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The Passifloraceae are a family of flowering plants, containing about 750 species classified in around 27 genera.[1]

Passifloraceae
Passion flower.jpg
Passiflora caerulea
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Passifloraceae
Juss. ex Roussel[1][2]
Subfamilies

Malesherbioideae
Passifloroideae
Turneroideae[1]

Synonyms

Malesherbiaceae D.Don, nom. cons. Modeccaceae Horan.
Paropsiaceae Dumort.
Turneraceae Kunth ex DC., nom. cons.[1]

They include trees, shrubs, lianas, and climbing plants, and are mostly found in tropical regions. The family takes its name from the passion flower genus (Passiflora) which includes the edible passion fruit (Passiflora edulis), as well as garden plants such as maypop and running pop.

Passiflora vines and Dryas iulia (among other heliconian butterflies) have demonstrated evidence of coevolution, in which the plants attempted to stop their destruction from larval feeding by the butterflies, while the butterflies tried to gain better survival for their eggs.[3]

The former Cronquist system of classification placed this family in the order Violales, but under more modern classifications systems such as that proposed by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group, this is absorbed into the Malpighiales.

Contents

GeneraEdit

Subfamily MalesherbioideaeEdit

Subfamily PassifloroideaeEdit

Tribe Paropsieae
Tribe Passifloreae

Subfamily TurneroideaeEdit

Excluded generaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Family: Passifloraceae Juss. ex Roussel, nom. cons". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-01-17. Retrieved 2012-01-10.
  2. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
  3. ^ Benson, WW; Brown, S Jr; Gilbert, LE (1975). "Coevolution of plants and herbivores". Evolution. 29: 659–680. doi:10.2307/2407076.
  4. ^ "GRIN Genera of Passifloraceae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2012-01-10.
  5. ^ "GRIN genera sometimes placed in Passifloraceae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2012-01-10.

External linksEdit