Samia Suluhu Hassan
Samia Suluhu Hassan[a] (born 27 January 1960) is a Tanzanian politician who is serving as the sixth and current president of Tanzania. She is a member of the ruling social-democrat Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party. Suluhu is the third female head of government of an East African Community (EAC) country, after Sylvie Kinigi in Burundi and Agathe Uwilingiyimana in Rwanda, and is also the first female president of Tanzania. She took office on 19 March 2021 after the death of President John Magufuli on 17 March 2021.
Samia Suluhu Hassan
|6th President of Tanzania|
|Assumed office |
19 March 2021
|Prime Minister||Kassim Majaliwa|
|Vice President||Philip Mpango|
|Preceded by||John Magufuli|
|10th Vice-President of Tanzania|
5 November 2015 – 19 March 2021
|Preceded by||Mohamed Gharib Bilal|
|Succeeded by||Philip Mpango|
|Minister of State for Union Affairs for the Vice-President's Office|
29 November 2010 – 5 November 2015
|Preceded by||Muhammed Seif Khatib|
|Succeeded by||January Makamba|
|Member of Parliament|
November 2010 – July 2015
|Succeeded by||Ameir Timbe|
|Minister of Tourism, Trade and Investment|
|Preceded by||Mussa A. Silima|
|Succeeded by||Said Ali Mbarouk|
|Minister of Labour, Gender Development and Children|
|Born||27 January 1960|
A native of Zanzibar, Suluhu served as a minister in the semi-autonomous region during the administration of President Amani Karume. She served as the Member of Parliament for the Makunduchi constituency from 2010 to 2015 and was the Minister of State in the Vice-President's Office for Union Affairs from 2010 to 2015. In 2014, she was elected as the Vice-Chairperson of the Constituent Assembly tasked with the drafting of the country's new constitution.
Suluhu became Tanzania's first female vice-president following the 2015 general election, after being elected on the CCM ticket with President Magufuli. Suluhu and Magufuli were re-elected to a second term in 2020. She briefly served as the second female interim Head of State in the EAC – 27 years after Sylvie Kinigi of Burundi, spanning a period around the end of the year 1993.
She completed her secondary education in 1977 and began working. Subsequently, she pursued a number of short-courses on a part-time basis. In 1986, she graduated from the Institute of Development Management (present-day Mzumbe University) with an advanced diploma in public administration.
Between 1992 and 1994, she attended the University of Manchester and earned a postgraduate diploma in economics. In 2015, she obtained her MSc in Community Economic Development via a joint-programme between the Open University of Tanzania and the Southern New Hampshire University.
After her secondary school education, she was employed by the Ministry of Planning and Development as a clerk. Upon graduation with her public administration degree, she was employed on a project funded by the World Food Programme.
In 2000, she decided to run for public office. She was elected as a special seat member to the Zanzibar House of Representatives and was appointed a minister by President Amani Karume. She was the only high-ranking woman minister in the cabinet and was "looked down on" by her male colleagues because she was female. She was re-elected in 2005 and was re-appointed as a minister in another portfolio.
In 2010, she sought election to the National Assembly, standing in the parliamentary constituency of Makunduchi and winning by more than 80%. President Jakaya Kikwete appointed her as the Minister of State for Union Affairs. In 2014, she was elected as the Vice Chairperson of the Constituent Assembly tasked with drafting the country's new constitution.
In July 2015, CCM's presidential nominee John Magufuli chose her as his running mate for the 2015 election, making her the first female running mate in the party's history. On 5 November 2015 she subsequently became the first female vice-president in the history of the country upon Magufuli's victory in the election. Both Magufuli and Suluhu were re-elected for a second five-year term on 28 October 2020.
On 17 March 2021, Suluhu announced that Magufuli had died after a long illness; Magufuli had not been seen in public since late February. She was sworn in as his successor on 19 March 2021, and will serve the balance of Magufuli's second five-year term. The delay in the start of her term came because the Constitution of Tanzania explicitly requires the vice-president to take the presidential oath before ascending to the presidency; opposition leaders had expressed concern about a possible "vacuum" when 18 March passed without Suluhu being sworn in. Upon her swearing-in, Suluhu became Tanzania's first female president. She is also the second Zanzibari to hold the post, and the third Muslim after Ali Hassan Mwinyi and Jakaya Kikwete. She also became one of two serving female heads of state in Africa, alongside Ethiopia's Sahle-Work Zewde. Under the Constitution, since she took office with more than three years remaining in Magufuli's term, if she completes this term she will only be eligible for one full term in her own right should she decide to stand at the next election.[clarification needed]
In 1978, Suluhu married Hafidh Ameir, an agricultural officer who, by 2014, had retired. They have four children. Her daughter Wanu Hafidh Ameir (born 1982), the couple's second child, is a special seat member of the Zanzibar House of Representatives.
- This surname is the double-barrelled Suluhu Hassan, but she is known by the surname Suluhu.
- Mules, Ineke (19 March 2021). "Samia Suluhu Hassan: Who Is Tanzania's New President?". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
- "Samia Suluhu Hassan—Tanzania's new president". BBC News. 19 March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- "Member of Parliament CV". Parliament of Tanzania. Archived from the original on 13 July 2015. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
- Mwakyusa, Alvar (18 September 2014). "Samia Suluhu Hassan: A tough journey from activism to politics". Daily News. Archived from the original on 12 August 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- Minde, Nicodemus. "Tanzania's Samia Hassan has the chance to heal a polarised nation". The Conversation. Retrieved 25 March 2021.
- Mwakyusa, Alvar (18 September 2014). "Tanzania: Samia Suluhu Hassan – a Tough Journey From Activism to Politics". AllAfrica. Archived from the original on 5 August 2019. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
- "Tanzania: History Made as Samia Picked Running Mate". AllAfrica. 13 July 2015. Archived from the original on 16 November 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
- Mwakyusa, Alvar (14 March 2014). "Tanzania: Union 'Stalwart' Samia Is CA Vice-Chairperson". AllAfrica. Archived from the original on 14 March 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
- CCM [@ccm_tanzania] (12 July 2015). "Mgombea mwenza Urais 2015 wa Mhe. John Pombe Magufuli ni.." (Tweet) (in Swahili). Retrieved 12 July 2015 – via Twitter.
- Mohammed, Omar (12 July 2015). "Tanzania's ruling party nominates John Magufuli as presidential candidate". Quartz. Archived from the original on 11 August 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
- Kalinaki, K. Daniel (30 October 2015). "CCM's John Magufuli declared Tanzania fifth president". The East African. Archived from the original on 31 October 2015. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
- Shaban, Ebby; Feleke, Bethlehem (19 March 2021). "Tanzania swears in Samia Suluhu Hassan as first female president". CNN.
- "Constitution of Tanzania".
Where the office of President becomes vacant by reason of the death of the President, his resignation, loss of the electoral qualifications or inability to perform his functions due to physical infirmity, or failure to discharge the duties and functions of the office of President, then the Vice-President shall be sworn in and become the President for the unexpired period of the term of five years
- "Tanzania swears in new president after sudden death of Magufuli". Al Jazeera. 19 March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- "Tanzania's Samia Suluhu takes presidential oath". Business Daily. 19 March 2021.
- Kiruga, Morris (18 March 2021). "Tanzania: The legacy of Magufuli and the beginning for Suluhu". The Africa Report.com. Retrieved 19 March 2021.
- Tongola, Mate (19 March 2021). "Muslim-Christianity ties that bind Suluhu's choice for deputy". The Standard. Retrieved 19 March 2021.
- "Tanzania's Samia Suluhu Hassan sworn in as first female president". The Economic Times. AFP. 19 March 2021. Retrieved 19 March 2021.
- "Hon. Wanu Hafidh Ameir". zanzibarassembly.go.tz. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
- "Samia Suluhu Hassan – the woman set to become Tanzania's next president". BBC News. 18 March 2021. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
- Media related to Samia Suluhu at Wikimedia Commons
- Professional Newsletter Production by Samia Suluhu et al., (PDF) 2005, OUT/NSHU.
| President of Tanzania