Iris nigricans

Iris nigricans is a flowering plant in the family Iridaceae. It is the national flower of Jordan.[1] The flowers are blackish-purple and 12–15 centimetres (4.7–5.9 in) in diameter, and the plants are 35 cm (14 in) tall with recurved leaves. It needs direct sun and sharp drainage.[2] It is endemic to Jordan and is an endangered species.

Iris nigricans
Iris nigricans-Jordanie (2).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Iris subg. Iris
Section: Iris sect. Oncocyclus
I. nigricans
Binomial name
Iris nigricans

There are 8 other irises native to Jordan, and most of these are also endangered. The black species are sometimes confused with Iris nigricans.[3]


  1. ^ "Wildlife and Vegetation". Government of Jordan. Retrieved 2015-05-10.
  2. ^[permanent dead link]
  3. ^