Dr. Ambedkar Government Law College, Chennai
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Dr. Ambedkar Government Law College (often referred to as Government Law College or GLC, Chennai) is a law school, located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, established in 1891. It was formerly known as Madras Law College, a prestigious institution that produced several legal luminaries of the 20th century. It was renamed in 1990, as Dr. Ambedkar Government Law College, by the Government of Tamil Nadu in commemoration of the birth centenary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the father of Indian constitution. In 1997, the Government of Tamil Nadu passed an Act which brought the college under the wings of the newly established Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University, splitting the college from the University of Madras. The College stands neglected ever since due to lack of funds and several internal politics.
Madras Law College
|Motto||Fiat justitia ruat caelum |
("Let justice be done though the heavens fall.")
|Type||Government Law College|
|Established||2 May 1891|
|1891-1996: University of Madras 1996-present: Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University|
The genesis of Legal Education in Madras can be traced to the informal law classes conducted by Mr. George Norton, Advocate General of Madras State (1827-1853) in his house in the form of conversations in the early 19th century. In 1852, at the direction of Sir Henry Eldred Pottinger, the Governor of Madras during that period, a Government High School was expanded into the Presidency College, Chennai. Mr. John Bruce Norton, was appointed as the first Professor of law in 1855, who delivered his lectures at the Presidency College, Chennai. Till 1884, there was only one Professor of Law in the Presidency College, Chennai. In order to supplement lectures by tutorials, a second Professor was appointed in 1884 and to him, the tutorial work was entrusted. The Scheme was put on trial for two years and it proved a success. So it was continued for two more years from 1 January 1886.
Mr. H.B. Grigg, the Director of Public Instruction, who evinced keen interest in improving the status of legal education in Madras, sent a proposal to the Government for setting up a Central Law College in Madras. The Government concurred with Mr. Grigg that changes were necessary in the arrangements for Law Instruction and that an independent institution should be established. In 1885, Mr. Justice T. Muthuswamy Iyer also gave his warm support to the proposal. The Proposal was sanctioned by the Secretary of State, on the advice of the Council of Legal Studies (Education) in London and the Law College was established as an independent institution under the control of the Director of Public instruction. Mr. Reginald, A. Nelson, the first Principal, entered upon his duties on 2 May 1891.
Thus, the Law College came into existence. For seven and a half years after birth, it had no habitation of its own and the College was housed at the Senate House of the University of Madras. A project to place the new institution as near the High Court as possible led to the selection of a site for erecting a structure to the west of the High Court building. The building structure of the Law College was designed by Mr.Henry Irwin, the Government Architect and the Law College moved into that building on 9 January 1899. As a natural consequence of gaining a building of its own, the Law College was converted into a full time institution.
In 2018, the Law College was split into two different campuses and moved to different campuses as the building structure which housed the college for more than 100 years, was found to be damaged and had a risk of collapsing.
At present, the admissions are made through Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University. It enrolls 562 students every year.
In the early seventies, the College was upgraded into a Post Graduate Institution with the introduction of M.L. Courses. It primarily offers 5 years integrated B.A., B.L and 3 years B.G.L. Under-graduate programmes.
From 1973-74, the Tamil Language has also been made as a medium of instruction in Law as part of a Government Policy to introduce Tamil as Official Language at all levels in the State.
With a view to upgrading the standards of legal education, B.A.B.L., (Hons) course was initially introduced in the college from the academic year 2002-2003. But the same was shifted to the Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University with effect from the academic year 2006-2007.
Until 2015, the Madras Law College was located within the campus of High Court of Madras. Its building structure being very similar to the High Court structures, popularly, many South-Indian movies have been known to portray the Law college structures as Court halls wherever the movie required a court room scenes. The Primary structure of the old campus, designed by designed by English architect Henry Irwin, is a classic example of Indo-Saracenic Architectural style. It used to house most of the Administrative sections of the College and the Moot Hall. The Library was housed in a newer building built around 2008 and more classrooms were also added with additional blocks. The old campus had many other old structures and tombs. The College used to have a large sports ground adjacent to it in the early 90's, which was eventually taken over for accommodating the High Court structures and turned into a car parking facility.
In 2018, the Campus was split into two and moved to two different premises outside the Chennai City limits. The decision to shift the campus was made after the discovery of core damages to the primary structure of the college building owing to the Metro Rail construction work around 2015. Presently, the campus at Pudupakkam Village, Chengalpet taluk of Kancheepuram district, accommodates 1,205 students who study five-year law courses. The campus at Pattaraiperumbudur Village, Thiruvallur District, accommodates 1,123 students who study three-year law courses.
The College doesn't provide a hostel within its campus. The Men's Hostel has been at No. 92, Millers Road Kilpauk, Chennai since 1959 and Women's Hostel has been at No. 133, Walajah Road, Chepauk, Chennai. The Hostel facilities are very limited and are filled up on merit basis.
Until the early 90's, when the college was under the University of Madras, the college used to be one of the best performers in various Inter-college Cultural Festivals. However, it has not hosted nor participated in any such event since 1996. The College has been the centre of many controversies starting from late 90's with many instances of hooliganism. Very often, the students of the college were involved in protests over various issues, both internal and political. But nevertheless, the college always has students who excel in studies. The College has been actively participating in many Moot courts, in India and also internationally and occasionally it hosts its own National level Moot Court Competition called as FIAT JUSTITIA.
List of PrincipalsEdit
|1.||Thiru R.A. Nelson B.A.,L.L.B.,
|2.||Thiru K. Narayana Rao B.A., L.L.B.,
I.C.S. Director of Legal Studies and Head of the Department.
|(Actg.) 28 July||25 August 1902|
|3.||Thiru. Charles E.Odgers M.A.B.C.L
|(Actg.) 26 August||25 November 1902|
|2 February 1905||19 August 1906|
|30 June 1908||22 April 1909|
|4.||Dr. S. Swaminathan
|(Actg.) 29 June 1908||18th Oct 1909|
|9 July 1912||12th Dec. 1913|
|5.||Thiru. Arthur Davies, B.A.,
|6.||Thiru C. Madhavan Nair, B.L.,
|(Actg.) 5 July 1920|
|7.||Thiru C. Kunhi Raman, B.A., B.L.,
|(Actg.) 10th Apr 1924||2 March 1925|
|8.||Thiru M. Rathnaswami, M.A.,
|9.||Thiru K. Krishna Menon, M.A., B.C.L.,||1930||1949|
|10.||Thiru S. Govindarajulu Naidu, B.A. LL.B., (cantab), B.L.,
Principal and Head of Department
|12.||Prof. C. Rajaraman, M.A., LL.B.,
|13.||Prof. Master Sankaran, M.L.,||1978||1983|
|14.||Prof. T. Audiseshan, M.L.||1983||1995|
|16.||Prof. C. Robin, M.A., LL.M.,||1 June 2008||31 July 2011.|
|17.||Dr. G.C. Kothandan M.A.,(Hist.) M.A. (Soci.)., M.L., D.C.F.Sc., Ph.D.||2002||2004|
|18.||Dr.G.P.Godhana Gandhi, M.A.M.L., D.R.S., D.H.ED., Ph.D.,||2004||2005|
|19.||Prof.C.Robin, M.A., LL.M.,||2005||2006|
|20.||Dr. J.Jayamani, M.L. Ph.D.,M.A.M.L., D.R.S., D.H.ED., Ph.D.,||2006||2008|
|21.||Prof. M. Mohamed Iqbal, M.A., LL.M.,||2008||2011|
|22.||Prof. K. Balaji Naidu, M.A., M.L., M.Phil.,||2011||2012|
|23.||Prof. Dr. S.Narayanaperumal, M.L., Ph.D.,||2012||2013|
|24.||Prof.Dr.N.S.Santhosh Kumar M.Com.,M.A.,M.L.,Ph.D.,||2013||2014|
|25.||Prof.Dr.K.Murugadoss B.Com.,M.L.,D.T.L., Ph.D.,||2014||2016|
|26.||Prof.C.Chockalingam M.A., M.L., Ph.D.,||2016||2018|
|27. |Prof. Vijayalakshmi |2018 |Till Date |}
Chief Justices of IndiaEdit
- M. Patanjali Sastri, 2nd Chief Justice of India (from 1951–1954)
- Koka Subba Rao, 9th Chief Justice of India (from 1958–1967) and was also a Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh High Court (1956–1958)
- P. Sathasivam, 40th Chief Justice of India (in 2013) and is the current Governor of Kerela
Judges of the Supreme Court of IndiaEdit
- P. Satyanarayana Raju, Judge, Supreme Court of India (1965–1966) and was also the Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh High Court (1964–1965)
- V. Balakrishna Eradi, Judge, Supreme court of India (1981) and was also the Chief Justice of Kerala High Court (1980)
Judges of the High CourtsEdit
- M. Karpaga Vinayagam, Chief Justice of the Jharkhand High Court (2006)
- V. Periyakaruppiah, Judge, High Court of Madras (2007–2012)
- P. D. Dinakaran, Chief Justice of Sikkim High Court (2008–2011)
Chief Ministers of StatesEdit
- Damodaram Sanjivayya, Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (1960–1964)
- M. Bhaktavatsalam, Chief Minister of Madras State (1963-1967)
- Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy, Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (1982–1983; 1992–94)
- E. Ikkanda Warrier, Last Prime Minister of State of Cochin
- V. K. Krishna Menon
- Kurma Venkata Reddy Naidu
- P Chidambaram, former Finance Minister of India
- V. K. Krishna Menon, former Defence Minister of India
- M. A. Ayyangar, the first Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha and the Speaker of the 2nd Lok Sabha
- Dr.John Mathai, India's first Railway Minister and subsequently Finance Minister under First Nehru ministry.
- R. K. Shanmukham Chetty, India's first Finance Minister
- Murasoli Maran
- S. Kumaraswami Reddiar
- A. Ranganatha Mudaliar, Minister of Public Health and Excise for the Madras Presidency
- M. B. Nirmal, Social Activist & Founder, Exnora International
- T. N. Manoharan, Chartered Accountant and former president of Institute of Chartered Accountants of India
- E. Krishna Iyer, a freedom-fighter, classical artist and activist
- Digavalli Venkata Siva Rao, Historian and Telugu writer
- D. R. Karthikeyan, special director of the Central Bureau of Investigation (1998) and Director General, National Human Rights Commission
- Swami Vireshwarananda, tenth president of the Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission
- History of the College, Official Website.
- dated 15 March 1952: Law and Life, The Hindu. Friday, 15 Mar 2002
- "Amid protest: At last, law college shifted to two new premises". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
- Hon’ble Mr. Justice M.Karpaga Vinayagam, Jharkhand High Court, Official Website
- A fitting tribute to son of the soil, The Hindu. 14 April 2007