Ministry of Public Works and Housing (Indonesia)
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The Ministry of Public Works and Housing (Indonesian: Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat), abbreviated Kemen PUPR, is a ministry of the Government of Republic of Indonesia that is responsible for public works and public housing.
|Kementerian Pekerjaan Umum dan Perumahan Rakyat|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Indonesia|
|Headquarters||Jalan Pattimura No. 20 Kebayoran Baru |
Jakarta Selatan 12110
Dutch East Indies periodEdit
The term "Public Works" is a translation of the Dutch term Openbare Werken which was called Waterstaat swerken during the Dutch East Indies era. The Government Center, built by the Department of Van Verkeer & Waterstaat (Dep.V & W), were led by a director, who oversees several departments (Afdelingen) and services (Diensten) in accordance with the duties / authorities of the Department.
The department also covers the public works (openbare werken) including afdeling Waterstaat, with afdelingen parts: Lands gebouwen, Wegen, Irrigatie and Assainering, Water Kracht, Constructie burreau (for bridges). The department also covers afd. Havenwezen (Harbor), afd. Electriciteitswezen (Electrical) and afd. Luchtvaart (Civil Aviation).
The regulations issued during the Dutch East Indies era for guidelines in carrying out tasks in the Public Works can be read in "A.W.R". 1936 B.W.R 1934 and "W.V.O/W.V.V.".
After the Dutch surrendered in the Pacific war in 1942, to Japan, the Indonesian area was divided by Japan into three administrative regions, namely Java/Madura, Sumatra and East Indonesia and there was no highest Government Center in Indonesia which controlled the government areas.
In the field of public works in each of the areas of the Japanese Military Government organization mentioned above, an organization in the Dutch East Indies era was needed and adjusted to the provisions of the Japanese side. The head office "V & W". in Bandung was renamed Kotubu Bunsitsu (交通 部分 室). Since then, the term 'Pekerjaan Oemoem' (PO), 'Oeroesan Pekerdjaan Oemoem' (OPO), 'Pekerjaan Umum' (PU), and doboku (土木) was commonly used.
Kotubu Bonsitsu in Bandung only has relations with the Government area in Java/Madura, while the relations with outside of Java was not exist. Public Works Organizations in the regions and residents generally stand on their own. There is some work implementation system that uses the system and the name of the Dutch Indies era, other than Japanese system.
After Indonesia proclaimed independence on 17 August 1945, the Indonesian youths began to gradually seize power from the Japanese government, both in the central government (Jakarta / Bandung) and regional governments. After the Indonesian government formed the first Cabinet, the Minister began to formulate its organization and character. Public Works at that time (1945) was based in Bandung, taking the place of the former V. & W building. (known as Gedung Sate).
When the Dutch wanted to restore governmental power in the Dutch East Indies before the war, they came to follow the Allied Forces into Indonesia. As a result of the urges of the Dutch government, there was a physical conflict with the Indonesian Youth who wanted to defend their homeland and the occupied buildings, including the "Gedung Sate" which had become the Public Works Department Building at that time (this historic event is known as the "incident" 3 December 1945).
During the physical revolution from 1945 to 1949, the Indonesian Central Government in Jakarta was forced to flee to Purworejo and then to Yogyakarta, as well as the Ministry of Public Works. After the Dutch Government in 1949 recognized the independence of the Republic of Indonesia, the center of the Indonesian government in Yogyakarta was moved again to Jakarta.
Since 1945, the Public Works (PU) has often undergone changes in leadership and organization, according to the political situation at that time. In the beginning of the formation of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia, the composition of the Ministries was different as follows: During the G 30 S prologue, there was a large Cabinet called the Dwikora Cabinet or the Cabinet of 100 Ministers. The public works department also experienced organizational changes and was expended into five distinct departments under the Dwikora Cabinet. The compartment of public works, led by General Suprajogi managed the following departments:
- Department of Electricity and Power (Departemen Listrik dan Ketenagaan)
- Department of Highways (Departemen Bina Marga)
- Construction Work and Creation Department (Departemen Cipta Karya Konstruksi)
- Water Department (Departemen Pengairan Dasar)
- Sumatra Highway Department (Departemen Jalan Raya Sumatra)
After the G.30S PKI event, the Government immediately completed the Dwikora Cabinet by appointing Ir Soetami, as the PUT minister to lead the PUT compartment. The perfected cabinet could not last long.
The public works ministry was formed during the Ampera Cabinet, which was the first Cabinet during the New Order era. Ir. Soetami was appointed as a coordinating Minister. With the Decree of the Minister of PUT dated 17 June 1968 N0.3 / PRT / 1968 and amended by the Ministerial Decree of PUT dated 1 June 1970 Number 4 / PRT / 1970, the department an organizational structure was constructed. As a further illustration of the division of tasks within the public works department, the public work duties at that time was handed and being managed by the regional authorities themselves.
- "Indonesian ministry innovates new block concrete to resist erosion". Xinhua. 28 January 2020. Retrieved 10 June 2021.
- Post, The Jakarta. "COVID-19: Govt to convert more towers in athletes village for makeshift hospital". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
- Post, The Jakarta. "Government to complete access road to Bengkulu Port in 2018". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
- PricewaterhouseCoopers. "Public Works and Housing prioritises people's infrastructure". PwC. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
- Idris, Irdam (1970). Sejarah Perkembangan Pekerjaan Umum di Indonesia (PDF). Ministry of Public Works and Housing. p. 2.
- "Peristiwa Heroik 3 Desember". Ministry of Public Works and Housing. Retrieved 5 October 2020.