Durio kutejensis, commonly known as durian pulu, durian merah, nyekak, Pakan,Kuluk, or lai, is a primary rainforest substorey fruit tree from Borneo. It is a very attractive small- to medium-sized tree up to 30 m tall. It has large, glossy leaves, numerous large, red flowers that emit a strong carrion smell at anthesis. This species is reportedly pollinated by giant honey bees and birds, as well as bats.[2] The large durian fruit it bears has thick, yellow flesh with a mild, sweet taste and creamy texture similar to that of Durio zibethinus. It bears fruit late in the season. It is cultivated in East Kalimantan and has been introduced to Queensland. In Brunei, the fruit of D. kutejensis is preferred by local consumers over that of D. zibethinus, though the latter is the only durian species available in the international market.[3] The fruit is also said to have fewer of the unpleasant flavors that D. zibethinus has.

Durio kutejensis
Durio kutejensis fruits
Durio kutejensis fruits
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Durio
Species:
D. kutejensis
Binomial name
Durio kutejensis

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). "Durio kutejensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T34568A9876029. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T34568A9876029.en.
  2. ^ Yumoto, T. (2000). "Bird-pollination of Three Durio Species (Bombacaceae) in a Tropical Rainforest in Sarawak, Malaysia" (PDF). American Journal of Botany. 87 (8): 1181–8. doi:10.2307/2656655. JSTOR 2656655. PMID 10948003.
  3. ^ Osman, M. B.; Mohamed, Z. A.; Idris, S.; Aman, R. (1995). "Tropical fruit production and genetic resources in Southeast Asia: Identifying the priority fruit species" (PDF). Expert Consultation on Tropical Fruit Species of Asia. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI). ISBN 978-92-9043-249-4.

Further readingEdit

Arung, Enos Tangke; Suwinarti, Wiwin; Hendra, Medi (January 2015). "Determination of Antioxidant and Anti-Melanogenesis Activities of Indonesian Lai, Durio kutejenesis [Bombacaceae (Hassak) Becc] Fruit Extract". Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 14 (1): 41–46. doi:10.4314/tjpr.v14i1.7.

Rudiyansyah; Garson, Mary J. (15 July 2006). "Secondary metabolites from the wood bark of Durio zibethinus and Durio kutejensis". Journal of Natural Products. 69 (8): 1218–1221. doi:10.1021/np050553t. PMID 16933881.