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Kui (କୁଇ)(also Kandh, Khondi, Khond, Khondo, Kanda, Kodu (Kōdu), Kodulu, Kuinga (Kūinga), Kuy) is a South-Central Dravidian language spoken by the Khonds. It is mostly spoken in Odisha, and written in the Odia script. With 941,988 registered native speakers, it figures at rank 29 in the 1991 Indian census. [3]The Kui language was also referred to as the Kalinga language during the historical period.It is closely related to the Gondi and Kuvi languages.

Kui (କୁଇ)
Kanda, Kandh, Khond, Khondi, Khondo, Kodu, Kodulu, Kuinga, Kuy
Native toIndia
EthnicityKhonds, Dal, Sitha Kandha
Native speakers
941,000 (2011 census)[1]
  • South-Central
    • Gondi–Kui
      • Kuvi–Kui
        • Kui (କୁଇ)
Odia alphabet
Odia Braille
Language codes
ISO 639-3kxu



Labial Dental Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɳ
Plosive voiceless p t ʈ k
voiced b d ɖ ɡ
Approximant central ʋ ~ b j
lateral l
Fricative s (ç ?) h
Flap ɾ ɽ


Kui language has five short vowels and five long vowels.[5]The vowels are illustrated below with romanization and IPA alphabet.[6]

Front Central Back
Close i i ī u u ū
Mid e e ē o o ō
Open a a ā


  1. ^ Kui (କୁଇ) at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kui (India)". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  4. ^ Krishnamurti, Bhadriraju (2003). The Dravidian languages (null ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 56. ISBN 978-0-511-06037-3.
  5. ^ Winfield, W.W. (1928). A grammar of the Kui language. Bibliotheca Indica. Printed at the Baptist mission press, Pub. by the Asiatic society of Bengal. p. 1. Retrieved 2019-07-17.
  6. ^ Krishnamurti, B. (2003). The Dravidian Languages. Cambridge Language Surveys. Cambridge University Press. p. 70. ISBN 978-1-139-43533-8. Retrieved 2019-07-17.

External linksEdit