Thana Bhawan is a small town in Shamli district (formerly part of Muzaffarnagar district) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is said that the name Thana Bhawan emerged from the name of Devi Bhawan Temple. In the 18th century it was home to mostly Hindu and Muslims families. It is situated on the Delhi-Saharanpur highway, around 120 kilometres (75 mi) from Delhi.
|• Body||Bhartiya Janta Party|
|• Official||Hindi, Urdu, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Hindu and Muslim families reside in Thana Bhawan. The ancient Devi Bhawan Temple and other temples like Jassu Wala, Ashram Panchtirthi and Jahar Veer Goga Ji Maadhi are situated here. Every year a grand mela is organised in worship of Gogaji. The town is home to Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi's house, his grave and his khanqah (masjid, madrasa and library). Maulana Fateh Mohammed Sahab's house is also situated in Thana Bhawan.
There are five Inter colleges: Kisan Inter College, Divya Public School, Lala Lajpat Rai Inter College and Lala Lajpat Rai Kanya Inter College. Arpan Senior Secondary School, Alpine International School, Sanatan Dharm Higher Secondary School and Saraswati Public Junior High School are also situated here.
There is only one college, Chaudhary Atar Singh Degree College, which is affiliated to C. C. S. University, Meerut. It was opened with the objective of providing higher education to the town's people so that they could study in their own town.
As of 2001[update], Thana Bhawan had a population of 31,183. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Thana Bhawan has an average literacy rate of 47%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 54%, and female literacy is 39%. In Thana Bhawan, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Thana Bhawan is also a UP State Assembly constituency itself, with nearly 240,000 voters.
Shaukat Thanvi (1904–1963), whose family came from Thana Bhawan, was a Pakistani journalist, essayist, columnist, novelist, short story writer, broadcaster, playwright, humorist and poet. He received the Tamgha-e-Imtiaz Award in 1963 from the President of Pakistan.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
- Parekh, Rauf (6 May 2008). "Biography of Shaukat Thanvi". Dawn. Karachi. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
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