The Sarcolaenaceae are a family of flowering plants endemic to Madagascar. The family includes 79 species[2] of mostly evergreen trees and shrubs in ten genera.

Leptolaena multiflora.jpg
Leptolaena multiflora
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Sarcolaenaceae

Recent DNA studies indicate that the Sarcolaenaceae are a sibling taxon to the family Dipterocarpaceae of Africa, South America, India, Southeast Asia and Malesia.


  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-25. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
  2. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, retrieved 6 March 2017
  • M. Ducousso; G. Béna; C. Bourgeois; B. Buyck; G. Eyssartier; M. Vincelette; R. Rabevohitra; L. Randrihasipara; B. Dreyfus & Y. Prin (2004). "The last common ancestor of Sarcolaenaceae and Asian dipterocarp trees was ectomycorrhizal before the India-Madagascar separation, about 88 million years ago". Molecular Ecology. 13 (1): 231–236. doi:10.1046/j.1365-294X.2003.02032.x. PMID 14653803.

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