Hawthorne is a city in southwestern Los Angeles County, California, United States. The city at the 2010 census had a population of 84,293, up from 84,112 in 2000. In 2013, the population was 86,199.
|City of Hawthorne|
|Motto: "City of Good Neighbors"|
Location of Hawthorne in Los Angeles County, California.
|Incorporated||July 12, 1922|
|• Type||City council|
|• Interim City Manager||Arnold Shadbehr|
|• Total||6.09 sq mi (15.78 km2)|
|• Land||6.08 sq mi (15.76 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2) 0.18%|
|Elevation||72 ft (22 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||88,031|
|• Density||14,471.64/sq mi (5,587.45/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific Time Zone (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP codes||90250 and 90251|
|Area codes||310/424, 323|
|GNIS feature IDs||1652717, 2410720|
The city was founded in 1905 as the "Hawthorne Improvement Company" by B.L. Harding and H.D. Lombard. Harding's daughter shared her birthday—July 4, American Independence Day—with New England author Nathaniel Hawthorne, and a decision was made to name the city after him.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 6.1 square miles (16 km2), over 99% of it land.
To the north of Hawthorne is the unincorporated community of Lennox and the city of Inglewood. To the east is the unincorporated community of Athens and the city of Gardena. To the south is the unincorporated community of El Camino Village, and the cities of Lawndale and Redondo Beach. Manhattan Beach is at the southwest corner of Hawthorne. To the west is the city of El Segundo and the Los Angeles neighborhood of Westchester is to the northwest of Hawthorne. The unincorporated community of Del Aire is surrounded on three sides by the city of Hawthorne along western edge of Hawthorne.
The Century Freeway (Glenn Anderson Freeway, I-105) runs along the northern boundary of Hawthorne, with the LACMTA Green Line light rail line running down the center of the Century Freeway. The San Diego Freeway (I-405) runs along the western boundary of Hawthorne. Major east–west streets in Hawthorne include Rosecrans Ave., El Segundo Ave., and Imperial Highway. Major north–south street include Aviation Blvd., Inglewood Ave., Hawthorne Blvd., Prairie Ave., Crenshaw Blvd., and Van Ness Ave.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
Hawthorne, like the rest of the Los Angeles basin, is well known for its year-round Mediterranean climate:
- On average, the warmest month is August.
- The highest recorded temperature was 111 °F (44 °C) in 1961.
- On average, the coolest month is January.
- The lowest recorded temperature was 15 °F (−9 °C) in 1963.
- The maximum average precipitation occurs in February.
Hawthorne has a Mediterranean climate or dry-summer subtropical (Köppen climate classification Csb on the coast, Csa inland), enjoying plenty of sunshine throughout the year, with an average of 263 sunshine days and only 35 days with measurable precipitation annually.
The period of April through November is warm to hot and dry with average high temperatures of 71–79 °F (22–26 °C) and lows of 50–62 °F (10–17 °C). Due to the moderating effect of the ocean, temperatures are cooler than more inland areas of Los Angeles, where temperatures frequently exceed 90 °F (32 °C) and occasionally reach 100 °F (38 °C).
The Los Angeles area is also subject to the phenomena typical of a microclimate. As such, the temperatures can vary as much as 18 °F (10 °C) between inland areas and the coast, with a temperature gradient of over one degree per mile (1.6 km) from the coast inland. California has also a weather phenomenon called "June Gloom or May Grey", which sometimes brings overcast or foggy skies in the morning at the coast, but usually gives way to sunny skies by noon, during late spring and early summer.
The Los Angeles region averages 15 inches (385 mm) of precipitation annually, which mainly occurs during the winter and spring (November through April) with generally light rain showers, but sometimes as heavy rainfall and thunderstorms. On November 6, 1966 the first ever documented tornado touched down within city limits. It caused significant damage, ran for about one-half mile, from 132nd St. and Ramona Ave. to 140th St. and Ramona Ave. Snowfall is extremely rare but not impossible in the city basin.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Hawthorne had a population of 84,293. The population density was 13,835.7 people per square mile (5,342.0/km²). The racial makeup of Hawthorne was 27,678 (32.8%) White (10.3% Non-Hispanic White), 23,385 (27.7%) African American, 565 (0.7%) Native American, 5,642 (6.7%) Asian, 974 (1.2%) Pacific Islander, 22,127 (26.3%) from other races, and 3,922 (4.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 44,572 persons (52.9%).
The Census reported that 83,754 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 208 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 331 (0.4%) were institutionalized.
There were 28,486 households, out of which 12,330 (43.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 10,833 (38.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,369 (22.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,357 (8.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,309 (8.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 191 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. Of the households, 7,125 (25.0%) were made up of individuals and 1,430 (5.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94. There were 19,559 families (68.7% of all households); the average family size was 3.54.
The population was spread out with 23,157 people (27.5%) under the age of 18, 9,487 people (11.3%) aged 18 to 24, 27,035 people (32.1%) aged 25 to 44, 18,395 people (21.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 6,219 people (7.4%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.5 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.
There were 29,869 housing units at an average density of 4,902.7 per square mile (1,892.9/km²), of which 7,623 (26.8%) were owner-occupied, and 20,863 (73.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.5%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.6%. 25,869 people (30.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 57,885 people (68.7%) lived in rental housing units.
During 2009–2013, Hawthorne had a median household income of $44,649, with 19.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of the census of 2000, there were 84,112 people, 28,536 households, and 19,775 families residing in the city. The population density was 13,879.4 inhabitants per square mile (5,359.0/km²). There were 29,629 housing units at an average density of 4,889.1 per square mile (1,887.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 29.27% White, 39.02% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 7.73% Asian, 0.86% Pacific Islander, 24.16% from other races, and 5.22% from two or more races. 44.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 28,536 households, out of which 43.7% included children under the age of 18, 38.6% were married couples living together, 23.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. Of all households 24.5% were made up of individuals and 4.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.50.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 31.7% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 6.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,887, and the median income for a family was $35,149. Males had a median income of $29,481 versus $27,427 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,022. About 18.4% of families and 20.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.6% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.
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The following businesses are located in Hawthorne:
- Century Media Records, independent rock label
- Hawthorne Plaza, shopping center
- OSI Systems, electronics manufacturer
- SpaceX has its headquarters at the Hawthorne Municipal Airport.
- Tesla Motors has its design center at the Hawthorne Municipal Airport.
- Northrop Corporation, founded in 1939 and headquartered in Hawthorne, became a major manufacturer of aircraft during World War II, as well as a major subcontractor to other aircraft companies. Jack Northrop developed his famous flying wings, which ultimately led to the B-2 stealth bomber. Northrop also produced the P-61 Black Widow fighter in its Hawthorne plant, which was on the south side of Northrop Field (present-day Hawthorne Airport). The facility is still in use as an aircraft plant, producing fuselage sections for Boeing 747s and 787s.
- Mattel (formerly), toy manufacturer; originally started in Hawthorne in 1945 and moved to their current facility in El Segundo, California by 1991.
According to the city’s most recent[when?] "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report," its various funds had $126.1 million in revenues, $113.2 million in expenditures, $220.2 million in total assets, $152.7 million in total liabilities, and $29.6 million in cash and investments. The structure of the management and coordination of city services is: The interim city manager is Arnold Shadbehr.
State and federal representationEdit
Primary and secondary schoolsEdit
- Hawthorne High School
- Leuzinger High School (Lawndale, California)
- Lawndale High School (Lawndale, California)
- Juan Cabrillo Elementary School (Kindergarten-2nd grade)
- Peter Burnett Elementary School (3rd-5th grade)
- Richard Henry Dana Middle School (6th-8th grade)
- Franklin D. Roosevelt-Kit Carson Elementary School (Alondra Park)
- Will Rogers Middle School (Lawndale)
- Cimarron Elementary School (Hawthorne)
- Clay Middle School (Unincorporated area)
- Washington Preparatory High School (Unincorporated area)
- Saint Joseph's Parish School (Catholic)
- Trinity Lutheran School
In addition Los Angeles County Office of Education operates Southwest Day (5th-12th grade).
Colleges and universitiesEdit
The Hawthorne Press Tribune is the community newspaper for the City of Hawthorne.
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- Carl Boenish, base jumper
- NFL players Curtis Conway, Jason Simmons, and Dennis Northcutt have all resided in Hawthorne.
- Fred Dryer, defensive end in the NFL, actor and producer, was born in Hawthorne in 1946
- Domo Genesis of OFWGKTA was born in Hawthorne.
- NEA chairman Dana Gioia was born and reared in Hawthorne.
- Jazz critic and music historian Ted Gioia was born and raised in Hawthorne and graduated from Hawthorne High.
- Beatle George Harrison's second wife, Olivia Harrison (née Olivia Trinidad Arias), graduated from Hawthorne High School, class of 1965.
- Tracy Jones, former Major League Baseball player, and 700 WLW radio host was born in Hawthorne.
- Rapper Kurupt lived in Hawthorne after moving from Philadelphia.
- Michael Marsh, Olympic gold medalist, attended Hawthorne High
- Mike McDermott, former member of the Maryland House of Delegates was born in Hawthorne.
- Jeff and Steve McDonald of the band Redd Kross were raised in Hawthorne.
- Actress Marilyn Monroe lived in the city from infancy until she was 6.
- Singer Chris Montez grew up in Hawthorne.
- Jack Northrop, founded and managed Northrop Corporation, which was headquartered in Hawthorne. (see Economy section above)
- Actor Butch Patrick of TV's The Munsters also lived in Hawthorne for a short time.
- Musician Emitt Rhodes, lives in Hawthorne.
- Major League Baseball pitcher (New York Mets and Houston Astros) and Cy Young Award winner Mike Scott grew up in Hawthorne and graduated from Hawthorne High School in 1973.
- Film and stage actress Betta St. John was born in Hawthorne.
- Sports figure Jim Thorpe resided in Hawthorne during part of his life, and there is a park named after him.
- Tyler, The Creator of OFWGKTA was born in Hawthorne and lived there during his childhood.
- Russell Westbrook of the Oklahoma City Thunder grew up in Hawthorne.
- Brian, Carl and Dennis Wilson and David Marks of the Beach Boys grew up in Hawthorne – the Wilsons' childhood home is commemorated by the Beach Boys Historic Landmark.
- Dorell Wright of the Portland Trail Blazers grew up in Hawthorne.
- Gyasi Zardes of the Los Angeles Galaxy grew up in Hawthorne.
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