El Segundo, California
El Segundo is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. El Segundo, from Spanish, means "The Second". Located on the Santa Monica Bay, it was incorporated on January 18, 1917, and part of the South Bay Cities Council of Governments. The population was 16,654 at the 2010 census, slightly up from 16,033 at the 2000 census.
El Segundo, California
|City of El Segundo|
Location of El Segundo in Los Angeles County, California
|Incorporated||January 18, 1917|
|• City council||Mayor Drew Boyles |
Mayor Pro Tem Carol Pirsztuk
|• City clerk||Tracy Sherrill Weaver|
|• City treasurer||Crista Binder|
|• Total||5.46 sq mi (14.15 km2)|
|• Land||5.46 sq mi (14.15 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2) 0.03%|
|Elevation||115 ft (35 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||3,092.26/sq mi (1,193.92/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1660605, 2410417|
The El Segundo and Los Angeles coastal area was first settled by the Tongva (or Gabrieleños) Native American tribes thousands of years ago. The area was once a part of Rancho Sausal Redondo ("Round Willow Patch Ranch"). Rancho Sausal Redondo extended from Playa Del Rey in the North to Redondo Beach in the South. Originally a Mexican land grant owned by Antonio Ygnacio Avila, the rancho was later purchased by a Scottish baronet named Sir Robert Burnett. After his return to Scotland, the property was purchased by then current manager of the rancho, Daniel Freeman. Daniel Freeman sold portions of the rancho to several persons. George H. Peck owned the 840 acres (3.4 km2) of land the Chevron Refinery now sits on. Peck also developed land in neighboring El Porto where a street still bears his name. The city earned its name ("the second" in Spanish) as it was the site of the second Standard Oil refinery on the West Coast (the first was at Richmond in Northern California), when Standard Oil of California purchased the 840 acres (3.4 km2) of farm land in 1911.
The Douglas Aircraft Company plant in El Segundo was one of the major aircraft manufacturing facilities in California during World War II. It was one of the major producers of SBD Dauntless dive bombers, which achieved fame in the Battle of Midway. The facility, now operated by Northrop Grumman, is still an aircraft plant.
El Segundo is located at (33.921313, −118.406233).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14 km2), over 99% of which is land.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
The 2010 United States Census reported that El Segundo had a population of 16,654. The population density was 3,047.9 people per square mile (1,176.8/km²). The racial makeup of El Segundo was 12,997 (78.0%) White (69.1% Non-Hispanic White), 337 (2.0%) African American, 68 (0.4%) Native American, 1,458 (8.8%) Asian, 38 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 799 (4.8%) from other races, and 957 (5.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2,609 persons (15.7%).
The Census reported that 16,578 people (99.5% of the population) lived in households, 66 (0.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 10 (0.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 7,085 households, out of which 2,183 (30.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 3,050 (43.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 729 (10.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 326 (4.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 369 (5.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships. 2,254 households (31.8%) were made up of individuals and 570 (8.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34. There were 4,105 families (57.9% of all households); the average family size was 3.02.
The population was spread out with 3,719 people (22.3%) under the age of 18, 1,120 people (6.7%) aged 18 to 24, 5,182 people (31.1%) aged 25 to 44, 4,955 people (29.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,678 people (10.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.8 males.
There were 7,410 housing units at an average density of 1,356.1 per square mile (523.6/km²), of which 3,034 (42.8%) were owner-occupied, and 4,051 (57.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.4%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.1%. 8,177 people (49.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 8,401 people (50.4%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010 United States Census, El Segundo had a median household income of $84,341, with 4.8% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of the 2000 Census, the population density was 2,894.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,117.4/km²). There were 7,261 housing units at an average density of 1,310.9 per square mile (506.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.61% White, 1.17% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 6.41% Asian, 0.29% Pacific Islander, 3.51% from other races, and 4.55% from two or more races. 11.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 7,060 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.5% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.6% were non-families. Of all households 34.3% were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 38.7% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $61,341, and the median income for a family was $74,007. Males had a median income of $52,486 versus $41,682 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,996. About 3.1% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.
The name was adopted in 1911 when Chevron built its second refinery, El Segundo, which is Spanish for "The Second". This refinery is controversial for receiving significant quantities of their crude oil from the Amazon region of South America - more than 5,000 barrels per day. In 1928 William Mines, an immigrant from Canada, leased land for a flying field. In 1930 Los Angeles Municipal Airport, later Los Angeles International Airport, opened north of El Segundo; its presence led to the concentration of aerospace and aviation-related firms in the El Segundo area.
Many large aerospace companies have facilities in El Segundo, including Boeing, Raytheon, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, Wyle Laboratories, The Aerospace Corporation, and Aerojet Rocketdyne Holdings. The last two are headquartered there. It is also home to the Los Angeles Air Force Base and the Space and Missile Systems Center (SMC), which is responsible for space-related acquisition for the military. In addition to the Chevron oil refinery, El Segundo is located next to the Hyperion sewage treatment plant and the El Segundo power plant. The El Segundo power plant is operated by the American energy company NRG. In an effort to combine sustainable and environmentally-friendly techniques with fossil power generation, NRG will create a new combined cycle power island, providing power for 240,000 households. The new power plant, slated to go online in 2013, will use two generators: a Siemens gas turbine and an additional steam turbine. Natural gas will drive the gas turbine, while the hot exhaust gases will generate steam for the steam turbine. The efficiency of the power plant will be increased up to 58%. A huge environmental advantage of this type of power plant is that in combustion, natural gas generates relatively little carbon dioxide compared to other fossil fuels.
The current Boeing factory, the Boeing Satellite Development Center, was originally built by Nash Motors in 1946 and opened in 1948. In 1955, Hughes Aircraft Company purchased the 500,000 sq-ft building; it was converted to build missiles and also served as a test facility.
Toy manufacturer Mattel, AT&T Entertainment Hub (formerly DirecTV) direct technology marketing company PCM, Inc., and A-Mark Precious Metals are headquartered there, as well as sporting goods retailer Big 5 Sporting Goods and Stamps.com. Database company Teradata has a R&D facility in El Segundo as well.
According to the city's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of employees|
|1||Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems||5,037|
|2||The Aerospace Corporation||3,500|
Subsidiaries of companiesEdit
Due to its proximity to Los Angeles International Airport, El Segundo became the host of several offices of airlines. In 1979 the United Airlines Reservation Center, a two story, $4.5 million, 55,000-square-foot (5,100 m2) facility in the International Center, was scheduled to begin construction. Austin Co., a firm in Irvine, California, was to build the facility, which was scheduled for opening in May of that year. Japan Airlines operates its United States headquarters, which was moved from New York City to El Segundo in around 2003. at Suite 620 of 300 Continental Boulevard; Cathay Pacific has an office in El Segundo. The airline moved its North America headquarters to Greater Los Angeles in 1990, and the headquarters were situated in El Segundo until 2005.
Air China operates its North American headquarters in the 13,000-square-foot (1,200 m2) 2131 East Maple Avenue building, south of Los Angeles International Airport, in El Segundo. Its current North American headquarters opened with a ribbon cutting ceremony and other festivities on Friday March 26, 2010. The call center reservations, marketing, and sales employees all moved into the building. The building includes a call center with space for 50 employees; when the building opened, half of the spaces had been filled.
Air New Zealand operates its United States headquarters in El Segundo. Other airlines with offices in El Segundo include Turkish Airlines, Thai Airways, Air Tahiti Nui, Aeroméxico, China Airlines Emirates, EVA Air, and Singapore Airlines.
Parks and recreationEdit
El Segundo has its own beach, as well as three public pools, including two outdoor pools open only during the summer months. The El Segundo Parks and Rec staff are the basis for the hit NBC program Parks and Recreation. El Segundo has two full-sized turf fields named Campus El Segundo Athletic Fields which are open to the public.
According to the city's most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, its various funds had $99.0 million in revenues, $91.0 million in expenditures, $206.5 million in total assets, $33.6 million in total liabilities, and $50.4 million in cash and investments.
Management of the city and coordination of city services are provided by:
|City Manager||Greg Carpenter|
|Chief of Police||Bill Whalen|
|Fire Chief||Chris Donovan|
|Director of Finance||Joe Lillio|
|Director of Library Services||Melissa McCollum|
|Director of Recreation & Parks||Meredith Petit|
|Director of Public Works||Ken Berkman|
|Director of Planning & Building Safety||Sam Lee|
County and federal servicesEdit
State and federal representationEdit
The El Segundo Unified School District serves the residential district of El Segundo, west of Pacific Coast Highway. The school district was listed as one of the state's 29 academic outperformers by Standards and Poor's in 2005.
Eastern El Segundo is part of the tax base for the Wiseburn School District and the Centinela Valley Union High School District (CVUHSD). There are no residential areas in the eastern part of the city. This portion of the city includes corporate operations providing significant tax revenue to the districts.
Vistamar School is a private school in El Segundo.
Originally all of the city was located in the Wiseburn School District, which opened in 1896. When the Inglewood Union High School District, now known as the CVHUSD, opened in 1905, its territory included the Wiseburn district. In 1912 the El Segundo School District opened, taking territory from the Wiseburn School District. The territory of the El Segundo district continued to be in the Inglewood Union District. On November 22, 1925 the El Segundo High School District was formed and El Segundo withdrew from the Inglewood Union district.
The El Segundo Herald is the community newspaper for El Segundo. It was established in 1911, six years before the City was incorporated. It had its 100-year anniversary of service to the community in 2011.
State Route 1 passes through the city as Pacific Coast Highway, while Interstate 105 begins its journey at Sepulveda Boulevard (the continuation of State Route 1 north of El Segundo city limits) just outside the northern city limits of El Segundo and heads east to Norwalk.
Amtrak's El Segundo Bus Stop (ESG) is located at the Los Angeles County Metro Green Line Douglas Station and is serviced by Thruway Motorcoach. The stop is on Amtrak's 1c bus route that runs four times a day between Amtrak's Torrance Bus Stop (Alpine Village) and the Bakersfield Amtrak Station where passengers transfer to and from trains on Amtrak's San Joaquin route; passengers can also connect with Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner route at the Van Nuys Amtrak Station.
Los Angeles International Airport is located immediately to the north of El Segundo. In 2014, an air quality study found harmful ultrafine particles from the takeoffs and landings at Los Angeles International Airport to be of much greater magnitude than previously thought.
In popular cultureEdit
- The movie Dude, Where's My Car? was filmed in El Segundo, in front of the ice cream parlor formerly known as Scoops.
- The El Segundo Parks and Rec staff are the basis for the hit NBC program Parks and Recreation.
- A Tribe Called Quest's single "I Left My Wallet In El Segundo" revolves around a stop through the town on the way back to Brooklyn.
- CSI: Miami was filmed in parts of El Segundo.
- Although filmed in British Columbia, the music video for the song "First Date" by pop-punk band Blink-182 takes place in El Segundo in 1974.
El Segundo High School has a presence in the movie industry. Many films and television broadcasts were shot at the high school. The major movies and television broadcasts are shown below, in order from recent releases to old releases.
Points of interestEdit
- Roseanne Barr, comedian, owns Full Moon and High Tides Productions
- George Brett, baseball player, Hall of Fame
- Ken Brett, baseball player
- Joe Caravello, NFL football player
- Dick Dale, guitarist, pioneer of Surf music
- Rusty Frank, author, choreographer, producer, dance historian
- Dave LaRoche, baseball pitcher
- Vladimir Matyushenko, UFC fighter
- Christopher McCandless, adventurer who inspired the book Into the Wild and the 2007 film The Call of the Wild
- Scott McGregor, baseball player
- Bob Samuelson, volleyball player
- John Van Hamersveld, artist and surfer
- Paul Westphal, basketball player and coach
- "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "Elected Officials". The City of El Segundo. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
- "El Segundo". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- "El Segundo (city) QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 19, 2012. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved January 18, 2007.
- "Google Translate". Retrieved September 11, 2012.
- Hunter, Eileen Curry. El Segundo Seventy-Five Years El Segundo: H2 Limited, 1991
- Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, p. 28, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4.
- Herman, Arthur. Freedom's Forge: How American Business Produced Victory in World War II, pp. 202-3, Random House, New York, NY, 2012. ISBN 978-1-4000-6964-4.
- Parker, Dana T. Building Victory: Aircraft Manufacturing in the Los Angeles Area in World War II, pp. 7-8, 25-34, Cypress, CA, 2013. ISBN 978-0-9897906-0-4.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- Abcarian, Robin (April 17, 2018). "Sleepy little El Segundo is on the radar and fighting to keep its small-town identity". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - El Segundo city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - El Segundo city". Archived from the original on August 19, 2012.
- "census.gov - El Segundo, California". Archived from the original on August 19, 2012.
- Vincent, Roger (March 17, 2017). "There's another Frank Gehry building going up in town. It's under the radar in El Segundo". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- Khouri, Andrew (January 15, 2016). "Bixby Land's $49-million office building sale a sign 'it's not the old El Segundo'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 16, 2016.
- "LAEDC 2006 Eddy Awards" (PDF). p. 3.
- "LAEDC Press Release" (PDF).
- Greenberg, David."Aerospace woes take a toll, but LAX neighbor has bright spots." Los Angeles Business Journal. August 11, 2003. Retrieved on April 13, 2009.
- From Well to Wheel: The Social, Environmental, and Climate Costs of Amazon Crude (PDF). Amazon Watch. p. 7. Retrieved March 24, 2017.
- Ripton, Ray. "El Segundo Will Celebrate 50th Year for a Week." Los Angeles Times. May 14, 1967. CS1.
- James, Meg; Chang, Andrea (April 13, 2018). "Patrick Soon-Shiong plans to move Los Angeles Times to new campus in El Segundo". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
- "South Bay History | The Daily Breeze's Sam Gnerre looks at the way we were in the South Bay". Insidesocal.com. Retrieved February 8, 2013.
- "Energy efficiency - Siemens USA". Usa.siemens.com. January 30, 2013. Retrieved February 8, 2013.
- "NASH Factory in El Segundo, CA - Automobile Driving Museum". automobiledrivingmuseum.org. January 21, 2015. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
- Mattel Inc. - Careers Archived April 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "Contact IR or Transfer Agent." DirecTV. Retrieved on December 8, 2009.
- "Unocal World On-Line". Archived from the original on December 27, 1996. Retrieved July 7, 2009.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) Unocal Corporation. December 27, 1996. Retrieved on July 7, 2009.
- "Home page". Archived from the original on January 29, 2005. Retrieved July 7, 2009.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link). Unocal Corporation. January 29, 2005. Retrieved on July 7, 2009.
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 23–29, 1994. 106.
- James, Meg; Chang, Andrea (April 13, 2018). "Patrick Soon-Shiong plans to move Los Angeles Times to new campus in El Segundo". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 17, 2018.
- City of El Segundo CAFR Retrieved 2018-10-01
- "Corporate Locations Archived July 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine." Square Enix Japan. Accessed September 20, 2008.
- "Contact Us Archived July 18, 2010, at the Wayback Machine." Konami Digital Entertainment. Accessed August 20, 2010.
- "El Segundo to Be Airline Office Site." Los Angeles Times. May 21, 1978. Section Part IX, K24. Retrieved on April 14, 2009.
- Lauro, Patricia Winters. "THE MEDIA BUSINESS: ADVERTISING -- ADDENDA; Japan Airlines Moves Its Account." The New York Times. March 5, 2003.
- "JAL Passenger Services America, Inc." Japan Airlines. Accessed September 20, 2008.
- McDowell, Edwin. "Be prepared to pay a lot more, and pay in advance, to be in Hong Kong next summer." The New York Times. October 9, 1996. 1. Retrieved on December 14, 2011.
- "United States". Archived from the original on September 24, 2005. Retrieved September 14, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) Cathay Pacific. September 24, 2005. Retrieved on December 14, 2011. "Los Angeles 300 Continental Boulevard, Suite 500, El Segundo, CA 90245" and "San Francisco 360 Post Street #1005, San Francisco, CA 94108"
- Forbes FYI. Forbes, 1994. 73. Retrieved from Google Books on December 14, 2011. "Cathay Pacific Airways Ltd., 300 N. Continental Boulevard, Suite 500, El Segundo, CA 90245"
- "The Los Angeles Relocation Project". El Segundo & Los Angeles Relocation division. October 23, 2011.
- Armstrong, David. "Cathay Pacific opens headquarters in S.F. / North American office relocated from Los Angeles." San Francisco Chronicle. February 16, 2005. 1. Retrieved on December 14, 2011.
- "United States". Archived from the original on February 5, 2005. Retrieved September 14, 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link). Cathay Pacific. February 5, 2005. Retrieved on December 14, 2011. "Los Angeles 300 Continental Boulevard, Suite 500, El Segundo, CA 90245"
- "Air China Celebrates Opening Of New Los Angeles Office Building." (Archive) Air China. Retrieved on October 12, 2012.
- Garfinkel, Perry. "Airlines Add Service and Amenities to Asian Routes." The New York Times. September 29, 2008. Retrieved on December 14, 2011.
- "Air China International". Air-china.us. Retrieved February 8, 2013.
- "CRT/tanaka Wins Air New Zealand Account Archived September 17, 2009, at the Wayback Machine." Air New Zealand. December 5, 2007. Retrieved on August 26, 2009.
- "Worldwide Offices and Sales Agents:." Air Tahiti Nui. Retrieved on January 20, 2009.
- "Ticketing Offices California / Los Angeles." Aeroméxico. Retrieved on January 20, 2009.
- "Branch Offices North America Archived November 28, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." China Airlines. Retrieved on January 21, 2009.
- "Los Angeles Emirates (town office)." Emirates. Retrieved on February 24, 2011. "Address 222 N. Pacific Coast Highway Suite 1322 El Segundo, CA 90245 Los Angeles USA."
- "Contact Us America." EVA Air. Retrieved on January 28, 2009.
- "Contact Us Archived July 8, 2009, at the Portuguese Web Archive." Singapore Airlines. Retrieved on January 28, 2009.
- "Parks and Recreation (TV Series 2009–2015)". Retrieved March 16, 2018 – via www.imdb.com.
- "El Segundo Website - Campus El Segundo". www.elsegundo.org. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
- City of El Segundo Website retrieved 2010-10-13
- "Curtis Tucker Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - MANHATTAN BEACH Archived December 8, 2008, at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Post Office Location - BAY CITIES ANNEX." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- "California's 33rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
- Kuznia, Rob. "Wiseburn district eyes wow factor in creating new comprehensive high school." Daily Breeze. March 28, 2013. Retrieved on April 19, 2014.
- Kuznia, Rob. "Aerospace business corridor in El Segundo a cash cow for Centinela Valley school district." Daily Breeze. February 19, 2014. Retrieved on April 19, 2014.
- "History and Profile" (Archive). Centinela Valley Union High School District. Retrieved on April 20, 2014.
- "About" (Archive). Wiseburn School District. Retrieved on April 4, 2014.
- Weikel, Dan and Barboza, Tony (May 29, 2014) "Planes' exhaust could be harming communities up to 10 miles from LAX" Los Angeles Times
- "IMDb: Most Popular Titles With Location Matching 'El Segundo, California, USA'". IMDb. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
- "Blink-182 Return to '70s In 'First Date' Video". mtv.com. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
- Gottlieb, Jeff (June 30, 2009). "At El Segundo High School, disquiet about the film sets". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
- GJW. "The Hot Chick Filming Locations". www.seeing-stars.com. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
- "IMDb: Most Popular Titles With Location Matching "El Segundo High School - 640 Main Street, El Segundo, California, USA"". IMDb. Retrieved July 13, 2018.
- Tookie Clothespin (July 23, 2013). "Blackboard Jungle - El Segundo High School". Retrieved December 21, 2017.
- "Love and Hate in El Segundo". Archived July 19, 2012, at Archive.today. Sports Illustrated. August 17, 1981. Retrieved on June 15, 2009.