Ardisia

Ardisia (coralberry or marlberry) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Primulaceae. It was in the former Myrsinaceae family now recognised as the myrsine sub-family Myrsinoideae.[1] They are distributed in the Americas, Asia, Australia, and the Pacific Islands, mainly in the tropics.[2][3] There are over 700 accepted species.[4] One species, Ardisia japonica is one of the 50 fundamental herbs in traditional Chinese medicine.

Ardisia
Ardisia crenata6.jpg
Ardisia crenata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Primulaceae
Subfamily: Myrsinoideae
Genus: Ardisia
Sw.
Type species
Ardisia tinifolia
Species

Over 700, see List of Ardisia species

Synonyms
  • Afrardisia Mez
  • Amatlania Lundell
  • Auriculardisia Lundell
  • Bladhia Thunb.
  • Chontalesia Lundell
  • Climacandra Miq.
  • Graphardisia (Mez) Lundell
  • Icacorea Aubl.
  • Niara Dennst. ex Kostel.
  • Oerstedianthus Lundell
  • Pimelandra A. DC.
  • Pyrgus Lour.
  • Stigmatococca Willd. ex Schult. & Schult. f.

These are trees, shrubs, and subshrubs. Most have alternately arranged leaves. Flowers are borne in many forms of inflorescence. The flowers have usually 4 or 5 green sepals and a bell-shaped corolla of usually 4 or 5 white or pink petals. The fruit is a somewhat fleshy drupe.[2][3] The defining characteristic of the genus is the small tube formed at the center of the flower by the stamens, which are joined at their bases.[5]

SpeciesEdit

Selected species include:[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 116 (105–121). doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
  2. ^ a b Ardisia. Flora of North America.
  3. ^ a b Ardisia. Flora of China.
  4. ^ a b "Ardisia Sw". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  5. ^ Pipoly, J. J. and J. M. Ricketson. (2005). New species and nomenclatural notes in Mesoamerican Ardisia (Myrsinaceae). Novon 15(1), 190-201.