Sukjong of Goryeo

Sukjong of Goryeo (2 September 1054 – 10 November 1105) (r. 1095–1105) was the 15th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea.

Sukjong of Goryeo
고려 숙종
高麗 肅宗
Marquess of Gyerim
(계림후, 鷄林候)
Reign1065–1077
Coronation1065
Duke of Gyerim
(계림공, 鷄林公)
Reign1077–1095
Coronation1077
King of Goryeo
Reign1095–1105
Coronation1095
Junggwang Hall, Gaegyeong, Goryeo
PredecessorHeonjong of Goryeo
SuccessorYejong of Goryeo
BornWang Hui
2 September 1054
Yeonhwa Palace, Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Died10 November 1105 (aged 51)
Outside Jangpyeong Gate, Gaegyeong, Kingdom of Goryeo
Burial
Yeongneung tomb
Queen Consort
(before 1079)
Issue
Posthumous name
King Munhye Gangjeong Myeonghyo the Great
문혜강정명효대왕
(文惠康正明孝大王)
Temple name
Sukjong (숙종, 肅宗)
HouseHouse of Wang
FatherMunjong of Goryeo
MotherQueen Inye
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationSukjong
McCune–ReischauerSukjong
Birth name
Hangul
, later
Hanja
, later
Revised RomanizationWang Hui, later Wang Ong
McCune–ReischauerWang Hŭi, later Wang Ong
Courtesy name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationCheonsang
McCune–ReischauerCh'ŏnsang
Posthumous name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationMyeonghyo Daewang
McCune–ReischauerMy'ŏngh'yo Taewang

Sukjong rose to the throne in 1095 upon the abdication of his young nephew, Heonjong. He oversaw various internal innovations, including the distribution of the country's first brass coins (in 1102) and the construction of the new Southern Capital (Namgyeong, present-day Seoul).

However, he was also faced by threats from without, most notably an 1104 invasion by the northern Jurchen tribes. Unable to repel the Jurchens by force, he sent his general Yun Gwan to raise an army and repulse them. This army is known as Byeolmuban and consisted of three separate divisions. Sukjong died the following year, while on the way to the western capital, Pyongyang. Challenges of Sukjong's reign can be summarized in his own words:[1]

Since I was entrusted with the affairs of the state, I have always endeavoured to cautiously maintain diplomatic ties with Liao in the north andserve the Song in the south, while these days the Jurchen in the east have become enemies to be reckoned with. Making the people comfortable is the first imperative of military and political affairs, so all unnecessary corvée duties must be abolished in order for the people to live comfortably!

FamilyEdit

  • Father: Munjong of Goryeo (고려 문종)
  • Mother: Queen Inye (인예왕후)
    • Grandfather: Yi Ja-yeon (이자연)
    • Grandmother: Lady, of the Gyeongju Gim clan (부인 경주 김씨)
  • Consorts and their Respective issue(s):
  1. Queen Myeongui of the Jeongju Yu clan (명의왕후 유씨; d. 1112)
    1. Crown Prince Wang U (태자 왕우)
    2. Wang Pil, Marquess Sangdang (왕필 상당후)
    3. Wang Jing-eom, Wonmyeongguksa (왕징엄 원명국사)
    4. Wang Bo, Duke Daebang (왕보 대방공)
    5. Wang Hyo, Duke Daewon (왕효 대원공)
    6. Wang Seo, Duke Jean (왕서 제안공)
    7. Wang Gyo, Marquess Tongui (왕교 통의후)
    8. Princess Daeryeong (대령궁주)
    9. Princess Heungsu (흥수궁주)
    10. Princess Ansu (안수궁주)
    11. Princess Boknyeong (복녕궁주)
  2. Unknown
    1. Wang Hyeon-eung, Gyeonseongjeokso (왕현응 견성적소 수좌)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ R. E. Breuker, Establishing a Pluralist Society in Medieval Korea, 918–1170: History, Ideology and Identity in the Koryŏ Dynasty, (Brill, Leiden, 2010), p.252
  • 숙종 (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia.
Sukjong of Goryeo
Born: 2 September 1054 Died: 10 November 1105
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Goryeo
1095–1105
Succeeded by
Korean royalty
New creation Marquis of Gyerim
1065–1077
Succeeded by
Himself
as Duke of Gyerim
Preceded by
Himself
as Marquis of Gyerim
Duke of Gyerim
1077–1095
Merged in the Crown