Crown Prince Hyoryeong

Crown Prince Hyoryeong (born 4 June 1149[1]), personal name Wang Gi was a Goryeo Royal Prince as the first and oldest son of King Uijong and Queen Janggyeong[2] who later deposed from his position alongside his father and his only son by Jeong Jung-bu and Yi Ui-bang in 1170.

Wang Gi
Crown Prince of Goryeo
Reign1153–1170
Coronation1153
PredecessorCrown Prince Wang Cheol
SuccessorCrown Prince Wang Suk
MonarchKing Uijong (father)
BornWang Gi
4 June 1149
Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Diedfl. 1170
Kingdom of Goryeo
Spouse
Lady Wang
(m. 1168⁠–⁠1170)
Son1
Posthumous name
Crown Prince Hyoryeong
(효령태자, 孝靈太子)
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherUijong of Goryeo
MotherQueen Janggyeong
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationHyoryeong-taeja
McCune–ReischauerHyoryŏng-taeja
Birth name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationWang Gi
McCune–ReischauerWang Ki
Childhood name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationWang Hong
McCune–ReischauerWang Hong

BiographyEdit

Early life and backgroundEdit

Born on 4 June 1149 with the childhood name of Wang Hong (왕홍, 王泓) and personal name of Wang Gi (왕기, 王祈), he was the only son of King Uijong and Queen Janggyeong.[3]

Through his father, both of King Myeongjong and Sinjong were his uncle and both of their sons (Gangjong and Huijong) were Gi's first cousin. Meanwhile, since Queen Uijeong (Myeongjong's wife) and Queen Seonjeong (Sinjong's wife) were his mother's younger sisters, so they became both of his paternal aunt-in-law and maternal aunt, same with Myeongjong and Sinjong who would became both of his paternal uncle and maternal uncle-in-law.[4]

Palace life and marriageEdit

On 20th days, 4th months 1153 (lunar calendar; 7th year reign of King Uijong), the four-year-old Wang Gi formally became a Crown Prince (왕태자, 王太子).[3][5] Then, Im Geuk-chung (임극충; brother of Queen Gongye) was chosen as the prince's teacher in 1155[6] and a year later, Gim Jon-jung (김존중) was appointed as Taejasobo (태자소보, 太子少保; "Little Safeguard of the Great Prince")[7] alongside Yi Ji-mu (이지무) who was also appointed as Taejataebo (태자태보, 太子太保; "Big Safeguard of the Great Prince").[8]

In 1162, Gi performed a Gwan-rye (관례, 冠禮)[9] and in 1168, he received the daughter of Duke Gangyang (강양공) and Princess Deoknyeong (덕녕궁주) as his Princess consort.[10] Together, they had a son (태손, 太孫).

Princess Deoknyeong (his mother-in-law) was the second daughter of his grandfather, King Injong, so she was initially his aunt. Meanwhile, Duke Gangyang (his father-in-law) was the only son of Duke Daewon (대원공), fifth son of King Sukjong who was Injong's grandfather. Through Duke Gangyang, Gi was the paternal second cousin once removed to his wife, but through Princess Deoknyeong, Gi was the maternal first cousin to her.

Deposition and removalEdit

However, in 1170 (24th year reign of King Uijong), Jeong Jung-bu (정중부) who was dissatisfied with the King whom usually politically centered on eunuchs, then killed about 10 eunuchs in the palace.[11] After moved the King to "Gungigam" (군기감, 軍器監), [12] they led a coup to dethroned him and his successors.

At this time, Wang Gi was imprisoned at "Yeongeun Hall" (영은관, 迎恩館)[13] and in the next day, Uijong was driven to "Geoje-hyeon" (거제현; nowadays is Geoje-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, South Korea.[14]), Gi was expelled to "Jindo-hyeon" (진도현; nowadays is Jindo-gun, Jeollanam-do, South Korea.[15]), while his son was murdered.[3][11] In 1173, Uijong was assassinated by Yi Ui-min (이의민) at Gyerim (계림, 鷄林)[16] and whether the prince was still alive or dead is unknown as there are no records left. After this, the throne was succeeded by Uijong's second younger brother, Wang Ho the Duke Ikyang whom later better known as "King Myeongjong".

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ In Lunar calendar, he was born on 27th days 4th months 1149.
  2. ^ "의종 소생 왕자". Goryeosa (in Korean). Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  3. ^ a b c "의종 왕자 효령태자 왕기". Goryeosa (in Korean). Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  4. ^ "문종 왕자 조선공 왕도". Goryeosa (in Korean). Retrieved November 11, 2021.
  5. ^ History of Goryeo》Vol. 18〈Biographies〉Vol. 18 - 4th month, 7th year of Uijong - Prince Hong Sealed Into Crown Prince
  6. ^ History of Goryeo》Vol. 18〈Biographies〉Vol. 18 - 5th month, 9th year of Uijong - Appointment of Yang Won-jun and others to the Royal Office
  7. ^ "김존중을 태자소보로 삼다". Goryeosa (in Korean). Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  8. ^ "이지무를 태자태보로 삼다". Goryeosa (in Korean). Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  9. ^ "왕태자의 관례를 행하다". Goryeosa (in Korean). Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  10. ^ "왕감의 딸을 태자비로 삼다". Goryeosa (in Korean). Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  11. ^ a b "정중부가 이의방 등과 함께 의종을 폐위하고 명종을 옹립하다". Goryeosa (in Korean). Retrieved January 15, 2022.
  12. ^ "Gun-gi-gam" is a government office during the Goryeo and Joseon dynasty periods who was in charge of manufacturing equipment and clothes necessary for going out to battle; it also known as "Gun-gi-si" (군기시, 軍器寺).[1][2]
  13. ^ History of Goryeo》Vol. 19〈Biographies〉Vol. 19 - 9th month, 24th year of Uijong - Jeong Jung-bu and others Kill Eunuchs and Transfer the King to Gungigam
  14. ^ [3] (in Korean)
  15. ^ [4] (in Korean)
  16. ^ "의종이 계림에서 이의민에게 살해 당하다". Goryeosa (in Korean). Retrieved January 15, 2022.

External linksEdit

Crown Prince Hyoryeong
Regnal titles
Preceded by Crown Prince of Goryeo
1153–1170
Succeeded by