Huijong of Goryeo

Huijong of Goryeo (21 June 1181 – 31 August 1237, r. 1204–1211) was the 21st Monarch of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea and the only son of King Sinjong.

Huijong of Goryeo
고려 희종
高麗 熙宗
Wang Yeong (왕영)
Crown Prince of Goryeo
Reign15 April 1200 – 5 January 1204
Coronation15 April 1200
PredecessorCrown Prince Wang Suk
SuccessorDeposed Crown Prince Wang Ji
King of Goryeo
Reign5 January 1204 – 31 August 1237
Coronation5 January 1204
Grand Hall Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
PredecessorSinjong of Goryeo
SuccessorGangjong of Goryeo
Born21 June 1181
Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Died31 August 1237 (aged 56)
Beopcheonjeong Temple, Kingdom of Goryeo
Burial
Seokneung tomb, San–182, Giljeong-ri, Yangdo-myeon, Ganghwa-gun, Incheon Metropolitan city
SpouseQueen Seongpyeong
Issue5 sons and 5 daughters
Posthumous name
성효인목성효대왕
(誠孝仁穆誠孝大王)
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherSinjong of Goryeo
MotherQueen Seonjeong
Huijong of Goryeo
Hangul
희종
Hanja
熙宗
Revised RomanizationHuijong
McCune–ReischauerHŭijong
Birth name
Hangul
왕영
Hanja
王韺
Revised RomanizationWang Yeong
McCune–ReischauerWang Yŏng

It is said of Huijong that if he were to have grown old he would have made a great King. When his father ascended to the throne and Huijong became Crown Prince, he rebelled against Choe Chungheon, the military leader of that time, and his younger brother Choe Chungsu. Huijong grew truly hostile towards them after Chungsu forced the Crown Princess to abdicate so that he could replace her with his daughter. During the rebellion, Huijong masterminded a plan to make Chungheon kill Chungsu, but Chungheon found out about it. Huijong was forced to beg for forgiveness and humble himself before one of his own subjects, which only made him hungrier for revenge.

When King Sinjong fell ill in 1204, he stepped down from the throne to let his son Huijong be King. Huijong, knowing that he had to lull Choe Chungheon into a false sense of security in order to be able to kill him, promoted him to Prime Minister of the State. This title was the one most often given out during the time of military rule to people such as Jeong Jung-bu, Yi Ui-min, and even Chungheon's father posthumously. Huijong also named Chungheon the Royal Protector, the greatest honor of the time, which was usually only given to relatives of the King. With these two titles, Choe Chungheon had political power nearly equal to that of the King himself. He used it to obliterate three rebellions, one led by his slave, another by Silla partisans, and one by his nephew Park Jinjae.

As Chungheon became secure in his new position, however, Huijong began to make preparations. Claiming illness, he tricked Choe Chungheon into coming alone into the palace without his usual host of guards. Once he arrived, Huijong attempted a coup d'état against him. Unfortunately, this failed and Choe Chungheon barely escaped with his life. Enraged, he exiled King Huijong. Chungheon had realized by this time that he held the 'power of the heavens' in his hand, and could crown and exile whomever he wished whenever he wished. King Gangjong was crowned in Huijong's place.

FamilyEdit

Consort and their respective issue(s):

  1. Queen Seongpyeong of the Kaesong Wang clan (? – 1247) (성평왕후 왕씨)
    1. Wang Ji, Prince Changwon (1197 – 17 December 1262) (왕지 창원공)
    2. Wang Ui, Prince Siryeong (왕의 시령후)
    3. Prince Gyeongwon (? – 27 February 1279) (경원공)
    4. Prince Wonjeong (원정국사)
    5. Prince Chungmyeong (충명국사)
    6. Queen Anhye of the Kaesong Wang clan (? – 1 June 1232) (안혜왕후 왕씨)
    7. Princess Yeongchang (영창공주)
    8. Princess Deokchang (덕창궁주)
    9. Princess Gasun (가순궁주)
    10. Princess Jeonghui (정희궁주)

Popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 희종 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.
Huijong of Goryeo
Born: 21 June 1181 Died: 31 August 1237
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sinjong
King of Goryeo
1204–1211
Succeeded by
Gangjong