Open main menu

Tanzania's first president, Julius Nyerere also was one of the founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement, and, during the Cold War era, Tanzania played an important role in regional and international organisations, such as the Non-Aligned Movement, the front-line states, the G-77, and the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) (now the African Union). One of Africa's best-known elder statesmen, Nyerere was personally active in many of these organisations, and served chairman of the OAU (1984–85) and chairman of six front-line states concerned with eliminating apartheid in Southern Africa. Nyerere was also involved with peace negotiations in Burundi until his death. Nyerere's death, on 14 October 1999, is still commemorated annually.

Tanzania, officially known as the United Republic of Tanzania, enjoys good relations with its neighbours in the region and in recent years has been an active participant in efforts to promote the peaceful resolution of disputes. Tanzania is helping to broker peace talks to end conflict in Burundi and supports the Lusaka agreement concerning the conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In March 1996, Tanzania, Uganda, and Kenya revived discussion of economic and regional cooperation. These talks culminated with the signing of an East African Cooperation Treaty in September 1999, which should in time lead to economic integration through the development of the East African Community. Tanzania is the only country in East Africa which also is a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC).

Historically, Tanzania has played an active role in hosting refugees from neighbouring countries including Mozambique, DR Congo, Burundi, and Rwanda. This normally has been done in partnership with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.

Contents

Bilateral relationsEdit

AfricaEdit

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
  Algeria
  Burundi See Burundi–Tanzania relations
  • Burundi has an embassy in Dar es Salaam and a consulate-general in Kigoma.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Bujumbura.
  Comoros

Tanzania contributed about 750 troops in the 2008 invasion of Anjouan.

  • Comoros has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Moroni.
  Democratic Republic of Congo
  • DR Congo has an embassy in Dar es Salaam and a consulate-general in Kigoma.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Kinshasa.
  Egypt
  • Egypt has an embassy in Dar es Salaam and a consulate-general in Zanzibar.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Cairo.
  Ethiopia
  • Ethiopia has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Addis Ababa.
  Kenya See Kenya–Tanzania relations
  • Kenya has a high commission in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has a high commission in Nairobi.
  Malawi See Malawi–Tanzania relations
  • Malawi has a high commission in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has a high commission in Lilongwe.
  Mozambique See Mozambique–Tanzania relations
  • Mozambique has a high commission in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has a high commission Maputo.
  Nigeria
  • Nigeria has a high commission in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has a high commission in Abuja.
  Rwanda See Rwanda–Tanzania relations
  • Rwanda has a high commission in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has a high commission in Kigali.
  South Africa
  • South Africa has a high commission in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has a high commission in Pretoria.
  Uganda See Tanzania–Uganda relations
  • Tanzania has a high commission in Kampala.
  • Uganda has a high commission in Dar es Salaam.
  Zambia
  • Tanzania has a high commission in Lusaka.
  • Zambia has a high commission in Dar es Salaam.
  Zimbabwe
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Harare.
  • Zimbabwe has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.

AmericasEdit

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
  Argentina
  • Argentina is accredited to Tanzania from its embassy in Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Tanzania is accredited to Argentina from its embassy in Brasilia, Brazil.
  Brazil 1970
  • Brazil has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Brasilia.
  Canada 1961
  • Canada has a high commission in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has a high commission in Ottawa.
  Cuba
  • Cuba has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania is accredited to Cuba from its high commission in Ottawa, Canada.
  Guyana 28 December 1970
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 28, 1970.[1]
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
  Mexico 19 February 1973 See Mexico–Tanzania relations
  • Mexico is accredited to Tanzania from its embassy in Nairobi, Kenya and maintains an honorary consulate in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania is accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States and maintains an honorary consulate in Mexico City.
  United States See Tanzania–United States relations

The U.S. Government provides assistance to Tanzania to support programs in the areas of health, environment, democracy, and development of the private sector. The U.S. Agency for International Development's program in Tanzania averages about $20 million per year. The Peace Corps program, revitalised in 1979, provides assistance in education through the provision of teachers. Peace Corps also is assisting in health and environment sectors. Currently, about 147 volunteers are serving in Tanzania. First Lady Laura Bush visited Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar in mid-July 2005.

AsiaEdit

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
  Armenia 1992 Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1992.
  China 1961 See China–Tanzania relations

China established diplomatic relations with Tanganyika and Zanzibar on 9 December 1961 and 11 December 1963 respectively. When Tanganyika and Zanzibar were united and became Tanzania on 26 April 1964, it is natural for China to extend its diplomatic ties with it.[4] Tanzania has had good relations with the People’s Republic of China over the past 30 years, recently receiving the Chinese president (February 2009). This relationship is linked with bi-lateral co-operation including the TAZARA Railway project on the Tanzanian mainland.

  • China has an embassy in Dar es Salaam and a consulate-general in Zanzibar.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Beijing.
  India See India–Tanzania relations
  • India has a High Commission in Dar es Salaam.[5]
  • Tanzania maintains a High Commission in New Delhi.[6]
  Israel
  • Israel is accredited to Tanzania from its embassy in Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Tel Aviv.
  Japan 1961

Diplomatic relations between Japan and Tanganyika were established on Tanganyika independence of 9 December 1961 . When Tanganyika and Zanzibar were united and became Tanzania on 26 April 1964, diplomatic ties were automatically extended to cover the union.

  • Japan has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Tokyo.
  Malaysia See Malaysia–Tanzania relations
  Palestine 24 November 1988

Tanzania officially recognised Palestine as a sovereign state on 24 November 1988.[8] In October 2011, Tanzanian Foreign Minister Bernard Membe affirmed that his country would give everything required to support Palestine in gaining membership within the United Nations and any other international organisation.[9]

  Qatar
  • Qatar has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Doha.
  Saudi Arabia See Saudi Arabia–Tanzania relations
  • Saudi Arabia has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Riyadh and a consulate-general in Jeddah.
  South Korea

High-level Exchanges 1994 May Special Envoy of the President Han Wan-sang 1994 October Special Envoy of the President Hong Soon-young 1999 April Minister for Trade Han Duck-soo 2005 January Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade Ban Ki-moon 2005 December Special Envoy oh the President Kwon Jin-ho 2006 May Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade Ban Ki-moon 2009 March Chairman of Korea Foundation Lim Sung-jun 2009 August Chairman of Truth and Reconciliation Commission Ahn Byung-wook 2010 May Deputy Prime Minister Park Young-joon.[10]

  • South Korea has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Seoul.
  Turkey
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Ankara.
  • Turkey has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  United Arab Emirates See Tanzania–United Arab Emirates relations
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Abu Dhabi and a consulate-general in Dubai.
  • United Arab Emirates has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  Vietnam 14 February 1965 See Tanzania–Vietnam relations

Both countries have signed diplomatic missions on 14 February 1965. Vietnam has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.[11]

  • Tanzania is accredited to Vietnam from its embassy in Beijing, China.
  • Vietnam has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.

EuropeEdit

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
  Belgium
  • Belgium has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Brussels.
  Denmark See Denmark–Tanzania relations
  • Denmark has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania is accredited to Denmark from its embassy in Stockholm, Sweden.
  France
  • France has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Paris.
  Germany
  • Germany has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Berlin.
  Ireland
  • Ireland has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania is accredited to Ireland from its high commission in London.
  Italy
  • Italy has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Rome.
  Netherlands
  • Netherlands has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in The Hague.
  Poland 1961 See Poland–Tanzania relations
  • Poland has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania is accredited to Poland from its embassy in Berlin, Germany.
  Russia 11 December 1961 See Russia–Tanzania relations

Both countries have signed diplomatic missions on 11 December 1961.

  Spain
  • Spain has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania is accredited to Spain from its embassy in Paris, France.
  Sweden
  • Sweden has an embassy in Dar es Salaam.
  • Tanzania has an embassy in Stockholm.
  United Kingdom See Tanzania–United Kingdom relations

Tanzania and the United Kingdom are currently on good terms as the United Kingdom helped the poorer Tanzanian government during many disasters. The United Kingdom is also Tanzania's largest source of investment.[13]

  • Tanzania has a high commission in London.
  • United Kingdom has a high commission in Dar es Salaam.

OceaniaEdit

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
  Australia
  • Australia is accredited to Tanzania from its high commission in Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Tanzania is accredited to Australia from its embassy in Tokyo, Japan.
  New Zealand
  • New Zealand is accredited to Tanzania from its high commission in Pretoria, South Africa.
  • Tanzania is accredited to New Zealand from its embassy in Tokyo, Japan.

International organisation participationEdit

Tanzania and the Commonwealth of NationsEdit

Tanzania has been a Commonwealth republic since 1964, when the Republic of Tanganyika and the People's Republic of Zanzibar and Pemba united after the Zanzibar Revolution.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Tanzania Embassy Site - This is the Official website for the Embassy of Tanzania in the United States of America". tanzaniaembassy-us.org. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Embassy of the United States in Dar es Salaam". usembassy.gov. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  4. ^ http://www.china.org.cn/english/features/focac/183419.htm
  5. ^ "MEA - Indian Missions Abroad - Indian Mission". mea.gov.in. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Welcome - Tanzania High Commission - New Delhi". www.tanzrepdelhi.com. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  7. ^ "High Commission of the United Republic of Tanzania". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of The Kingdom of Thailand. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  8. ^ "City of Quito – UNESCO World Heritage". UNESCO. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
  9. ^ "The Foreign Minister Of Tanzania Affirms His Country's Support For The Palestinian People". IMEMC. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
  10. ^ http://www.mofa.go.kr/ENG/countries/middleeast/countries/20070824/1_24464.jsp?menu=m_30_50
  11. ^ "Tanzania" (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  12. ^ "Embassy of Tanzania in Moscow". tanzania.ru. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  13. ^ Feng, Bree (12 September 2014). "China Expands Investment in Tanzania". nytimes.com. Retrieved 22 April 2018.