Area codes 213 and 323

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Area codes 213 and 323 are telephone area codes in the North American Numbering Plan (NANP) for the state of California. They are assigned to a numbering plan area (NPA) that comprises, roughly, the area of central Los Angeles, and includes several gateway cities of the region, such as Bell and Huntington Park. The area codes designated separate NPAs since 1998, but were combined in an overlay plan into a single NPA in 2017. Previously, just downtown Los Angeles and immediately adjoining neighborhoods were served by area code 213, and the rest of central Los Angeles used area 323. Area code 213 is one of the original area codes created with the NANP in 1947, and was split five times over the decades.

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Map of California numbering plan areas (blue) and border states. Area codes 213 and 323 are shown in red.

HistoryEdit

In 1947, when the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) devised the initial form of the North American Numbering Plan, the state of California was divided into three numbering plan areas: 213, 415, and 916, for the southern, central, and northern parts of the state, respectively. The area served by 213 extended from Mexican border to the Central Coast. In 1950, the boundary between 213 and 415 was realigned toward the north, requiring the southern portion of the Central Valley, including Bakersfield, to change from area code 415 to 213.

As a result of southern California's rapid expansion of telephone service during the second half of the 20th century, area code 213 was split five times in the period from 1951 to 1998. In the 21st century area code overlays have become more practical.

1951–1998: Area code splitsEdit

The first split became necessary in 1951, when most of the southern and eastern portion, including San Diego and most of Orange County, was assigned area code 714. In 1957, 213 was restricted to Los Angeles County, with most of the northern and western portions receiving area code 805. This configuration was stable for almost three decades, until 1984, when the San Fernando Valley and the San Gabriel Valley received area code 818, thus making Los Angeles one of the first major cities in the US to be split into two numbering plan areas—New York City experienced this later in the same year. In 1991, West Los Angeles and the South Bay were assigned area code 310.[1]

In 1998, the Los Angeles NPA was divided once more, to create area code 323.[2] Area code 213 was kept by Los Angeles exchanges 1 (Downtown/Echo Park), 7 (South Park/Exposition Park) and 10 (Westlake/Koreatown), while exchanges 2 (Silverlake/Los Feliz), 3 (Eagle Rock/Highland Park), 4 (El Sereno/Lincoln Heights), 5 (Boyle Heights/East Los Angeles), 6 (Watts/Vernon/South Gate), 8 (South Los Angeles), 9 (Hyde Park/Athens), 11 (West Adams/Jefferson Park), 12 (Leimert Park/Baldwin Hills), 13 (Hancock Park/Fairfax District) and 14 (Hollywood/Hollywood Hills) switched to area code 323. This split made 213 one of the geographically smallest numbering plan areas in the nation, covering only Downtown Los Angeles and its immediately adjoining neighborhoods, such as Chinatown. Completely surrounding 213, 323 included most of the remainder of central Los Angeles, including Hollywood, as well as several neighboring cities, including Bell, Huntington Park and Montebello.[3]

Since 2017: Overlay codesEdit

Despite Southern California's continued growth and the proliferation of cell phones and pagers, 213 was not projected to exhaust until 2050. In contrast, 323 was projected to exhaust in 2017.[3] Since 213 still had an abundance of numbers available, the California Public Utilities Commission approved a plan that erased the boundaries between both area codes, converting the area to an overlay plan for all of central Los Angeles. Since this change went into full effect on July 8, 2017, telephone companies have been able to assign any available 213 numbers in the former 323 area and vice versa, and customers with 213 or 323 phone numbers have been required to dial the area code for all calls within the area.[4][5] This change returned 213 to some areas that had used it for more than half a century prior to 1998.[2]

In popular cultureEdit

An American hip-hop supergroup from Long Beach, California consisting of Snoop Dogg, Warren G, and Nate Dogg was called 213, based on the area code.

Area code 213 is referenced in Warren G and Nate Dogg's song "Regulate", Dr. Dre's "Still D.R.E.", Snoop Dogg's "Imagine", the Electric Six song "I'm the Bomb", LL Cool J's song "Going Back to Cali", Whitney Houston's song "It's Not Right but It's Okay", Transplants song "Diamonds and Guns", and Eminem's "Shake That". It is also referenced in "Area Codes" by Ludacris featuring Nate Dogg.

Area code 323 is referenced in the Hollywood Undead song "California" off of their debut album Swan Songs.

The Los Angeles Clippers mascot, Chuck the Condor, has the jersey number 213.[6] The 2019-2020 Clippers' two most prominent players wore jersey numbers that combined to read '213'. The 2019-2020 Lakers' two most prominent players wore jersey numbers that combined to read '323'.

Service areaEdit

Cities and communities in the overlay complex include:[2][7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ NANPA, Bellcore Information Letter IL-90/08-055
  2. ^ a b c Prosper, Terry (July 14, 2016). "CPUC Provides For More Phone Numbers in 323 Area Code" (PDF). California Public Utilities Commission website. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "323 Area Code". California Public Utilities Commission website. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  4. ^ Nanpa.com
  5. ^ http://docs.cpuc.ca.gov/PublishedDocs/Efile/G000/M156/K071/156071980.PDF
  6. ^ LA Clippers Introduce New MascottXX Chuck
  7. ^ "323 Area Code Background". California Public Utilities Commission website. Retrieved August 24, 2017.

External linksEdit

California area codes: 209, 213/323, 279/916, 310/424, 341/510, 408/669, 415/628, 442/760, 530, 559, 562, 619/858, 626, 650, 657/714, 661, 707, 747/818, 805/820, 831, 840/909, 925, 949, 951
North: 747/818, 626
West: 310/424 213/323 East: 626
South: 310/424, 562