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List of chief ministers of Andhra Pradesh

  (Redirected from Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh)

The Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh is the chief executive of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Andhra Pradesh is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
Chandrababu Naidu 2017.jpg
Incumbent
Nara Chandrababu Naidu

since 8 June 2014
ResidenceAmaravati
AppointerGovernor of Andhra Pradesh
Inaugural holderNeelam Sanjiva Reddy
Formation1 October 1953
WebsiteOfficial website

Andhra Pradesh was created in 1956 by the merger of the Telangana region of Hyderabad State into Andhra State. Two chief ministers each from the Indian National Congress party had served these predecessor states. The first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh was Neelam Sanjiva Reddy, later the sixth President of India. Including him, 13 out of 16 chief ministers belonged to the Congress party. Among these P. V. Narasimha Rao, who went on to become the ninth Prime Minister of India. The remaining three chief ministers were from the Telugu Desam Party, including N. Chandrababu Naidu the longest-serving Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (over eleven years). Naidu is also the current incumbent, serving since 8 June 2014, a few days after Telangana was officially carved out of Andhra Pradesh into a separate state. Naidu resigned on 23 May after failing to secure a majority in 2019 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election, but was asked to continue as a careteker till his successor is sworn in. Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy is the Chief Minister-elect and is expected to be sworn in on 30 May.[2]

Contents

Chief Ministers of Andhra State

Andhra State consisted of Kosta and Rayalaseema regions. This state was carved out of Madras state in 1953.

No Name Portrait Term of office Party[a] Days in office
1 T. Prakasam   1 October 1953 15 November 1954 Indian National Congress 410
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
15 November 1954 28 March 1955 N/A 135
2 B. Gopala Reddy
MLA for Atmakur
  28 March 1955 1 November 1956 Indian National Congress 584

Chief Ministers of Andhra Pradesh

 
Map of India showing Combined Andhra Pradesh state after the States Reorganisation Act

On 1 November 1956, Hyderabad State ceased to exist; its Gulbarga and Aurangabad divisions were merged into Mysore State and Bombay State respectively. Its remaining Telugu-speaking portion, Telangana, was added to Andhra State to form the new state of combined Andhra Pradesh. After 58 years, the state was bifurcated into Andhra Pradesh & Telangana states on 2 June 2014 by Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014.

No Name Portrait Term of office Party[a] Days in office
1 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
MLA for Kalahasti
  1 November 1956 11 January 1960 Indian National Congress 1167
2 Damodaram Sanjivayya
MLA from Kurnool
  11 January 1960 12 March 1962 790
(1) Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
MLA from Dhone
  12 March 1962 20 February 1964 719
3 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy
MLA from Narasaraopet
 
21 February 1964 30 September 1971 2777
4 P. V. Narasimha Rao
MLA from Manthani
  30 September 1971 10 January 1973 468
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
11 Jan 1973 10 December 1973 N/A 335
5 Jalagam Vengala Rao
MLA for Vemsoor
10 December 1973 6 March 1978 Indian National Congress 1547
6 Marri Chenna Reddy
MLA from Medchal
6 March 1978 11 October 1980 950
7 Tanguturi Anjaiah
MLC, Hyderabad
11 October 1980 24 February 1982 501
8 Bhavanam Venkatarami Reddy
MLC, Guntur
24 February 1982 20 September 1982 208
9 Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
MLA from Kurnool
20 September 1982 9 January 1983 111
10 N. T. Rama Rao
MLA from Tirupati
  9 January 1983 16 August 1984 Telugu Desam Party 585
11 Nadendla Bhaskara Rao
MLA from Vemuru
16 August 1984 16 September 1984 Indian National Congress 31
(10) N. T. Rama Rao
MLA from Hindupur
  16 September 1984 2 December 1989 Telugu Desam Party 1903
(6) Marri Chenna Reddy
MLA from Sanathnagar
3 December 1989 17 December 1990 Indian National Congress 379
12 N. Janardhana Reddy
MLA from Venkatagiri
17 December 1990 9 October 1992 662
(9) Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
MLA from Panyam
9 October 1992 12 December 1994 794
(10) N. T. Rama Rao
MLA from Hindupur
  12 December 1994 1 September 1995 Telugu Desam Party 263
13 N. Chandrababu Naidu
MLA from Kuppam
  1 September 1995 14 May 2004 3178
14 Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy
MLA from Pulivendla
  14 May 2004 2 September 2009 Indian National Congress 1938
15 K. Rosaiah
MLC, Guntur
  3 September 2009 24 November 2010 448
16 N. Kiran Kumar Reddy
MLA from Pileru
  25 November 2010 1 March 2014 1193
Vacant[b]
(President's rule)
1 March 2014 8 June 2014 N/A 98
Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (following the state's bifurcation in 2014)
(13) N. Chandrababu Naidu
MLA from Kuppam
  8 June 2014 Incumbent[4] Telugu Desam Party 1811

Notes

  1. ^ a b This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  2. ^ a b c President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[3]

References

  1. ^ Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Andhra Pradesh as well.
  2. ^ Garewal, Naveen S. (24 May 2019). "Jagan to be sworn in on May 30". The Tribune.
  3. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.
  4. ^ "Debacle in Assembly Election: AP CM resigns ; Guv accepted". United News of India. 23 May 2019. The Governor has accepted the resignation and advised Mr Naidu to continue as caretaker Chief Minister till the new Chief Minister assumes charge.

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