Father's Day is a holiday of honouring fatherhood and paternal bonds, as well as the influence of fathers in society. In Catholic countries of Europe, it has been celebrated on 19 March as Saint Joseph's Day since the Middle Ages. In the United States, Father's Day was founded by Sonora Smart Dodd, and celebrated on the third Sunday of June for the first time in 1910. The day is held on various dates across the world, and different regions maintain their own traditions of honouring fatherhood.
|Observed by||111+ countries|
|Significance||Honours fathers and fatherhood|
|Date||Varies by country|
Father's Day is a recognised public holiday in Lithuania and some parts of Spain and was regarded as such in Italy until 1977. It is a national holiday in Estonia, Samoa, and equivalently in South Korea, where it is celebrated as Parents' Day. The holiday complements similar celebrations honouring family members, such as Mother's Day, Siblings Day, and Grandparents' Day.
For centuries, the Eastern Orthodox Church has appointed the second Sunday before Nativity as the Sunday of the Forefathers to commemorate the ancestors of Christ according to the flesh, starting with Adam and emphasising the Patriarch Abraham, to whom God said,
In thy seed shall all of the nations of the earth be blessed— Genesis 12:3, 22:18
A customary day for the celebration of fatherhood in Catholic Europe is known to date back to at least 1508. It is usually celebrated on 19 March, as the feast day of Saint Joseph, who is referred to as the fatherly Nutritor Domini ("Nourisher of the Lord") in Catholicism and "the putative father of Jesus" in southern European tradition. This celebration was brought to the Americas by the Spanish and Portuguese. The Catholic Church actively supported the custom of a celebration of fatherhood on St. Joseph's Day from either the last years of the 14th century or from the early 15th century, apparently on the initiative of the Franciscans.
Whether to celebrate this day worldwide or not remained a debatable topic. In 1908, Grace Golden Clayton proposed the day to honour those men who had lost their lives in a mining accident in the US. Though it was not accepted then, in 1909 Sonora Smart Dodd, who along with her five brothers was raised by her father alone, after attending Mother's Day in a church, convinced the Spokane Ministerial Association to celebrate Father's Day worldwide.
This section appears to contradict itself.(June 2021)
The following is a list of when Father's Day is celebrated, in order of date of observance.
Second Sunday in May
9 May 2021
Third Sunday in May
16 May 2021
13 May 2021
First Sunday in June
6 June 2021
Second Sunday in June
13 June 2021
Third Sunday in June
20 June 2021
Last Sunday in June
27 June 2021
Second Sunday in July
11 July 2021
Last Sunday in July
25 July 2021
Second Sunday in August
8 August 2021
Last Monday in August
30 August 2021
First Sunday in September
5 September 2021
Second Sunday in September
12 September 2021
First Sunday in October
3 October 2021
|Third Sunday in October||17 October 2021
16 October 2022
Second Sunday in November
14 November 2021
|Occurrence||Equivalent Gregorian dates||Country|
|30 Shevat||Between 30 January and 1 March
12 February 2021
|Definition||Equivalent Gregorian dates||Country/territory|
|Between 30 August and 30 September
|Occurrence||Equivalent Gregorian dates||Country/territory|
|25 February 2021
14 February 2022
4 February 2023
|Occurrence||Equivalent Gregorian dates||Country/territory|
Full Moon Day of Tabaung
|in February or March
26–27 March 2021
Myanmar (Father's Day)
- As with Russia, the celebration is officially for people who served or are serving in the Mongolian Armed Forces, but the congratulations are for all fathers and all other adult men and male children as well.
- ROC only. Though Father's Day on 8 August was first celebrated in Shanghai in 1945, there is no longer an official Father's Day in mainland China since 1949.
In Nigeria, the third Sunday in June is the dedicated day to celebrate Father's Day.
In South Sudan, Father's Day is celebrated on the last Monday of August. President Salva Kiir Mayardit proclaimed it before 27 August 2012. First celebrated on 27 August 2012, Father's Day was not celebrated in South Sudan in 2011 (due to the country's independence).
In Bangladesh there is no historical tradition of celebrating Father's Day (Bengali/Bangla: বাবা/আব্বু দিবস, Baba/abbu dibosh) and has been popularised by Western influences in the country. It is celebrated on the third Sunday of June, and is not a public holiday. Father's Day was not very popular and had been made more widespread by the Millennial and Generation Z communities all over the country through social media in recent times. Even though many religious families do not celebrate it, it is more widespread than ever. There is a popular phrase used by many parents: "Every day is father’s/mother's day, so you shall love your parents everyday." Most people just wish their father a happy father’s day, but many people from big cities go to a restaurant to celebrate, and many even have cake. Many others cut cake at home or order food online. Some children may give small gifts to their father.
In the People's Republic of China, there is no official Father's Day. Some people celebrate on the third Sunday of June, according to the tradition of the United States. Father's Day is also celebrated in the special administrative regions. In Hong Kong, it is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. In Macau, Father's Day (Dia do Pai) is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.
Father's Day is not an original custom of India but is rather followed by the influence of the western world. It is observed on the third Sunday of June. This event is not a public holiday. The day is usually celebrated only in larger cities like Hyderabad, Chennai, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, New Delhi, Bengaluru, Kolkata, Pune and others. It is a huge holiday in the North Eastern state of Nagaland and Kerala where prayers are held in church on Sunday Services. After this day was first observed in the United States in 1908 and gradually gained popularity, Indian metropolitan cities, much later, followed suit by recognising this event. In India, the day is usually celebrated with children giving gifts such as greeting cards, electronic gadgets, shirts, gold necklaces, coffee mugs or books to their fathers.
In Indonesia, Father's Day is celebrated on 12 November and is not a public holiday. Father's Day in Indonesia was first declared in 2006 in Surakarta City Hall attended by hundreds of people from various community groups, including people from community of inter-religion communication. Because of its recent declaration, there is not much hype about the celebration, compared to the celebration of Mother's Day on 22 December. Google also created its doodle for Indonesia in 2019 and 2020.
In Japan, Father's Day (父の日, chichi no hi) is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. Common presents are sake, shochu, fashion items, some kinds of gourmet food, sports equipment and various sweets.
Since 2012, Kazakhstan celebrates Defender of the Fatherland Day (Kazakh: Отан Қорғаушы күні) to commemorate the foundation of the armed forces. It is also called Army Day and it is celebrated on 7 May. Kazakh society perceives it as ‘a men’s day’ and honouring men so it is vaguely a celebration of fathers.
In South Korea, Parents' Day (Korean: 어버이날) is celebrated on 8 May and is not a public holiday. Setting Parents' Day as a national holiday and holding a pan-national event is intended to inherit and develop traditional ethical standards such as filial piety and senior citizens' ideology. Regardless of age or gender, this day is also an opportunity to reaffirm that traditional filial piety is a crucial norm and cultural value in modern society. The ceremony to mark Parents' Day as an anniversary and put on carnations stems from a Christian culture. As Western religions and cultures entered, this holiday, which was introduced together, became the most traditional holiday combined with Confucian filial piety in the process of establishing itself.
The Mongolian Men's Association began the celebration of Father's Day on 8 August 2005.
The Nepalese Hindus as well as the Newars in Nepal honors fathers on the day of Kushe aunsi (Nepali: कुशे औंसी), which occurs in late August or early September, depending on the year, since it depends on the lunar calendar. According to Hindu calendar, the festival falls on the new moon day of Bhadra month. It is also known as Gokarna Aunsi or Pitri Tirpani Aunsi.
In recent years, Nepalese non–Hindus have also adopted the Kushe Aunsi day. It is commonly known as Buwaako mukh herne din (Nepali: बुवाको मुख हेर्ने दिन, lit. 'day for looking at father's face') or Abu ya Khwa Swoyegu in Nepal Bhasa. The celebration of the festival has been modernized in some ways in recent years. Children worship their father on this day, put tika on his forehead and give him sweets, delicacies and gifts as a part of celebration. In return, the father bless good fortune to his children.
On the new moon day (Amavasya), it is traditional to pay respect to one's deceased father; Hindus go to the Shiva temple of Gokarneswor Mahadev, in Gokarna, a suburb of Kathmandu while Buddhists go to Jana Bahal (Seto Machhendranath or white Tara) temple in Kathmandu.
Traditionally, in the Kathmandu Valley, the south-western corner is reserved for women and women-related rituals, and the north-eastern is for men and men-related rituals. The worship place for Mata Tirtha Aunsi ('Mother Pilgrimage New Moon') is located in Mata Tirtha in the south-western half of the valley, while the worship place for Gokarna Aunsi is located in the north-eastern half. This division is reflected in many aspects of the life in the Kathmandu Valley.
Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June. The Rutgers WPF launched a campaign titled 'Greening Pakistan – Promoting Responsible Fatherhood' on Father's Day (Sunday, 18 June 2017) across Pakistan to promote active fatherhood and responsibility for the care and upbringing of children. Father's Day is not a public holiday in Pakistan.
In the Philippines, Father's Day is officially celebrated every third Sunday of June according to a recent presidential proclamation, but it is not a public holiday. It is more widely observed by the public on the third Sunday of June perhaps due to American influence and as proclaimed in 1988 by Philippine President Corazon Aquino.
Under Proclamation No. 58, series of 1998, issued by then Philippine President Joseph Ejercito Estrada, the first Monday of December of every year was designated as Mother's Day and Father's Day, expressly repealing the third Sunday of June observance.
Father's Day (Sinhala: පියවරුන්ගේ දිනය, Piyawarunge dhinaya; Tamil: தந்தையர் தினம், Thanthaiyar Thinam) is observed on the third Sunday of June. It is not a public holiday. Many schools hold special events to honour fathers.
In Taiwan, Father's Day is not an official holiday, but is widely observed on 8 August, the eighth day of the eighth month of the year. In Mandarin Chinese, the pronunciation of the number eight is bā, and the pronunciation is very similar to the character 爸 (bà), which means "pa" or "dad". The eighth day of the eighth month (bā-bā) is a pun for dad (爸爸; bàba). Taiwan, therefore, sometimes refer to 8 August as "Bābā Holiday" as a pun for "Dad's Holiday" (爸爸節) or the more formal "Father's Day" (父親節).
In Thailand, the birthday of the king is set as Father's Day. 5 December is the birthday of the late King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX). Traditionally, Thais celebrate by giving their father or grandfather a canna flower (ดอกพุทธรักษา, Dok Buddha Raksa), which is considered a masculine flower; however, this is not as commonly practiced today. Thai people will wear yellow on this day to show respect for the late king, because yellow is the colour of the day for Monday, the day King Bhumibol Adulyadej was born. Thais flood the Sanam Luang, a massive park in front of the palace, to watch the king give his annual speech, and often stay until the evening when there is a national ceremony. Thais will light candles and show respect to the king by declaring their faith. This ceremony happens in almost every village in Thailand, and even overseas at Thai organisations.
It first gained nationwide popularity in the 1980s as part of a campaign by Prime Minister Prem Tinsulanonda to promote Thailand's royal family. Mother's Day is celebrated on the birthday of Queen Sirikit, 12 August.
United Arab EmiratesEdit
In the Roman Catholic tradition, fathers are celebrated on Saint Joseph's Day (commonly called the Feast of Saint Joseph), 19 March, though in certain countries Father's Day has become a secular celebration. It is also common for Catholics to honour their "spiritual father", their parish priest, on Father's Day.
In Bulgaria, Father's Day is celebrated on 26 December and it is not a public holiday. According to the Eastern Orthodox tradition, fathers are celebrated on Saint Joseph's Day - one day after Christmas.
In France lighter manufacturer Flaminaire introduced the idea of Father's Day first in 1949 for commercial reasons. Director Marcel Quercia wanted to sell their lighter in France. In 1950, they introduced "la Fête des Pères", which would take place every third Sunday of June (following the American example). Their slogan "Nos papas nous l'ont dit, pour la fête des pères, ils désirent tous un Flaminaire" (Our daddies told us, for Father's Day, they all want a Flaminaire). In 1952, the holiday was officially decreed. A national Father's Day committee was set up to give a prize for fathers who deserved it most (originally, candidates were nominated by the social services of each town hall's/mayor's office); This complements la Fête des Mères (Mother's Day) which was made official in France in 1928 and added to the calendar in Vichy in 1941.
In Germany, Father's Day (Vatertag) is celebrated differently from other parts of the world. It is always celebrated on Ascension Day (the Thursday forty days after Easter), which is a federal holiday. Regionally, it is also called gentlemen's day, Herrentag. It is a tradition for groups of males (young and old but usually excluding pre-teenage boys) to do a hiking tour with one or more smaller wagons, Bollerwagen, pulled by manpower. In the wagons are wine or beer bottles (according to the region) and traditional regional food, Hausmannskost. Many men use this holiday as an opportunity to get drunk. According to the Federal Statistical Office of Germany, alcohol-related traffic accidents treble on this day. The tradition of Father's Day is especially prevalent in Eastern Germany.
These traditions are probably rooted in Christian Ascension Day's processions to the farmlands, which has been celebrated since the 18th century. Men would be seated in a wooden cart and carried to the village's plaza, and the mayor would award a prize to the father who had the most children, usually with a big piece of ham. In the late 19th century the religious component was progressively lost, especially in urban areas such as Berlin, and groups of men organised walking excursions with beer and ham. By the 20th century, alcohol consumption had become a major part of the tradition. Many people will take the following Friday off work, and some schools are closed on that Friday as well; many people then use the resulting four-day-long weekend for a short vacation.
In Greece, Father's Day (η γιορτή του πατέρα) is officially celebrated on the third Sunday of June. The SYGAPA association, which supports the needs of divorced fathers, raises awareness and advocates for the father's role in society, also organises various events on the day across the country.
In Ireland, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday.
In Italy, according to the Roman Catholic tradition, Father's Day is celebrated on Saint Joseph's Day, commonly called the Feast of Saint Joseph (Festa di San Giuseppe), 19 March. It was a public holiday until 1977.[failed verification]
In Latvia, Father's Day (Tēvu diena) is celebrated on the second Sunday of September and is not a public holiday. In Latvia people did not always celebrate this day because of the USSR's influence with its own holidays. This day in Latvia was officially born in 2008 when it was celebrated and marked in the calendar for the first time on 14 September (second Sunday of September) to promote the idea that man as the father must be satisfied and proud of his family and children, also, the father is important to gratitude and loving words from his family for devoted to continuous altruistic concerns. Because this day is new to the country it does not have established unique traditions, but people borrow ideas from other countries' Father's Day traditions to congratulate fathers in Latvia.
Malta has followed the international trend and celebrates Father's Day on the third Sunday in June. As in the case of Mother's Day, the introduction of Father's Day celebrations in Malta was encouraged by Frans H Said (Uncle Frans of the children's radio programmes). The first mention of Father's Day was in June 1977, and the day is now part of the local events calendar.
In the Netherlands (including its constituent countries in the Caribbean), Father's Day (Vaderdag) is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. Traditionally, as on Mother's Day, fathers get breakfast in bed made by their children and families gather together and have dinner, usually at the grandparents' house. In recent years, families also started having dinner out, and as on Mother's Day, it is one of the busiest days for restaurants. At school, children handcraft presents for their fathers. Consumer goods companies have all sorts of special offers for fathers: socks, ties, electronics, suits, and men's healthcare products.
Father's Day (Dia do Pai) is celebrated on 19 March (see Roman Catholic tradition below) in Portugal. It is not a bank and public holiday.
The law instituting the celebration of Father's Day in Romania passed on 29 September 2009, and stated that Father's Day will be celebrated annually on the second Sunday of May. The first time it was celebrated was on 9 May 2010. This year it will be celebrated on 8 May 2022.
Russia continues the Soviet Union's tradition of celebrating Defender of the Fatherland Day on 23 February. It is usually called "Man's Day" and it is considered the Russian equivalent of Father's Day. In 2021, the President of Russia established the Father's Day as falling on the third Sunday of October.
In the United Kingdom, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June. The day does not have a long tradition; Steve Roud, in The English Year (2006), states that it entered British popular culture "sometime after the Second World War, not without opposition".
North American traditionsEdit
In Canada, Father's Day (French: Fête des Pères) is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. Father's Day typically involves spending time with one's father or the father figures in one's life. Small family gatherings and the giving of gifts may be part of the festivities organised for Father's Day.
In Costa Rica, the Social Christian Unity Party presented a bill to change the celebration of Father's Day from the third Sunday of June to 19 March, the day of Saint Joseph. That was to give tribute to this saint, who gave his name to the capital of the country San José, Costa Rica, so family heads will be able to celebrate Father's Day at the same time as the Feast of Saint Joseph the Worker. The official date is still the third Sunday of June.
In Haiti, Father's Day (Fête des pères) is celebrated on the last Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. Fathers are recognised and celebrated on this day with cards, gifts, breakfast, lunch, brunch or early Sunday dinner; whether enjoying the day at the beach or mountains, spending family time or doing favourite activities.
Children exclaim "bonne fête papa", while everyone wishes all fathers "bonne Fête des Pères" (Happy Father's Day).
In Mexico, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. Father's Day typically involves spending time with one's father or the father figures in one's life. Small family gatherings and the giving of gifts may be part of the festivities organised for Father's Day.
Trinidad and TobagoEdit
In the US, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June. Typically, families gather to celebrate the father figures in their lives. Schools (if in session) and other children's programmes commonly have activities to make Father's Day gifts.
In Australia, Father's Day is celebrated on the first Sunday of September, which is the first Sunday of spring in Australia. Most families present fathers with gifts and cards, and share a meal. It is recognised as a national holiday, however it is not considered a public holiday.
The idea of Father's Day wasn't initially well received in Australia in the 1910s and 1920s. Many thought it was either unnecessary or undermined a father's assumed “supremacy” as head of the household. Newspapers at the time printed satirical poems and critical editorials of the new American tradition. Father's Day was originally observed in June, matching the USA date, with church services and the wearing of a red flower. In June 1925, Janet Heyden of Sydney (who also advocated for Mother's Day celebrations in Australia) began collecting donations to bring cheer to elderly men in nursing homes. While Mother's Day became instantly popular, it wasn't until the 1930s that Father's Day came to be popularly celebrated in Australia on the first Sunday in September. The Father's Day Council of Australia was established in 1957 and continues to honour distinguished fathers with an annual Australian Father of the Year award. Father's Day traditions in Australia include school crafts with handmade gifts and cards from younger children, taking dad out for lunch, BBQs, and outdoor family activities. Public schools often hold a Father's Day gift stall with inexpensive presents for fathers, grandfathers, carers, or other role-models.
YMCA Victoria continues the tradition of honouring the role fathers and father figures play in parenting through the annual awarding of Local Community Father of the Year in 32 municipalities in Victoria. The Father's Day Council of Victoria also annually recognises fathers in the Victorian Father of the Year Award.
In New Zealand, Father's Day is celebrated on the first Sunday of September and it is not a public holiday. Father's Day was first observed at St Matthew's Church, Auckland on 14 July 1929 and first appeared in commercial advertising the following year. By 1931 other churches had adopted the day and in 1935 much of Australia moved to mark the day at the beginning of September. New Zealand followed this, with a Wellington advert in 1937 and a Christchurch Salvation Army service in 1938.
In Samoa, Father's Day is celebrated on the second Sunday in August, and is a recognised national holiday on the Monday following.
In Fiji, Father's Day is celebrated in September. Commercial fathers Sunday is usually on the first Sunday and then the Methodist Father's Day is usually celebrated on the second Sunday.
South American traditionsEdit
Father's Day in Argentina is celebrated on the third Sunday of June.
Attempts have been made to change the date to 24 August, to commemorate the day on which the "Father of the Nation", José de San Martín, became a father. In 1953, the proposal to celebrate Father's Day in all educational establishments on 24 August, in honour of José de San Martín, was raised to the General Direction of Schools of Mendoza Province. The day was celebrated for the first time in 1958, on the third Sunday of June, but it was not included in the school calendars due to pressure from several groups.
Schools in the Mendoza Province continued to celebrate Father's Day on 24 August, and in 1982 the provincial governor passed a law declaring Father's Day in the province to be celebrated on that day.
In 2004, a proposal to change the date to 24 August was presented to the Argentine Chamber of Deputies as a single, unified project.
In Brazil Father's Day (Dia dos Pais, in Portuguese) is celebrated three months after Mother's Day, on the second Sunday of August. Publicist Sylvio Bhering picked the day in honour of Saint Joachim, patron of fathers. While it is not an official holiday (see Public holidays in Brazil), it is widely observed and typically involves spending time with and giving gifts to one's father or father figure.
In Paraguay, Father's Day is typically celebrated with a traditional banquet of Paraguayan food like chipa, mbeju, bori, soyo and sopa paraguaya. In Paraguay Father's Day is a very important day, and is celebrated with much fervour.
In Peru, Father's Day is celebrated on the third Sunday of June and is not a public holiday. People usually give a present to their fathers and spend time with them mostly during a family meal.
- Gilbert, Daniel (11 June 2006). "Does Fatherhood Make You Happy?". Time.
- "Father's Day". Melrosemirror.media.mit.edu. Archived from the original on 6 August 2011. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- "Sonora Louise Smart Dodd" (PDF). Spokane Regional Convention & Visitor Bureau. 19 February 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 August 2016. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "Sunday of the Forefathers", Orthodox wiki.
- Orthodox Christian.
- Emily, Jan (20 June 2015). "For Father's Day, 15 Images of Awesome Dads". National Geographic.
- Peter, Kirwin. "Happy Father's Day From This Father To All Fathers". Franciscan Renewal Center.[permanent dead link]
- "Meet Sonora Smart Dodd, the woman who started the tradition of Father's Day". The Economic Times. 18 June 2017. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
- "International Men's Day: Here are the top 5 diet, health and fitness tips for men". Times Now. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
- "19. ožujka – dan kad se slave očevi" (in Croatian). dalje.com. Archived from the original on 20 March 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- "Se instituye el Día del Padre, Decreto Número 13" (in Spanish). 9 February 1960. Archived from the original on 9 August 2007. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
- "Romania Celebrates Father's Day on Second Sunday of May". Bucharest: mediafax.ro. 4 May 2010. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
- "Fars Dag" (in Danish). Dansk Historisk Fællesråd. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 20 June 2010.
- "Argentina, el origen del Día del Padre, ayer Google en español lo tuvo en su Portal". 16 June 2008. Retrieved 12 July 2008.
- "Días Nacionales en Chile". feriadoschilenos.cl. 8 March 2009.
- "Presentan en Costa Rica proyecto de ley para celebrar día del padre el día de San José". ACI Prensa. 26 May 2005.
- "Principales efemérides. Mes Junio" (in Spanish). Unión de Periodistas de Cuba. Archived from the original on 5 June 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2008.
- "Guernsey Dairy Father's Day Half Marathon 2019 – Guernsey Athletics".
- "Father's Day Special". Visit Jersey. 8 January 2018.
- Notimex (14 June 2008). "Preparados los capitalinos para festejar el día del padre". La Crónica de Hoy. Retrieved 23 June 2008. (15 June 2008, was third Sunday of June) (in Spanish)
- "Días Festivos para el mes de Junio del 2008" (in Spanish). Biblioteca Nacional de Panamá. Archived from the original on 17 December 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2008. link dead 18 June 2017
- "Calendario Cívico Escolar" (in Spanish). Dirección Regional de Educación de Lima Metropolitana. Retrieved 7 June 2008.
- Jerome Aning (14 June 2008). "Daughter of missing NDF consultant believes he's still alive". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 23 June 2008. (15 June 2008, was third Sunday of June)
- Fathers Day Fest, Ukrainian Nationals Soccer Club Archived 13 October 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- Simpson, Jacqueline; Roud, Steve (2000). A Dictionary of English Folklore. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 120. ISBN 0-19-969104-5.
- "7 Ideas for a Zimbabwean Father's Day". Zimbablog. Archived from the original on 17 April 2014.
- "17 de Junio, Día del Padre en El Salvador" (in Spanish). Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores de El Salvador. 8 May 1969. Archived from the original on 27 March 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2008.
Asamblea Legislativa de la República de El Salvador. 08 de mayo de 1969
- Marta Altolaguirre (17 May 2008). "Reflexiones en el Día del Padre". El Periódico. Archived from the original on 27 July 2011.
- "Russia prepares to celebrate its first Father's Day". TASS. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
- Paul M. Handley (2006). The King Never Smiles: a biography of Thailand's Bhumibol Adulyadej. Yale University Press. p. 288. ISBN 9780300106824. (online version)
- "Father's Day – Dads, It's Your Special Day. Enjoy It". blogs. The Times of Israel. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- P. Ferguson (2007). "Festivals and ceremonies". World and Its Peoples: Eastern and Southern Asia. Marshall Cavendish Corporation. p. 536. ISBN 978-0761476313.
- "Enjoy Father's Day? Thank the woman who spent 62 years campaigning for it". Culture. 19 June 2020. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- "Because of the virus, dads mark Father's Day from a distance". Egypt Independent. 22 June 2020. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
- "A makeover just in time to celebrate Father's Day". The EastAfrican. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
- "National Holidays in Morocco in 2020". Office Holidays. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
- "When is Father's Day in Mozambique? What day is Father's Day in Mozambique?". researchmaniacs.com. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- "When is Father's Day in Mozambique? - Holiday API". holidayapi.com. Retrieved 20 March 2021.
- "Father's Day in Seychelles". Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
- "Father's Day 2020: Date, History, Significance and Celebrations". Jagranjosh.com. 21 June 2020. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- "Father's Day in South Sudan". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- Oliphant, Vickiie (19 June 2020). "Father's Day 2020 date: When is Father's Day this year? What to buy YOUR dad this year". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 27 June 2020.
- "Father's Day around the world in 2020". Office Holidays. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- "The origin story of Father's Day". The Times of India. 18 June 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2016.
- "Happy Father's Day 2020: Things To Do To Make Your Dad Feel Special". NDTV.com. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- Fauziah (2 June 2020). "Celebrating Father's Day". Indoindians.com. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- "Father's Day 2019 (Indonesia)". www.google.com. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- "Rayakan Hari Ayah Nasional, Google Doodle Ajak Bikin Kartu Ucapan". Kompas (in Indonesian). 12 November 2020. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
- "Celebrating Father's Day in Japanese Culture".
- "Military parade was held in Zhanbyl region". Military parade was held in Zhanbyl region.
- "Parents' Day in South Korea". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- "Father's Day celebreations and traditions in Malaysia". DadShop. 19 June 2021.
- "Today Fathers Day of Mongolia - News.MN". News.MN - The source of news. 8 August 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- Nepal, Naturally. "Kushe Aunsi". www.welcomenepal.com. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- Gokarna Aunsi, the day for honouring fathers, nepalisansar.com, 19 August 2020
- Bradley Mayhew; Joseph Bindloss (2009). Lonely Planet Trekking in the Nepal Himalaya. Lonely Planet. p. 357. ISBN 978-1-74104-188-0. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
- J. C. Heesterman; Albert W. Van den Hoek; Dirk H. A. Kolff; Marianne S. Oort (1992). Ritual, State, and History in South Asia: Essays in Honour of J.C. Heesterman. BRILL. p. 786. ISBN 978-90-04-09467-3. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
- Staff report (15 June 2014), "Father's Day tomorrow", Daily Times
- Sehrish Wasif (16 June 2013), "Celebrating Father's Day: Honouring Pakistan's courageous fathers", The Express Tribune
- "Proclamation No. 58, s. 1998". Official Gazette (Philippines). 11 December 1998. Retrieved 1 December 2014.
- "Proclamation No. 266, s. 1988". Official Gazette (Philippines). 8 June 1988. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
- "Father's Day in Singapore". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
- "When is Father's Day in Sri Lanka? What day is Father's Day in Sri Lanka?". researchmaniacs.com. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
- "Father's Day in ROC". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
- "King Bhumibol's Birthday and Father's Day in Thailand". Experience Unique Bangkok. 4 December 2019. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
- "Dubai: 8 special ways to celebrate Father's Day". gulfnews.com. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
- Kerry Tilby (June 2007). "Father's Day". Kiwi Families. Archived from the original on 8 October 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2008.
- "Catholics Come Home to launch organization to encourage priests". Catholic News Agency. April 2010. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- "Father's Day in Austria in 2021". Office Holidays. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
- "Holidays and observances in Belarus in 2020". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
- "When is Father's Day in Belgium? What day is Father's Day in Belgium?". researchmaniacs.com. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
- "When is Father's Day around the world?". Metro. 15 June 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Happy Father's Day 2020: History, significance and celebrations". Hindustan Times. 11 June 2020. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Father's Day in Estonia in 2020 | by Office Holidays". www.officeholidays.com. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "When is Father's Day in Finland? What day is Father's Day in Finland?". researchmaniacs.com. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Father's Day in France". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- Agence France-Presse. "German Minister Urges Fathers Not to Get Drunk on Father's Day!".
- "Der Tag der gefragten Väter", Tiroler Tageszeitung (in German), 9 June 2013, archived from the original on 14 March 2017, retrieved 20 November 2021,
Bei unseren deutschen Nachbarn ist der Vatertag – der dort zu Christi Himmelfahrt gefeiert wird – nicht von Ausflügen mit der Familie oder kleinen Geschenken der Kinder gekennzeichnet, sondern von einer Lokaltour in feucht-fröhlicher Männerrunde. Laut dem Statistischen Bundesamt gibt es an diesem Tag auch durchschnittlich dreimal so viele durch Alkohol bedingte Verkehrsunfälle als an anderen Tagen.
- "Booze Brothers: Father's Day Debauchery in Deutschland". Spiegel. 4 May 2006. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Von modischen Herrenpartien und der Erhöhung Jesu" (in German). Der Stern. 12 May 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- "Pints for Papa: Father's Day in Germany Is One Big Booze Fest". Spiegel. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- "Γιορτή του Πατέρα 2020: Αφιερωμένο στους μπαμπάδες το σημερινό Doodle της Google". CNN.gr (in Greek). 21 June 2020. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
- "When is Father's Day in Hungary? What day is Father's Day in Hungary?". researchmaniacs.com. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Feðradagur". stjornarradid.is. Retrieved 8 November 2020.
- "Father's Day in Ireland in 2021". Office Holidays. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Father's Day in Italy in 2021". Office Holidays. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Fathers' Day in Latvia". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Fathers' Day in Lithuania". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- Said, Frans (11 June 2017). "Forty Years of Father's Day". Times of Malta. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
- The Times of Malta 11 June 2017
- Il-Mument 18 June 2017
- "When is Father's Day in Netherlands? What day is Father's Day in Netherlands?". researchmaniacs.com. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Father's Day in Norway". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Father's Day 2019 (Poland)". www.google.com. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
- "Father's Day in Portugal in 2021". Office Holidays. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
- Robert A. Saunders, Vlad Strukov (2010), Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation, Historical Dictionaries of Europe, Historical dictionaries of French history, vol. 78 (illustrated ed.), Scarecrow Press, p. 246, ISBN 9780810854758
- "When is Father's Day in Slovakia? What day is Father's Day in Slovakia?". researchmaniacs.com. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
- "Padres por horas", Faro de Vigo, 19 May 2010
- "El año 2013 contará con 8 festivos nacionales, uno menos que 2012", El Huffington Post, 3 November 2012
- "Father's Day in Sweden". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
- "Turkey marks Father's Day". aa.com.tr.
- "Father's Day in Ukraine | United Nations in Ukraine". ukraine.un.org. 19 June 2020. Retrieved 19 June 2022.
- Roud, Steve (2006). The English Year. London: Penguin Books. p. 215. ISBN 978-0-140-51554-1.
- "Father's Day in Canada". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
- Rodolfo Delgado Valverde. "Proyecto de Ley. Celebración del 19 de Marzo como Día del Padre. Expediente 15911". Archived from the original on 28 November 2009.
- "Father's Day in Haiti". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
- "Father's Day in Mexico in 2021". Office Holidays. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
- "Father's Day in Trinidad and Tobago". timeanddate.com. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
- "Father's Day 2017: How did it begin and where in the world is it celebrated?". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
- "Enjoy Father's Day? Thank the woman who spent 62 years campaigning for it". Culture. 19 June 2020. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
- "Father's Day". Trove: National Library of Australia. Retrieved 19 July 2021., "Satirical Splashes". Trove: National Library of Australia. Retrieved 19 July 2021., "The History of Father's Day in Australia". Father's Day Australia. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
- "The History of Father's Day in Australia". Father's Day Australia. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
- "Father's Day Council of Victoria Inc". Archived from the original on 12 August 2018. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
- Zealand, National Library of New. "Father's Day Service. (New Zealand Herald, 1929-07-13)". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
- Zealand, National Library of New. "Page 27 Advertisements Column 1 (Auckland Star, 1930-06-12) - Milne & Choyce". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
- "27 Aug 1935 – "Father's Day" – 1 September". Trove. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
- Zealand, National Library of New. "Page 7 Advertisements Column 3 (Evening Post, 1937-09-02) Woolworths, Wellington". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
- Zealand, National Library of New. "Page 25 Advertisements Column 2 (Press, 1938-09-03) Salvation Army, Linwood, Christchurch". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
- "Sesiones ordinarias 2004 Orden del día n°1798: Día del Padre. Institúyese como tal el día 24 de agosto de cada año". Cámara de Diputados de la Nación. 7 November 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2008.
la presión de diversos grupos determinó el "olvido" de incluir esta disposición en el calendario escolar a partir de 1957, y la omisión fue aprovechada para imponer el tercer domingo de junio como el Día del Padre norteamericano, en homenaje a mister John Bruce Dodd (...) instituir el día 24 de agosto como el destinado a la celebración del Día del Padre en homenaje al general José de San Martín, padre de la patria.
- "DECRETO 1110 - INSTITUYE COMO DIA NACIONAL LAS FECHAS QUE INDICA". Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional (in Spanish). Retrieved 19 June 2022.
- Ramírez, Juan Camilo Quiceno (3 June 2022). "Cambia la fecha del Día del Padre, ya no será el 19 de junio". www.elcolombiano.com (in European Spanish). Retrieved 11 June 2022.
- Larossa, Ralph (1997). The Modernization of Fatherhood: A Social and Political History. University of Chicago Press. pp. 90, 170–192. ISBN 0-226-46904-2.
Ann Jarvis OR Anna Jarvis mother's day.
- Myers, Robert J. (1972). Celebrations: The Complete Book of American Holidays. Doubleday & Company. pp. 184–187. ISBN 0-385-07677-0.
- Schmidt, Leigh Eric (1997). Consumer Rites: The Buying and Selling of American Holidays. Princeton University Press. pp. 275–292. ISBN 0-691-01721-2.