Sinjong of Goryeo

Sinjong of Goryeo (11 August 1144 – 15 February 1204, r. 1197–1204) was the twentieth monarch of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. The fifth son of King Injong, Sinjong took the throne after his brother King Myeongjong was sent into exile by Choe Chungheon.

Sinjong of Goryeo
고려 신종
高麗 神宗
Marquess of Pyeongnyang
(평량후, 平凉侯)
Reign1154–1183
Coronation1154
Duke of Pyeongnyang
(평량공, 平凉公)
Reign1183–1197
Coronation1183
King of Goryeo
Reign1197–1204
Coronation1197
PredecessorMyeongjong of Goryeo
SuccessorHuijong of Goryeo
RegentChoe Chungheon (1197–1204)
BornWang Min
11 August 1144
Yeondeok Palace?, Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Died15 February 1204 (aged 59)
Marquess Deokyang's Manor, Kingdom of Goryeo
Burial
Yangneung tomb
Queen Consort
(before 1181)
IssueHuijong of Goryeo
Duke Yangyang
Princess Hyohoe
Princess Gyeongnyeong
Posthumous name
King Gyeonggong Jeonghyo the Great
경공정효대왕
(敬恭靖孝大王)
Temple name
Sinjong (신종, 神宗)
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherInjong of Goryeo
MotherQueen Gongye
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationSinjong
McCune–ReischauerSinjong
Birth name
Hangul
, later
Hanja
, later
Revised RomanizationWang Min, later Wang Tak
McCune–ReischauerWang Min, later Wang T'ak
Courtesy name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationJihwa
McCune–ReischauerCh'ih'wa
Posthumous name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationJeonghyo Daewang
McCune–ReischauerCh'ŏngh'yo Taewang

He was wise, but like his brother before him had no true power, which was in the hands of Choe Chungheon (this marked the beginning of the Choe family's military rule). Sinjong also witnessed the kin strife of the Choe family and soon after became ill, abdicating in favor of his son King Huijong.[1]

Popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ It is said that he begged Choe Chungheon to allow his son to rule and not to destroy the Goryeo dynasty.
  • 신종 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.
Sinjong of Goryeo
Born: 11 August 1144 Died: 15 February 1204
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Goryeo
1197–1204
Succeeded by