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Chibi Maruko-chan (Japanese: ちびまる子ちゃん) is a shōjo manga series written and illustrated by Momoko Sakura. The series depicts the simple, everyday life of Momoko Sakura, a young girl everyone calls Maruko, and her family in suburban Japan in the year 1974. Maruko is a troublemaker, every episode recounts an Maruko’s trouble and how she and her friends succeed in solve the situation. The series is set in the former of Irie District (入江町), Shimizu, now part of Shizuoka City, birthplace of its author.

Chibi Maruko-chan
Chibi maruko-chan comic no 1 cover.jpg
Cover of the first volume by Shueisha
ちびまる子ちゃん
GenreSlice of life
Manga
Written byMomoko Sakura
Published byShueisha
DemographicShōjo
ImprintRibon Mascot Comics
MagazineRibon
Original runAugust 1986June 1996
Volumes15
Anime television series
Directed byYumiko Suda
Tsutomu Shibayama
Music byNobuyuki Nakamura
StudioNippon Animation
Original networkFuji TV
English network
Original run January 7, 1990 September 27, 1992
Episodes142 (List of episodes)
Anime film
Directed byYumiko Suda
Tsutomu Shibayama
Written byMomoko Sakura
Music byNobuyuki Nakamura
StudioNippon Animation
ReleasedDecember 15, 1990
Runtime94 minutes
Anime film
Chibi Maruko-chan: My Favorite Song
Directed byYumiko Suda
Tsutomu Shibayama
Written byMomoko Sakura
StudioNippon Animation
ReleasedDecember 19, 1992
Runtime93 minutes
Anime television series
Directed byJun Takagi
Music byNobuyuki Nakamura
StudioNippon Animation
Original networkFuji TV
English network
Animax Asia
Original run January 8, 1995 – present
Episodes1203 (List of episodes)
Television drama
Chibi Maruko-chan (live-action special)
Original networkFuji TV
Original run April 18, 2006 October 31, 2006
Episodes2
Television drama
Marumaru Maruko-chan
Original networkFuji TV
Original run April 19, 2007 February 28, 2008
Episodes31
Anime film
Wikipe-tan face.svg Anime and Manga portal

The first story under the title "Chibi Maruko-chan" was published in the August 1986 edition of the shōjo manga magazine Ribon. Other semi-autobiographical stories by the author had appeared in Ribon and Ribon Original in 1984 and 1985, and were included in the first "Chibi Maruko-chan" tankōbon in 1987. The author first began writing and submitting strips in her final year of senior high school, although Shueisha (the publisher of Ribon and Ribon Original) did not decide to run them until over a year later. The author's intent was to write "essays in manga form";[1] many stories are inspired by incidents from her own life, and some characters are based on her family and friends. The nostalgic, honest and thoughtful tone of the strip led to its becoming popular among a wider audience.

Chibi Maruko-chan was adapted into an anime television series by Nippon Animation, which originally aired on Fuji Television and affiliated tv stations from January 7, 1990 to September 27, 1992. It has also spawned numerous games, animated films and merchandising, as well as a second TV series running from 1995 to the present. Maruko's style and themes are sometimes compared to the classic comic Sazae-san. In 1989, the manga tied to receive the Kodansha Manga Award for shōjo.[2] As of 2006, the collected volumes of the manga had sold more than 31 million copies in Japan, making it the fifth best-selling shōjo manga ever.[3]

ThemesEdit

The trademark face fault of this series, in reaction to an awkward "don't know what to say" situation (or sometimes, embarrassment) is the sudden appearance of vertical lines (黒い線, kuroi sen) on a character's face, sometimes with an unexplained gust of wind blowing above that character's head.

CharactersEdit

The series has a large number and variety of secondary and sporadic characters, some inspired on people who Sakura met. A part of them debuted in the anime and other derivatives from the original manga. Next, the description of the main character and the family members that appear frequently on all chapters and episodes.

Sakura familyEdit

 
Back row, from left: Hiroshi, Sumire, and Tomozo; middle row, from left: Sakiko and Kotake; and front row: Momoko (a.k.a. Maruko)
Momoko "Maruko" Sakura (さくらももこ, Sakura Momoko, まる子 Maruko)
Voiced by: Tarako, Live-Action: Ei Morisako (2006 special), Ayaka Ito (2007 show)
The title character, Maruko (born May 8, 1965), is a nine-year-old third-grade student raised in a modest family of six. It is implied that the show is drawn by Maruko herself.
Sakiko Sakura (さくらさきこ, Sakura Sakiko)
Voiced by: Yūko Mizutani (1990-2016), Machiko Toyoshima (2016-), Live-Action: Mayuko Fukuda (2006 special), Maaya Murasaki (2007 show)
Maruko's older sister. Her birthday is March 21, 1963, making her 11 in the series.
Hiroshi Sakura (さくらひろし, Sakura Hiroshi)
Voiced by: Yūsaku Yara, Live-Action: Katsumi Takahashi (2006 special), Masakazu Mimura (2007 show)
Maruko's father. He was introduced to Maruko's mother by her friend. His birthday is June 20, 1934, making him 40 years old during the series.
Sumire Sakura (さくらすみれ, Sakura Sumire)
Voiced by: Teiyū Ichiryūsai, Live-Action: Michiko Shimizu (2006 special), Noriko Sakai (2007 show)
Maruko's mother. Her birthdate is May 25, 1934. It is revealed in one episode that her maiden name is Kobayashi.
Tomozou Sakura (さくら友蔵, Sakura Tomozō)
Voiced by: Kei Tomiyama (1990-1995), Takeshi Aono (1995-2010), Bin Shimada (2010-), Live-Action: Fuyuki Moto
Maruko's kind but absent-minded grandfather. His birthday is October 3, 1898, making him 76 in the series. The author has said that she used her own grandfather as the model for Tomozou, but that his personality is the opposite of Tomozou's.
Kotake Sakura (さくらこたけ, Sakura Kotake)
Voiced by: Yūko Sasaki, Live-Action: Yoshie Ichige (2006 special), Yoshiko Miyazaki (2007 show)
Maruko's grandmother. She's wise and knows what's good for the human body and wears a traditional Kimono. She was born on April 4, 1902. Her name of Kotake was never known in the series until it appeared in a 4-panel manga (Yonkoma) on July 1, 2007.

MediaEdit

MangaEdit

The original Chibi Maruko-chan manga was serialized in the shōjo-oriented Ribon Magazine. 14 volumes were published from July 1987 to December 1996, with a 15th volume published in February 2003. On July 2007, a 4-frame version of Chibi Maruko-chan was published in every morning edition of several Japanese newspapers such as the Tokyo Shimbun and the Chunichi Shimbun.

The 16th volume of the manga was published on April 15, 2009.

Spin-offsEdit

A spin-off manga by Momoko Sakura titled Nagasawa-kun (永沢君, ながさわくん) focuses on the character Kimio Nagasawa on High School, was published on the magazine Shogakkan's Big Comic Spirits from January 1993 and May 1995. It was made into an live-action drama, premiering on TBS Television on April 1, 2013.

A square-headed parody version of manga Chibi Maruko-chan titled Chibi Shikaku-chan (ちびしかくちゃん) was published on Shueisha's Grand Jump magazine from October 19, 2016.

AnimeEdit

First seriesEdit

Chibi Maruko-chan originally aired on Fuji Television and affiliated tv stations. 142 episodes were broadcast, from January 1990 to September 1992. Maruko was voiced by Tarako; other voice actors included Kappei Yamaguchi and Hideki Saijo. Original manga author Momoko Sakura wrote the teleplay for most episodes. The first series was directed by Yumiko Suda, animated by Masaaki Yuasa (who later directed Mind Game in 2004), while the music was composed by Nobuyuki Nakamura. The series attained a TV viewer rating of 39.9% on October 28, 1990, the highest rating ever attained by an animated TV series in Japan.[4] The outro song Odoru Ponpokorin became a hit and was interpreted by several artists including the KinKi Kids and Captain Jack. The series was exported throughout Asia and was especially popular in Taiwan. In addition, 65 episodes were dubbed into Arabic (called maruko-alsaghera, which means Little Maruko), where it garnered attention from people of all ages. It also aired in Germany with the same title as the original and was broadcast by RTL II, Super RTL and Jetix. It aired weekdays on Nick India in India.[5]

Opening theme:

  1. Yume Ippai (ゆめいっぱい "Full of Dreams") by Yumiko Seki (eps. 1-142)

Ending themes:

  1. Odoru Pompokolin (おどるポンポコリン) by B.B.Queens (eps. 1-66)
  2. Hashire Shoujiki-mono (走れ正直者 "Run, Honest Person") by Hideki Saijo (eps. 67-142)

Second seriesEdit

A second series debuted on Fuji Television and affiliated tv stations in January 1995, airing on Sundays in the 6:00 pm time slot, before Sazae-san at 6:30 pm. The series is directed by Jun Takagi and Nobuyuki Nakamura, like the first series, composes the music. Majority of the voice actors from the first series reprised their role. The first 219 episodes were written by Momoko Sakura, however, she had supervised the episode screenplays from episode 220 up until her death in 2018. In Spain, the show is available via VOD on the website of Neox's children's block, Neox Kidz.[6] On TV Japan, which is available in the United States and Canada, the second series (starting with the episodes broadcast in 2009) now broadcasts weekly in Japanese. In Latin America, is distributed by The Japan Foundation, the dub was produced in Mexico and broadcast on several local, public and other private television networks.

Opening themes:

  1. Ureshii Yokan (うれしい予感 "Feeling Happy") by Marina Watanabe (eps. 1-73), Chibi Maruko-chan (Tarako) (ep. 28)
  2. Humming ga Kikoeru (ハミングがきこえる "Hear the Humming") by Kahimi Karie (eps. 74-179)
  3. Odoru Ponpokorin (おどるポンポコリン) by ManaKana & Shigeru Izumiya (eps. 180-253)
  4. KinKi no Yaruki Man Man Song (KinKiのやる気まんまんソング) by KinKi Kids (eps. 254-294)
  5. Odoru Ponpokorin (おどるポンポコリン) by B.B.Queens (eps. 295-746; 793-807; 888-953)
  6. Odoru Ponpokorin (2010 Version) (おどるポンポコリン(2010年バージョン)) by Kaela Kimura (eps. 747-792)
  7. Odoru Ponpokorin (25th Anniversary Version) (おどるポンポコリン(ちびまる子ちゃん誕生25周年バージョン)) by B.B. Queens (eps. 808-887)
  8. Odoru Ponpokorin (2014 Version) (おどるポンポコリン(2014年バージョン))(by E-Girls (eps. 954-1046)
  9. Odoru Ponpokorin by Sakurako Ohara (Special 19)
  10. Odoru Ponpokorin by Golden Bomber (eps. 1047-)

Ending themes:

  1. Hari-kiri Jiisan no Rock 'n' Roll (針切じいさんのロケン・ロール) by Hitoshi Ueki (eps. 1-27, 29-73)
  2. Hari-kiri Jiisan no Rock 'n' Roll by Grandfather (Takeshi Aono) and the children (ep. 28)
  3. Akke ni Torareta Toki no Uta (あっけにとられた時のうた) by Tama (eps. 74-130, 132-179)
  4. Yume Ippai Shin Version (ゆめいっぱい(新バージョン) "Full of Dream (New Version)")
  5. Jaga Buttercorn-san (じゃがバタコーンさん) by ManaKana (eps. 180-230)
  6. Chibi Maruko Ondo (ちびまる子音頭) by ManaKana (eps. 231-340)
  7. Kyuujitsu no Uta (Viva La Viva) (休日の歌(Viva La Vida)) by Delighted Mint (eps. 341-416)
  8. Uchū Dai Shuffle (宇宙大シャッフル "Big Shuffle in Outer Space") by Love Jets (eps. 417-481)
  9. Arara no Jumon (アララの呪文) by Chibi Maruko-chan with Bakuchu Mondai (eps. 482-850)
  10. Hyaku-man Nen no Shiawase!! (100万年の幸せ!! "The Happiness of 100 Thousand Years!!")by Kuwata Keisuke (eps. 851-)
  11. Kimi o Wasurenai yo (キミを忘れないよ "I Won't Forget You") by Sakurako Ohhara

Live actionEdit

A live action series was shown on Fuji Television in 2006. The series was created to commemorate Chibi Maruko-chan's 15th anniversary and had 3 episodes, each 2 hours. All costumes and hairstyles are faithful to the original manga. An Taiwanese live-action adoption was also made begin airing on March 13, 2017.[7][8]

Both of the second television series and the live action series were broadcast in 1080i HDTV.

MoviesEdit

Video gamesEdit

All the Game Boy titles (which consists of minigames) were developed by KID and published by Takara. The other titles were published by different companies like Namco, Konami, Epoch and Banpresto.

  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Uki Uki Shopping (Famicom, 1990)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Okozukai Daisakusen (Game Boy, 1990)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan 2: Deluxe Maruko World (Game Boy, 1991)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Harikiri 365-Nichi no Maki (Super Famicom, 1991)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan 3: Mezase! Game Taishou no Maki (Game Boy, 1992)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan 4: Korega Nihon Dayo Ouji Sama (Game Boy, 1992)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Quiz de Piihyara (PC Engine, 1992)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Waku Waku Shopping (Mega Drive, 1992)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Maruko Deluxe Quiz (Arcade/Game Boy/Neo-Geo, 1995)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Mezase! Minami no Island!! (Super Famicom, 1995)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan no Taisen Puzzle Dama (Sega Saturn, 1995)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Maruko Enikki World (PlayStation, 1995)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan: Go Chounai Minna de Game Dayo! (Game Boy Color, 2001)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan DS Maru-chan no Machi (Nintendo DS, 2009)
  • Chibi Maruko-chan (Nintendo 3DS, 2016)

NotesEdit

  • Kenta Hasegawa (former Japanese international football player). Momoko Sakura, the author of the manga, created a character called Kenta-kun who occasionally makes an appearance. He loves football and is a classmate of Chibi Maruko. This character was created after Hasegawa. Sakura and Hasegawa attended the same primary school during the same period.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "夢の音色" Chibi Maruko-chan, January 18, 1989, volume 4, page 135.
  2. ^ Hahn, Joel. "Kodansha Manga Awards". Comic Book Awards Almanac. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
  3. ^ "Historic Shōjo Manga Circulation Numbers". ComiPress. 2006-05-24. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-10-29. Retrieved 2005-09-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Nick India-Chibi Maruko Chan Accessed May 25, 2009
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-31. Retrieved 2016-04-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Live Version of "Chibi Maruko Chan TV Drama" Now on dimsum Exclusive & Simulcast in Malaysia – Press Room". media.dimsum.my.
  8. ^ "😍哇☺️哇😘哇😉 👏🏻就是明天✌🏻️ 👊大家準備好了嗎🤘🏻 ❤️櫻桃小丸子真人版電視劇❤️ 👍🏼3 月13日起週一至週五晚上六點🤘🏻 💪🏻中視💪🏻". Facebook (in Chinese). 櫻桃小丸子真人版電視劇. March 12, 2017. Archived from the original on February 26, 2019. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  9. ^ "劇場作品 | 作品紹介 | NIPPON ANIMATION". www.nippon-animation.co.jp. Retrieved 2019-10-02.

External linksEdit