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European Canadians

  (Redirected from European Canadian)

European Canadians (also known as Euro-Canadians) are Canadians with ancestry from Europe.[2] They form the largest group within Canada.

European Canadians
Total population
European Origins Only
27,228,565[1]
Canada 2016 Census
Regions with significant populations
Throughout Canada
Languages
Mostly English • French •
Historically Scottish Gaelic • Irish were spoken in certain regions
Religion
Predominantly Christian
also Judaism • Deism • Unitarian Universalism

^1 An additional 10,563,805 (32.1%) people chose "Canadian" as their ethnic group in the Census.

The French were the first Europeans to establish a continuous presence in what is now Canada. Hélène Desportes is considered the first white child born in New France. She was born circa 1620, to Pierre Desportes (born Lisieux, Normandie, France) and Françoise Langlois.[3]

In the 2006 census, the largest European ancestry groups were English (21.03%), French (15.82%), Scottish (15.11%), Irish (13.94%), German (10.18%), Italian (4.63%). However, the country's largest self-reported ethnic origin is "Canadian" (accounting for 32.22% of the population). Since 1996, "Canadian" as an ethnic group has been added to census questionnaires for possible ancestry, which likely caused English Canadians, British Canadians and French Canadians to become severely underrepresented. The grouping is similar to that of "American" in neighbouring United States and is most commonly espoused by European Canadians whose ancestors have been some of the earliest European settlers of what is now Canada, to the point where they no longer feel a connection to their countries of origin.[4] In the 2011 National Household Survey Profile, 10,563,805 people (32.1%) chose "Canadian" as their ethnic group, making it the single largest group in the country.[5]

Contents

Number of European CanadiansEdit

Year Population  % of Canada Ref(s) Year Population  % of Canada Ref(s)
1871 3,433,315 98.5%1 [6][7][8] 1971 20,763,915 96.3% [6][7]
1881 4,146,900 95.9%1 [6][8] 1981 22,402,000 93.0% [9]
1901 5,170,522 96.0%1 [6][8] 1991 - -
1911 7,005,583 94.35%1 [6][8] 1996 - -
1921 8,568,584 96.0%1 [6][8] 2001 - -
1931 10,134,313 97.7% [6][8] 2011 20,157,965 61.4% [10]
1941 11,242,868 97.8% [6][7] 2016 - -
1951 13,582,574 96.83% [6][7]
1961 17,653,864 96.8% [6][7]
1966 - 96.8% [6][7]
^1 Census of 1871, 1881, 1901, 1911, 1921.[11]

The table shows the European-Canadian population showing a gradual increase from the 1871 Census, however, their proportion of the total Canadian population has been decreasing gradually since the mid-twentieth century to the most recent census in 2011. Canada enumerated its population by race between 1871 and 1971 and ethnic origins.

TodayEdit

Europeans are still the largest ethnic group in Canada. Elements of Aboriginal, French, British and more recent immigrant customs, languages and religions have combined to form the culture of Canada and thus a Canadian identity. Canada has also been strongly influenced by its linguistic, geographic and economic neighbour, the United States.

Cultural iconsEdit

 
George Stanley designer of the current Canadian flag.

FlagEdit

MusicEdit

Another area of cultural influence are Canadian Patriotic songs:

  • The Maple Leaf Forever - is an older but unofficial national anthem written by Scotsman Alexander Muir in 1867.[16] It was in consideration for official national anthem, however, no French version was ever written, so, it was never popular with Francophones.[17]

SportEdit

  • Ice Hockey - British soldiers and immigrants to Canada and the United States brought their stick-and-ball games with them and played them on the ice and snow of winter. Ice hockey was first played in Canada during the early nineteenth century, based on similar sports such as field hockey that were played in Europe.[18] The sport was originally played with a stick and ball, but in 1860 a group of English veterans from the Royal Canadian Rifle Regiment played a game in Kingston, Ontario, utilising a puck for what is believed to be the first time. This match, played on the frozen harbour by the city, is sometimes considered to be the birth of modern ice hockey.[19]

European ethnic origins tableEdit

Origins 18711 % 19513 % 2006 % 20114 % Change 2006-2011
  Albanian - - - - 22,395 - 28,270 - -
  Armenian - - - - 50,500 - 55,740 - -
  Austrian - - 32,231 - 194,255 - 197,990 - -
  Belgian - - 35,148 - 168,910 - 176,615 - -
  Bosnian - - - - 21,045 22,920
  British Isles - - - - 403,915 576,030
  Other British 7,773 0.2% 92,236
  Bulgarian - - - - 27,255 30,485
  Canadian - - - - 10,066,290 32.22% 10,563,805 32.1%
  Croatian - - - - 110,880 114,880
  Czech - - - - 98,090 94,805
Czech and Slovak - - 63,959
  Danish - - 42,671 200,035 203,080
Doukhobor
  Dutch 29,662 0.85% 264,267 1,035,965 3.32% 1,067,245 3.2%
  English 706,369 20.3% 3,630,344 25.9% 6,570,015 21.03% 6,509,500 19.8%
  Estonian - - - - 23,930 23,180
  Finnish - - 43,745 131,040 236,215
  French
(incl. Acadian)
1,082,940 31.07% 4,319,167 30.83% 4,941,210 15.82% 5,077,215 15.4%
  Georgian - - - - 2,200 3,155
  German 202,991 5.82% 619,995 3,179,425 10.18% 3,203,330 9.7%
  Greek 39 0.0% 13,966 242,685 252,960
  Hungarian - - 60,460 315,510 316,765
  Icelandic - - 23,307 88,875 94,205
  Irish 846,414 24.3% 1,439,635 4,354,155 13.94% 4,544,870 13.8%
  Italian 1,035 0.03% 152,245 1,445,335 4.63% 1,488,425 4.5%
Jewish - - 181,670 1.30%
  Latvian - - - - 27,870 27,355
  Liechtensteiner - - - -
  Lithuanian - - 16,224 46,690 49,130
  Luxembourger - - - - 3,160 3,790
  Macedonian - - - - 37,055 36,985
  Maltese - - - - 37,120 38,780
  Moldovan - - - - 8,050
  Monégasque - - - -
  Montenegrin - - - - 2,370 2,970
  Norwegian - - 119,266 432,515 452,705
  Polish - - 219,845 984,565 3.15% 1,010,705
  Portuguese - - - - 410,850 1.25% 429,850 1.28%
  Romanian - - 23,601 192,170 204,625
  Russian 607 0.02% 91,279 500,600 1.60% 550,520
Scandinavian2 1,623 0.0% - - - - - - -
  Scottish 549,946 15.8% 1,547,470 4,719,850 15.11% 4,714,970 14.3%
  Serbian - - - - 72,690 80,320
  Slovak - - - - 64,145 66,545
  Slovene - - - - 35,935 37,170
  Sammarinese - - - -
  Spanish - - - - 325,730 1.04% 368,305
  Swedish - - 97,780 334,765 1.07% 341,845
  Swiss 2,962 0.1% 137,775 146,830
  Ukrainian - - 395,043 1,209,085 3.87% 1,251,170 3.8%
  Welsh 440,965 1.41% 458,705
  Yugoslav - - 21,404 65,305 48,320
  Other European 3,791 0.0% 35,616 35,795 48,760
  Total British 2,110,502 60.6% 6,709,685 47.89%
  Canada 3,433,315 98.49% 13,582,574 96.83% 20,157,9654 N/A
^1 First census of the Canadian federation.[11] The figures for 1871 are for the four original provinces only.
^2 Includes Danish, Icelandic, Norwegian and Swedish.^3 Canada 1951 Census[20][21]2006 Canada Census[22]
^4 Canada 2011 Census National Household Survey: Data tables[23] An extra 32% or 10,563,805 people identified as "Canadian" as their ethnic group, many
are of European origins.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011
  2. ^ www.oxforddictionaries.com Euro-Canadian definition
  3. ^ Bennett, Ethel M. G. Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. 2000. "Hélène Desportes". Accessed August 10, 2007.
  4. ^ The Changing Face of Canada: Essential Readings in Population
  5. ^ "National Household Survey Profile". Statistics Canada. 2011. Retrieved February 13, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Ethnic origins Census of Canada (Page: 17)
  7. ^ a b c d e f Table 1: Population by Ethnic Origin, Canada, 1921-1971 Page: 2
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Canada Year Book 1922-23: Racial Origin" (PDF). Census and Statistics Office of Canada. 1921. pp. 158–59. 
  9. ^ Nationalism and National Integration By Anthony H. Birch (Page: 169)
  10. ^ "National Household Survey Profile". Statistics Canada. 2011. A total of 20,157,965 indicated "European Origins".
  11. ^ a b CANADA - ORIGINS OF THE PEOPLE ACCORDING TO THE CENSUSES OF 1871, 1881, 1901, 1911 AND 1921. (Page: 134-135)
  12. ^ Foot, Richard (February 13, 2014). "The Stanley Flag". Historica Canada. Retrieved May 26, 2017. 
  13. ^ McIntosh, Andrew (March 26, 2012). "'O Canada'". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved May 26, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Hymne national du Canada". Canadian Heritage. Government of Canada. June 23, 2008. Retrieved June 26, 2008. 
  15. ^ Department of Canadian Heritage. "Canadian Heritage – National Anthem: O Canada". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Marches". L'Association Canadienne De L'Infanterie/Canadian Infantry Association. Archived from the original on April 22, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2012. 
  17. ^ "Canadian Heritage – Patriotic Songs". Pch.gc.ca. March 3, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Ice Hockey Equipment and History". The Olympic Movement. Retrieved January 3, 2012. 
  19. ^ "About Ice Hockey". Ice Hockey UK. Archived from the original on February 14, 2012. Retrieved December 27, 2011. 
  20. ^ Multiculturalism and Immigration in Canada: An Introductory Reader By Elspeth Cameron (Page: 73-73)
  21. ^ Statistics Canada Distribution of the population, by ethnic group, census years 1941, 1951 and 1961
  22. ^ "Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada - Data table". 2.statcan.ca. October 6, 2010. Retrieved January 28, 2011. 
  23. ^ 2011 National Household Survey: Data tables

Further readingEdit

StatisticalEdit