Gadjah Mada University
Gadjah Mada University (Javanese: ꦈꦤꦶꦥ꦳ꦼꦂꦱꦶꦠꦱ꧀ꦓꦗꦃꦩꦢ, Indonesian: Universitas Gadjah Mada; abbreviated as UGM) is a public research university located in Sleman, Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Officially founded on 19 December 1949, Gadjah Mada University is one of the oldest and largest institutions of higher education in the country. It is widely known as the largest and the first state University in the nation. It has been credited as the best university in Indonesia, along with the Bandung Institute of Technology and the University of Indonesia. In the 2021 QS World Universities Ranking, UGM is ranked 1st in Indonesia, 254th in the world. 
Universitas Gadjah Mada
|Motto||Mengakar Kuat, Menjulang Tinggi|
Motto in English
|Locally Rooted, Globally Respected|
|Rector||Prof. Ir. Panut Mulyono|
|2,716 (as of 2020)|
|Students||56,087 (as of 2020)|
|Undergraduates||33,133 (as of 2016)|
|Postgraduates||15,637 (as of 2016)|
|2,693 (as of 2018)|
|Campus||Urban, 360 acres (150 ha)|
|Affiliations||ASAIHL, AUN, AACSB Accredited, FUIW, ASEA-UNINET|
When the university was established in the 1940s under Dutch rule, it was the first medicine faculty freely open to native Indonesians, at a time when native education was often restricted.
Comprising 18 faculties and 27 research centers, UGM offers 68 undergraduate, 23 diploma, 104 master and specialist, and 43 doctorate study programs. The university has enrolled approximately 55,000 students, 1,187 foreign students, and has 2,500 faculty members. UGM maintains a campus of 360 acres (150 ha), with facilities that include a stadium and a fitness center.
The university is named after Gajah Mada, a 14th-century leader of the Majapahit Empire of Java, considered by some historians to be the nation's first unifier; the university's name still reflects the old Dutch-era spelling.
UGM was the first state university in Indonesia, established as Universiteit Negeri Gadjah Mada (UNGM) when Indonesia was still facing threats from the Netherlands, who wanted to regain control. At the time, the capital of Indonesia had moved from Jakarta to Yogyakarta.
UGM was established through Government Regulation (PP) No. 23 of 1949, regarding the merger of colleges to form a university. Although the regulations were dated 16 December, UGM's inauguration took place on 19 December, intentionally chosen to coincide with the anniversary of the Dutch invasion of the city of Yogyakarta, exactly one year prior on 19 December 1948. The intentional date was meant to show that one year after the Netherlands had invaded the city, the government would establish a nationwide university there.
From 1952 until 1972, the Faculty of Law, Social and Political Sciences was split into two faculties: the Surabaya branch of the Faculty of Law, Social, and Political Sciences; and the Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, which was integrated into IKIP Yogyakarta (now Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta).
During its initial years of Dutch resistance, the university taught literature and law in the buildings and other facilities belonging to the palace of Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX, who volunteered his palace for the university's use. UGM gradually established a campus of its own in Bulaksumur, on the northern side of Yogyakarta, and now occupies an area of three square kilometres.
The UGM main building is called the Balairung, a rectorate building, in Sleman. Nearby is the Graha Sabha Pramana, a large building utilized for graduation ceremonies, with an adjoining square used for sport and recreation. There is also a university library and a sports center, consisting of a stadium, tennis court, and basketball field.
Faculties and schoolsEdit
- Faculty of Agricultural Technology
- Faculty of Agriculture
- Faculty of Animal Science
- Faculty of Biology
- Faculty of Cultural Sciences (Arts and Humanities)
- Faculty of Dentistry
- Faculty of Economics and Business
- Faculty of Engineering
- Faculty of Forestry
- Faculty of Geography
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Pharmacy
- Faculty of Philosophy
- Faculty of Psychology
- Faculty of Social and Political Sciences
- Faculty of Veterinary Science
- Graduate School of UGM
- Vocational School
In 1988, UGM opened a master's programme in management (MM-UGM), to train students in business practices. The program is a collaboration with the University of Kentucky and Temple University. The Faculty of Economics and Business UGM is ranked among 5% of world best business schools after it received an international Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB) accreditation.
The Faculty of Medicine UGM is one of the oldest medical schools in Indonesia, having been established on 5 March 1946. It is ranked number 72 by the Times Higher Education Supplement 2006 for biomedicine.
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
- Faculty of Cultural Sciences
- Faculty of Social and Political Sciences
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Economics and Business
- Faculty of Psychology
- Faculty of Biology
International Medicine ProgrammeEdit
In 2002, UGM began offering an English-language-based medicine programme for overseas and Indonesian students to study medicine with an international standard curriculum. The International Medicine Programme is over five years, with the first three and a half years being study and a further one and a half years of clinical rotations. The programme is designed around a problem based learning approach, making use of small study groups.
Computer Science International Undergraduate ProgrammeEdit
CSIUP began in the 2012 academic year. It offers undergraduate computer science classes in English. It teaches algorithm and software design, intelligent systems, programmable logic and embedded systems, and mobile computing. The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences has been teaching Computer Science courses since 1987 (BSc), 2000 (MSc), and 2003 (PhD), organized jointly by the Department of Mathematics and the Department of Physics, which has also offered courses in Electronics and Instrumentation since 1987 (BSc). In 2010, the Department of Computer Science and Electronics (DCSE) was formed by merging Computer Science resources within the Department of Mathematics with the Electronics and Instrumentation group within the Department of Physics. Students of DCSE have won gold medals in robotics competitions both nationally and internationally (in Korea in 2012 with a humanoid robot, and in the US in 2013 with a legged robot).
UGM has 23 university-level research and study centers:
- Center for Agroecology and Land Resources Studies
- Center for Asia - Pacific Studies
- Center for Disaster Studies
- Research Center for Biotechnology
- Center for Economic and Public Policy Studies
- Center for Economic Democracy Studies
- Center for Energy Studies
- Center for Clinical Pharmacology Studies and Drug Policy
- Center for Security and Peace Studies.
- Center for Cultural Studies
- Center for Population and Policy Studies
- Center For Environmental Studies
- Center for Pancasila Studies
- Center for Food and Nutrition Studies
- Center for Tourism Studies
- Center for Rural and Regional Development Studies
- Research Center for Management of Biological Resources
- Center for World Trade Studies
- Center for Studies in Regional Development Planning
- Center for Southeast Asian Social Studies
- Center For Marine Resource Development and Technology
- Center For Transportation and Logistics Studies
- Center For Women Studies
UGM maintains the Integrated Research and Testing Laboratory (LPPT), which is the university's central laboratory.
In 2013, the chemistry undergraduate program received accreditation from the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) in the United Kingdom, the largest European-based international organization devoted to the advancement of chemical science. The first such international accreditation received by the university, it is effective from 5 March 2013 until March 2018.
|Global – Overall|
|QS World||254 (2021)|
|QS Employability||301-500 (2020)|
|THE World||1001+ (2020)|
|Regional – Overall|
|QS Asia||70 (2020)|
|THE Asia||301-350 (2020)|
UGM is ranked in the top 50 in the world, according to Times Higher Education (THE) Impact Ranking on the seven criteria of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). THE Impact Ranking this year was attended by 766 prestigious institutions throughout the world. In the overall assessment this year, UGM ranked 72 in the world.
UGM ranks 16th in the world for Zero Hunger, 24th in the Partnership for the Goals indicator, 25th in the world for No Poverty indicators, and 26th in the world for the indicator for Mainland Ecosystems (Life on Land). For the Clean Water and Sanitation indicator, UGM ranks 34th in the world, the Decent Work and Economic Growth indicator rank 41st in the world. For the Reduced Inequalities indicator, it ranks 49th in the world.
UGM also ranks 51-100 in the world for 5 SDGs, 101-200 for the 2 SDGs, and 201-300 for the other three SDGs.
- 1st-place winner of Fire-Fighting category, 1st-place winner of Stand Balancing, and 2nd-place winner of Walker Challenge, Robogames competition, USA 2012
- 3rd Best Memorial Award Asia Cup 2012. International Law Moot Court Competition Asia Cup 2012, Japan
- The Best Technical Innovation Award for eSemar Xperimental, Shell Eco-Marathon (SEM) 2011, Malaysia
- Winner of Outstanding Achievement in 62nd Intel International Science and Engineering Fair – China Association for Science and Technology 2011 in Los Angeles
- 1st winner of Creative Robot, The 13th International Robot Olympiad 2011, Indonesia
- The Standard Commercial Movie Category Award, 7th GATSBY Student CM Award
Every year UGM welcomes new students by holding a one-week student orientation session called PPSMB Palapa (Pelatihan Pembelajar Sukses bagi Mahasiswa Baru Palapa, or "Training for New Students to be Successful Learners"), which involves a short course introducing UGM's common knowledge, values, rules, and soft-skill education. On the last day of the program, there is a closing ceremony where students make a formation of a symbol or logo. In 2018, the students created a formation called Bersatu Nusantara Indonesia ("United Indonesian Archipelago") with the Indonesian national flag, to encourage a spirit of unity across differences in the country.
UGM organizes a community service called KKN-PPM (short for Kuliah Kerja Nyata-Pembelajaran Pemberdayaan Masyarakat or Student Community Service-Community Empowerment Learning in English), which is obligatory for undergraduate students. KKN-PPM is a research-based community service offered three times each academic year, in the middle of both the odd semester and even semester and between these two semesters. Not only local students joining the KKN, but also international academicians, including lecturers and students, are involved in KKN-PPM UGM. In 2011, 150 international students participated in KKN-PPM, coming from many countries, such as South Korea, Australia, France, the US and Norway.
The Sports Activities Unit is coordinated by the Secretariat of Joint Sports, and the Arts Unit is coordinated by the Joint Secretariat of Arts.
Sports activities include swimming, diving, inkai karate, kenpō, the Indonesian martial art pencak silat (including the variants of pencak silat merpati putih, self periasi pencak silat, pencak silat pro patria, and pencak silat setia hati terate), taekwondo, judo, hockey, soccer, softball, volleyball, basketball, athletics, equestrian, bridge, badminton, chess, and tennis.
Arts activities include Arts Gaya Yogyakarta (Swagayugama), Art Style Surakarta, Balinese dance, creative dance, photography, Gamma Band, marching band, ‘’keroncong’’, student choir, theatre, and others arts.
Other activities include Publisher Student Press Agency, Mapagama, Student Health Unit, Scout, Satmenwa, Cooperative Students "Kopma UGM", and AIESEC.
Spirituality activities include the Unit of Islamic Spirituality (Jama'ah Shalahuddin), Unit of Catholic Spirituality, Christian Spirituality Unit, Hindu Spirituality Unit, Buddhism and Spiritual Unit.
Reasoning activities include the Interdisciplinary Unit of Scientific Reasoning, Gama Scholar Reasoning Unit, and English Debating Society.
UGM Campus Mosque is a mosque owned by UGM and situated within its campus. It was designed entirely by the students of UGM Architecture Engineering department. It holds maximum capacity of 10,000 pilgrims, making it one of the largest mosques in Southeast Asia.
Madya Stadium, the softball/baseball field, and the tennis courts are located in the valley of UGM. The stadium can be used for football, athletics, hockey, and other activities. These facilities are available to UGM students, staff and the public.
The Student Center Hall is used for sports activities such as basketball, volleyball, badminton, and martial arts, and for exhibitions and artistic performances.
The open field in the valley of UGM can be used for musical performances or other student activities that require a wide open space.
The Yogyakarta Principles—a set of principles set forth at Geneva, Switzerland, which were intended to apply international human rights law guidelines in support of the human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people—were developed at Gadjah Mada University.
However, the Yogyakarta communities, civil societies, and the Sultanate of Yogyakarta have not subscribed to these principles. The principles were deemed as being against the Constitution of Indonesia and Pancasila ideology by the regional House of Representatives (DPRD), Islamic and religious groups, and civil prosecutors, who attacked the LGBT community as being suspect in "promoting communism or westernization", although the Yogyakarta Principles merely address ending violence, abuse, and discrimination of LGBT people.
2016 student demonstrationEdit
In 2016, more than 1000 of UGM's student and staff flocked to the university's headquarters for a demonstration that was said to be the biggest after the 1998 national demonstration. The demonstration went peacefully, with no damage reported by the university, although it got a bit heated when the university's rector, Mrs. Dwikorita, claimed that the demonstration was a simulation officially held by UGM. There were three factors that led to this demonstration: tuition (uang kuliah tunggal) that was deemed too expensive; the university's status as a "state university with corporation status" (PTNBH), which led to the tuition fee rate ruling by the university; and to stop the relocation of a canteen called "bonbin".
2017 alleged sexual assault cover-upEdit
On 5 November 2018, UGM's student body publication, Balairung Press, published an article containing the account, from a female student ("Agni"), of an alleged rape she experienced at the hands of a male fellow student ("HS") while doing a student work experience (Kuliah Kerja Nyata – KKN) program in Seram Island, Maluku in June 2017.
When learning of the rape allegation, UGM–KKN officials chose not to forward Agni's accusation to the police. Instead, they were skeptical of Agni's account. Regardless, HS was pulled from the KKN program about a week later because he was deemed to be "incompatible" with other KKN participants.
After Agni returned to Yogyakarta in September 2017, she received a C-grade for the program, apparently in retaliation for the shame her allegation had brought upon an official. Agni then filed a formal complaint about her alleged rape to higher-ranking officials at the university, who raised her grade to A/B but still did not report HS to law enforcement. Instead, the university agreed to pay for the counseling Agni had been seeking to deal with her trauma, as well as requiring HS to go to counseling as well. HS was allowed to take part in another KKN program the semester after the alleged rape, and he is expected to graduate soon.
UGM Spokesperson Iva Ariani confirmed the account as told in Balairung Press and says that the university is now taking further steps to investigate the rape allegation.
- Sukadji Ranuwihardjo – Rector of Gadjah Mada University (1973–1981)
- Pratikno – Rector of Gadjah Mada University (2012–2014), current Minister of State Secretariat
- Anies Baswedan – Minister of Education and Culture of Indonesia (2014–2016), academician, current Governor of Special Capital City District of Jakarta
- J Soedrajad Djiwandono – Governor of the Central Bank of Indonesia (1993–1998), Junior Minister of Trade (1988–1993)
- Siti Fadillah Supari – Minister of Health (2004–2009), cardiologist
- Dewa Made Beratha – Governor of Bali (1998–2008)
- Boediono – Vice President of Indonesia (2009–2014), former Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs, former Governor of the Central Bank of Indonesia
- Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X – 10th and current Sultan of Yogyakarta, Governor of the modern Yogyakarta Special Region
- Retno Marsudi – current Minister of Foreign Affairs, former Indonesian Ambassador to the Netherlands (2012–2015)
- Jahja Muhaimin – former Education Minister of Indonesia
- Fadel Muhammad – Vice President of ASEAN Business Forum, Governor of Gorontalo (2001–2006)
- Amien Rais – former leader of Muhammadiyah
- Abdul Rahman Saleh – Attorney General of Indonesia
- Budiman Sudjatmiko – politician
- Ben Mang Reng Say – politician, founder and rector of Atma Jaya Catholic University
- Joko Widodo – President of Indonesia, former Governor of Jakarta, former Mayor of Surakarta
- Ahmad Wahib – progressive Islamic intellectual
Arts and cultureEdit
- Sapardi Djoko Damono – poet, professor at University of Indonesia
- Artika Sari Devi – actress, model, Puteri Indonesia 2004 and Top 15 Miss Universe 2005 in Bangkok, Thailand
- Helmi Johannes – Voice of America (VOA) Indonesia Executive Producer (2005–present)
- Umar Kayam – author and former President of Jakarta Art Institute
- Kuntowijoyo – historian, author
- Eka Kurniawan – author, first Indonesian nominated for the Man Booker International Prize
- Emha Ainun Nadjib – poet, public speaker
- Jakob Oetama – founder of Kompas & CEO of Kompas Gramedia
- Susanto Pudjomartono – second chief editor of The Jakarta Post (1991–2003), Ambassador to Russia (2003–2008)
- Willibrordus S. Rendra – poet, lyricist, dramatist, and stage writer
- Putu Wijaya – novelist
Science and technologyEdit
- Teuku Jacob – Palaeoanthropologist, physician, anatomist
- Herman Johannes – Rector, scientist, former Minister of Public Works (1950–1951)
- Mohammad Sadli – Minister of Mineral Resources (1973–1978), Minister of Labor (1971–1973), Professor of Economics at University of Indonesia
- Lolo Soetoro – Geographer and stepfather of Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States
- Sutopo Purwo Nugroho—Leading spokesperson on issues about natural disasters in Indonesia
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gadjah Mada University.|
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Some Indonesian historians have considered Gajah Mada as the country's first real nation-builder. It is significant that Gadjah Mada University (using the Dutch-era spelling of Gajah Mada's name), established by the revolutionary Republic of Indonesia at Yogyakarta in 1946, was--and remains--named after him.
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A distinguished group of human rights experts has drafted, developed, discussed and refined these Principles. Following an experts’ meeting held at Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta, Indonesia from 6 to 9 November 2006, 29 distinguished experts from 25 countries with diverse backgrounds and expertise relevant to issues of human rights law unanimously adopted the Yogyakarta Principles on the Application of International Human Rights Law in relation to Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity.
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Ten years ago, a distinguished group of human rights experts from around the world came together at Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. They met to provide victims of human rights violations based on sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) an authoritative legal tool with which to seek justice and protection. The outcome is perhaps the most significant international legal development in SOGI history.
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