Queen Jeongsun (Wonjong)

Queen Jeongsun of the Gyeongju Gim clan (Korean정순왕후 김씨; Hanja靜順王后 金氏; 1222 – 29 July 1237) or known as Queen Gyeongsun (Korean경순왕후; Hanja敬順王后) and formally called as Queen Mother Sungyeong (Korean순경태후; Hanja順敬太后), was the first and primary wife of Wonjong of Goryeo who became the mother of his successor, Chungnyeol of Goryeo.[2]

Queen Jeongsun
Grand Queen Mother Sungyeong
(순경왕태후, 順敬王太后)
Crown Princess of Goryeo
PredecessorCrown Princess Im
SuccessorCrown Princess Yu
Kingdom of Goryeo
Died29 July 1237 (1237-07-30) (aged 15)
Sadang-ri, Ganghwa-gun, Kingdom of Goryeo
Gareung tomb[1]
San 16–2, Neungnae-ri, Yangdo-myeon, Ganghwa-gun, Incheon
(m. 1235⁠–⁠1237)
IssueChungnyeol of Goryeo
an unnamed daughter
Regnal name
Worthy Consort Gyeongmok (경목현비, 敬穆賢妃; given in 1235)
Posthumous name
HouseGyeongju Kim (by birth)
House of Wang (by marriage)
FatherKim Yak-seon
MotherLady Choe of the Ubong Choe clan


Early lifeEdit

The future Queen Jeongsun was born in 1222 into the Gyeongju Gim clan as the daughter of Gim Yak-seon (김약선) the Duke Jangik (장익공, 莊翼公). Her mother was Lady Choe (부인 최씨), the eldest daughter of Choe U (최우) who was the second dictator of the Ubong Choe Military regime, made she became the maternal granddaughter of U.

Marriage and deathEdit

In 1235, she married Crown Prince Wang Jeong, given the royal title of Worthy Consort Gyeongmok (경목현비, 敬穆賢妃) and became his consort (황자비, 太子妃) not long after his appointment as a Crown Prince. A year later, she gave birth into their eldest son (the future King Chungnyeol) but eventually died only at 15 years old on 29 July 1237 after gave birth to a daughter who believed to died young as no records since then. After her husband ascended the throne, she was given a Posthumous name of Queen Jeongsun (정순왕후, 靜順王后) in 1262[3] and after their son ascended the throne, King Chungnyeol bestowed the name of Queen Mother Sungyeong (순경태후, 順敬太后) towards his mother in 1274.[4]

In 1310, by the new order (제서, 制書) from Emperor Wuzong of Yuan, Gim was titled as Queen Consort of Goryeo (고려왕비, 高麗王妃) since she was the grandmother of the reign king and was said by Wuzong to be clean and prudent in her behavior, gentle and beautiful in the Dharma, praised her diligence and modesty. Due to this, she became the last queen who received Posthumous names like the other one in the early Goryeo periods.


In 1244 (31st year reign of her father-in-law, King Gojong), she was buried in "Gareung tomb" (가릉, 嘉陵) located at Neungnae-ri, Yangdo-myeon, Ganghwa-gun, Incheon-si which becomes one of the Goryeo Royal Tombs located in South Korea. In 1992, it was designated as "Incheon Historic Site no. 370".[5]


  • Father: Kim Yak-seon (김약선)
    • Grandfather: Kim Tae-seo (김태서; d. 1257)
    • Grandmother: Lady Min of Yeoheung Min clan (여흥 민씨)
    • Uncle: Kim Gi-son (김기손, 金起孫)
    • Uncle: Kim Gyeong-son (김경손(金慶孫; ? - 1251)
      • Cousin: Kim Hon (김혼, 金琿)
  • Mother: Lady Choe of the Ubong Choe clan (우봉 최씨)
    • Grandfather: Choe U (최우; 1166 – 10 December 1249)
    • Grandmother: Grand Lady Byeon of the Hadong Jeong clan (변한국대부인 하동 정씨; d. 1231)
    • Aunt: Lady Choe of the Ubong Choe clan (우봉 최씨)
  • Sibling(s)
    • Older brother: Kim Mi (김미, 金敉)
      • Sister-in-law: Lady Wang of the Kaeseong Wang clan (개성 왕씨); King Sinjong’s granddaughter
    • Older brother: Kim Wi-hang (김위항)
    • Older brother: Kim Pil-yeong (김필영)
  • Husband: King Wonjong of Goryeo (고려 원종; 1219–1274)
  • Issue

In popular cultureEdit

  • Portrayed by Choi Da-eun and Bang Joon-su in the 2012 MBC TV Series God of War.


  1. ^ One of the four Goryeo Royal Tombs who left in South Korea, along with:
    • Seokneung Tomb (석릉, 碩陵) – her first cousin twice removed in-law, King Huijong's tomb.[1]
    • Golleung Tomb (곤릉, 坤陵) – her grandmother-in-law, Queen Wondeok's tomb.[2]
    • Hongneung Tomb (홍릉, 洪陵) – her father-in-law, King Gojong's tomb.[3]
  2. ^ "고려 24대 국왕 원종 왕정의 부인들". Naver (in Korean). Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  3. ^ "경목현비를 정순왕후로 추봉하다". Goryeosa (in Korean). Retrieved January 4, 2022.
  4. ^ "왕의 모친 정순왕후를 순경태후로 추존하다". Goryeosa (in Korean). Retrieved January 4, 2022.
  5. ^ "사적 강화 가릉 (江華 嘉陵)". National Cultural Heritage (in Korean). Retrieved January 4, 2022.

External linksEdit