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Sukhdev Thapar (15 May 1907 – 23 March 1931) was an Indian revolutionary. He was a senior member of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. He was hanged on 23 March1931 at the age of 23.

Sukhdev Thapar
Sukhdev Thapar.jpeg
Born 15 May 1907
Ludhiana, Punjab, British India
Died 23 March 1931(1931-03-23) (aged 23)
Lahore, British India, (now in Punjab, Pakistan)
Nationality Indian
Organization Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
Movement Indian Independence movement


Early lifeEdit

Sukhdev Thapar, born in Ludhiana, Punjab, British India to Ramlal Thapar and Ralli Devi. Sukhdev's father died and he was brought up by his uncle Lala Achintram.[1]

Revolutionary activitiesEdit

Sukhdev Thapar was a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), and organised revolutionary cells in Punjab and other areas of North India.

Sukhdev is best remembered for his involvement in the Lahore Conspiracy Case of 18 December 1928 and its aftermath. He was an accomplice of Bhagat Singh, and Shivaram Rajguru, whose conspiracy led to the assassination of Deputy Superintendent of Police, J. P. Saunders in 1928 in response to the violent death of a veteran leader,

On 23 March 1931, the three men were hanged. Their bodies were secretly cremated on the banks of the Satluj river.[citation needed]

Brief Life HistoryEdit

Sukhdev (1907-1931) was a famous Indian revolutionary who played a crucial role in India's struggle for Independence. He is amongst the most esteemeed Indian freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for the liberty of their country. His complete name is Sukhdev Thapar and he was born on 15 May 1907. His ancestral house is in Naughara Mohalla of Ludhiana town, Punjab, India. His father's call became Ram Lal. Since his youth, Sukhdev had witnessed the brutal atrocities inflicted on India by the Imperial British Raj. This revolutionized him, and he vowed to set India free from the shackles of British dominion.

Sukhdev Thapar was a member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) and organized innovative cells in Punjab and different areas of North India. A devoted chief, he even went on to educate the young people at the National College in Lahore, especially about pre-colonial India. With others, he began the 'Naujawan Bharat Sabha' at Lahore that become an agency involved in various activities, specifically gearing the teenagers for the freedom conflict and ending communalism.

Sukhdev himself took lively element in numerous revolutionary activities just like the 'Prison hunger strike' in 1929; however, he could always be remembered within the chronicles of the Indian Freedom Movement for his daring yet brave assaults in the Lahore Conspiracy Case (18 December 1928), that shook the very foundation of the British Government. Sukhdev was the associate of Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru, who had been concerned in the assassination of Deputy Superintendent of Police, J.P. Saunders in 1928, consequently avenging the death of a veteran leader, Lala Lajpat Rai, owing to immoderate police beating within the Conspiracy case. After the Central Assembly Hall bombings in New Delhi (8 April 1929), Sukhdev and his accomplices have been arrested and convicted of their crime, going through the loss of life sentence as the verdict.

On twenty-third March 1931, the 3 courageous revolutionaries, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru have been hanged, at the same time as their bodies were secretly cremated at the banks of the River Sutlej. Sukhdev Thapar turned into just 24 years vintage whilst he became a martyr for his motherland, however, he will usually be remembered for his courage, patriotism, and sacrifice of his existence for India's independence.


  1. ^ Pramod Maruti Mande (2005). Sacred offerings into the flames of freedom. Vande Mataram Foundation. p. 251. ISBN 978-81-902774-0-2. 

Further readingEdit