Gajapati district

Gajapati is a district of Odisha, India. It was created from Ganjam District on 2 October, 1992. Gajapati district was named after Krushna Chandra Gajapati Narayan Deb, the King of the Paralakhemundi estate and the first Prime Minister of Orissa, who is remembered for his contribution in the formation of a separate state, and inclusion of his estate in Odisha. The district headquarters at Paralakhemundi, formerly a Zamindari, has been clustered within a radius of approximately 5 kilometers around the geometric centre of Paralakhemundi. The District is a part of the Red Corridor.[1]

Gajapati District
Hills near Parlakhemundi
Hills near Parlakhemundi
Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 18°53′N 84°12′E / 18.88°N 84.2°E / 18.88; 84.2Coordinates: 18°53′N 84°12′E / 18.88°N 84.2°E / 18.88; 84.2
Country India
State Odisha
Established2 October 1992
Founded byGovernment of Odisha
Named forMaharaja Krushna Chandra Gajapati Narayan Deo
HeadquartersParalakhemundi
Government
 • Collector & District MagistrateAnupam Saha, IAS
 • Superintendent of PoliceTapan Kumar Patnaik, OPS
Area
 • Total3,850 km2 (1,490 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total577,817
 • Rank28th
 • Density133/km2 (340/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialOdia, English
 • Other Local LanguageSoura
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
761 xxx
Vehicle registrationOD-20
Nearest cityBerhampur
Sex ratio1042 /
Literacy54.29%
Lok Sabha constituencyBerhampur
Vidhan Sabha constituency2
 
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Precipitation1,403.3 millimetres (55.25 in)
Avg. summer temperature45 °C (113 °F)
Avg. winter temperature16 °C (61 °F)
Websitewww.gajapati.nic.in

As of 2011 it is the third least populous district of Odisha (out of 30), after Debagarh and Boudh.[2]

HistoryEdit

History of Gajapati district goes back to the Paralakhemundi kingdom. It was part of the Gajapati Kingdom of Odisha. During 12th century CE Parala Khemundi was part of the Khemundi state. During the reign of Mukunda Dev Khemundi was trifurcated creating 3 states Bada Khemundi, Sana Khemundi and Paralakhemundi. After the trifurcation, Subhalinga Bhanu became the ruler of the Paralakhemundi. This line of kings continued to rule Paralakhemundi throughout the Mughal Maratha rule of Odisha. Before the British completed control of Odisha, Parala became a feudal state of British Raj during the reign of Gajapati Jagannatha Narayanadev in 1767. The state had some conflict with the British administrators. The king Gajapati Jagannatha Narayanadev and his son was arrested by the British. The state then came under direct British supervision. There was a revolt among the tribals and Paikas of the state against the King's detention. Due to this, the King was reinstated to his position. [3] Paralakhemundi remained under the administration as a feudatory state until its unification with Odisha.[4] One of the prominent kings of Parala was Krushna Chandra Gajapati. He was an active member of Utkal Sammilani and was instrumental in creating the separate state for Odisha. Finally, with the effort of Maharaja Krushna Chandra Gajapati and Utkal Sammilani, the separate state of United Odisha was formed on 1 April 1936. The state of Paralkhemundi in Vizagapatam district was partitioned into two – with the capital and most of the princely state coming under Orissa and the remaining Telugu-speaking areas remained under Madras Presidency. In 1937, the first Governor of Odisha, Sir John Austin Hubback invited Krushna Chandra Gajapati Dev to form the cabinet. Shri Gajapati was the first Prime Minister of the Odisha state from 1 April 1937 to 18 July 1937. He was the Prime Minister of Odisha for the second time from 24 November 1941 to 30 June 1944.[5][6]

GeographyEdit

 
Paddy Fields around the road from Munising to Seranga in Gajapati District
 
 
 

Gajapati district located at the south-east of Odisha between longitude 84° 32'E and 83° 47'E and latitude 18° 44'N and 19° 39'N. The Mahendratanaya River flows through it. The district borders with Andhra Pradesh in the south, District of Rayagada to west, District of Ganjam to East and District of Kandhamala to the North. The district is located on a hilly terrain of Eastern Ghats. The mountain Mahendragiri, a segment of Eastern Ghats is situated in this district.

The climate is subtropical with high humidity. Summer season is between March to mid-June and is extremely hot with the temperature reaching 46 °C. Winter season is mild and temperature can fall lowest to 9 °C November to February. The rainy season lasts between mid-June to mid-October and it receives approximately 1000 mm of rainfall primarily from the southwest monsoons.[7]

AdministrationEdit

Gajapati District is sparsely populated and hence consists of only one subdivision, Paralakhemundi. The district is further divided into seven Blocks.

  • Gumma
  • Kashinagar
  • Mohana
  • Nuagada
  • Goshani
  • R.Udayagiri
  • Rayagada

There are 149 Gram Panchayats consisting of 1499 inhabited villages in the district.[8]

The town Paralakhemundi is the District Headquarters and also the largest town of the Gajapati district. Kashinagara is the second largest town of Gajapati district.

EconomyEdit

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gajapati one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[9] It is one of the 19 districts in odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[9]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901184,840—    
1911205,514+1.07%
1921198,842−0.33%
1931225,161+1.25%
1941252,613+1.16%
1951262,998+0.40%
1961285,069+0.81%
1971348,964+2.04%
1981402,271+1.43%
1991454,708+1.23%
2001518,837+1.33%
2011577,817+1.08%
source:[10]

According to the 2011 census Gajapati district has a population of 577,817,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Solomon Islands[11] or the US state of Wyoming.[12] This gives it a ranking of 533rd in India (out of a total of 640).[2]

The district has a population density of 133 inhabitants per square kilometre (340/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 10.99%.[2] Gajapati has a sex ratio of 1042 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 54.29%.[2]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 41.51% of the population in the district spoke Odia, 34.49% Sora, 15.53% Telugu, 5.54% Kui and 1.25% Kuvi as their first language.[13]

Languages of Gajapati district in 2011 census

  Odia (41.51%)
  Sora (34.49%)
  Telugu (15.53%)
  Kui (5.54%)
  Khond (1.25%)
  Others (1.68%)
Others include Jainism and Sikhism
Religions in Gajapati district
Religion Percent
Hinduism
61.12%
Christianity
37.98%
Buddhism
0.38%
Islam
0.27%
Others
0.25%

CultureEdit

The mountain Mahendragiri, a segment of Eastern Ghats is situated in Paralakhemundi. Legend says that it is the place where lord Parashurama, a Chiranjeevi staying eternally and doing tapasya. Temples built by Pandavas are seen. Main festival here is Shivaratri, the worship of Shiva, the guru or percepter of lord Parashurama.

EducationEdit

CollegesEdit

  • Sri Krushna Chandra Gajapati (Autonomous) college.
  • Women's College, Paralakhemundi
  • Sanskrit College, Paralakhemundi
  • Centurion School for Rural Enterprise Management
  • Centurion University of Technology and Management (CUTM)
  • Gajapati College of Pharmacy
  • Gajapati College of Nursing
  • Gajapati School of Nursing

SchoolsEdit

  • Maha Raja's Boys High School (MRBHS)
  • Maha Raja's Girls High School (MRGHS)
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV)
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya (KV)

PoliticsEdit

The district sends two representatives to state legislature, Odisha Vidhan Sabha. The following is the two Vidhan sabha constituencies[14][15] of Gajapati district and the elected members[16] of those areas.

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of Current Assembly Party
136 Mohana ST Mohana, R.Udayagiri, Nuagada, Rayagada Dasarathi Gamango INC
137 Parlakhemundi None Parlakhemundi (M), Kashinagar (NAC), Guma, Kashinagar, Parlakhemundi K. Narayan Rao BJP

The district is part of Berhampur (Lok Sabha constituency). The MP of Berhampur is Chandra Sekhar Sahu from the BJD.

MediaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  3. ^ Dāsa, P.; Sahitya Akademi (2002). Bhakta Kavi Gopāla Krishna. Makers of Indian literature (in Latvian). Sahitya Akademi. pp. 97–99. ISBN 978-81-260-1201-5. Retrieved 2019-05-27.
  4. ^ Acharya, P. (2008). National Movement and Politics in Orissa, 1920-1929. SAGE Series in Modern Indian History. SAGE Publications. p. 1. ISBN 978-81-321-0001-0. Retrieved 2019-05-27.
  5. ^ Orissa Tourism Development Corporation; Orissa (India). Dept. of Home (1980). The Heritage of Orissa. Produced by Orissa Tourism Development Corporation for the Department of Home, Government of Orissa. p. 87. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  6. ^ Devi, B. (1992). Some Aspects of British Administration in Orissa, 1912-1936. Academic Foundation. p. 213. ISBN 978-81-7188-072-0. Retrieved 2019-05-30.
  7. ^ "Parlakhemundi FD :: Odisha Wildlife Organisation". Welcome. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  8. ^ https://gajapati.nic.in/village-panchayats/
  9. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  10. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  11. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Solomon Islands 571,890 July 2011 est.
  12. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-01-01. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Wyoming 563,626
  13. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  14. ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
  15. ^ Seats of Odisha
  16. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2 May 2007. Retrieved 19 February 2013. MEMBER NAME

External linksEdit