Commerce is a city located in southeast Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population was 12,823 at the 2010 census, up from 12,568 at the 2000 census. It is bordered by Vernon on the west, Los Angeles on the northwest, East Los Angeles on the north, Montebello on the east, Downey and Bell Gardens on the south, and Maywood on the southwest. The Los Angeles River forms part of its southwestern boundary, and the Rio Hondo separates it from Downey. Commerce is served by the Long Beach and Santa Ana freeways, as well as the Metrolink commuter rail service at the Commerce station. It is usually referred to as the "City of Commerce" to distinguish it from the common noun.
|City of Commerce|
Images, from top, left to right: Citadel Outlets, Rosewood Park and Aquatorium, Commerce Casino, Civic Center
|Motto(s): "The Model City"|
Location of Commerce in Los Angeles County, California.
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||January 28, 1960|
|• Mayor||Oralia Rebollo|
|• City council||John Soria
|• Total||6.54 sq mi (16.94 km2)|
|• Land||6.54 sq mi (16.93 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2) 0.02%|
|Elevation||141 ft (43 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||12,973|
|• Density||1,984.25/sq mi (766.12/km2)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|ZIP Codes||90022, 90023, 90040, 90091|
|GNIS feature IDs||1660503, 2410209|
In the 19th century, the area was part of Antonio Maria Lugo's Rancho San Antonio. Its conversion to an industrial area began in 1887, when the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway built its main line through the area. The ranch remained intact until Arcadia Bandini de Stearns Baker, reputedly once the wealthiest woman in Los Angeles, sold some of it around the turn of the 20th century. The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and Los Angeles and Salt Lake Railroad (later the Union Pacific) both were built through what would become the community, as was the Pacific Electric Railway's Whittier Line. By the 1920s, factories had arrived. In the late 1940s, industrial leaders banded together with residents in the communities of Bandini, Rosewood, and Laguna to encourage commerce. They changed the name to match that goal.
The city was incorporated in 1960 to prevent neighboring cities such as Vernon and Los Angeles from annexing industrial land for tax revenue and elected its first city mayor, Maurice Quigley. In the 1970s and 1980s, Commerce successfully negotiated the turbulent period of deindustrialization that hammered nearby cities such as South Gate and Norwalk, maintaining much of its manufacturing and goods-distribution base and successfully converting former industrial land to lucrative commercial uses. The most notable example of this phenomenon is the Citadel outlet mall, which occupies the site of a former tire factory. The owner of the Citadel, Steve Craig, hosts an annual Clean Up Commerce Day and enlists other businesses to work with the city and volunteers in beautifying a specific area of the city. With a major rail yard within its borders, Commerce has also benefited greatly from the huge expansion in international trade traffic through the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, albeit at the expense of severe air pollution caused by truck congestion on the Long Beach Freeway.
Chrysler had an assembly plant in Commerce from 1930 through July 1971 located at 5800 S. Eastern Avenue and Slauson Avenue, called Los Angeles (Maywood) Assembly. It was closed at the end of the 1971 model year, as Chrysler decided to triple-stack its transport trains for the 1972 model year; its Los Angeles facility couldn't accommodate this change.
Commerce has become the water polo capital of the world. It boasts a large aquatic center, Commerce Aquatics that has trained a number of successful water polo players, including four-time Olympic medallist Brenda Villa.
Commerce is also the site of Williams Ranch, on which is the swimming hole that the Sleepy Lagoon Murder of Jose Diaz took place in 1942. The Sleepy Lagoon swimming hole was located near Slauson and Eastern Ave.
Commerce is located at (34.000613, -118.154781).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.5 square miles (17 km2), over 99% of it land.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Commerce had a population of 12,823. The population density was 1,961.4 people per square mile (757.3/km²). The racial makeup of Commerce was 6,930 (54.0%) White (3.1% Non-Hispanic White), 96 (0.7%) African American, 161 (1.3%) Native American, 140 (1.1%) Asian, 9 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 4,886 (38.1%) from other races, and 601 (4.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12,114 persons (94.5%).
The Census reported that 12,753 people (99.5% of the population) lived in households, 2 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 68 (0.5%) were institutionalized.
There were 3,382 households, out of which 1,751 (51.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,693 (50.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 708 (20.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 308 (9.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 248 (7.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 23 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 559 households (16.5%) were made up of individuals and 326 (9.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.77. There were 2,709 families (80.1% of all households); the average family size was 4.17.
The population was spread out with 3,824 people (29.8%) under the age of 18, 1,458 people (11.4%) aged 18 to 24, 3,581 people (27.9%) aged 25 to 44, 2,590 people (20.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,370 people (10.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31.2 years. For every 100 females there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.
There were 3,470 housing units at an average density of 530.8 per square mile (204.9/km²), of which 1,619 (47.9%) were owner-occupied, and 1,763 (52.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.0%; the rental vacancy rate was 1.8%. 6,631 people (51.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 6,122 people (47.7%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010 United States Census, Commerce had a median household income of $48,729, with 16.5% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of the census of 2000, there were 12,568 people, 3,284 households, and 2,686 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,913.6 inhabitants per square mile (738.6/km²). There were 3,377 housing units at an average density of 514.2 per square mile (198.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 44.8% White, 0.8% Black or African American, 1.6% Native American, 1.08% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 46.9% from other races, and 4.8% from two or more races. 93.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 3,284 households out of which 47.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 19.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.2% were non-families. 15.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.80 and the average family size was 4.17.
In the city, the population was spread out with 33.8% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,040, and the median income for a family was $36,572. Males had a median income of $27,738 versus $22,857 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,117. About 15.4% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.
- East Los Angeles, California, 96.7%
- Maywood, California, 96.4%
- Walnut Park, California, 95.4%
- Huntington Park, California, 95.1%
- Boyle Heights, Los Angeles, 94.0%
- Cudahy, California, 93.8%
- Bell Gardens, California, 93.7%
- Commerce, California 93.4%
- Vernon, California, 92.6%
- South Gate, California, 92.1%
-  "Latino," Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
According to the City's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|2||County of Los Angeles||910|
|4||Smart & Final||769|
|6||American International Industries||592|
|7||99 Cents Only Stores||549|
|11||Valassis Direct Mail||350|
|13||City of Commerce||315|
Government and infrastructureEdit
Commerce residents have many civic services funded from taxes on the local card club, the Commerce Casino, which accounts for 46% ($19.5 Million for budget year 2005/06) of Commerce's tax revenues, and the Citadel. This includes four libraries, a senior center, a teen center, an aquatics center, city-owned camp located in the San Bernardino National Forest An indoor 20 lane 50-foot marksmanship range is also available for firearms training and contract use (marksmanship range was shut down in 2010. Commerce is also one of the few cities in California that provides its residents with free bus service. Commerce operates five bus lines within the city, two routes running Sundays only, and one express bus between The Citadel shopping center and Downtown Los Angeles running seven days a week.
Fire protection in Commerce is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department, which has its headquarters in Commerce. The LACFD operates Station #22 at 928 South Gerhart Avenue, Station #27, the battalion headquarters, at 6031 Rickenbacker Road, and Station #50 at 2327 South Saybrook Avenue, all in Commerce, as a part of Battalion 3. Ambulance transport is provided by Care Ambulance Service.
Montebello Unified School DistrictEdit
Elementary schools that serve Commerce include:
Intermediate schools that serve Commerce include:
- Bell Gardens Intermediate School (Bell Gardens)
- Suva Intermediate School (Bell Gardens)
- La Merced Intermediate School (Montebello)
- Rosewood Park School (Commerce)
High schools that serve Commerce include:
- Bell Gardens High School (Bell Gardens)
- Montebello High School (Montebello)
- Schurr High School (Montebello)
Los Angeles Unified School DistrictEdit
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- "Mayor & City Council". City of Commerce. Retrieved February 3, 2015.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 19, 2017.
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- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
- Simkovich, Don (November 23, 2014). So Cal Entrepreneurs: Steve Craig, Outlet Mall Developer. Globe Trot Comm. p. 13.
- Chrysler Commerce Assembly
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
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- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- City of Commerce, California Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, for the Year ended June 30, 2010 Retrieved 2010-09-24
- Home page Archived September 9, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Kimlan Foods USA. Retrieved on November 9, 2012. "3330 S. Garfield Ave • Building 102 • Unit A Commerce • CA 90040"
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
- "California's 40th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- Elmahrek, Adam (September 7, 2016). "Mountain resorts, rent subsidies and saunas: The benefits of living in a city plagued by scandal". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 21 September 2016.
- "Transportation". City of Commerce. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
- "City of Commerce Municipal Bus Lines Citadel Outlets Express". City of Commerce. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
- "Whittier Health Center Archived May 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - COMMERCE." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Fire Reports." Los Angeles County Fire Department. Retrieved on March 12, 2010.
- "Hometown Fire Stations Archived September 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.." Los Angeles County Fire Department. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Planning Areas." City of Commerce. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "East Los Angeles Station Archived January 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
- "District Map." Montebello Unified School District. Retrieved on January 3, 2017.