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The Primulaceae are a family of herbaceous and woody flowering plants with about 53 genera with 2790 species,[2] including some favorite garden plants and wildflowers, commonly known as the primrose family. Most Primulaceae are perennial though some species, such as scarlet pimpernel,[3] are annuals.[4] The family has been variously circumscribed, but it is now accepted in the broad sense including the former families Myrsinaceae and Theophrastaceae, because many genera traditionally placed in Primulaceae were found to belong to those other families and when united their circumscription remains intact.

Welsh Primrose.jpg
Primula vulgaris (primrose)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Primulaceae
Batsch ex Borkh.[1]


In the APG III system, Myrsinaceae and Theophrastaceae were not recognized, but were merged in an expanded Primulaceae, which in that system is circumscribed broadly.[1]


  1. ^ a b Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
  2. ^ Christenhusz, M. J. M.; Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
  3. ^ "Primulaceae". University of California, Davis. Archived from the original on 31 August 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2012.
  4. ^ "Primulaceae - Primrose Family". Retrieved 28 September 2012.

Källersjö, M., G. Bergqvist & A. A. Anderberg. 2000. Generic realignment in primuloid families of the Ericales s. l.: a phylogenetic analysis based on DNA sequences from three chloroplast genes and morphology. Amer. J. Bot. 87: 1325–1341.

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