Prithviraj Chavan (born 17 March 1946) is an Indian politician who was the 17th Chief Minister of Maharashtra, a state in Western India. Chavan is a graduate of the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani and University of California in mechanical engineering. He spent time working in the field of aircraft instrumentation and designing audio recorders for anti-submarine warfare in the US before returning to India and becoming an entrepreneur in 1974. Referred to in the media as a technocrat with a clean, non-controversial image, a low-profile leader. Chavan served as the Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office in the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs and Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances, and Pensions. Chavan was also General Secretary of the All-India Congress Committee (AICC), in-charge of many states, including Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Haryana, Gujarat, Tripura, and Arunachal Pradesh.
Chavan in 2011
|17th Chief Minister of Maharashtra|
11 November 2010 – 26 September 2014
|Preceded by||Ashok Chavan|
|Succeeded by||Devendra Fadnavis|
|Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office|
|Prime Minister||Manmohan Singh|
|Member of the Rajya Sabha for Maharashtra|
|Member of the Indian Parliament|
|Preceded by||Premalakaki Chavan|
|Succeeded by||Shriniwas Patil|
|Member of Legislative Assembly, Maharashtra|
15 October 2014 – Incumbent
|Preceded by||Vilasrao Balkrishna Patil|
|Member of Maharashtra Legislative Assembly|
|Assumed office |
|Born||17 March 1946|
Indore, Indore State, British India
|Political party||Indian National Congress|
|Alma mater||BITS, Pilani|
University of California, Berkeley
Chavan was drawn into politics after meeting with Rajiv Gandhi. He has been involved in the Indian National Congress bureaucracy for most of his adult life, notably as a member of the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of the India's Parliament) and later architect of the civil nuclear liability bill. He was first elected to the Lok Sabha in 1991 and followed it up in subsequent elections. Chavan held five portfolios in the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government that includes the ministry of science and technology. He became chief minister of Maharashtra in 2010 at the instance of Congress President Sonia Gandhi succeeding unrelated Ashok Chavan. He resigned as the chief minister of Maharashtra after the ruling NCP-Congress alliance split in the state.
Chavan was born in Indore, Central Provinces on 17 March 1946. His parents were Dajisaheb Chavan and Premalakaki Chavan. He is the eldest of three siblings. His younger sisters are Nirupama Ajitrao Yadav-Deshmukh and Vidyulata Venkatrao Ghorpade. Dajisaheb was a member of the Lok Sabha from the Karad constituency from 1957 to 1973 & served as a Minister in the cabinets of Prime Ministers Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri and Indira Gandhi. Upon Dajisaheb's death in 1973, Chavan's mother Premalakaki contested from her late husband's constituency and was elected in the by election in 1973 and in the general elections of 1977, 1984, and 1989 serving till her death in 1991.
Chavan began his schooling at a local Municipal Marathi-medium school in Karad. After his father moved to Delhi, Chavan joined Nutan Marathi School ) in Delhi. Chavan graduated in Mechanical Engineering from the Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani. After graduation in 1967, he won a UNESCO scholarship in Germany and later moved to pursue a Master of Science degree from the University of California, Berkeley. He wrote articles on computer science; engineering design; and also contributed to research in computerization. He also worked briefly in the USA as a design engineer, working on defence electronics, anti-submarine warfare, and computer storage systems.
Chavan started his political career in 1991; his name was proposed by Mr. Hindurao Sakharam Jagtap (President of the Karad Taluka Youth Congress Committee) as the Congress party nominee in place of his late mother, and went on to win the seat of Karad thrice, in 1991, 1996 and 1998 but lost in 1999.
He was a Minister of State for the ministries of Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions, Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs and in charge of Prime Minister's Office. Earlier he was also the Minister of State in charge of the Department of Atomic Energy. Chavan replaced Ashok Chavan as chief minister after the latter's involvement in the Adarsh Housing Society scam forced him to resign. Reasons for his choice reported by the media included the perception that he had a "clean image" and that he did not have his own faction of political supporters within the state.
One of his first actions as Chief Minister was to play a role along with Civil Aviation minister Praful Patel, in convincing Jairam Ramesh, the Minister for Environment And Forests in obtaining environmental clearance for the planned second airport in Mumbai, Navi Mumbai International Airport.
Chavan married Satvasheela on 16 December 1976. They have a daughter, Ankita and a son named Jai. Ankita married on 29 November 2013 in Delhi.
- 1991-92 Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Science and Technology.
- 1992-93 Member, Committee on Science and Technology, Ministry of Environment and Forests.
- 1994-96 Member, Standing Committee on Finance and Planning.
- 1996-99 Member, Committee on Provision of Computers to Members of Parliament.
- 2000-01 Spokesperson, All India Congress Committee.
- 2002-04 Member, Consultative Committee for the Ministry of Defence.
- 2004-22 May 2009 and 28 May 2009 onward Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office.
- 11 Nov 2010 - 25 Sept 2014 - Chief Minister of Maharashtra
- 19 Oct 2014 - Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) in Maharashtra
- 2019 - Leader of the Opposition Maharashtra Legislative Assembly
- "Shri Prithviraj Chavan" (PDF). National Informatics Centre. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2014.
- "Shri Prithviraj Chavan". India Today. Retrieved 20 September 2019.
- Gupta, Smita (10 November 2010). "Prithviraj, with a clean image, takes up key political assignment". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
- "Clean yet invisible: Prithviraj Chavan quits as CM, did anyone notice?". Firstpost. 27 September 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- "Maharashtra CM Prithviraj Chavan's rivals get key posts for Assembly polls". India Today. 16 August 2014. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- "Right man in the wrong polity". Tehelka. 28 April 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- "Green signal for Navi Mumbai airport". The Hindu. 23 November 2010. Retrieved 29 September 2014.