Anies Baswedan

Anies Rasyid Baswedan (born 7 May 1969) is an Indonesian academic, activist, and politician who currently serves as the Governor of Jakarta.

Anies Baswedan
Gubernur Anies.jpg
18th Governor of Jakarta
Assumed office
16 October 2017
Deputy
Preceded byDjarot Saiful Hidayat
27th Minister of Education and Culture of Indonesia
In office
27 October 2014 – 27 July 2016
PresidentJoko Widodo
Preceded byMuhammad Nuh
Succeeded byMuhadjir Effendy
Rector of Paramadina University
In office
2007–2015
Preceded byNurcholish Madjid
Succeeded byFirmanzah
Personal details
Born
Anies Rasyid Baswedan

(1969-05-07) 7 May 1969 (age 51)[1]
Kuningan, West Java, Indonesia[1]
NationalityIndonesian
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)
Fery Farhati Ganis
(m. 1996)
Children4
Parents
  • Rasyid Baswedan (father)
  • Aliyah Rasyid (mother)
Relatives
Alma mater
Occupation
Signature

A student activist and political analyst before entering public service, he served as rector of Paramadina University before being appointed to be Minister of Education and Culture in Joko Widodo administration. He is the founder of Indonesia Mengajar, a program that selects, trains, and assign university graduates to serve in a one-year teaching mission across the country.

Early life and educationEdit

Anies Rasyid Baswedan was born on 7 May 1969, in Kuningan, West Java to a Hadhrami-Javanese father and a Sundanese mother. His grandfather, Abdurrahman Baswedan, was a prominent Arab-Indonesian activist who served as a cabinet minister during the Indonesian National Revolution. Baswedan grew up in Yogyakarta, attending SMP Negeri 5 and SMA Negeri 2 Yogyakarta. In 1987, he spent one year as an AFS Intercultural Programs exchange student in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Returning to Indonesia, Baswedan enrolled at Gadjah Mada University in his hometown of Yogyakarta, spending a summer attending Summer Session of Asian Studies at Sophia University in Tokyo and graduating with a degree in business management. As a Fulbright Scholar, he went to receive his M.P.P. in international security and economic policy from the University of Maryland School of Public Policy (where he was a William P. Cole III Fellow), and Ph.D. in political science from Northern Illinois University, where he was a Gerald S. Maryanov Fellow.[2]

Academic and educational activismEdit

On May 2007, Baswedan was appointed as rector (equivalent of president) of Paramadina University, a private university in Jakarta. He succeeded Nurcholish Madjid, a prominent liberal Muslim intellectual who had served as rector since its founding in 1998. As rector, Baswedan established Paramadina Fellowship and included anti-corruption education in the core curriculum, first of its kind in the country.

Baswedan rose to national prominence in 2009 when he initiated Indonesia Mengajar, a nationwide program that selects, trains, and assign university graduates to serve in a one-year teaching mission across the country. The program was established in response of unequal quality of education in Indonesia, particularly in the poor and rural parts of the archipelago.[3][4] Baswedan remained in the leadership until 2013, when he resigned in order to pursue his political career.

Public serviceEdit

Politically, Baswedan had been an independent during early years of his career. He moderated the first debate of 2009 presidential election. He also served in several capacities during Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono administration. Baswedan served as official spokesperson for the so-called "Team of Eight", which was appointed by President Yudhoyono to oversee the infamous public feud between Corruption Eradication Commission and National Police, which saw two of the commissioners were criminally charged. On December 2011, he also served in a panel to select potential members of the General Election Commission.

In 2010, alongside prominent figures like Hamengkubuwono X of Yogyakarta and former Muhammadiyah chairman Ahmad Syafi'i Maarif, Baswedan co-founded Nasional Demokrat, a mass organization. He left soon after it was declared a political party led by media mogul Surya Paloh. Nasdem went to win legislative seats in the 2014 legislative election, becoming part of the Widodo coalition.

Joko Widodo presidential campaignEdit

After his failed presidential bid, Baswedan joined Joko Widodo presidential campaign as official spokesperson. Widodo, a fellow Gadjah Mada graduate, was said to believe that his presence would gather votes from Indonesian youth voters, a demographic closely affiliated with Baswedan.[5][6]

After Widodo's victory on July 2014, Baswedan was appointed to manage the presidential transition office, led by Rini Soemarno. He helped the formation of the cabinet, working alongside Hasto Kristiyanto, Andi Widjajanto, and Akbar Faizal; all but Kristiyanto eventually became Cabinet ministers.[7]

Minister of Education and CultureEdit

After the election win, Baswedan emerged as the front runner as the Minister of Education and Culture. On 27 October 2014 he was inaugurated to take the office. On 27 July 2016 he was replaced from his post as Ministry of Education and Culture by Muhadjir Effendy.[8]

Governor of JakartaEdit

He entered in the 2017 Jakarta gubernatorial elections, with Sandiaga Uno as his running mate.[9] In the first round of voting on 15 February 2017, Baswedan secured passage to the second round run-off between two candidates, having secured approximately 40% of the vote, behind Basuki Tjahaja Purnama, the acting governor (known as Ahok), with 44%, and well ahead of Agus with 16%.[10] On 19 April 2017 Baswedan won the runoff election, with approximately 58% of the votes, ahead of Ahok's 42%.[11] He was officially inaugurated as governor on 16 October 2017, replacing Djarot Saiful Hidayat.[12]

In November 2017, he claimed that congestion in the Tanah Abang district was caused by pedestrians, instead of due to the street vendors conducting business on the area's sidewalks and roads.[13] The city administration followed through by closing a 400-meter road stretch for traffic (except for Transjakarta buses) in order to accommodate the street vendors, against criticism from pedestrians, public transport drivers and regular vendors.[14][15] Although some observers noted that the move might be a violation of national regulations, the street vendors and some city officials praised the move.[16]

Baswedan in 2019 initiated a school meal program for Jakarta's schoolchildren, starting with 144,000 students in 459 schools that year.[17]

AchievementsEdit

US magazine Foreign Policy named him as one of the top 100 public intellectuals in the world in May 2008[18] and the World Economic Forum included him in the 2009 Young Global Leaders. In April 2010, the Japanese magazine Foresight, a Tokyo-based international affairs magazine,[19] published a special report entitled: 20 Persons 20 Years. This report lists 20 persons (from all continents) to be watched in the next 20 years, Baswedan is included in that list along with names such as Vladimir Putin (Russia), David Miliband (UK), Hugo Chávez (Venezuela), and Rahul Gandhi (India).[20][21] He is the only person from Southeast Asia included in this list.[22] In July 2010, the Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre in Jordan listed him in the 500 Most Influential Muslims in the world.[23] In November 2010, PASIAD of Turkey granted Baswedan the PASIAN Education Award for his roles in advancing education in rural areas of Indonesia.[24] With Baswedan on the helm, Jakarta also received the "honorable mention" award from Sustainable Transport Award.[25]

ControversiesEdit

During his tenure as Governor of Jakarta, Baswedan attracted numerous controversies for his public statements. In 2018, he stated that water from rainfall must be returned to Earth, as the Lord wills, instead of being flowed out to the sea.[26] He echoed similar remarks during his campaign for governorship on 2017.[27] His policies regarding building permits on reclaimed land on the north of Jakarta and demolishing slums without permits have run contrary to his campaign promises in 2017.[28][29] He also gained more controversy due to the mistake city officials made during the budgeting process, resulting in highly inflated prices such as Aibon glue that costs around 82 billion rupiah (around $6 million dollars).[30] During his tenure, the city gave an award to Colosseum Club 1001, a nightclub in Kuningan, Jakarta. This award is later revoked when it was found that the club had numerous issues with drugs and narcotics.[31]

WorksEdit

Baswedan’s publications include “Political Islam in Indonesia: Present and Future Trajectory,” Asian Survey, a Bimonthly Review of Contemporary Asian Affairs published by University of California, Berkeley, Indonesian Politics in 2007: The Presidency, Local Elections and The Future of Democracy published by BIES, Australian National University and numerous op-ed articles in leading newspapers and magazines in Indonesia.[citation needed]

FamilyEdit

 
Family of Anies Baswedan, 2013

He is married and lives in Jakarta. His grandfather, AR Baswedan, was a Minister of Information during the revolution and one of the founding fathers of Indonesia. He has four children: Mutiara, Mikail, Kaisar and Ismail.[32]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Daftar Riwayat Hidup Calon Gubernur" [Biographical information of the gubernatorial candidate] (PDF). Anies Baswedan's Gubernatorial Campaign declaration (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Indonesian Electoral Commission. 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 September 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Anies Baswedan CV" (PDF). turuntangan.org. Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 May 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  3. ^ "Sejarah – Indonesia Mengajar". Indonesia Mengajar (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  4. ^ "Anies Baswedan berbagi inspirasi" (in Indonesian). BBC Indonesia. 11 March 2013. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  5. ^ Januarius Kuwado, Fabian (27 May 2014). "Ini Alasan Jokowi Minta Anies Baswedan Masuk Tim Suksesnya" (in Indonesian). Kompas. Archived from the original on 21 April 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  6. ^ Syurkani, Panca (22 May 2014). "Anies Baswedan: Berani Ambil Pilihan Lalu Hadapi" (in Indonesian). Metro TV News. Archived from the original on 21 April 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  7. ^ Nurcahyani, Ida (4 August 2014). "Jokowi resmikan Kantor Transisi" (in Indonesian). ANTARA News. Archived from the original on 6 August 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  8. ^ Ayomi Amindoni (27 July 2016). "Jokowi's new Cabinet announced". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 30 July 2016. Retrieved 5 August 2016.
  9. ^ Carina, Jessi (25 October 2016). Rastika, Icha (ed.). "Agus-Sylvi Nomor 1, Ahok-Djarot Nomor 2, dan Anies-Sandiaga Nomor 3". Kompas (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 19 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  10. ^ Ahok heading for Baswedan run-off in tense Jakarta vote Archived 16 February 2017 at the Wayback Machine, Al Jazeera, 16 February 2017
  11. ^ "Indonesian Muslim candidate wins Jakarta election – pollsters". Reuters. 19 April 2017. Archived from the original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  12. ^ "Supporters greet new Jakarta leaders at Sunda Kelapa Mosque". The Jakarta Post. 16 October 2017. Archived from the original on 16 October 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
  13. ^ "Study shows pedestrians cause traffic jams in Tanah Abang: Anies". The Jakarta Post. 7 November 2017. Archived from the original on 23 December 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Public minibus drivers oppose road closure in Tanah Abang". The Jakarta Post. 22 December 2017. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  15. ^ "Pedagang Blok G Tanah Abang Heran dengan Kebijakan Anies Baswedan". Tribun News (in Indonesian). 23 November 2017. Archived from the original on 23 December 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  16. ^ Retaduari, Elza Astari (23 December 2017). "Pujian dan Kritik untuk Wajah Baru Tanah Abang ala Anies". detiknews (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 23 December 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  17. ^ "Jakarta provides free breakfasts for schoolkids". The Jakarta Post. 5 April 2019. Archived from the original on 5 April 2019. Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  18. ^ "The Top 100 Public Intellectuals: Bios". Foreign Policy. April 2008. Archived from the original on 25 April 2008.
  19. ^ Foresight – International Affairs Monthly Magazine Archived 27 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ "Anies Baswedan listed as world figure". The Jakarta Post. 3 May 2010. Archived from the original on 6 May 2010.
  21. ^ "Anies Baswedan, Tokoh Perubahan Dunia". Kompas. 30 April 2010. Archived from the original on 20 March 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  22. ^ "Anies Baswedan Masuk "20 Tokoh Dunia 20 Tahun Mendatang"". ANTARA. 30 April 2010. Archived from the original on 20 March 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  23. ^ "The 500 Most Influential Muslims 2010" (PDF). Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  24. ^ Purwoko, Krisman (24 November 2010). "Anies Baswedan Peroleh Penghargaan PASIAD Turki" (in Indonesian). Republika. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  25. ^ Post, The Jakarta. "Jakarta wins 'honorable mention' for sustainable transportation". The Jakarta Post. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  26. ^ Komara, Indra. "Anies: Jika Air Hujan Masuk ke Tanah, Insyaallah Tak Ada Banjir". detiknews (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  27. ^ "Kejamnya Jejak Digital, Video Anies Baswedan Soal Air Turun dari Langit Tak Boleh Dialirkan ke Laut Kembali Viral dan Tuai Protes Karena Dianggap Plin-plan: Jakarta Telah Mengambil Keputusan yang Fatal! - Semua Halaman - Grid.ID". www.grid.id (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  28. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Terbitkan IMB di Pulau Reklamasi, Anies Klaim Tak Ingkar Janji". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  29. ^ "Dulu Anies Bilang Tak Menggusur, Kini Gusur Bangunan di Sunter | Jakarta". Bisnis.com. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  30. ^ Franedya, Roy. "Lem Aibon Rp 82 M, E-Budgeting Versi Ahok dan Anies Baswedan". tech (in Indonesian). Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  31. ^ Murti, Markus Wisnu (16 December 2019). "Anies Baswedan Annuls Award to Colosseum After FPI Protest". Tempo. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
  32. ^ Nurohmah, Aprilia (17 February 2017). "15 Potret kedekatan Anies Baswedan dengan anak-anaknya, ngemong banget". Brilio (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 27 April 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2018.

External linksEdit