Area codes 510 and 341
Area code 510 is a California telephone area code serving most of the East Bay. It split off from area code 415 on September 2, 1991. It covers most of Alameda County (including the city of Oakland but excluding Dublin, Livermore, Pleasanton, and Sunol), and western Contra Costa County.
Area code 341 is an overlay plan code for the region covered by 510, and serves as California's 35th area code with availability of central office code assignments starting in July 2019 throughout the existing number plan area 510. Area code 925 was created on March 14, 1998 from the eastern, inland portion of what was then 510's territory; the East Bay Hills serve as the rough dividing line between 510/341 and 925.
Cities in the numbering plan areaEdit
Contra Costa CountyEdit
Introduction of 341Edit
By 2016, the California Public Utilities Commission (CUPC) projected that NPA 510 would exhaust its numbering pool by the second quarter of 2019. In response, the commission held meetings in Berkeley, Oakland and Hayward in January and February 2017 to discuss area code relief for 510. The North American Numbering Plan Administrator (NANPA) proposed in May 2017 that CPUC relieve 510 by introducing the overlay area code 341 for the entire territory. NANPA had previously assigned 341 as the relief area code for 510 in 1999, but nationwide number pooling procedures eliminated the need at that time. The NANPA retained 341 for the then-future relief of 510. CPUC accepted the NANPA proposal in a decision on June 21, 2018. Once the 341 overlay on 510 takes full effect in July 2019, customers in the 510 area can be assigned telephone numbers in either 510 or 341, and will be required to dial the area code for all local calls.
Prior usage of 510 for TWXEdit
In the United States, AT&T originally used NPA 510 for the TWX (TeletypeWriter eXchange) network. Western Union acquired the TWX network in 1969 and renamed it Telex II. By the 1970s, three TWX codes had been added (710 in the Northeast, 810 in Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama; and 910 west of the Mississippi). Each major city had one or more local exchange prefixes. Western Union upgraded the network to "4-row" ASCII operation (it previously used both "3-row" Baudot and ASCII transmission) and decommissioned the special TWX area codes in 1981.
- Prosper, Terrie (June 21, 2018). "CPUC Provides More Numbers in 510 Area Code Region" (PDF) (Press release). California Public Utilities Commission. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- California Public Utilities Commission (June 21, 2018). "Decision Granting Request for an All-Service Area Code Overlay in the 510 Numbering Plan Area" (PDF). Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- North American Numbering Plan Administrator (May 19, 2017). "Application of the North American Numbering Plan Administrator, On Behalf of the California Telecommunications Industry, For Relief of the 510 Numbering Plan Area" (PDF). Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- Avalos, George (June 21, 2018). "341 is the East Bay's new telephone area code, joining 510, 925". The Mercury News. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- NANPA planning letter PL-518 for area code 341 overlay
- Traffic Routing Guide, sec. 15-16, AT&T, 1975