Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles
The Archdiocese of Los Angeles (Latin: Archidiœcesis Angelorum in California, Spanish: Arquidiócesis de Los Ángeles) is an archdiocese of the Catholic Church in the U.S. state of California. Based in Los Angeles, the archdiocese comprises the California counties of Los Angeles, Santa Barbara and Ventura. The cathedral is the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels in Los Angeles, and its present archbishop is José Horacio Gómez. With approximately five million professing members, the Archdiocese of Los Angeles is numerically the single largest diocese in the United States.
Archdiocese of Los Angeles
Archidiœcesis Angelorum in California
Arquidiócesis de Los Ángeles
|Territory||Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties|
|Ecclesiastical province||Los Angeles|
|Area||14,019 km2 (5,413 sq mi)|
- Catholics (including non-members)
|(as of 2015)|
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||1 June 1922 |
(As Diocese of Los Angeles-San Diego)
11 July 1936
(As Archdiocese of Los Angeles)
|Cathedral||Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels|
|Patron saint||Saint Vibiana, Saint Patrick, Saint Rita, Saint Emidius|
The Archbishop of Los Angeles also serves as metropolitan bishop of the suffragan dioceses within the Ecclesiastical Province of Los Angeles, which includes the dioceses of Fresno, Monterey, Orange, San Bernardino, and San Diego.
Following the establishment of the Spanish missions in California, the diocese of the Two Californias was established on 1840, when the Los Angeles region was still part of Mexico. In 1848, Mexican California was ceded to the United States, and the U.S. portion of the diocese was renamed the Diocese of Monterey. The diocese was renamed the Diocese of Monterey-Los Angeles in 1859, and the episcopal see was moved to Los Angeles upon the completion of the Cathedral of Saint Vibiana in 1876. Los Angeles split from Monterey to become the Diocese of Los Angeles-San Diego in 1922. The diocese was split again in 1936 to create the Diocese of San Diego, and the Los Angeles see was elevated to an archdiocese. The archdiocese's present territory was established in 1976, when Orange County was split off to establish the Diocese of Orange.
With the papal bull Apostolicam sollicitudinem of 27 April 1840, Pope Gregory XVI set up a new episcopal see, to which he gave the name of Diocese of California (also interchangeably called "Diocese of Two Californias" or "Diocese of Both Californias"). He assigned to it a vast territory taken from that of the Diocese of Sonora, now the Archdiocese of Hermosillo in Mexico. It included Alta California, encompassing the present states of California, Nevada, Arizona, Utah, western Colorado and southwestern Wyoming, and the Baja California Territory, encompassing the modern Mexican states of Baja California and Baja California Sur. He set the episcopal residence at San Diego and made the diocese a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Mexico City. Francisco Garcia Diego y Moreno, OFM became the first bishop of the new diocese, with Mission Santa Barbara serving as its pro-cathedral.
After ceding Alta California to the United States at the close of the Mexican–American War, the government of Mexico objected to a bishop based in the United States having jurisdiction over parishes in Mexican Baja California. The Holy See divided the diocese into American and Mexican sections. On 20 November 1849, with the episcopal residence moved to Monterey, a more central position for the new diocese, the American section became the Diocese of Monterey. The Royal Presidio Chapel in Monterey served as the pro-cathedral of the American diocese.
In 1853, Pope Pius IX erected the Metropolitan Archdiocese of San Francisco, taking the territory that now constitutes Nevada, Utah, and much of northern California from the diocese and making the diocese a suffragan thereof.
In 1859, the same pope renamed of the diocese to Diocese of Monterey-Los Angeles to recognize the growth of the city of Los Angeles. The bishop moved his principal residence to Los Angeles and used the Mission of Santa Barbara as a pro-cathedral until the Cathedral of Saint Vibiana opened in 1876.
On June 1, 1922, Pope Pius XI renamed the diocese again, making it the Diocese of Los Angeles-San Diego, and simultaneously erected a new diocese, named the Diocese of Monterey-Fresno, in what had become northern portion of its territory after the erection of the Archdiocese of San Francisco. This changed the title of Bishop John Joseph Cantwell from Bishop of Monterey-Los Angeles to bishop Los Angeles-San Diego, which then comprised the counties of Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura.
On July 11, 1936, the same pope elevated and renamed the diocese as the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Los Angeles, with John Joseph Cantwell becoming the first archbishop of Los Angeles, concurrently erecting the Diocese of San Diego with the territory of Imperial, Riverside, San Bernardino, and San Diego Counties, and designated the new Diocese of San Diego and the Diocese of Monterey-Fresno as suffragan of the new metropolitan see.
Pope Paul VI subsequently split each of the three dioceses of the Metropolitan Province of Los Angeles into two.
- On 6 October 1967, he suppressed the Diocese of Monterey-Fresno and erected the present Diocese of Fresno and the present Diocese of Monterey in California, splitting in the territory of the suppressed diocese between them making both new dioceses also suffragans of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Los Angeles. The inclusion of "in California" in the title of the latter of the new dioceses differentiates it from other dioceses with see cities that have the same name.
- On 24 March 1976, he erected Diocese of Orange, taking Orange County from the Archdiocese of Los Angeles and making the new diocese a suffragan of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Los Angeles. This action also established the present territory of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles, consisting of Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, and Ventura Counties.
- On 14 July 1978, he erected the Diocese of San Bernardino, taking San Bernardino and Riverside Counties from the Diocese of San Diego and making the new diocese also a suffragan of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Los Angeles.
These actions established the present configuration of the Metropolitan Province of Los Angeles.
In 1986, Archbishop Roger Mahony divided the Archdiocese of Los Angeles geographically into five administrative pastoral regions, each led by an auxiliary bishop who functions as the region's episcopal vicar. The five regions are:
- Our Lady of the Angels, covering downtown and central Los Angeles west to Malibu, south to Los Angeles International Airport. The region has the cathedral, 78 parishes, 10 Catholic high schools, 5 Catholic hospitals, 1 cemetery, 3 parochial missions, and no Spanish missions. The episcopal vicar is Bishop Edward William Clark.
- San Fernando, covering the San Fernando, Santa Clarita and Antelope Valleys and northeast Los Angeles. The region has 54 parishes, 12 Catholic high schools, 2 Catholic hospitals, 2 cemeteries, 7 parochial missions, 1 active duty military chapel installation, and 1 Spanish mission. Archbishop Gomez appointed Bishop Alejandro D. Aclan Episcopal Vicar for the San Fernando Pastoral Region in 2019.
- San Gabriel, covering East Los Angeles through the San Gabriel Valley and the Pomona Valley. The region has 66 parishes, 13 Catholic high schools, 3 Catholic hospitals, 4 cemeteries, 2 parochial missions and 1 Spanish mission. Archbishop Gomez appointed Bishop David G. O'Connell Episcopal Vicar for the San Gabriel Pastoral Region in 2015.
- San Pedro, covering Long Beach and southern Los Angeles County. The region has 67 parishes, 9 Catholic high schools, 6 Catholic hospitals, 1 cemetery, 1 active duty military chapel installation, and 1 parochial mission. Archbishop Gomez appointed Bishop Marc V. Trudeau as the episcopal vicar for this region in 2018.
- Santa Barbara, covering Santa Barbara and Ventura Counties. The region has 37 parishes, 6 Catholic high schools, 3 Catholic hospitals, 4 cemeteries, 3 active duty military chapel installations, 6 parochial missions and 4 Spanish missions. Archbishop Gomez appointed Bishop Robert E. Barron Episcopal Vicar for the Santa Barbara Pastoral Region in 2015.
Clergy sexual abuse settlementsEdit
On July 16, 2007, Cardinal Roger Mahony and the archdiocese reached a record-breaking settlement with 508 alleged victims of sexual abuse by priests. The settlement was worth $660 million, with an average of $1.3 million for each plaintiff. Mahony described the abuse as a "terrible sin and crime", after a series of trials into sex abuse claims since the 1940s were to begin. The agreement settled all outstanding civil lawsuits against the archdiocese and dwarfs the $157 million settlement paid by the Archdiocese of Boston since Massachusetts law places a legal dollar cap on how much money a non-profit group can be required to pay.
In 2014 the diocese agreed to pay $13 million to settle a final group of 17 sex abuse lawsuits, including eleven that involved "a visiting Mexican priest who fled prosecution and remains a fugitive more than 25 years later". The settlement followed a court order forcing the Archdiocese to release files which showed that it had shielded accused priests, for example by ordering church officials not to turn over a list of altar boys to police who were investigating.
From May to December 2019, the Archdiocese of Los Angeles provided numerous documents to California State Attorney Xavier Becerra in preparation for a series of pending lawsuits which are expected to be filed after a new California law which will temporarily remove the statute of limitations. The new law went into effect on January 1, 2020. The Archdiocese of Los Angeles is one of six Catholic dioceses throughout the state of California which is expected to be subpoenaed during the upcoming lawsuits. In January 2020, it was reported that the Archdiocese of Los Angeles settled a sexual abuse case against a former Archdiocese priest for $1.9 million.
The archdiocese is led by the archbishop, who governs from the mother church, the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels. The cathedral was dedicated on September 2, 2002, and replaced the former Cathedral of Saint Vibiana, damaged in the 1994 Northridge earthquake.
The Archbishop of Los Angeles is the metropolitan of the Province of Los Angeles of the Catholic Church. Its suffragans are the dioceses of Fresno, Monterey in California, Orange in California, San Bernardino, and San Diego. Metropolitan archbishops historically wielded great administrative powers over the suffragan dioceses. Today, such power is only ceremonial and kept as a tradition.
The Most Reverend José H. Gómez is the current archbishop of Los Angeles, having automatically succeeded his predecessor, Cardinal Roger Mahony, who served for 25 years, upon the latter's retirement which took effect on March 1, 2011. Previously, Gómez served as Coadjutor Archbishop of Los Angeles since his appointment by Pope Benedict XVI on April 6, 2010. He previously served as Archbishop of San Antonio from 2004 to 2010, and as an auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Denver from 2001 to 2004. He is an ordained priest of Opus Dei.
Archbishop Gómez is assisted by the current auxiliary bishops: Edward W. Clark, David O'Connell, Robert Barron, Marc Vincent Trudeau, and Alejandro D. Aclan. In addition, Joseph Martin Sartoris and Gerald Eugene Wilkerson are retired auxiliary bishops still living and residing within the archdiocese. Gordon Bennett, S.J., Bishop Emeritus of Mandeville, Jamaica, also resides within the archdiocese, as the Peter Faber, S.J., Fellow in Pastoral Theology and Ignatian Spirituality at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles.
Bishop of California (Two Californias, Both Californias)Edit
- Francisco Garcia Diego y Moreno (1840–1846)
Bishop of MontereyEdit
Bishops of Monterey-Los AngelesEdit
- Thaddeus Amat y Brusi (1853–1878)
- Francisco Mora y Borrell (1878–1896; coadjutor bishop 1873-1878)
- George Thomas Montgomery (1896–1902; coadjutor bishop 1894-1896), appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of San Francisco but died before succession to that see
- Thomas James Conaty (1903–1915)
- John Joseph Cantwell (1917–1922), title changed with title of diocese
Bishop of Los Angeles-San DiegoEdit
- John Joseph Cantwell (1922–1936), elevated to Archbishop of Los Angeles
Archbishops of Los AngelesEdit
- John Joseph Cantwell (1936–1947)
- James Francis McIntyre (1948–1970)
- Timothy Manning (1970–1985)
- Roger Mahony (1985–2011)
- José Horacio Gómez (2011–present; coadjutor archbishop 2010-2011)
Current auxiliary bishops of Los AngelesEdit
- Edward W. Clark (2001–present) - Our Lady of the Angels Pastoral Region
- David G. O'Connell (2015–present) - Episcopal Vicar for San Gabriel Pastoral Region
- Robert Barron (2015–present) - Santa Barbara Pastoral Region
- Marc Vincent Trudeau (2018–present) - San Pedro Pastoral Region
- Alejandro D. Aclan (2019–present) - San Fernando Pastoral Region
Former auxiliary bishops of Los AngelesEdit
- Joseph Thomas McGucken (1941–1955), appointed Bishop of Sacramento and later Archbishop of San Francisco
- Timothy Manning (1946–1967), appointed Bishop of Fresno and later Coadjutor Archbishop and Archbishop of Los Angeles(see above); created Cardinal in 1973
- Alden John Bell (1956–1962), appointed Bishop of Sacramento
- John J. Ward (1963–1996)
- Joseph Patrick Dougherty (1969–1970)
- William Robert Johnson (1971–1976), appointed Bishop of Orange
- Juan Alfredo Arzube (1971–1993)
- Thaddeus Anthony Shubsda (1976–1982), appointed Bishop of Monterey in California
- Manuel Duran Moreno (1976–1982), appointed Coadjutor Bishop and later Bishop of Tucson
- Donald William Montrose (1983–1985), appointed Bishop of Stockton
- William Levada (1983–1986), appointed Archbishop of Portland in Oregon and later Archbishop of San Francisco and Prefect of Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (elevated to Cardinal in 2006)
- Carl Anthony Fisher (1986–1993)
- Armando Xavier Ochoa (1986–1996), appointed Bishop of El Paso and later Bishop of Fresno
- George Patrick Ziemann (1986–1992), appointed Bishop of Santa Rose in California
- Sylvester Donovan Ryan (1990–1992), appointed Bishop of Monterey in California
- Stephen Blaire (1990–1999), appointed Bishop of Stockton
- Thomas John Curry (1994–2018)
- Joseph Martin Sartoris (1994–2002)
- Gabino Zavala (1994–2012)
- Gerald Eugene Wilkerson (1997–2015)
- Oscar Azarcon Solis (2003–2017), appointed Bishop of Salt Lake City
- Alexander Salazar (2004–2018)
- Joseph Vincent Brennan (2015–2019), appointed Bishop of Fresno
Other priests of the diocese who became bishopsEdit
- Note: Years in parentheses indicate the time of service as a priest of the Archdiocese of Los Angeles (or predecessor diocese), prior to appointment to the episcopacy.
- Robert Emmet Lucey (1922–1934), appointed Bishop of Amarillo and later Archbishop of San Antonio
- John Thomas Steinbock (1963–1984), appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Orange and later Bishop of Fresno
- Justin F. Rigali (1961–1985), appointed President of the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy and later Secretary of the Congregation for Bishops and the College of Cardinals, Archbishop of Saint Louis, and Archbishop of Philadelphia (elevated to Cardinal in 2003)
- Michael Patrick Driscoll (1965–1989), appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Orange and later Bishop of Boise
- George Hugh Niederauer (1962–1994), appointed Bishop of Salt Lake City and Archbishop of San Francisco
- Dennis Patrick O'Neil (1966–2001), appointed Auxiliary Bishop of San Bernardino
There are 5 colleges and over 50 high schools within the Archdiocese of Los Angeles. Many churches have affiliated primary schools as well.
Religious education congressEdit
The archdiocese's office of religious education produces the Los Angeles Religious Education Congress, the largest annual event of its kind in the United States, with an attendance of approximately 38,000.
Annual Marian procession and MassEdit
The archdiocese has entrusted the annual celebration of the Votive Mass in honor of Our Lady of the Angels to the Queen of Angels Foundation, a lay association of the Catholic Church founded by Mark Anchor Albert, dedicated to promoting devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary. Each year since 2011, the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels has hosted a Votive Mass in honor of Our Lady, Queen of Angels. The Mass follows a Marian procession which originates from the historic Queen of Angels parish, which is part of the Los Angeles Plaza Historic District, and culminates at the cathedral.
Since 2011 the Queen of Angels Foundation has sponsored the annual Marian processions, Votive Masses, and fiestas in commemoration of Los Angeles' birthday and the feast of Our Lady of the Angels. Archbishop Gomez has been the homilist and principal celebrant of the annual Mass since 2012. Future Marian processions and Masses will coincide with the City of Los Angeles' official birthday celebrations on the last Saturday of August.
Holy days of obligationEdit
As directed by the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops' Committee on the Liturgy and the Ecclesiastical Province of Los Angeles, the archdiocese annually observes four holy days of obligation. The Catholic Church currently recognizes 10 holy days, established in the 1917 Code of Canon Law. However, the USCCB has reduced that number to 6 for Latin Church dioceses in the United States. As of January 1993[update], no provinces in the United States celebrate the solemnities of Epiphany (which transfers to the Sunday after January 1), Corpus Christi (which transfers to the Sunday after Trinity Sunday), Saint Joseph, or the Saints Peter and Paul, Apostles as holy days of obligation. The Metropolitan Province of Los Angeles, which includes the L.A. Archdiocese, further modified the list, and as of 2019[update], celebrates four holy days of obligation on the days prescribed by canon law. The solemnity of the Ascension is transferred from Thursday of the sixth week of Easter to the seventh Sunday of Easter. The province has abrogated the obligation to attend Mass on the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God.
- Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, August 15
- Exception: If August 15 falls on a Saturday or Monday, there is no obligation to attend Mass.
- All Saints, November 1
- Exception: If November 1 falls on a Saturday or Monday, there is no obligation to attend Mass.
- Immaculate Conception, December 8
- Exception: If December 8 falls on a Sunday, the solemnity is transferred to the following Monday and there is no obligation to attend Mass.
- Nativity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, December 25
The Archdiocese of Los Angeles, being one of the most diverse dioceses in the world, strives for all of their employees to live and work in accord with Catholic social teaching and servant leadership. "The dignity of the human person, the call to community and participation, rights and responsibilities, dignity of work and the rights of workers, and solidarity, are intrinsic to servant leadership." In an attempt to provide better service and to increase transparency the Archdiocese of Los Angeles is the only archdiocese that has a completely updated and searchable administrative handbook available online.
Province of Los AngelesEdit
- Catholic Church by country
- Catholic Church hierarchy
- List of churches in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles
- List of schools in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles
- List of the Catholic bishops of the United States
- List of the Catholic cathedrals of the United States
- List of the Catholic dioceses of the United States
- Queen of Angels Foundation
- The Roman Catholic Church. Ordo for the Diocese of Monterey & Los Angeles (1911).
- The Papal Bull Apostolicam sollicitudinem, in Raffaele de Martinis, Iuris pontificii de propaganda fide. Pars prima, Tomus V, Romae 1890, pp. 233–235]
- Greg Erlandson, Editor in Chief, et al, Our Sunday Visitor's Catholic Almanac, 2015 Edition, Our Sunday Visitor, Inc., Huntington, Inc., 2015, p. 378.
- Ibid., p. 378.
- Ibid., p. 379
- Ibid., p. 382.
- Ibid., p. 377.
- Ibid., p. 379.
- Ibid., p. 380.
- Ibid., p. 382.
- "Auxiliary Bishops of Los Angeles". Retrieved 19 April 2020.
- "Auxiliary Bishops of Los Angeles". Retrieved 12 September 2015.
- "LA cardinal offers abuse apology". BBC News. 2007-07-16. Retrieved 2008-03-08.
- "L.A. Catholic church to pay $13 million to settle 17 sex abuse lawsuits". Christian Science Monitor. 2014-02-18. ISSN 0882-7729. Retrieved 2020-03-30.
- "Half of California's Catholic Dioceses to Be Subpoenaed in Priest Abuse Inquiry". KTLA. 2019-12-10. Retrieved 2020-03-30.
- Guardian Staff; agency (2019-12-11). "California: half of Catholic dioceses expect subpoenas over sexual abuse". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2020-03-30.
- "First 2020 clergy abuse suits announced | Angelus News". 2019-12-30. Retrieved 2020-03-30.
- "L.A. Archdiocese settles priest abuse case for $1.9 million". Los Angeles Times. January 30, 2020. Retrieved April 11, 2021.
- "Cardinal Mahony Retires" Retrieved: 2011-02-27.
- "Pope Names San Antonio Archbishop José Gomez Coadjutor Archbishop Of Los Angeles". United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. 2010-04-06.
- "POPE APPOINTS COADJUTOR ARCHBISHOP FOR LOS ANGELES". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles. 2010-04-02. Archived from the original on 2010-04-09.
- Press Office of the Holy See
- "Archbishop José Horacio Gómez Velasco". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "Bishop Jose H. Gomez named Archbishop of San Antonio". Opus Dei. 2004-12-29.
- Allen, Jr., John L. (2010-04-09). "Four points to make about Gomez and L.A." National Catholic Reporter.
- "Pope Francis accepts the resignation of L.A. auxiliary bishop accused of abuse". America Magazine. 2018-12-19. Retrieved 2020-03-30.
- "USCCB Holy Days of Obligation". Retrieved 2007-05-17.
- "Archdiocese of Los Angeles Holy Days of Obligation". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-05-17.
- A concise guide to Catholic Church management. Boone, Larry W. Notre Dame, Ind.: Ave Maria Press. 2010. ISBN 9781594712272. OCLC 464586595.CS1 maint: others (link)
- "Pages - ADLA Administrative Handbook Home". handbook.la-archdiocese.org. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
- Caspary, Anita Marie. Witness to integrity: The crisis of the Immaculate Heart Community of California (Liturgical Press, 2003).
- Davis, Mike. City of Quartz: Excavating the Future in Los Angeles (1990, 2006) pp 323–72 on the Irish archbishops and their conflict with Latinos.
- Donovan, John T. "The 1960s Los Angeles Seminary Crisis." Catholic Historical Review 102.1 (2016): 69-96. summary
- DuBay, William H. The Priest and the Cardinal: Race and Rebellion in 1960s Los Angeles (CreateSpace, 2016).
- Lothrop, Gloria Ricci. "A Remarkable Legacy: The Story of Secondary Schools in the Archdiocese of Los Angeles." Catholic Historical Review 88.4 (2002): 809-810.
- Real, James. "Immaculate Heart of Hollywood." Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning 3.3 (1971): 48-53.
- Steidl, Jason. "The Unlikely Conversion of Father Juan Romero: Chicano Activism and Suburban Los Angeles Catholicism." US Catholic Historian 37.4 (2019): 29-52.
- Weber, Francis J. His Eminence of Los Angeles: James Francis Cardinal McIntyre (Mission Hills, Calif.: Saint Francis Historical Society, 1997).
- Sister Mary Rose Cunningham, C.S.C., ed. Calendar of Documents and Related Historical Materials in the Archival Center, Archdiocese of Los Angeles, for the Most Reverend J. Francis A. McIntyre, Volume One: 1948-1960 and Volume Two: 1961-1970 (1995)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles.|
- Archdiocese of Los Angeles Official Site
- Los Angeles Religious Education Congress
- Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels
- Cathedrals of California
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. .
- Queen of Angels Foundation
- 2014 Grand Marian Procession & Mass