Uijong of Goryeo

Uijong of Goryeo (23 May 1127 – 7 November 1173) (r. 1146–1170) was the 18th monarch of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He honored his advisors with many ceremonies but hated the warriors, often forcing them to participate in martial arts competitions for the entertainment of himself and the civil officials, as well as assigning them petty portions during land distributions. He also was often drunk, further angering the warriors. Finally, in the autumn of 1170, after constant discriminations, the rage of the military officials burst. Three warriors (Jeong Jung-bu, Yi Ui-bang, Yi Go) and others, started a military revolt, murdering the civil officials, deposing King Uijong, and appointing a new king in his place.

Uijong of Goryeo
고려 의종
高麗 毅宗
Crown Prince of Goryeo
Reign1133–1146
Coronation1133
PredecessorCrown Prince Wang Gu
SuccessorCrown Prince Wang Gi
MonarchKing Injong (father)
King of Goryeo
Reign1146–1170
Coronation1146
Daegwang Hall, Gaegyeong, Goryeo
PredecessorInjong of Goryeo
SuccessorMyeongjong of Goryeo
BornWang Cheol
23 May 1127
Yeondeok Palace, Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Died7 November 1173 (aged 46)
North Pond of Gonwon Temple, Dongyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Burial
Huireung tomb
Queen Consort
(m. 1143)

(m. 1148)
ConcubineLady Mubi
Issue
  • Sons:
    Crown Prince Hyoryeong
    3 other sons
  • Daughters:
    Princess Gyeongdeok
    Princess Anjeong
    Princess Hwasun
    9 other daughters
Posthumous name
King Ganggwa Janghyo the Great
강과장효대왕
(剛果莊孝大王)
Temple name
Uijong (의종, 毅宗)
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherInjong of Goryeo
MotherQueen Gongye
Uijong of Goryeo
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationUijong
McCune–ReischauerŬijong
Birth name
Hangul
, later
Hanja
, later
Revised RomanizationWang Cheol, later Wang Hyeon
McCune–ReischauerWang Ch'ŏl, later Wang Hyŏn
Courtesy name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationIlseung
McCune–ReischauerIl'sŭng
Posthumous name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationJanghyo Daewang
McCune–ReischauerCh'angh'yo Taewang

FamilyEdit

  • Father: Injong of Goryeo (고려 인종)
  • Mother: Queen Gongye (공예왕후)
    • Grandfather: Im Won-hu (임원후)
    • Grandmother: Grand Lady of Jinhan State of the Bupyeong Yi clan (진한국대부인 부평 이씨)
  • Consorts and their Respective issue(s):
  1. Queen Janggyeong of the Gim clan (장경왕후 김씨); half second cousin once removed.
    1. Wang Gi, Crown Prince Hyoryeong (왕기 효령태자)
    2. Princess Gyeongdeok (경덕궁주)[1]
    3. Princess Anjeong (안정궁주)[2]
    4. Princess Hwasun (화순궁주)[3]
  2. Queen Jangseon of the Jiksan Choe clan (장선왕후 최씨); maternal first cousin – No issue.
  3. Concubine Mubi (무비)
    1. Little Prince Wang (소군 왕씨)
    2. Little Prince Wang (소군 왕씨)
    3. Little Prince Wang (소군 왕씨)
    4. Royal Lady Wang (왕녀 왕씨)
    5. Royal Lady Wang (왕녀 왕씨)
    6. Royal Lady Wang (왕녀 왕씨)
    7. Royal Lady Wang (왕녀 왕씨)
    8. Royal Lady Wang (왕녀 왕씨)
    9. Royal Lady Wang (왕녀 왕씨)
    10. Royal Lady Wang (왕녀 왕씨)
    11. Royal Lady Wang (왕녀 왕씨)
    12. Royal Lady Wang (왕녀 왕씨)

Popular cultureEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Married Wang Pyeong the Duke Yeonchang (왕평 연창공), son of Princess Seungdeok and initially a fourth cousin once removed in 1162.
  2. ^ Married Wang Bak the Count Hamnyeong (왕박 함녕백), other son of Princess Seungdeok and initially a fourth cousin once removed in 1163. Meanwhile, Anjeong then committed an adultery with a man named Ga-yeong (가영), which caused her husband stripped from his position in 1175 (5th years reign of King Myeongjong) and her lover exiled to "Hae-do" (해도).
  3. ^ Also known as Princess Sunhwa (순화궁주, 順和宮主). Along with her two elder sisters, they formally received their royal title in 1157 and the king was said to summoned several ministers in a big banquet that held at Cheonnyeong Hall (천녕전). She later married Wang Myeon the Duke Gwangneung (왕면 광릉공), grandson of Duke Gangneung–Hwasun's maternal grandfather and Gwangneung was initially her paternal half third cousin once removed or maternal second cousin.
  • 의종 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.
Uijong of Goryeo
Born: 23 May 1127 Died: 7 November 1173
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Goryeo
1146–1170
Succeeded by