List of Indian independence activists

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This is a list of individuals who campaigned against or are considered to have campaigned against colonial rule on the Indian sub-continent.

The Indian independence movement consisted of efforts by individuals and organizations from a wide spectrum of philosophies to obtain political independence from British, French and Portuguese rule through the use of a variety of methods.

Post-Independence, "Freedom fighter" is an officially recognised category by the Indian government covering those who took part in the movement; people in this category (can also include dependant family members)[1] get pensions and other benefits like special railway counters.[2]

List of Indian freedom fightersEdit

Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy or Majjari Narasimha Reddy (24 November 1806 – 2 February 1847) was an Indian freedom fighter.


  1. ^ PTI (18 August 2016). "Pension of freedom fighters hiked by Rs 5,000". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  2. ^ Lisa Mitchell (2009). Language, Emotion, and Politics in South India: The Making of a Mother Tongue. Indiana University Press. p. 193. ISBN 0-253-35301-7.
  3. ^ a b c d e Kumar, Madhan (2017). Thamizh Is Not Just A Language: The Valour. Educreation Publishing.
  4. ^ Gomathinayagam, Piramanayagam (1989). The role of Tamil poets in freedom struggle. Mukil Pathippagam.
  5. ^ Ramachandran, D. P. (2008). Empire's First Soldiers. Lancer Publishers. p. 121. ISBN 9780979617478.
  6. ^ S, SATYAMURTI; Indian Political Leader, 56, Long Active in Civil Disobedience, NYTimes (subscription required)
  7. ^ Brief History of Shaukat Ali,[1], [2]

Name Birth Death Activity
Maveeran alagumuthu kone 1728 1759 Defeated by the British and haliyal's forces and executed in 1759.[3]
Puli thevar 1715 1767 Ruled Nerkattumseval and fought and defeated the British and Nawab of Arcot in 1755.[3][4]
Velu Nachiyar 1730 1796 She was the first queen to fight against the British colonial power in India.[3]
Jayi Rajaguru 1739 1806 He was a prominent figure of Indian independence movement in the state of odisha
Maruthu Pandiyar 1748 1801 Maruthu Brothers are good in aerodynamics and invented many variants of spears and Valari.[3]
Pazhassi Raja 1753 1805 Used guerrilla warfare to fight British in Cotiote War (Kottayathu war) across a span of thirteen years from 1793 to 1806 to preserve the independence and unity of his kingdom and was killed in 1805 in a gun-fight at Mavila Thodu in the present day Kerala-Karnataka border.
Dheeran Chinnamalai 1756 1805 Chinnamalai engaged in guerrilla warfare and defeated the British in battles at Cauvery in 1801, Odanilai in 1802 and Arachalur in 1804. Dheeran Chinnamalai Gounder was betrayed by his cook Nallapan and was captured by the British sepoys in 1805. He was hanged at Sankagiri Fort along with his two brothers on 31 July 1805 on the day of Aadi Perukku.
Veerapandiya Kattabomman 1760 1799 He refused to accept the sovereignty of the British East India Company and the British waged a war against them.[3]
Kittur chennamma 1778 1829 Was an Indian freedom fighter and Rani of the Kittur, a former princely state in Karnataka. She led an armed force against the British East India Company in 1824 in defiance of the doctrine of lapse in an attempt to maintain Indian control over the region, but was defeated in the third war and died imprisoned. The one of the female rulers to rebel against British rule (earlier first indian queen velu nachiyair madurai), she has become a folk hero in Karnataka and symbol
Titumir 1782 1831 Was a freedom fighter who led a campaign against the British-rule in India, during the 19th century. He eventually built a bamboo fort (Basher Kella in Bengali) in Narikelberia village, which passed into Bengali folk legend. After the storming of the fort by British soldiers, Titumir died of his wounds on 19 November 1831.
Sangoli rayanna 1798 1831 Was an Indian military chief warrior from Karnataka. He was the army chief of the Kingdom of Kittur ruled at the time by Rani Chennamma and fought the British East India Company till his death.
Uyyalawada Narasimha Reddy 1805 1847 In 1846, he led an uprising in Andhra Pradesh. He was executed by the British by hanging.[5]
Ahmadullah Shah 1787 1857 Leader of various battles for freedom like Battle of Chinhat, Siege of Lucknow, Capture of Lucknow, Chapati Movement.
Mangal Pandey 1827 1857 Early martyr of Indian rebellion. Pandey was a soldier of the British Indian army, but rebelled against it. He was executed on 8 April 1857 in Barrackpore.
V. O. Chidambaram Pillai 1872 1936 He launched the first indigenous Indian shipping service between Tuticorin and Colombo with the Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company, competing against British ships.
Vallabhbhai Patel 1875 1950 Founding father of Republic of India who played leading role in country's struggle towards independence and integration of united India.
B. R. Ambedkar 1891 1956 Founding father of Republic of India and the architect of the Indian Constitution who played role in country's struggle towards independence.
Subramania Bharati 1882 1921 Wrote many fiery songs kindling patriotism and nationalism during Indian Independence .
Alluri Sitarama Raju 1897 1924 Leader of the Rampa Rebellion of 1922.
Inayatullah Khan Mashriqi 1888 1963 Founder of the Khaksar Movement in British India
Bhagat Singh 1907 1931 Worked with several revolutionary organisations and became prominent in the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA).
Aruna Asaf Ali 1909 1996 She is widely remembered for hoisting the Indian National Congress flag at the Gowalia Tank maidan in Bombay during the Quit India Movement, 1942.
Shambhu Dutt Sharma 1918 2016 Joined Quit India Movement in 1942. Hon. General Secretary of GSB (Gandhian Satyagraha Brigade). Founder of Transparency International India. Sharma's team was known as Gandhian Seva Brigade.
Tanguturi Prakasam 1872 1957 Pantulu was an Indian politician and freedom fighter, chief minister of the Madras Presidency, and subsequently became the first chief minister of the new Andhra state, created by the partition of Madras State along linguistic lines. He was also known as Andhra Kesari (Lion of Andhra). The Andhra Pradesh government declared his birth anniversary a state festival.
Khudiram Bose 1889 1908 Bose planted bombs near British government officials and police stations. Due to his activities against the British, he was arrested and hanged. At the time of his hanging, he was 18 years, 8 months 8 days old, making him one of the youngest revolutionaries in India.
Chandra Shekhar Azad 1906 1931 Azad ("The Free"), was an Indian revolutionary who reorganised the Hindustan Republican Association under its new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) after the death of its founder, Ram Prasad Bismil, and three other prominent party leaders, Roshan Singh, Rajendra Nath Lahiri and Ashfaqulla Khan.
Chittaranjan Das 1869 1925 Das founded the Swaraj party in Bengal, became leader in Non-cooperation Movement in Bengal.
Komaram Bheem 1901 1940 Bheem was a tribal leader who fought for the liberation of Hyderabad.
Ram Prasad Bismil 1897 1927 Kakori conspiracy
Udham Singh 1899 1940 Shooting in Caxton Hall.
Hemu Kalani 1923 1943 Sabotage of railway track.
Ashfaqulla Khan 1900 1927 Kakori conspiracy
Sachindra Bakshi 1904 1984 Kakori conspiracy
Manmath Nath Gupta 1908 2000 Kakori conspiracy
Vasudev Balwant Phadke 1845 1883 Deccan Rebellion
Matangini Hazra 1870 1942 Active member of Quit India Movement, shot dead by British at the age of 71.
Anant Laxman Kanhere 1891 1910 Shooting of British officer Jackson.
Vanchinathan 1886 1911 Shooting of British Collector/District Magistrate Robert William Escourt Ashe.
Krishnaji Gopal Karve 1887 1910 Shooting of British officer Jackson.
Bagha Jatin 1879 1915 The Howrah-Sibpur conspiracy case, Indo-German Conspiracy.
Batukeshwar Dutt 1910 1965 Central Assembly Bomb Case 1929.
Sukhdev Thapar 1907 1931 Central Assembly Bomb Case 1929
Shivaram Rajguru 1908 1931 Associate of Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev Thapar in Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Murder of a British police officer J. P. Saunders.
Roshan Singh 1892 1927 Kakori conspiracy, Bamrauli Action
Prabhavati Devi 1906 1973 Gandhian leader. Wife of Jayaprakash Narayan.
Pritilata Waddedar 1911 1932 Pahartali European Club attack
Jatindra Nath Das 1904 1929 Hunger strike and Lahore conspiracy case
Durgawati Devi 1907 1999 Running the bomb factory.
Bhagwati Charan Vohra 1904 1930 Philosophy of the Bomb
Madan Lal Dhingra 1883 1909 Assassination of Curzon Wyllie.
Alluri Sitarama Raju 1897 1924 Rampa Rebellion of 1922
Kushal Konwar 1905 1943 Train sabotage at Sarupathar.
Surya Sen 1894 1934 President of Indian National Congress Chittagong Branch, mastermind of Chittagong armoury raid.
Ananta Singh 1903 1979 Chittagong armoury raid
Ganesh Ghosh 1900 1994 Chittagong armoury raid
Sri Aurobindo 1872 1950 Alipore bomb case
Rash Behari Bose 1886 1945 Indian National Army
Ubaidullah Sindhi 1872 1944 Silk Letter Conspiracy
Lokenath Bal 1908 1964 Chittagong armoury raid
Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee 1895 1969 Kakori conspiracy
Baikuntha Shukla 1907 1934 Assassination of Phanindra Nath Ghosh, a British government approver.
Ambika Chakrabarty 1892 1962 Chittagong armoury raid
Badal Gupta 1912 1930 Attack at Writers Building
Dinesh Gupta 1911 1931 Attack at Writers Building
Benoy Basu 1908 1930 Attack at Writers Building
Rajendra Lahiri 1901 1927 Kakori conspiracy
Barindra Kumar Ghosh 1880 1959 Alipore bomb case
Prafulla Chaki 1888 1908 The Muzaffarpur killing.
Ullaskar Dutta 1885 1965 Alipore bomb case
Bhupendra Kumar Datta 1892 1979 Member of Anushilan Samiti.
Ramesh Chandra Jha 1925 1994 Sugauli police station robbery.
Hemchandra Kanungo 1871 1951 Alipore bomb case
Surendranath Tagore 1872 1940 Involved in the Swadeshi movement in Bengal, in opposition to the 1905 partition of Bengal.
Basawon Singh (Sinha) 1909 1989 Lahore conspiracy case
Bhavabhushan Mitra 1881 1970 Ghadar Mutiny
Bina Das 1911 1986 Attempted to assassinate the Bengal Governor Stanley Jackson.
Kalpana Datta 1913 1995 Indian Independence Movement, also part of the Chittagong armoury raid planning.
Kartar Singh Sarabha 1896 1915 Most famous accused in the Lahore conspiracy trial.
Shyamji Krishna Varma 1857 1930 Founded the Indian Home Rule Society, India House and "The Indian Sociologist" in London.
Subhas Chandra Bose 1897 ? Founded the Indian Legion and revamped the Indian National Army.
Binod Bihari Chowdhury 1911 2013 Chittagong armoury raid
Bhupendranath Datta 1880 1961 Indo-German Conspiracy, member of Anushilan Samiti.
Amarendranath Chatterjee 1880 1957 Indo-German Conspiracy
Atulkrishna Ghosh 1890 1966 Indo-German Conspiracy
Subodh Roy 1916 2006 Chittagong armoury raid, Tebhaga movement
Maulvi Liaquat Ali 1812 1892 Captured Khusro Bagh in Allahabad and declared "independence" of India.
Asaf Ali 1888 1953 Indian national movement
Rani of Jhansi 19 November 1828, Varanasi 18 June 1858, Gwalior Rani Laxmi Bhai was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and became a symbol of resistance to the British Raj for Indian nationalists.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 1869 1948 Father of the Nation, he was the preeminent leader of the Indian independence movement in British-ruled India. Employing non-violent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel 1875 1950 popularly known as Sardar Patel, was an Indian politician. He served as the first Deputy Prime Minister of India. He was an Indian barrister, a senior leader of the Indian National Congress and a founding father of the Republic of India who played a leading role in the country's struggle for independence and guided its integration into a united, independent nation.
Jawahar Lal Nehru 1889 1964 Founding father of India, an Indian independence activist, and subsequently, the first Prime Minister of India and a central figure in Indian politics before and after Independence.
S. Satyamurti 1887 1943 Mayor of Madras, President of the Madras District Congress Party Committee, Advocate of the High Court of Madras, Senior Advocate of the Federal Court of India, Deputy leader of the Congress party, Member of the Indian Legislative Assembly.[6]
Shaukat Ali 1873 1938 Maulana, "Shaukat Ali", his brother "Mohammad Ali" and their mother "Bi Amman", played an incredible role in the freedom movement of India against the British Imperialism. These brave freedom fighters were unmitigated champions of Hindu-Muslim unity who endorsed the Hindus and the Muslims to fight together in the struggle for independence from the British forgetting their religious feelings and thinking only they are Indians, they were the ambassadors of Hindu-Muslim Unity. They were arrested and imprisoned from 1921 to 1923 for his support to Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress during the Non-Cooperation Movement (1919–1922).[7]
Sushila Chain Trehan 1923 2011 Leading member of Arya Samaj who fought for women's rights.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak 1856 1920 Tilak was one of the first and strongest advocates of Swaraj ("self-rule") and a strong radical in Indian consciousness.
Bipin Chandra Pal 1858 1932 Member of Swaraj
Lala Lajpat Rai 1865 1928 Member of Swaraj
Alekh Patra 1923 1999 Member of Congress, sarvodaya, who participated in the freedom movement at the age of about 18.
Accamma Cherian 1909 1982 popularly known as the Jhansi Rani of Travancore.
Rosamma Punnoose 1913 2013 Indian independence activist, politician and lawyer.
Annie Mascarene 1902 1963 Indian freedom fighter and Member of Parliament from Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.
Titusji 1905 1980 one of the 78 marchers selected by Mahatma Gandhi to take part in the 1930 Dandi March.
George Joseph (Kerala) 1887 1938 George Joseph was a lawyer and Indian independence activist. One of the earliest and among the most prominent Syrian Christians from Kerala to join the freedom struggle.
T. V. Thomas 1910 1977 He was one of the first generation trade union leaders in Kerala and was actively involved in the Indian independence movement.
Madhusudan Das 1848 1934 A well-known leader from the Christian community in Odisha, popularly known as ‘Utkal Gourab’. He was the first graduate and advocate of Odisha.
Kali Charan Banerjee 1847 1907 He being a fine orator and representative of Bengali Christian community, he joined the Indian National Congress(Congress) in 1885, and regularly addressed the Congress annual sessions in moulding the policy of national movement.