Akola district

Akola is a district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The city of Akola is the district headquarters. Akola district forms the central part of Amravati Division, which was the former British Raj Berar Province.

Akola district
Location of Akola district in Maharashtra
Location of Akola district in Maharashtra
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
DivisionAmravati Division
HeadquartersAkola
Tehsils7
Government
 • District collectorShri. Jitendra S. Papalkar[1]
 • Lok Sabha constituencies1
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies5
Area
 • Total5,431 km2 (2,097 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,813,906
 • Density330/km2 (870/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy88.05%
 • Sex ratio946
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationmh30
Major highwaysAH-46, NH-6, NH-161, NH-161A, NH-161E, NH-361C, NH-548C, MSH-24, SH-197, SH-204, SH-200, SH-194, SH-195, SH-198, SH-199, SH-201, SH-212
Average annual precipitation750 mm
Websitehttp://akola.nic.in

Area of the district is 5,431 km². It is bounded on the north by Amravati District, to the east by Amravati District and by Washim District, to the south by Washim District, and to the west by Buldhana District. Washim was earlier a part of Akola till 1999. Akola district includes seven talukas which are Akola, Akot, Telhara, Balapur, Barshitakli, Murtijapur and Patur.

HistoryEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1901444,653—    
1911464,741+0.44%
1921469,947+0.11%
1931518,143+0.98%
1941536,696+0.35%
1951562,268+0.47%
1961716,333+2.45%
1971904,204+2.36%
19811,118,267+2.15%
19911,351,507+1.91%
20011,629,633+1.89%
20111,813,906+1.08%
source:[2]

The Battle of Argaon, (Adgaon near Akot), took place on 28 November 1803, between the British under the command of Governor Arthur Wellesley and the forces of Maratha under Bhonsle of Nagpur during Second Anglo-Maratha War.

Many old forts are located in Akola District viz.

GeographyEdit

The district boundary latitude are : 20.7000° N and longitude are : 77.0142° E

The climate is tropical and people mostly uses cotton clothes.

Rivers and lakesEdit

The Purna River forms the part of north boundary of the district, and the top north portion of the district lies within its watershed along with Aas River and Shahnur River. The Vaan River forms the part of northwest boundary of the district after entering from the Amravati district.

The Mun River drains the southwestern portion of the district, Morna River drains the midsouth portion of the district, while the southeast is drained by the Katepurna River and Uma River.

Here are some of the rivers in Akola, with their tributaries

Prominent personsEdit

ClimateEdit

Akola district shows a little variation in its climate along the north–south direction. Akola district mainly features Tropical Savannah Climate. But the Northern parts of the district consisting of hills and mountains that are raised to about 950 to 1000 meters shows a subtropical climate featuring heavily cold winters. The summers are extremely hot while the winters are dry and very cold the temperature may drop to or below 2 °C. The district has recorded a minimum temperature of 2 °C while a maximum of 47.7 °C. Akola has recorded a minimum temperature of 11.9 °C in the month of May which is considered to be the hottest month in the state of Maharashtra.

Climate data for Akola
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.9
(85.8)
33.2
(91.8)
37.2
(99.0)
40.7
(105.3)
46.7
(116.1)
37.4
(99.3)
32.0
(89.6)
30.5
(86.9)
32.1
(89.8)
38.8
(101.8)
31.5
(88.7)
29.4
(84.9)
34.2
(93.6)
Average low °C (°F) 13.5
(56.3)
15.7
(60.3)
20.0
(68.0)
24.8
(76.6)
28.0
(82.4)
26.1
(79.0)
24.1
(75.4)
23.4
(74.1)
23.0
(73.4)
20.1
(68.2)
15.9
(60.6)
13.2
(55.8)
20.7
(69.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.8
(0.31)
4.5
(0.18)
11.0
(0.43)
5.1
(0.20)
6.6
(0.26)
146.3
(5.76)
210.7
(8.30)
199.7
(7.86)
122.0
(4.80)
45.4
(1.79)
19.5
(0.77)
14.2
(0.56)
792.8
(31.21)
Source: IMD

DemographicsEdit

Religion in Akola district (2011)[3]

  Hinduism (61.07%)
  Islam (19.70%)
  Buddhism (18.08%)
  Jainism (0.56%)
  Christianity (0.25%)
  Sikhism (0.08%)
  Others (0.25%)

According to the 2011 census Akola district has a population of 1,813,906,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Kosovo[5] or the US state of Nebraska.[6] This gives it a ranking of 262nd in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 321 inhabitants per square kilometre (830/sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.6%.[4] Akola has a sex ratio of 942 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 88.05%.[4]

Talukwise Religious Population Percentage (2011)[7]Edit

Taluka Name Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Jain Other Atheist
Telhara 66.14 17.72 15.60 0.17 0.03 0.10 0.008 0.20
Akot 67.27 19.18 13.00 0.14 0.02 0.15 0.03 0.17
Balapur 50.45 26.46 21.70 0.29 0.04 0.31 0.02 0.69
Akola 58.51 21.32 18.50 0.31 0.13 1.01 0.02 0.15
Murtijapur 59.90 15.59 23.50 0.30 0.12 0.43 0.03 0.17
Patur 65.10 16.38 17.80 0.14 0.02 0.26 0.007 0.26
Barshitakli 68.34 14.20 16.80 0.11 0.03 0.32 0.01 0.22

LanguagesEdit

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 70.39% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 17.33% Urdu, 9.36% Hindi, 0.84% Sindhi, 0.61% Gujarati and 0.59% Korku as their first language.[8]

Varhadi dialect of Marathi is the main spoken language of Akola district. Deccani Urdu is popular among the Muslim community.[9]

SubdivisionsEdit

Akola District consists of talukas namely Akot, Telhara, Akola, Balapur, Patur, Barshitakli Borgaon manju and Murtajapur.

TransportEdit

Important railway stations with their codes are Paras, Gaigaon, Akola Junction (AK), Murtijapur Junction (MZR) and are under Bhusawal-Badnera Section of Bhusawal Railway Division of Central Railway.

The other stations under meter gauge are Hiwarkhed, Adgaon Buzurg (ABZ), Akot (AKOT), Patsul (PTZ), Ugwe (UGWE), Akola Junction, Shivani Shivpur (SVW), Barshitakli (BSQ), Lohogad (LHD), Amna Vadi (AMW), Jaulka (JUK) are under Purna - Khandwa Section of South Central Railway.

The stations under narrow gauge are Lakhpuri, Murtajapur Junction, Karanja under two Narrow Gauge Branch lines viz Murtajapur-Achalpur and Murtajapur-Yavatmal of Bhusawal Railway Division of Central Railway.

EconomyEdit

Cotton and Jawar are the predominant crops grown in the district. Oil and Dal mills are also rampant. The economy is mostly agriculture based. Nowadays, soybean crop is an important crop as major soybean plants have come up in the area.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://akola.gov.in/about-district/whos-who/
  2. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  3. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community - Maharahstra". Census. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kosovo 1,825,632 July 2011 est. I
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 25 December 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nebraska 1,826,341
  7. ^ "Population by religion community - 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015.
  8. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  9. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 4 April 2019.

Coordinates: 20°30′N 77°10′E / 20.500°N 77.167°E / 20.500; 77.167