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Narayan Datt Tiwari (18 October 1925 – 18 October 2018) was an Indian politician. He was formerly in the Praja Socialist Party and later joined the Indian National Congress.

Narayan Dutt Tiwari
Ex Uttarakhand CM ND Tiwari.jpg
21st Governor of Andhra Pradesh
In office
22 August 2007 – 26 December 2009
Preceded byRameshwar Thakur
Succeeded byE. S. L. Narasimhan
3rd Chief Minister of Uttarakhand
In office
2 March 2002 – 7 March 2007
Preceded byBhagat Singh Koshyari
Succeeded byB. C. Khanduri
Minister of Finance
In office
25 July 1987 – 25 June 1988
Preceded byRajiv Gandhi
Succeeded byShankarrao Chavan
Minister of External Affairs
In office
22 October 1986 – 25 July 1987
Preceded byP. Shiv Shankar
Succeeded byRajiv Gandhi
9th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
In office
25 June 1988 – 5 December 1989
Preceded byVir Bahadur Singh
Succeeded byMulayam Singh Yadav
In office
3 August 1984 – 24 September 1985
Preceded bySripati Mishra
Succeeded byVir Bahadur Singh
In office
21 January 1976 – 30 April 1977
Preceded byPresident's rule
Succeeded byPresident's rule
Personal details
Born(1925-10-18)18 October 1925
Baluti, United Provinces, British India
(present day Uttarakhand, India)
Died18 October 2018(2018-10-18) (aged 93)
New Delhi, India
Political partyIndian National Congress
Spouse(s)
Sushila Tiwari (m. 1954⁠–⁠1991)
(her death)
Ujjwala Tiwari (m. 2014)
ChildrenRohit Shekhar Tiwari
Alma materAllahabad University

He was a three-time Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh (1976–77, 1984–85, 1988–89) and served once as Chief Minister of Uttarakhand (2002–2007).[1][2][3] Between 1986 and 1988, he served in Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi's cabinet, first as Minister for External Affairs and then as Minister of Finance. He served as Governor of Andhra Pradesh from 2007 until 2009.

Early life and educationEdit

Narayan Datt Tiwari was born in Kumaoni family in 1925, in the village of Baluti, Nainital district.[4] His father Poornanand Tiwari was an officer in the forest department, and who later resigned and joined the Non-cooperation movement.[5][4] Tiwari received his education at various schools including, M.B. School, Haldwani, E.M. High School, Bareilly and C.R.S.T. High School, Nainital.[6]

His initiation into politics came early, when during the Indian Independence movement, he was arrested on 14 December 1942 for writing Anti-British leaflets opposing imperialist policies, and sent to Nainital jail, where his father was already lodged.[7] Upon his release after 15 months in 1944, he enrolled at Allahabad University, where he topped the University in M.A. (Political Science); he continued his education with an LLB from the same university, and was elected as the President of the Students’ Union of the Allahabad University in 1947.[6][4] Meanwhile, he remained Secretary of the All India Student Congress from 1947 to 49.[6][8]

CareerEdit

Early careerEdit

In the first election in Uttar Pradesh after the independence for the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly held in 1952, he was elected from Nanital constituency and became an MLA for the first time on Praja Samajwadi Party ticket.[9] In 1957, he was elected from the Nainital legislative constituency, and became the leader of Opposition in the Assembly.[10]

In 1963, he joined the Indian National Congress party, and was elected Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) from the Kashipur constituency in 1965 and was subsequently appointed a minister in the Government of Uttar Pradesh.[11] After that he also remained Minister for Finance and Parliamentary Affairs in the Chaudhary Charan Singh Government (1979–1980).[12] In 1968, he established Jawaharlal Nehru National Youth Centre (JNNYC), a voluntary organisation.[13] He remained the first President of Indian Youth Congress from 1969 to 1971.[14]

Later positionsEdit

Tiwari was the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh three times: from January 1976 to April 1977, from August 1984 to September 1985 and from June 1988 to December 1988.[4] He was elected to 7th Lok Sabha in 1980, and served as a union minister in several portfolios in the 1980s: starting with Planning, and also remained Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission.[15] Thereafter he became a member of Rajya Sabha 1985-1988, during this period he also remained the Minister of Industries in September 1985 and in addition to that portfolio, became minister of Petroleum in 1986.[16] He then served as India's External Affairs Minister from October 1986 until July 1987, at which point he became Minister of Finance and Commerce.[6][17] He served in that position until June 1988, when he became chief minister of Uttar Pradesh for the third time.[6]

He was an unsuccessful contender to be Prime Minister of India in the early 1990s but was pipped to the post by P. V. Narasimha Rao.[18] In 1994, he resigned from Congress and formed his own All India Indira Congress (Tiwari) along with senior Congress leader, Arjun Singh in 1995.[19] He joined back when Sonia Gandhi came at the helm of affairs of the party two years later, and after a devastating defeat of the party under Narasimha Rao during the general elections in 1996.[19] Tiwari was elected to the 11th Lok Sabha in 1996, and again to the 13th Lok Sabha in 1999.[15]

He later served as the Chief Minister of Uttarakhand, which was carved out of Uttar Pradesh, from 2002 through 2007.[20] He resigned on 5 March 2006, citing his age and left office in March 2007 following setbacks from his party in the state elections.[20]

Narayan Datt Tiwari was appointed as Governor of Andhra Pradesh on 19 August 2007 and was sworn in on 22 August.[21] Following a controversy over his involvement in a sex scandal, he resigned as the Governor on 26 December 2009, citing "health grounds";[22] subsequently he relocated to Dehradun, Uttarakhand.[23]

Support to the BJPEdit

On 18 January 2017, along with his son Rohit Shekhar Tiwari (Advocate & Former Advisor, Government of Uttar Pradesh) and his wife Dr. Smt. Ujjwala Tiwari, Tiwari gave his blessings and support to Narendra Modi and the BJP for the assembly elections held in the states of Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh in presence of BJP President Amit Shah in the name of development.[24][25][26]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1954, he married Sushila (née Sanwal), who died in 1991[27][28] On 14 May 2014, he married Ujjwala Tiwari (née Singh), his longtime girlfriend and mother of his biological son Rohit Shekhar, at the age 88.[29]

Tiwari died on his 93rd birthday on 18 October 2018 in New Delhi from multiple organ failure.[30]

ControversiesEdit

Sex scandalEdit

Tiwari was involved in a sex scandal which depicted Tiwari in bed with three women at his official residence in the Raj Bhavan.[31] A police complaint was filed against Tiwari for "sexually abusing girls, blackmail and misuse of office" and the Raj Bhavan staff were interrogated by police about details related to the scandal, alleged to be the result of the fallout of a mining deal.[32] Tiwari publicly apologized, but claimed that he was being "framed" by "a political conspiracy".[33] On 27 December 2009, E. S. L. Narasimhan was appointed to discharge the duties of governor for the region until regular arrangements for the office were made.[34]

Paternity suitEdit

In 2008, Rohit Shekhar Tiwari filed a paternity suit claiming Tiwari to be his biological father.[23] The court ordered that DNA mapping of Tiwari be done, which the court successfully compelled compliance with on 29 May 2012.[23] On 27 July 2012, the Delhi High Court, citing a need to end the controversy, rejected a request from Tiwari's lawyers to keep his paternity test result a secret.[23]

The DNA test results released by the court on 27 July 2012 established that Tiwari was the biological father of Rohit Shekhar Tiwari, and that Ujjwala Tiwari is the biological mother.[35] Tiwari urged the media to respect his privacy, saying "I have every right to live my life my way. No one has the right to look into my private life. Please respect my privacy."[36] On 3 March 2014, he said "I have accepted that Rohit Shekhar is my son. The DNA test also proved he is my biological son," he told NDTV.[37][38]

On 14 May 2014, Tiwari married Ujjwala Tiwari, Shekhar's mother, in a ceremony that took place in Lucknow.[39] Rohit Shekhar was strangled to death on April 16, 2019[40] by his wife Apoorva, she pounced on him and smothered him, as he was highly intoxicated and could not resist the attack. According to Delhi Police Statement, murder was not pre-planned but happened in heat of the moment. According to his wife's testimony, their relationship was sour from the beginning of their marriage.[41]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "ND Tiwari passes away: Only Indian to serve as CM of two states breathes his last on 93rd birthday". The Financial Express. 18 October 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  2. ^ "N D Tiwari, only politician to have served as CM of two states, passes away aged 93". The Indian Express. 18 October 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  3. ^ "ND Tiwari only politician to have served as Chief Minister of two states, passes away on his birthday | India News". www.timesnownews.com. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d Narayan Datt Tiwari profiles.incredible-people.com.
  5. ^ Umachand Handa. History of Uttaranchal. Indus Publishing, p. 210. 2002. ISBN 81-7387-134-5.
  6. ^ a b c d e Biographical Sketch Governor of Andhra Pradesh, website.
  7. ^ Uttar Pradesh District Gazetteers, p. 64. Government of Uttar Pradesh. 1959.
  8. ^ Narayan Datt Tiwari Biography. President of India website.
  9. ^ "N D Tiwari: Achievements, controversies marked his long run in politics". Economic Times. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  10. ^ "Veteran politician N D Tiwari dies on 93rd birthday: Achievements, controversies marked his long run in politics". Indian Express. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  11. ^ "ND Tiwari only politician to have served as Chief Minister of two states, passes away on his birthday". Times Now News. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  12. ^ "ND Tiwari, politician of many hues, dies on his 93rd birthday". India Today. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  13. ^ "Our Founder". JNNYC Haridwar. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  14. ^ "N.D. Tiwari was the only politician to rule two states, but his personal life eclipsed that". The Print. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  15. ^ a b "Members: Lok Sabha". Archive Members Lok Sabha. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  16. ^ "Former UP, Uttarakhand CM ND Tiwari passes away". ANI News. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  17. ^ Biography at garhwalhimalayas.com.
  18. ^ The second-most-popular candidate is Narayan Datt Tiwari... New York Times, 26 May 1991.
  19. ^ a b "Tiwari's career: from CM, PM candidate to shame". News18. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  20. ^ a b "Former UP, Uttarakhand CM ND Tiwari passes away at Delhi hospital". Times of India. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  21. ^ "Tiwari sworn in as Andhra Governor" PTI (The Hindu), 22 August 2007.
  22. ^ S. Nagesh Kumar (27 December 2009). "Tiwari quits in the wake of TV exposé". The Hindu.
  23. ^ a b c d "ND Tiwari's DNA test reports to be opened in court today at 0230 pm". 27 July 2012.
  24. ^ to-bjp/articleshow/56642428.cms Congress veteran ND Tiwari, son blesssings to BJP
  25. ^ State govt showing disrespect to ND Tiwari, says son
  26. ^ Narayan Datt Tiwari, 91, Is The BJP's Latest Import From Congress; Package Deal Includes Son Rohit Shekhar Tiwari
  27. ^ End of the road for Tiwari
  28. ^ [1] Cite: "But charges of misgovernance and of people having free access to him continue to dog him. Sources close to him say some of his aides exploited the vacuum in his domestic setup—his wife Sushila, a doctor in Lucknow, died over 10 years ago."
  29. ^ "Former UP CM, ND Tiwari marries Ujjwala tiwari at 88". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
  30. ^ "Former Uttarakhand Chief Minister, N.D. Tiwari, Dies At 93 In Delhi". Headlines Today. 18 October 2018. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  31. ^ K.V. Ramana (26 December 2009). "86-yr-old Andhra governor targeted in sleaze CDs". DNA India.
  32. ^ G.S. Radhakrishna (27 December 2009). "Misuse case against Tiwari". The Telegraph.
  33. ^ "N D Tiwari on 'sex tapes': I apologise, but I've done no wrong". The Times of India. 28 December 2009.
  34. ^ 088810_1_governor-of-andhra-pradesh-chhattisgarh-governor-e-s-l-narasimhan "Sex sting fallout: Chhattisgarh governor gets additional charge of Andhra" Check |url= value (help). The Times of India. 27 December 2009.
  35. ^ "DNA test out, N.D. Tiwari is Rohit Shekhar Tiwari's father". Deccan Herald. 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  36. ^ "DNA test confirms ND Tiwari as Rohit Shekhar Tiwari's biological father". Zee News. 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  37. ^ "I accept that he is my son: ND Tiwari on Rohit Shekhar, who took him to court in paternity battle". NDTV.com. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  38. ^ "ND Tiwari accepts Rohit Shekhar as son".
  39. ^ "N.D. Tiwari marries Ukkwala Tiwari, Mother of Rohit Shekhar of Paternity Suit". India Today. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  40. ^ "ND Tiwari's son Rohit Shekhar Sharma passes away in New Delhi". The Financial Express. 16 April 2019. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  41. ^ "Apoorva killed her husband". The Times of India.

External linksEdit

Lok Sabha
Preceded by
Bharat Bhushan
Member of Parliament
for Nainital

1980 – 1984
Succeeded by
Satyendra Chandra Ghuria
Preceded by
Balraj Pasi
Member of Parliament
for Nainital

1996 – 1998
Succeeded by
Ila Pant
Preceded by
Ila Pant
Member of Parliament
for Nainital

1999 – 2002
Succeeded by
Mahendra Singh Pal
Rajya Sabha
Preceded by
N/A
Member of Parliament
for Uttar Pradesh

2 December 1985 – 23 October 1988
Succeeded by
Syed Sibtey Razi
Political offices
Preceded by
President's Rule
Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
21 January 1976 – 30 April 1977
Succeeded by
President's Rule
Preceded by
D. T. Lakdawala
Deputy Chairman
Planning Commission (India)

9 June 1980 – 8 August 1981
Succeeded by
Shankarrao Chavan
Preceded by
Sripati Mishra
Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
3 August 1984 – 24 September 1985
Succeeded by
Vir Bahadur Singh
Preceded by
Veerendra Patil
Union Minister of Industry
25 September 1985 – 22 October 1986
Succeeded by
Jalagam Vengala Rao
Preceded by
P. Shiv Shankar
Union Minister of External Affairs
22 October 1986 – 25 July 1987
Succeeded by
Rajiv Gandhi
Preceded by
Rajiv Gandhi
Union Minister of Finance
25 July 1987 – 25 June 1988
Succeeded by
Shankarrao Chavan
Preceded by
P. Shiv Shankar
Union Minister of Commerce
25 July 1987 – 25 June 1988
Succeeded by
Dinesh Singh
Preceded by
Vir Bahadur Singh
Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
25 June 1988 – 5 December 1989
Succeeded by
Mulayam Singh Yadav
Preceded by
Bhagat Singh Koshyari
Chief Minister of Uttarakhand
2 March 2002 – 7 March 2007
Succeeded by
B. C. Khanduri
Government offices
Preceded by
Rameshwar Thakur
Governor of Andhra Pradesh
22 August 2007 – 27 December 2009
Succeeded by
E.S.L. Narasimhan