Kittur, historically as Kittoor, is a taluka in the Belagavi district of the Indian state of Karnataka. It was part of Bailhongal taluka but was declared as an independent taluka on 23 October 2012 by the Chief Minister of Karnataka on the inauguration of Kittur Utsav. It is 177th Taluk of Karnataka State. It is a place of historical importance because of the armed rebellion of Kittur Chennamma (1778–1829), Rani of the State of Kittur against the British East India Company, during which a British Commissioner, St John Thackeray was killed.

Kittur
Taluk
Kittur chanamma.jpg
Kittur is located in Karnataka
Kittur
Kittur
Location in Karnataka, India
Kittur is located in India
Kittur
Kittur
Kittur (India)
Coordinates: 15°36′N 74°54′E / 15.60°N 74.90°E / 15.60; 74.90Coordinates: 15°36′N 74°54′E / 15.60°N 74.90°E / 15.60; 74.90
Country India
StateKarnataka
DistrictBelagavi
Named forKittur Chennamma
Government
 • TypePanchayat raj
Population
 (2011)
 • Total16,144
Demonym(s)Kitturians
Language
 • OfficialKannada
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
591115
ISO 3166 codeIN-KA
Vehicle registrationKA-24
Nearest cityDharwad, Belagavi
Websitekarnataka.gov.in

HistoryEdit

On the outskirts of the town lie the ruins of the palace within a fort. The palace was the residence of the Rani Chennamma.

In the 18th century, Kittur was ruled by the Marathas, until the Third Anglo-Maratha War, when it came under British suzerainty.[1]

Kittur was ruled by Mallasaraja in the early 19th century. His only son predeceased him, and subsequently, he was succeeded by his wife, Queen Chennamma.

In connection with a disputed succession to this chiefship in 1824, St John Thackeray, Commissioner of Dharwad, was killed in a battle when approaching the Kittur fort. Later another unit stormed Kittur and captured Queen Chennamma, who was imprisoned in Bailhongal Jail where she died. Rani Chennamma became a legend.

Her death was followed by subsequent revolts by her general Sangolli Rayanna, who was also considered a hero, destroying many British officers and records. He was later hanged in 1831.

The town lends its name to the fictitious coastal town in the 2008 novel Between the Assassinations by Aravind Adiga (Belagavi District has no coast, which rules out the real Kittur being the setting).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Chitnis, Krishnaji Nageshrao (1 January 1994). Glimpses of Maratha Socio-economic History. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. ISBN 9788171563470.

External linksEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Kittur". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 841.