Occasional Paper Series: 14.
  8. ^ "Mumbai Mirror". Times of India. 22 April 2004. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
  9. ^ "Rediff News".
  10. ^ Gadgil, Makrand (2018). "Mumbai Mirror".
  11. ^ "PTI". Economic Times. 18 July 2018.
  12. ^ "PTI". India Today. 9 November 2009.
  13. ^ "PTI". Economic Times. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
  14. ^ Menon, Meera (7 March 2011). "The Hindu".
  15. ^ "First Post". 29 April 2018.
  16. ^ "Express News Service". Indian Express. 7 August 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  17. ^ "Maharashtra Live News". The Times of India. 12 November 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  18. ^ Vyas, Sharad (23 November 2019). "Rashmi Thackeray: Mrs Surefire". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  19. ^ a b "NDTV". 26 November 2019.
Preceded by
Eknath Khadse
Finance Minister
17 October 1999 – 6 December 2008
Succeeded by
Dilip Walse-Patil
Preceded by
R. R. Patil
Home Minister
8 December 2008 – 9 November 2009
Succeeded by
R. R. Patil
Preceded by
Vijaysingh Mohite-Patil
Rural Development Minister
9 November 2009 – 30 October 2014
Succeeded by
Pankaja Munde