List of IUCN Red List Vulnerable plants

As of September 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists 5430 Vulnerable (VU) plant species.[1] 25% of all evaluated plant species are listed as Vulnerable. The IUCN also lists 244 subspecies and 235 varieties as Vulnerable. No subpopulations of plants have been evaluated by the IUCN.

37 extinct in the wild plant species (0.16%)2493 critically endangered plant species (11%)3654 endangered plant species (17%)5430 vulnerable plant species (25%)1851 near threatened plant species (8.5%)6645 least concern plant species (31%)1674 data deficient plant species (7.7%)Circle frame.svg
Plant species (IUCN, 2016-2)
  • 21,782 extant species have been evaluated
  • 20,108 of those are fully assessed[a]
  • 8496 are not threatened at present[b]
  • 11,577 to 13,251 are threatened[c]
  • 151 to 296 are extinct or extinct in the wild:
    • 116 extinct (EX) species[d]
    • 35 extinct in the wild (EW)
    • 132 possibly extinct [CR(PE)]
    • 13 possibly extinct in the wild [CR(PEW)]

  1. ^ excludes data deficient evaluations.
  2. ^ NT, LR/cd, LC.
  3. ^ Threatened comprises CR, EN and VU. Upper estimate additionally includes DD.
  4. ^ Chart omits extinct (EX) species
Vulnerable (VU) species are considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.

For a species to be assessed as vulnerable to extinction the best available evidence must meet quantitative criteria set by the IUCN designed to reflect "a high risk of extinction in the wild". Endangered and Critically Endangered species also meet the quantitative criteria of Vulnerable species, and are listed separately. See: List of endangered plants, List of critically endangered plants. Vulnerable, Endangered, and Critically Endangered species are collectively referred to as threatened species by the IUCN.

Additionally 1674 plant species (7.6% of those evaluated) are listed as Data Deficient, meaning there is insufficient information for a full assessment of conservation status. As these species typically have small distributions and/or populations, they are intrinsically likely to be threatened, according to the IUCN.[2] While the category of Data Deficient indicates that no assessment of extinction risk has been made for the taxa, the IUCN notes that it may be appropriate to give them "the same degree of attention as threatened taxa, at least until their status can be assessed."[3]

This is a complete list of Vulnerable plant species, subspecies and varieties evaluated by the IUCN as of 2016.

AlgaeEdit

BryophytesEdit

There are 24 bryophyte species assessed as vulnerable.

MossesEdit

LiverwortsEdit

PteridophytesEdit

There are 83 species and one subspecies of pteridophyte assessed as vulnerable.

Leptosporangiate fernsEdit

There are 69 species in the class Polypodiopsida assessed as vulnerable.

PolypodialesEdit

There are 61 species in the order Polypodiales assessed as vulnerable.

DryopteridaceaeEdit
PolypodiaceaeEdit
AthyriaceaeEdit
ThelypteridaceaeEdit
Other Polypodiales speciesEdit

HymenophyllalesEdit

CyathealesEdit

SalvinialesEdit

IsoetopsidaEdit

LycopodiopsidaEdit

Clubmosses and firmosses

Species

Subspecies

GymnospermsEdit

There are 156 species, seven subspecies, and 34 varieties of gymnosperm assessed as vulnerable.

CycadsEdit

Species

Subspecies

ConifersEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

GnetopsidaEdit

DicotyledonsEdit

There are 4545 species, 230 subspecies, and 197 varieties of dicotyledon assessed as vulnerable.

PiperalesEdit

There are 24 species in the order Piperales assessed as vulnerable.

PiperaceaeEdit

ChloranthaceaeEdit

CampanulalesEdit

There are 51 species and two subspecies in Campanulales assessed as vulnerable.

CampanulaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

GoodeniaceaeEdit

AristolochialesEdit

ThealesEdit

There are 197 species, three subspecies, and nine varieties in Theales assessed as vulnerable.

DipterocarpaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

OchnaceaeEdit

Species

Varieties

TheaceaeEdit

Species

Varieties

ActinidiaceaeEdit

GuttiferaeEdit

Species

Varieties

Other Theales speciesEdit

LinalesEdit

MalvalesEdit

There are 114 species, 13 subspecies, and one variety in the order Malvales assessed as vulnerable.

MalvaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

SterculiaceaeEdit

BombacaceaeEdit

SarcolaenaceaeEdit

TiliaceaeEdit

ElaeocarpaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

GeranialesEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

LecythidalesEdit

Species

Subspecies

PolygalalesEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

SantalalesEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

ProtealesEdit

There are 26 species and one subspecies in the order Proteales assessed as vulnerable.

ProteaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

ElaeagnaceaeEdit

DipsacalesEdit

PlumbaginalesEdit

RubialesEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

ViolalesEdit

There are 86 species, one subspecies, and three varieties in Violales assessed as vulnerable.

FlacourtiaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

ViolaceaeEdit

Species

Varieties

LoasaceaeEdit

PassifloraceaeEdit

Other Violales speciesEdit

EuphorbialesEdit

There are 236 species, five subspecies, and 33 varieties in Euphorbiales assessed as vulnerable.

PeraceaeEdit

BuxaceaeEdit

EuphorbiaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

LauralesEdit

There are 136 species and three varieties in the order Laurales assessed as vulnerable.

MonimiaceaeEdit

HernandiaceaeEdit

LauraceaeEdit

Species

Varieties

CucurbitalesEdit

There are 49 species in the order Cucurbitales assessed as vulnerable.

BegoniaceaeEdit

CucurbitaceaeEdit

AnisophylleaceaeEdit

EbenalesEdit

There are 226 species, eight subspecies, and five varieties in Ebenales assessed as vulnerable.

SymplocaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

SapotaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

EbenaceaeEdit

StyracaceaeEdit

CelastralesEdit

There are 102 species, three subspecies, and ten varieties in the order Celastrales assessed as vulnerable.

IcacinaceaeEdit

HolliesEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

CelastraceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

DichapetalaceaeEdit

MyrtalesEdit

There are 357 species, 13 subspecies, and 11 varieties in the order Myrtales assessed as vulnerable.

MyrtaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

MelastomataceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

CombretaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

ThymelaeaceaeEdit

LythraceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

OnagraceaeEdit

Other Myrtales speciesEdit

SapindalesEdit

There are 345 species, ten subspecies, and 14 varieties in the order Sapindales assessed as vulnerable.

RutaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

MelianthaceaeEdit

AceraceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

SapindaceaeEdit

Species

Varieties

StaphyleaceaeEdit

AnacardiaceaeEdit

Species

Varieties

MeliaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

SimaroubaceaeEdit

BurseraceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

HippocastanaceaeEdit

AsteralesEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

MagnolialesEdit

There are 270 species, 55 subspecies, and 28 varieties in the order Magnoliales assessed as vulnerable.

CanellaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

WinteraceaeEdit

MagnoliaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

AnnonaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

MyristicaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

DegeneriaceaeEdit

CapparalesEdit

There are 41 species and five subspecies in Capparales assessed as vulnerable.

CapparaceaeEdit

MoringaceaeEdit

CruciferaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

ResedaceaeEdit

Subspecies

ApialesEdit

There are 108 species in the order Apiales assessed as vulnerable.

AraliaceaeEdit

UmbelliferaeEdit

GentianalesEdit

There are 108 species and one variety in the order Gentianales assessed as vulnerable.

ApocynaceaeEdit

LoganiaceaeEdit

Species

Varieties

AsclepiadaceaeEdit

GentianaceaeEdit

RosalesEdit

There are 118 species, 13 subspecies, and nine varieties in the order Rosales assessed as vulnerable.

ChrysobalanaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

ConnaraceaeEdit

Species

Varieties

BrunelliaceaeEdit

PittosporaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

CunoniaceaeEdit

Species

Varieties

RosaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

SaxifragaceaeEdit

CrassulaceaeEdit

Other RosalesEdit

Species

Subspecies

PrimulalesEdit

There are 50 species and one variety in Primulales assessed as vulnerable.

MyrsinaceaeEdit

TheophrastaceaeEdit

Species

Varieties

PrimulaceaeEdit

RhamnalesEdit

Species

Subspecies

UrticalesEdit

There are 46 species, five subspecies, and three varieties in Urticales assessed as vulnerable.

UrticaceaeEdit

Species

Varieties

UlmaceaeEdit

CecropiaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

MoraceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

CornalesEdit

Species

Varieties

SolanalesEdit

There are 33 species and two subspecies in the order Solanales assessed as vulnerable.

SolanaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

ConvolvulaceaeEdit

MenyanthaceaeEdit

ScrophularialesEdit

There are 220 species, 14 subspecies, and two varieties in the order Scrophulariales assessed as vulnerable.

GlobulariaceaeEdit

OleaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

BuddlejaceaeEdit

GesneriaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

BignoniaceaeEdit

AcanthaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

ScrophulariaceaeEdit

LentibulariaceaeEdit

LamialesEdit

There are 111 species, two subspecies, and four varieties in the order Lamiales assessed as vulnerable.

VerbenaceaeEdit

Species

Varieties

LabiataeEdit

Species

Subspecies

BoraginaceaeEdit

Species

Varieties

AvicenniaceaeEdit

JuglandalesEdit

NepenthalesEdit

There are 41 species in Nepenthales assessed as vulnerable.

NepenthaceaeEdit

DroseraceaeEdit

SarraceniaceaeEdit

HamamelidalesEdit

Species

Varieties

DillenialesEdit

RanunculalesEdit

There are 36 species, one subspecies, and one variety in the order Ranunculales assessed as vulnerable.

MeliosmaceaeEdit

BerberidaceaeEdit

MenispermaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

RanunculaceaeEdit

EricalesEdit

There are 17 species and one variety in the order Ericales assessed as vulnerable.

ClethraceaeEdit

EricaceaeEdit

Species

Varieties

PolygonalesEdit

Species

Varieties

PodostemalesEdit

FabalesEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

RhizophoralesEdit

CaryophyllalesEdit

There are 190 species, 12 subspecies, and one variety in the order Caryophyllales assessed as vulnerable.

CaryophyllaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

AmaranthaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

Varieties

NyctaginaceaeEdit

ChenopodiaceaeEdit

PortulacaceaeEdit

IllecebraceaeEdit

Cactus speciesEdit

AizoaceaeEdit

FagalesEdit

There are 45 species and one subspecies in the order Fagales assessed as vulnerable.

NothofagaceaeEdit

TicodendraceaeEdit

FagaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

BetulaceaeEdit

SalicalesEdit

Species

Subspecies

Other dicotyledon speciesEdit

MonocotyledonsEdit

There are 619 species, six subspecies, and four varieties of monocotyledon assessed as vulnerable.

TriuridalesEdit

ArecalesEdit

Species

Varieties

OrchidalesEdit

There are 114 species and three subspecies in Orchidales assessed as vulnerable.

OrchidaceaeEdit

Species

Subspecies

BurmanniaceaeEdit

CyclanthalesEdit

PandanalesEdit

BromelialesEdit

LilialesEdit

Species

Subspecies

AralesEdit

AraceaeEdit

ZingiberalesEdit

There are 42 species in the order Zingiberales assessed as vulnerable.

MarantaceaeEdit

HeliconiaceaeEdit

CostaceaeEdit

ZingiberaceaeEdit

EriocaulalesEdit

CommelinalesEdit

CyperalesEdit

There are 78 species and two varieties in Cyperales assessed as vulnerable.

GramineaeEdit

CyperaceaeEdit

Species

Varieties

AlismatalesEdit

NajadalesEdit

JuncalesEdit

HydrocharitalesEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Listed by IUCN as Kopsia singaporensis.
  2. ^ Listed by IUCN as Myrsine pearce.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "IUCN Red List version 2016-2". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  2. ^ "Limitations of the Data". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  3. ^ "2001 Categories & Criteria (version 3.1)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). Retrieved 11 January 2016.
  4. ^ Farjon, A. (2013). "Pinus torreyana subsp. insularis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2013: e.T34013A2840313. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T34013A2840313.en. Retrieved 27 September 2020.