Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy

Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy (16 August 1920 – 27 September 2001) served as the chief minister of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh in 1983 and then from 1992 to 1994. Reddy was a member of the Indian National Congress[when?] and was elected to the Lok Sabha six times. Reddy also served as a Union cabinet Minister, along with serving on several parliamentary committees. He lost the 1999 elections and subsequently retired from active politics.[2] Botanical Garden in Hyderabad is named after him.

Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
9th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
In office
9 October 1992 – 12 December 1994
GovernorKrishan Kant
Preceded byN. Janardhan Reddy
Succeeded byN. T. Rama Rao
In office
20 September 1982 – 9 January 1983
GovernorK. C. Abraham
Preceded byB. Venkataram Reddy
Succeeded byNandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
MP (Lok Sabha)
In office
1977–1979, 1984–1989, 1989–1991, 1991–1992, 1996–1998
Personal details
Born(1920-08-16)16 August 1920[1]
Amakathadu, Laddagiri Village, Kurnool District, Madras Presidency, British India
Died27 September 2001(2001-09-27) (aged 81)
Political partyIndian National Congress
Spouse(s)K. Shyamla Reddy
ChildrenTwo sons and three daughters
Alma materBesant Theosophical College, Madanapalle and Madras Law College, Madras(Tamil Nadu)
ProfessionAgriculturist, Lawyer, Sportsman, Political and Social worker
CabinetCabinet Minister, Government of India (1983–1984 and 1991–1992)
CommitteesChairman, Public Accounts Committee (1961–1962), Member, Committee on Estimates (1977–1982), Member, Committee on Subordinate Legislation (1990–1991), Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Water Resources (1990–1991)
PortfolioShipping and Transport and for Industry and Company Affairs (1983–1984), Law, Justice and Company Affairs (1991–1992)

Early lifeEdit

Reddy was born in the remote village of Laddagiri in the Kurnool district[3] to the family of a landlord. He began his involvement in politics at Nandyal gram panchayat and eventually became involved in the national level. He studied for his B.A., at Besant Theosophical College, Madanapalle and his LL.B. at Madras Law College, in Madras, (Tamil Nadu) in 1947.[4] While Reddy graduated law school, he rarely practiced law due to his political workload.

Personal lifeEdit

Reddy was married on 7th June 1950 to Smt. K. Shyamla Reddy.[5] He had two sons and three daughters. His son, Kotla Jayasurya Prakasha Reddy, was a Member of Parliament[when?] representing Kurnool Parliamentary constituency for his second term. Reddy's interests included sports, games, and reading. He was the captain of his hockey and football teams at Besant Theosophical College in Madanapalli, Andhra Pradesh and Chairman of Andhra Pradesh Sports Council from 1967 to 1969. He improved infrastructure in the Kurnool District and developed farmland in his native village.[6]

Political carrerEdit

Reddy represented several assembly constituencies in the district, but his major breakthrough came when he was elected as chairman of Zilla Parishad. He held several posts both in the Indian National Congress party and in central and state governments. He was the ninth chief minister in the undivided Andhra Pradesh.[3] Reddy engaged ion value-based politics, and he remained respected even after losing his Chief Ministership to N. T. Rama Rao.[6] After his death, "Kisan ghat" was erected in his memory by the state government.[7]

As a politician, Reddy was credited for starting 15 primary and secondary schools in villages throughout the Kurnool District in Andhra Pradesh.[8] As Chief Minister, he was known for introducing a mid-day meal scheme in primary schools for children 6-11 years old in the state of Andhra Pradesh.[9] He also became known for supplying rice at a highly subsidised rate of Rs 1.90 per kg for poor families. Reddy became MLA for the first time in 1955, but he was denied a ticket in 1962.[3] Unlike other Chief Ministers, Reddy did not have any corruption charges brought against him.[6]

Positions heldEdit

Throughout his 44 year career, Reddy served in both local and national positions.[10][11][12] His work included the following:

  • 1955-61: Member, Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Secretary, Congress Legislature Party, Andhra Pradesh
  • 1955-61: Member, Public Accounts Committee
  • 1959-67: Chairman, Zila Parishad, Kurnool
  • 1961-62: Chairman, Public Accounts Committee
  • 1962-64: General-Secretary, Pradesh Congress Committee (Indira) [P.C.C.(I)], Andhra Pradesh
  • 1967-72: Member, Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council
  • 1967-71: Minister, Co-operation, Major Irrigation and Finance, Andhra Pradesh
  • 1977: Elected to 6th Lok Sabha
  • 1977-82: Member, Committee on Estimates
  • 1980-81: President, P.C.C.(I), Andhra Pradesh
  • 1980: Re-elected to 7th Lok Sabha (2nd term)
  • 1982-83: Chief Minister, Andhra Pradesh
  • 1983-84: Union Cabinet Minister, Shipping and Transport and Union Cabinet Minister, Industry and Company Affairs
  • 1989: Re-elected to 9th Lok Sabha (3rd term)
  • 1990-91: Member, Committee on Subordinate Legislation
    • Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Water Resources
    • Member, Political Affairs Committee, Congress Parliamentary Party (C.P.P.)
  • 1991: Re-elected to 10th Lok Sabha (4th term)
  • 1991-92: Union Cabinet Minister, Law, Justice and Company Affairs
  • 1992-94: Member, Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
  • 1992-94: Chief Minister, Andhra Pradesh (2nd term)
  • 1996: Re-elected to 11th Lok Sabha (5th term)
  • 1996-97: Member, Committee on Transport and Tourism
  • 1998: Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (6th term)
  • 1998-99: Member, Committee on Transport and Tourism
    • Member, Rules Committee
    • Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Civil Aviation

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Biographical Sketch of Member of XII Lok Sabha". Parliamentofindia.nic.in. Archived from the original on 29 July 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
  2. ^ "Vijaya Bhaskar Statistics: Indian Elections 2009". Ibnlive.in.com. Archived from the original on 11 July 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2011.
  3. ^ a b c August 2, india today digital (15 October 1982). "We can take NTR in our stride: Vijayabhaskara Reddy". India Today. India Today. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  4. ^ "We can take NTR in our stride: Vijayabhaskara Reddy". India Today. India Today. 2 September 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2021.
  5. ^ "Biographical Sketch of Member of 12th Lok Sabha". loksabhaph.nic.in. Retrieved 14 February 2021. {{cite news}}: External link in |ref= (help)
  6. ^ a b c October 15, Amarnath K. Menon (15 October 2001). "Former CM of Andhra Pradesh Kotla Vijayabhaskara Reddy passes away". India Today. India Today. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  7. ^ Peddayana, an article in Eenadu daily on 28 September 2009
  8. ^ "Biographical Sketch of Member of 12th Lok Sabha". loksabhaph.nic.in. Retrieved 14 February 2021. {{cite news}}: External link in |ref= (help)
  9. ^ "Biographical Sketch of Member of 12th Lok Sabha". loksabhaph.nic.in. Retrieved 14 February 2021. {{cite news}}: External link in |ref= (help)
  10. ^ "Members : Lok Sabha". loksabhaph.nic.in. Retrieved 14 February 2021. {{cite news}}: External link in |ref= (help)
  11. ^ "Biographical Sketch of Member of 12th Lok Sabha". 164.100.47.194. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  12. ^ "Biographical Sketch Member of Parliament XI Lok Sabha". Indiapress. Retrieved 8 March 2021.